SOCIO-ECONOMICIMPACTS OF NATURALDISASTERStoolbox
What we will be studying today? What is an LEDC? What is an MEDC? How are they different? Gross Domestic/National Product ie Wealth of a country Human development Index What impact does this have on disaster recovery? Impact of Charitable/Aid organisations in LEDC’s v MEDC’s Impact on economy
MEDC and LEDC LEDC = Less Economically Developed Country Often a third world country Haiti, India, Pakistan, Thailand Over population (lots of people) Poor economy Little or no access to education. Little or no access to medical facilities Widespread malnutrition and disease High infant mortality rates (babies don’t live long) Low life expectancy (people don’t live a long time) Contaminated water Unstable Government ie, civil war, no democratic rights
MEDC and LEDC MEDC= More economically developed country Usually first world country (Australia, America, Canada, Russia, Europe) Access to food, shelter, water. (basic needs) Access to any wants (technology, computers, cars, phones etc) Access to Primary, Secondary and Higher Education Access to government and private medical facilities Stable economy, Stable government Govt provide Welfare No wars No over population Low birth rates (fewer babies being born), low death rates (live longer)
Disasters in MEDC and LEDCTsunamis BushfiresMEDC: Japan MEDC: Australia (blackLEDC: Boxing day tsunamis Saturday) LEDC: GreeceFloods VolcanoesMEDC: Queensland, Victoria MEDC: Etna (Italy), Hawaii,LEDC: Bangladesh, Pakistan Iceland LEDC: Indonesia, PNG, SouthEarthquakes East AsiaMEDC: Christchurch, Japan, LA Cyclones/hurricanesLEDC: Haiti, China 2008 MEDC: Katrina, Yasi, Larry, Tracey LEDC: Central America
What is GDP/GNP GDP is Gross domestic product. Fora region, the GDP is "the marketvalue of all the goods and servicesproduced by an economy in year.Minus money going out of the countryfrom investors.The Gross National Product (GNP) isthe value of all the goods and servicesproduced in an economy, plus thevalue of the goods and servicesimported (brought in), less the goodsand services exported (sent out).This determines how wealthya country is. If a country iswealthy then the impact of adisaster will be less and if theyare poor than the impact willbe far more.
Human Development Index The Human Development list takes into account the more than just the countries GDP/GNP. It takes into account factors like education, government, poverty, access to food, medical supplies etc. Currently sitting at no.1 is Norway and no.2 Australia Sitting last is Zimbabwe. This is because they have poverty, overpopulation, unstable government, war etc.
Impacts of Disaster Deaths Injuries Economy recovery Destruction of houses Loss of income Damaged buildings Disease spread like: schools, hospitals, aged care, universities, Government has to shops, skyscrapers, rebuild hotels, fire stations, police stations Government has to Roads are cracked supply money to people Water, sewage and Other areas of the storm pipes are damaged economy suffer Electricity and Businesses cannot run Reception poles/cables are damaged
Lets look at your disaster! The wealth and development of a country affects the impact of a disaster. In a LEDC it is worse because they don’t have the ability to respond quick enough to the devastation. In an MEDC response time is quick, as they have the money and support (fire brigade, police, ambulance, doctors) to do so. On your graphic organiser brainstorm the economic impacts of your chosen disaster on an LEDC and MEDC
Types of Charities: UN United Nations Office for the coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). Food, shelter, water, temporary housing, medical supplies and materials to rebuild buildings and houses. World Food Programme
Red Cross Red Cross Australia: Provide aid in disasters Clothes, food, shelter, money, ongoing support for families, counselling, medical supplies.
Salvation Army The Salvation Army provides food, shelter, relief and counselling to victims of natural disasters. They are usually one of the first organisations on the scene.
World Vision World Vision provide food, shelter, water and immediate medical aid to victims. They help rebuild houses, towns and buildings Provide economic assistance
A letter, first hand account andsome photos from my Aunt fromPakistan. In July 2010 Pakistan experienced horrible floods. This natural disaster occurred in an LECD with the recovery process still ongoing today. Here are some first hand accounts and photos of the destruction.
HOMEWORK Using the information you have gained about charitable organisations and the letter from my aunt. Create an action plan to help victims of your chosen natural disaster.