Smardt Chiller Training PRODUCT BASICS PRESENTATION Presented By: Christine Lazo Vertical Systems 7113 Telegraph Rd. Montebello, CA 90640 310 451 0630 email@example.com
Smardt History in Brief• Turbocor compressor was invented in Australia in 1993• Turbocor was relocated to Montreal in 1999• Smardt was founded in 2004 to manufacture chillers• Danfoss formed 50/50 partnership with Turbocor in 2004• Smardt and PowerPax form common ownership .• Smardt, PowerPax and Axima signed a global agreement.• Water Cooled product range grows up to 1200 tons in 2010• Air cooled Product range grows up to 300 tons in 2010
Turbocor Components Centrifugal Compressor Two stage Operates on R-134A Has infinitely variable capacity control Uses guide vanes and diffusers to optimize performance Does not require oil for compression sealing
Turbocor Compressor: Components DC Motor &Magnetic Bearings
Turbocor Components Synchronous Permanent Magnet Brushless DC Motor Gives the compressor: Low 2A inrush current High reliability – minimal stress on stator windings High efficiency throughout operation range Compact size and light weight Lower cost
Turbocor Components Magnetic Bearings Rotor shafts and impellers levitate during rotation and float on a magnetic cushion. 97% efficient When not powered, the rotor is supported by carbon composite, touchdown bearings designed for years of use.
Turbocor Components Magnetic Bearings (cont’d) Two radial and one axial magnetic bearing are employed. Bearing sensors feed back real-time orbit information to digitally controlled bearings. Centered rotation is instantaneously self-corrected and maintained
Turbocor Components Magnetic Bearings (cont’d) Shaft position is monitored and centered 100,000 per second! Centered rotation is instantaneously self-corrected and maintained
Turbocor Component BenefitsMagnetic Bearings Mean NO Oil!
Turbocor Component Benefits Magnetic Bearings Mean NO Oil! Percent Oil •Efficiency loss accounts for substantial operation costs• ASHRAE sampling showsaverage percentages of oilpresent in chillers
Turbocor Component BenefitsNO Oil =Maintained Heat Transfer Efficiencies
Turbocor Component BenefitsNO Oil Means Less Maintenance!
Turbocor Component Benefits Magnetic Bearings One Moving Part Eliminates high mechanical friction losses Eliminates oil-related heat transfer losses Eliminates cost of oil management systems (controls and hardware) Eliminates maintenance of oil management Increases equipment life – no wear surfaces
Turbocor ComponentsVariable Speed Drive Soft StartOn Board Digital Controls
Turbocor Components Built-in Variable Frequency Drives Unmatched part load efficiency Compressor speed adjusts to changes in load and/or condensing temperature. As compressor speed reduces due to lower loads and /or condensing temperatures, energy consumption dramatically reduces. Part load energy efficiency is outstanding, with energy savings greater than 30% compared to traditional screw compressors.
Turbocor Components Built-in Digital Controls Worlds first "smart" compressors. Digitally controlled bearings Digitally controlled power electronics Digitally controlled compressor control Digitally controlled chiller control Digitally controlled expansion valve controls
Turbocor Components Built-in Digital Controls Microprocessors proactively manage compressor operation. Self-diagnosis and correction are built in. Eliminates traditional HVACR product control and power electronics functions saving costs for OEMs. Plug nPlay control modules are easy to replace on site. Interactive control capability with easy access for BAS and web-enabled monitoring.
Turbocor Components The Electronics Designed to maximize compressor performance Maximum energy efficiency Low vibration Higher reliability Efficient component cooling
Energy Efficiency The achievement of Turbocor’s high efficiency comes from: The compression technology The magnetic bearing technology The motor technology The power electronics technology The controls The combination of all these features into one product FULLY INTEGRATED SYSTEM
Turbocor Benefits Quiet Operation Quietest compressors in the industry! They operate at 70dBA (conversation level) sound with virtually no vibration. Given normal equipment room background sound levels, one literally can not hear the compressor operate.
