الإعلام الاجتماعي احصاءات وتوجهات

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محاضرة ألقيت في منتدى الغد بالرياض في 2/5/2011 في جلسة عن الإعلام الجديدة والشباب

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الإعلام الاجتماعي احصاءات وتوجهات

  1. 1. ‫ﺑﺪﺭ ﺑﻦ ﺣﻤﻮﺩ ﺍﻟﺒﺪﺭ‬‫1102/5/2‬‫‪badr@albadr.com‬‬‫‪Twitter @balbadr‬‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ ﺍﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﻄﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺇﺣﺼﺎءﺍﺕ ﻭﺗﻮﺟﻬﺎﺕ‬
  2. 2. ‫ﺗﺴﺎﺅﻻﺕ؟؟؟‬‫ﻫﻞ ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻬﻦ ﺑﺎﺗﺠﺎﻩ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻨﻴﺔ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﺎ ﺟﺎﻧﺐ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺒﻞ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺒﻲ ﻟﻬﺎ؟‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ ﺍﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪ ﻫﻞ ﻳﺴﺮﻕ ﺍﻷﺿﻮﺍء ﻣﻦ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴﺪﻱ؟‬ ‫ﻫﻞ ﻣﺎ ﺯﺍﻝ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﻣﺠﺎﻝ ﻟﻠﻨﻤﻮ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻤﻠﻜﺔ؟‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻮ ﺇﻋﻼﻡ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺃﻡ ﺃﺳﻠﻮﺏ ﺣﻴﺎﺓ؟‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﻫﻞ ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ ﺍﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪ ﺩﻳﻤﻘﺮﺍﻁﻲ؟‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﻫﻞ ﺳﺘﺒﻘﻰ ﻟﻨﺎ “ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻴﺘﻨﺎ”؟‬ ‫‪‬‬
  3. 3. ‫ﺗﻮﻗﻌﺎﺕ!!!‬ ‫‪" ‬ﺍﻟﺘﻠﻔﺰﻳﻮﻥ ﻟﻦ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﻣﻨﺎﻓﺴﺎ ﺧﻄﻴﺮﺍ ﻟﻺﺫﺍﻋﺔ ﻷﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﻳﺠﺐ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺠﻠﺴﻮﺍ ﻭﻳﺒﻘﻮﺍ ﻋﻴﻮﻧﻬﻢ ﻣﻠﺼﻘﺔ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺷﺎﺷﺔ؛ ﺍﻷﺳﺮﺓ ​​ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴﺔ ﻟﻴﺲ ﻟﺪﻳﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻮﻗﺖ‬ ‫ﻟﺬﻟﻚ“‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻣﻦ ﻁﺒﻌﺔ 9391 ﻣﻦ ﺻﺤﻴﻔﺔ ﻧﻴﻮﻳﻮﺭﻙ ﺗﺎﻳﻤﺰ‬‫‪" ‬ﻻ ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﺃﻥ ﺗﺤﻞ ﻗﺎﻋﺪﺓ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻻﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﻣﺤﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻴﻔﺔ ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻣﻴﺔ ، ﻭﻻ ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﻟﺸﺒﻜﺔ ﻛﻤﺒﻴﻮﺗﺮ ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻐﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﻄﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﻌﻤﻞ ﺑﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﺤﻜﻮﻣﺔ"‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻋﺎﻟﻢ ﺍﻟﻔﻠﻚ ﻭﺍﻟﻤﺆﻟﻒ ﺍﻷﻣﻴﺮﻛﻲ ﻛﻠﻴﻔﻮﺭﺩ ﺳﺘﻮﻝ 5991‬‫‪" ‬ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﻻ ﺗﻮﺟﺪ ﻓﺮﺻﺔ ﻟﺠﻬﺎﺯ ﺁﻱ ﻓﻮﻥ ﻟﻠﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺁﻱ ﺣﺼﺔ ﻛﺒﻴﺮﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺴﻮﻕ"‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺍﻟﺮﺋﻴﺲ ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻔﻴﺬﻱ ﻟﺸﺮﻛﺔ ﻣﺎﻳﻜﺮﻭﺳﻮﻓﺖ ﺳﺘﻴﻒ ﺑﺎﻟﻤﺮ‬
  4. 4. ‫ﻣﺎ ﻫﻮ ﻣﺼﺪﺭﻙ ﺍﻟﺮﺋﻴﺴﻲ ﻟﻸﺧﺒﺎﺭ؟‬
  5. 5. ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﻻﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ‬‫04% ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺴﻜﺎﻥ ﻧﺴﺒﺔ ﻣﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﻲ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫051% ﺍﻟﺰﻳﺎﺩﺓ ﺳﻨﻮﻳﺔ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻛﻲ ﺑﺮﻭﺩﺑﺎﻧﺪ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫75% ﻳﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﺒﺮﻳﺪ ﺍﻹﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻲ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫22% ﻳﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﺎﺕ ﺍﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ﻓﻘﻂ 03% ﻳﺪﺧﻠﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻝ ﺍﻷﺟﻬﺰﺓ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻨﻘﻠﺔ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪ %40 ‬ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﺣﻤﻠﻮﺍ ﺗﻄﺒﻴﻖ ﻭ 42% ﺍﺷﺘﺮﻭﺍ ﺗﻄﺒﻴﻖ‬
