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презентация Microsoft office power point

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презентация Microsoft office power point

  1. 1. George Orwell George Orwell / Eric Arthur Blair (1903 - 1950) - English novelist, essayist and critic.
  2. 2. Books His famous works are the dystopian novel ‘Nineteen Eighty-Four’ (1949) and the novell ‘Animal Farm’(1945). Animal Farm (1945) Nineteen Eighty-Four (1949)
  3. 3. Neologisms Orwell has invented such popular words as cold war, Big Brother, thought police, Room 101, doublethink, and thought crime.
  4. 4. Becoming a writer Eric Arthur Blair was born on 25 June 1903 in India. In 1927 he decided to become a writer. In 1928, he moved to Paris. He described his first years there in his book, 'Down and Out in Paris and London‘(1933). His first novel was 'Burmese Days'(1934). Down and Out in Paris and London(1933) Burmese Days(1934)
  5. 5. Socialism He was an anarchist in the late 1920s, but by the 1930s he had become a socialist. In 1936, Orwell travelled to Spain to fight for the Republicans against Franco's Nationalists where he became an anti-Stalinist.
  6. 6. Literature influences In an autobiographical piece Twentieth Century Authors(1940), Orwell wrote: "The writers I care about most and never grow tired of are: Shakespeare, Swift, Fielding, Dickens, Charles Reade, Flaubert and, among modern writers, James Joyce, T. S. Eliot and D. H. Lawrence. But I believe the modern writer who has influenced me most is Somerset Maugham, whom I admire immensely for his power of telling a story straightforwardly and without frills.“
  7. 7. Journalism Between 1941 and 1943, Orwell worked for BBC. In 1943, he became literary editor of the Tribune, a weekly magazine.
  8. 8. Death Orwell was a heavy smoker. 21 January 1950 Eric Arthur Blair died of tuberculosis
  9. 9. Orwell’s six rules for writers In his essay ‘Politics and the English Language’ (1946), Orwell provides six rules for writers: • Never use a metaphor, simile or other figure of speech which you are used to seeing in print. • Never use a long word where a short one will do. • If it is possible to cut a word out, always cut it out. • Never use the passive where you can use the active. • Never use a foreign phrase, a scientific word or a jargon word if you can think of an everyday English equivalent. • Break any of these rules sooner than say anything outright barbarous.
  10. 10. Relationship Orwell was married to Eileen O'Shaughnessy until her death in 1945. Before Eileen’s death the couple had adopted a son, who they named Richard Horatio Blair. Near the end of his life, Orwell married Sonia Brownell. Eileen O'Shaughnessy Sonia BrownellOrwell and his son Richard