Turbocor Benefits Lightweight Under 300 lbs Fraction of weight of conventional compressors
Turbocor Benefits Small Footprint ~ 50% smaller footprint than conventional compressors
Turbocor Overview 100% Oil Free eliminates oil system maintenance costs. R134a Refrigerant meets Montreal protocol and is not subject to phase-out. Magnetic Bearings eliminate frictional losses. One moving part assures long service life. Unmatched Efficiency as low as .33 kw/ton IPLV. 2A Low In-Rush Current reduces installed cost and peak load. Lowest Noise - Only 72 dBa Intelligent Control – high full load and part load performance
Turbocor Compressor Models TT300 : 60 to 90 tons 250 – 320 kW nominal capacity Air cooled and Water cooled TT400 : 100 to 145 tons 400 – 500 kW nominal capacity Water cooled ONLY TT500 : 150 to 185 tons 600 – 700 kW nominal capacity Water cooled ONLY
Smardt and Turbocor How Smardt uses Turbocor to Size Chillers Each compressor is infinitely selectable for rated capacity in its range Each compressor is applied in parallel up to qty (6) WC: Chiller barrels are matched to compressor’s size range AC: Chiller barrel and fans are matched to compressor range
Turbocor Compressors Turbocor TT300 – infinitely selectable Head limit as function Power of max power Limit Full Vane Part Vane Area Area Capacity Limit
Multiple Turbocor Compressors 45 Scaleable 1 to 6 compressors per chiller 60-140 ton Selections/Compressor Brings Peak Size to 1200 tons Largest range and flexibility of Turbocors in market kW/ TonR Vs System Capacity 0.75 0.70 1 comp 0.65 2 comp kW / TonR 3 comp 4 comp 5 comps 0.60 6 comps 0.55 0.50 0.0 100.0 200.0 300.0 400.0 500.0 600.0 Evaporator CAPACITY - TonR
Barrel Types Side by Side Barrels are oriented beside each other Panels are mounted above condenser barrel For short and wide layouts Up to 3 compressors
Barrel Types Low Profile Condenser is located on top For height sensitive projects For largest tonnages 550 tons – 900 tons Only 4 and 5 compressors
Barrel Types Fat Max Fatter/ Bigger Barrels Staggered compressor orientation More expensive to make Up to 6 compressors
Air Cooled – Fan Types V=Variable Speed F=Fast Speed S=Slow Speed H=High Static Variable
Why Smardt? PRODUCT FLEXIBILITY Widest product variety with Turbocor technology Air cooled, Water cooled, Split Systems 60 to 1200 tons range – Up to 6 compressors Competitors limited to 2 compressors Variety of chiller barrel configurations Enables higher flexibility in design
Why Smardt? TRUE REDUNDANCY• Up to 6 compressors on single barrel• Mechanical Isolation on each compressor• Electrical disconnects for each compressor• ZERO down time on compressor changeouts• Single chiller operation becomes viable when applied to 2 or more compressors
Why Smardt? SUPERIOR LIQUID LEVEL CONTROL Immersion sensors provide real time input verification of condenser levels Allows precise expansion valve control Results in SUPER LOW LIFT essential for optimal all variable plant performance. Competitors use superheat control Requires conservative chiller temperature and flow limits “Guessing”
Smardt Advanced Controls Sophisticated Control Easy to use Color Touch Screen
Why Smardt? SUPERIOR CONTROLS KNOWLEDGE TurboCor compressor maps built into controls Avoids chokes and surges
Why Smardt? SUPERIOR CONTROLS KNOWLEDGE Adaptive, non static microprocessor controls Real time compressor mapping monitoring 150+ points Far advanced than competition’s offering
Why Smardt? SUPERIOR CONTROLS KNOWLEDGE Compressor Status Feedback Real-time Chiller Controller Output of Compressor Data Compression Ratio Compressor Actual Speed Surge Speed Choke Speed Essential for optimal chiller staging in all variable central plants
Why Smardt? SUPERIOR CONTROLS KNOWLEDGE Patented compressor staging algorithms work at the optimized power curves Smardt is more efficient across ENTIRE load profile. Real-Time Feedback and Compressor Selection Logic Maximizes the compressors online to minimize RPM Requires lowest chiller power input
Why Smardt? SYSTEMS KNOWLEDGE = ENERGY SAVINGS Control of High Performance All Variable Plants
Why Smardt? SYSTEMS KNOWLEDGE = ENERGY SAVINGS Optimized control of system yields 20:1 turndown
Why Smardt? SYSTEMS KNOWLEDGE = CPECS Central Plant Energy Control System A proven & repeatable packaged system that optimizes plant performance Factory mounted package on Smardt Chiller Package includes: Controls Sensors NIST Certified BTU Meter Touch Screen Swing Arm Panel Central Plant Start up (single source) No finger pointing on startup!
Why Smardt?SYSTEMS KNOWLEDGE = ENERGY SAVINGS CPECS combined with SMARDT oil free variable speed chillers aims to provide the following: Optimized tower water temperature control. Load matched variable speed condenser water pump control that respects chillers minimum safe flow limits. Optimized chiller sequencing. Load based chilled water temperature reset Variable primary chilled water pump control.
Why Smardt? CPECS combined with SMARDT provides the highest performance targets 0.4 – 0.5 kW/ton for the ENTIRE Plant
Why Smardt? EXPERIENCE Most experienced with Turbocor than any other manufacturer Smardt CEO is original co-founder of Turbocor and former CEO of Turbocor Turbocor development engineers designed Smardt controls
Why Smardt? EXPERIENCE Most experienced with Turbocor than any other manufacturer Best understanding of Turbocor nuances Only chiller built from ground up to optimize Turbocor compressors
Why Smardt? PROVEN INSTALLATIONS Largest installed base with Turbocor than any other manufacturer Over 1,300 installations. More than twice the competition. ~100 local installations in Southern California Patented control system assures accurate trouble-free operation Global sales and service support