  6. 6. ‫ﺃﺑﻮ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﺎﺏ:‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻌﻠﻢ – ﻳﻘﺮﺃ – ﻳﺸﺎﺭﻙ - ﺑﺎﻟﻌﺮﺑﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻛﺜﺮﻳﺔ ﺣﺪﻳﺜﻲ ﻋﻬﺪ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﻭﺍﻵﺧﺮﻳﻦ ﻳﻤﻀﻮﻥ ﻭﻗﺘﺎ ﺃﻁﻮﻝ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮﺟﺎﻝ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺎء‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻛﺜﺮﻳﺔ ﻣﺘﻌﻠﻤﻴﻦ ﻭﻣﺘﺮﻛﺰﻳﻦ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﺪﻥ ﺍﻟﺮﺋﻴﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﻳﻔﻀﻠﻮﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﻮﺍﺻﻞ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺘﻤﻮﻥ ﺑﺎﻷﺧﺒﺎﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻌﻠﻴﻖ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻝ ﻣﻮﺍﻗﻊ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻒ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﺗﻨﺘﺸﺮ ﺑﻴﻨﻬﻢ ﺍﻷﺳﻤﺎء ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻌﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮﺟﺎﻝ ﻳﻘﻀﻮﻥ ﻭﻗﺘﺎ ﺃﻁﻮﻝ ﻓﻲ ﻣﻬﺎﻡ ﻣﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻓﻴﻤﺎ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﺗﻘﻀﻲ ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺎء ﻭﻗﺘﺎ ﺃﻛﺒﺮ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﻓﻴﻪ.‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﻳﺄﺧﺬ ﺍﻟﻮﻗﺖ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺐ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻠﻔﺎﺯ ﻭﺍﻟﻬﺎﺗﻒ‬ ‫‪‬‬‫57% ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﺎﺏ ﻳﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﻮﻥ ﺷﺒﻜﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺍﺻﻞ ﺍﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ‬ ‫‪‬‬
  7. 7. ‫ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻮﺟﻮﻩ ‪Facebook‬‬ ‫‪ %12 ‬ﻣﻦ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻤﻲ ﻟﻺﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬‫‪ ‬ﺛﺎﻟﺚ ﺃﻛﺒﺮ ﻧﺸﺎﻁ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﻟﻠﺸﺒﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻲ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻣﺤﻠﻴﺎ:‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﻠﺜﺎﻥ ﺭﺟﺎﻝ ﻭﺍﻟﺜﻠﺚ ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺎء‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺜﻠﺜﺎﻥ ﺷﺒﺎﺏ )ﺗﺤﺖ 03( ﻭﺍﻟﺜﻠﺚ ﻛﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺼﻒ ﻳﺴﺘﺨﺪﻡ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﻛﺎﻟﻠﻐﺔ ﺍﻟﺮﺋﻴﺴﻴﺔ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭﻩ ﺃﻗﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺪﻝ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻠﻲ ﻣﻘﺎﺭﻧﺔ ﺑﺎﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﻭﺍﻟﺪﺧﻞ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻣﻲ‬ ‫9% ﻓﻘﻂ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺻﻞ 5.3 ﻣﻠﻴﻮﻥ ﻣﺴﺘﺨﺪﻡ ﻣﺤﻠﻲ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﺻﺮﺣﻮﺍ ﺃﻧﻬﻢ ﻣﺘﺰﻭﺟﻮﻥ‬
