Musical instruments

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Musical instruments

  1. 1. MusicalMusical InstrumentsInstrumentsTablaTabla:: Tabla is the toughest instrument played while singing.Tabla is the toughest instrument played while singing. It is very commonly played in Indian film songs, ghazals andIt is very commonly played in Indian film songs, ghazals and bhajans. This instrument was divided into two initially frombhajans. This instrument was divided into two initially from pakhawaj which was invented by Amir Khushro. Thispakhawaj which was invented by Amir Khushro. This instrument has two parts (1) daya and (2) baya. The twoinstrument has two parts (1) daya and (2) baya. The two parts’ have their sub parts namely chati, medan and sahi.parts’ have their sub parts namely chati, medan and sahi. Some famous people who at present plays Tabla are UstadSome famous people who at present plays Tabla are Ustad Zakir Hussain, Allah Rakkha and Pandit Kishan Maharaj.Zakir Hussain, Allah Rakkha and Pandit Kishan Maharaj.
  2. 2. Guitar:Guitar: Guitar is a stringed instrument. It has typically sixGuitar is a stringed instrument. It has typically six strings, but - four, seven, eight, ten, and twelve stringstrings, but - four, seven, eight, ten, and twelve string guitars also exists. Guitars are recognized as one of theguitars also exists. Guitars are recognized as one of the primary instruments in blues, country, flamenco, rock, andprimary instruments in blues, country, flamenco, rock, and many forms of pop music. Some electric guitars weremany forms of pop music. Some electric guitars were introduced in the 20introduced in the 20thth century and continue to have acentury and continue to have a profound influence on popular culture. There are two typeprofound influence on popular culture. There are two type of Guitars namely (1) Acoustic Guitars and (2) Electricof Guitars namely (1) Acoustic Guitars and (2) Electric Guitars. Some of the guitarists are Randy Bachman, IanGuitars. Some of the guitarists are Randy Bachman, Ian Bairnson, Brian Baker.Bairnson, Brian Baker.
  3. 3. Harmonium:Harmonium: The harmonium was invented in Paris in 1842The harmonium was invented in Paris in 1842 by Alexandre Debain, though there was concurrentby Alexandre Debain, though there was concurrent development of similar instruments. A Harmonium is a free-development of similar instruments. A Harmonium is a free- standing musical keyboard instrument. It consists of freestanding musical keyboard instrument. It consists of free reeds and sound is produced by air being blown throughreeds and sound is produced by air being blown through reeds. Harmoniums are made with 1, 2, 3 and occasionally 4reeds. Harmoniums are made with 1, 2, 3 and occasionally 4 sets of reeds. Classical instrumentalists usually use 1-reedsets of reeds. Classical instrumentalists usually use 1-reed harmoniums, while a musician who plays for a qawaaliharmoniums, while a musician who plays for a qawaali usually uses a 3-reed harmonium. Farrukh Fateh Ali Khan,usually uses a 3-reed harmonium. Farrukh Fateh Ali Khan, The younger brother of Ustad Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan wasThe younger brother of Ustad Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan was the best player of Harmonium.the best player of Harmonium.
  4. 4. Violin:Violin: The violin is a bowed string instrument with fourThe violin is a bowed string instrument with four strings tuned in perfect fifths. A person who plays thestrings tuned in perfect fifths. A person who plays the violin is called a violinist. Felix Ayo is one of the bestviolin is called a violinist. Felix Ayo is one of the best violinists in the classical era. A violin is usually playedviolinists in the classical era. A violin is usually played using a bow consisting of a stick with a ribbon of horsehairusing a bow consisting of a stick with a ribbon of horsehair strung between the tip and frog at opposite ends. Stringsstrung between the tip and frog at opposite ends. Strings were first made of sheep gut stretched, dried and twisted.were first made of sheep gut stretched, dried and twisted. Modern strings may be gut, solid steel, stranded steel, orModern strings may be gut, solid steel, stranded steel, or various synthetic materials, wound with various metals.various synthetic materials, wound with various metals.
  5. 5. Dholak:Dholak: The Dholak is a classical North Indian hand drum.The Dholak is a classical North Indian hand drum. A dholak may have traditional lacing or turnbuckle tuning.A dholak may have traditional lacing or turnbuckle tuning. The dholak has a simple membrane and a handle on theThe dholak has a simple membrane and a handle on the right-hand side. The left-hand membrane has a specialright-hand side. The left-hand membrane has a special coating on the inner surface. The dholak is the maincoating on the inner surface. The dholak is the main accompaniment instrument of the Qawwali. The dholak isaccompaniment instrument of the Qawwali. The dholak is often used inoften used in Filmi SangeetFilmi Sangeet or Indian film music. It is alsoor Indian film music. It is also used extensively in chutney music, the local Indian music ofused extensively in chutney music, the local Indian music of the Caribbean. It is the main instrument along with thethe Caribbean. It is the main instrument along with the harmonium.harmonium.
  6. 6. Bongo:Bongo: Bongo drums or bongos are a percussion instrumentBongo drums or bongos are a percussion instrument made up of two small drums attached to each other. Themade up of two small drums attached to each other. The drums are of different size: the larger drum is called adrums are of different size: the larger drum is called a hembra,hembra, the smaller drum is called athe smaller drum is called a machomacho. Someone who. Someone who plays the bongos is called aplays the bongos is called a bongocerobongocero. Bongo drums produce. Bongo drums produce high-pitched sounds, and should be held between the kneeshigh-pitched sounds, and should be held between the knees with the larger drum on the right. They are traditionallywith the larger drum on the right. They are traditionally played by striking the drumheads with the fingers andplayed by striking the drumheads with the fingers and palms, although some contemporary compositions requirepalms, although some contemporary compositions require sticks or brushes. These drums can also be played on a stand,sticks or brushes. These drums can also be played on a stand, as is the case with concert orchestras and bands. They haveas is the case with concert orchestras and bands. They have also become a popular instrument among soundtrack writersalso become a popular instrument among soundtrack writers for movies and television, because of their versatility andfor movies and television, because of their versatility and high-pitched sounds.high-pitched sounds.
  7. 7. Flute:Flute: The flute is a musical instrument of the woodwindThe flute is a musical instrument of the woodwind family. Unlike other woodwind instruments, a flute is afamily. Unlike other woodwind instruments, a flute is a reedless wind instrument that produces its sound from thereedless wind instrument that produces its sound from the flow of air against an edge, instead of using a reed. Aflow of air against an edge, instead of using a reed. A musician who plays the flute can be referred to as amusician who plays the flute can be referred to as a fluteflute playerplayer, a, a flautistflautist, a, a flutistflutist or even aor even a fluterfluter. The modern flute. The modern flute was developed by Theobald Boehm who experimented withwas developed by Theobald Boehm who experimented with it from 1832 to 1847, desiring to give it a bigger tone. Heit from 1832 to 1847, desiring to give it a bigger tone. He finally produced a bowl-shaped head joint attached to afinally produced a bowl-shaped head joint attached to a cylindrical body with open-standing keys and finger pads tocylindrical body with open-standing keys and finger pads to cover large finger holes.cover large finger holes.
  8. 8. Piano:Piano: The piano is a musical instrument played by means ofThe piano is a musical instrument played by means of a keyboard. The piano is widely used in Western music fora keyboard. The piano is widely used in Western music for solo performance, chamber music, and accompaniment. It issolo performance, chamber music, and accompaniment. It is also very popular as an aid to composing and rehearsal. isalso very popular as an aid to composing and rehearsal. is widely considered that the piano was invented by a singlewidely considered that the piano was invented by a single individual: Bartolomeo Cristofori of Italy, employed byindividual: Bartolomeo Cristofori of Italy, employed by Prince Ferdinand de Medici as the Keeper of thePrince Ferdinand de Medici as the Keeper of the Instruments. It is not known exactly when Cristofori firstInstruments. It is not known exactly when Cristofori first built a piano, but, the Medici family, indicates the existencebuilt a piano, but, the Medici family, indicates the existence of a piano by the year 1709.of a piano by the year 1709.
  9. 9. Trumpet:Trumpet: The trumpet is a musical instrument inThe trumpet is a musical instrument in the brass family. The trumpet has the highestthe brass family. The trumpet has the highest register in the brass section. The most commonregister in the brass section. The most common type is the B-flat trumpet, but C, D, E-flat, E,type is the B-flat trumpet, but C, D, E-flat, E, F, G and A trumpets are also available. The CF, G and A trumpets are also available. The C trumpet is most commonly used in Americantrumpet is most commonly used in American orchestral playing, where its slightly smaller sizeorchestral playing, where its slightly smaller size gives it a brighter, more lively sound than the B-gives it a brighter, more lively sound than the B- flat trumpet. A person who plays the trumpet isflat trumpet. A person who plays the trumpet is called a trumpeter. Several trumpeters havecalled a trumpeter. Several trumpeters have achieved fame for their proficiency in theachieved fame for their proficiency in the extreme high register, among them Bill Chase,extreme high register, among them Bill Chase, Roger Ingram, Maynard Ferguson, WayneRoger Ingram, Maynard Ferguson, Wayne Bergeron, Dizzy Gillespie, Jon Faddis, CatBergeron, Dizzy Gillespie, Jon Faddis, Cat
  10. 10. Sitar:Sitar: The sitar is a plucked stringed instrument. It usesThe sitar is a plucked stringed instrument. It uses sympathetic strings along with a long hollow neck and asympathetic strings along with a long hollow neck and a gourd resonating chamber to produce a very rich sound withgourd resonating chamber to produce a very rich sound with complex harmonic resonance. This instrument is usedcomplex harmonic resonance. This instrument is used throughout the Indian subcontinent. A person who playsthroughout the Indian subcontinent. A person who plays the sitar is called a sitarist. The Sitar is derived from thethe sitar is called a sitarist. The Sitar is derived from the Veena family of Indian musical instruments. Its name mostVeena family of Indian musical instruments. Its name most probably came from the Persian instrument called "Setar",probably came from the Persian instrument called "Setar", which is from the saz family of instruments. Electric sitarswhich is from the saz family of instruments. Electric sitars are also available. Pandit Nikhil Banerjee, Gabby La La,are also available. Pandit Nikhil Banerjee, Gabby La La, Shubhendra Rao, Rajeev Janardan.Shubhendra Rao, Rajeev Janardan.
  11. 11. Balraj ShuklaBalraj Shukla

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