  8. 8. ‫ﺍﻟﻤﻐﺮّﺩ ‪Twitter‬‬ ‫ُ َ‬ ‫ﺭﺟﺎﻝ ﻭ 33% ﻧﺴﺎء‬ ‫66%‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﻳﻐﺮﺩﻭﻥ ﺑﺎﻹﻧﺠﻠﻴﺰﻳﺔ ﻭ62% ﺑﺎﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ‬ ‫99%‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﺳﻤﻌﻮﺍ ﺑﺨﺒﺮ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﻷﻭﻝ ﻣﺮﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻟﻪ‬ ‫05%‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ﺩﻟﻮﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻮﻗﻊ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻟﻪ‬ ‫45%‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﺩﻟﻬﻢ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺑﺮﺍﻣﺞ ﺗﻠﻔﺰﻳﻮﻧﻴﺔ‬ ‫12%‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﺍﺷﺘﺮﻭﺍ ﻣﻨﺘﺞ ﺑﻨﺎء ﻋﻠﻰ ﻧﺼﻴﺤﺔ ﺗﻐﺮﻳﺪﻳﺔ‬ ‫33%‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﻳﻨﻮﻭﻥ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ‬ ‫89%‬ ‫‪‬‬
  9. 9. ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻄﻮﻉ ﺍﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺗﻮﻳﺘﺮ‬
  10. 10. ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺪﻭﻳﻦ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺍﻟﺘﺪﻭﻳﻦ ﺗﺤﺖ ﺃﺳﻤﺎء ﻣﺴﺘﻌﺎﺭﺓ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺗﺘﻤﻴﺰ ﺑﺎﻟﺠﺮﺃﺓ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺛﻼﺙ ﻣﺮﺍﺣﻞ ﺭﺋﻴﺴﻴﺔ ﺣﺴﺐ ﺩ. ﻟﻴﻨﺶ:‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻣﺮﺣﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﺠﺴﺮ: ﺗﺪﻭﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﻟﻠﻐﺔ ﺍﻹﻧﺠﻠﻴﺰﻳﺔ ﻟﺠﻤﻬﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻏﺮﺑﻲ ﻳﺠﻨﺢ ﺇﻟﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﻄﺮﻑ‬‫‪ ‬ﻣﺮﺣﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﺨﺒﺔ: ﺗﻜﺘﺐ ﺑﺎﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﻟﺠﻤﻬﻮﺭ ﻣﺤﻠﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺮﻛﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﻄﻮﻳﺮ ﺍﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ ﻭﺗﻌﺮﺿﺖ ﻟﻠﻘﻤﻊ ﻓﻲ ﺑﻌﺾ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺣﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻣﺮﺣﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﺄﻥ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﻠﻲ: ﺣﻮﺍﺭ ﺃﺷﻤﻞ ﻣﻦ ﻧﺎﺷﻄﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻳﻨﺘﻤﻮﻥ ﺇﻟﻰ ﻣﺪﺍﺭﺱ ﻓﻜﺮﻳﺔ‬
  11. 11. ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﺎﺕ ﺍﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ ﺃﺳﻠﻮﺏ ﺣﻴﺎﺓ‬‫‪ ‬ﻓﻴﻤﺎ ﺃﻥ 04% ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺐ ﻣﺮﺗﺒﻂ ﺑﺎﻹﻧﺘﺮﻧﺖ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻣﻘﺎﺭﻧﺔ ﺏ 38% ﻓﻲ ﺑﺮﻳﻄﺎﻧﻴﺎ‬‫‪ %54 ‬ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﻳﻌﻴﺸﻮﻥ ﺣﻴﺎﺓ ﺇﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﺔ ﻧﺸﻄﺔ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻣﻘﺎﺭﻧﺔ ﺏ 34% ﻓﻲ ﺑﺮﻳﻄﺎﻧﻴﺎ‬
  12. 12. ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﺎﺕ ﺍﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ ﺃﺳﻠﻮﺏ ﺣﻴﺎﺓ‬
  13. 13. ‫ﺍﻷﺳﺌﻠﺔ؟؟؟‬‫ﻫﻞ ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻬﻦ ﺑﺎﺗﺠﺎﻩ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻨﻴﺔ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﺎ ﺟﺎﻧﺐ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﺒﻞ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺒﻲ ﻟﻬﺎ؟‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ ﺍﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪ ﻫﻞ ﻳﺴﺮﻕ ﺍﻷﺿﻮﺍء ﻣﻦ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴﺪﻱ؟‬ ‫ﻫﻞ ﻣﺎ ﺯﺍﻝ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﻣﺠﺎﻝ ﻟﻠﻨﻤﻮ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻤﻤﻠﻜﺔ؟‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻮ ﺇﻋﻼﻡ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺃﻡ ﺃﺳﻠﻮﺏ ﺣﻴﺎﺓ؟‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﻫﻞ ﺍﻹﻋﻼﻡ ﺍﻟﺠﺪﻳﺪ ﺩﻳﻤﻘﺮﺍﻁﻲ؟‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﻫﻞ ﺳﺘﺒﻘﻰ ﻟﻨﺎ “ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻴﺘﻨﺎ”؟‬ ‫‪‬‬
  14. 14. ‫ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻜﺎﺕ ﺍﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﻮﻥ ﺃﻗﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻬﺎ ﻓﺎﻋﻠﺔ ﻭﺗﻨﻤﻮ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺪﻝ ﺍﻟﻤﺸﺎﺭﻛﺔ ﻻﺯﺍﻟﺖ ﺃﻗﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻌﺪﻻﺕ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻤﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻹﻗﻠﻴﻤﻴﺔ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﺎ ﻓﻲ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﻟﻔﺌﺎﺕ‬‫ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﻫﻮ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺣﺴﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻮﺳﺎﺋﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴﺪﻳﺔ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﺆﺳﺴﻲ ﻓﻲ ﺑﺪﺍﻳﺎﺗﻪ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﺑﺨﻼﻑ ﺍﻟﻤﺘﻮﻗﻊ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﻧﺨﺒﺔ ﺗﻨﺸﺮ ﻭﺃﻛﺜﺮﻳﺔ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﺗﺴﺘﻬﻠﻚ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻦ ﺣﺮﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺒﻴﺮ ﻭﺍﻟﺸﺨﺼﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻮﻫﻤﻴﺔ‬ ‫‪‬‬
  15. 15. ‫ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬ 1. Wikipedia, “Social Media”, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Social_media 2. Lucien Zeigler, “Twitter Use ‘Skyrockets’ in Saudi Arabia: Report” Gulf Trade &  Energy Industry News And Analysis, 04 January 2011 http://arabianomics.com/2011/01/04/twitter-use-  %E2%80%98skyrockets%E2%80%99-in-saudi-arabia-report/ 3. Tareq Kassar, Saudi Arabia: A Firehose of users are joining Facebook ,  Thursday, April 15, 2010 http://interactiveme.com/index.php/2010/04/saudi-arabia-a-firehose-of-users-  are-joining-facebook-based-on-report/ 4. Social Media Habits in Saudi Arabia  http://comm215.wetpaint.com/page/Social+Media+Habits+in+Saudi+Arabia  5. Deborah Amos, Social Media Revolution Hits Saudi Arabia, Jan 26, 2011 http://www.scpr.org/news/2011/01/26/social-media-revolution-hits-saudi-arabia/  6.Dubai School of Government, “Facebook Usage: Facts & Analysis”, Jan 2011  http://unpan1.un.org/intradoc/groups/public/documents/dsg/unpan044212.pdf
  16. 16. ‫ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﻟﻤﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬ 7. Social Bakers, “Saudi Arabia facebook statistics”  http://www.socialbakers.com/facebook-statistics/saudi-arabia 8. Carrington Malin, “Spot On PR’s MENA Twitter Demographics & User Habits Survey” Thursday ,  10 September 2009 http://www.spotonpr.com/menatwittersurvey/  9. Carrington Malin, Spot On Public Relations, “Middle East and North Africa Facebook  Demographics” , May 2010 http://www.spotonpr.com/wp- content/uploads/2010/05/FacebookMENA_24May10.pdf 10. Tine Lewis, “Middle East in Telecom Statistics” , July 2010  http://www.budde.com.au/Research/Middle-East-Telecoms-Internet-Broadband-and-Mobile- statistics-tables-only.html#overview 11. Basharat Ashai, Market Analyst, APAC & MEA, “Wireless Broadband Shows Strong Growth in  Saudi Arabia”, Nov 30, 2010 http://lteworld.org/blog/wireless-broadband-shows-strong-growth- saudi-arabia 12. Internet world status, usage and population statistics  http://www.internetworldstats.com/list4.htm#average 13. Internet Statistics Saudi Arabia Show Us A Connected Country, Jan. 3, 2011  http://www.newstouse.org/internet-statistics-saudi/  14. “Saudi Arabia - Telecoms, Mobile And Broadband, Provides A Comprehensive Overview of the  Trends and Developments in the Telecommunications and Digital Media Markets”, August 18, 2010 http://satellite.tmcnet.com/news/2010/08/18/4962626.htm

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