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10 flooring


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10 flooring

  1. 1. 10 FLOORING PowerPoint Presentation: FLOORING INTRODUCTION: INTRODUCTION The purpose of a floor is - To provide a level surface. To support live and dead loads. A floor must satisfy the following requirements – Adequate strength and stability. Adequate fire resistance. Sound insulation. Damp resistance. Thermal insulation. Floors are of two types – Ground floors. Upper floors. PowerPoint Presentation: Ground floors may rest directly above the ground or may be supported at a little distance above the ground. Floors supported directly above the ground are known as solid floors While the floor supported above the ground level are known as suspended floors. Suspended floors are generally made of timber. Construction Materials: Construction Materials Selection Of Flooring Material: Selection Of Flooring Material PowerPoint Presentation: Layer wise construction of floor base for solid ground floor – Lowest layer, made of compacted earth fill. Second layer, made either of lean cement concrete or lime concrete or sometimes of broken brick bats or stones rammed properly. Third layer, made either of cement concrete or of bricks or stones arranged and packed properly. Fourth layer constitutes of floor finish
  2. 2. PowerPoint Presentation: Types of floors PowerPoint Presentation: Floor finish materials are- Mud Bricks Flag stones Concrete Terrazzo Mosaic Tiles Wood or timber Rubber Linoleum Flooring Cork Glass Plastic or P.V.C. Marble MUD FLOORING: MUD FLOORING Used for unimportant buildings, particularly in villages. MERITS Cheap, hard and fairly impervious. Easy in construction and maintenance. Good thermal insulation. DEMERITS For proper maintenance, the floors are required to be given a wash of cement cow dung plaster once or twice a week which is objectionable from sanitary considerations. PowerPoint Presentation: HOME BRICK FLOORING: BRICK FLOORING Suitable for cheap construction Used in places where heavy articles are to be stored e.g. warehouses, stores and goodowns. Used in alluvial places like U.P., Punjab where stone is scarce and well burnt bricks are readily available. MERITS Durable and hard. Non- slippery and fire resistant. Initial cost is less. Easy in maintenance . DEMERITS It is absorbent . PowerPoint Presentation: HOME FLAG-STONE FLOORING: FLAG-STONE FLOORING Stones with rough surface are used on rough works like good own, sheds, stores etc. Stones with polished surfaces are used in schools, hospitals etc. Used in places like Tamilnadu and A.P. where slab stones are available in abundance. MERITS Hard, durable and wear-resisting. Easy in construction, repair and maintenance. DEMERITS Appearance is unattractive. Poor shock absorbing characteristics. Surface is uneven.
  3. 3. PowerPoint Presentation: HOME CEMENT CONCRETE FLOORING: CEMENT CONCRETE FLOORING Used for residential, commercial and industrial buildings. The floor consists of two components – The two components of the floor can be constructed either monolithically or non-monolithically. Base course may be 7.5 to 10 cm thick. It may be either in lean cement concrete (1 : 3 : 6 or 1 : 5 : 10) or lime concrete containing 40% mortar of 1 : 2 lime-sand and 60% coarse aggregate. The topping is then laid in square or rectangular panels of size 1X1 or 2X2 or 1X2 m. It consists of 1 : 2 : 4 cement concrete. PowerPoint Presentation: MERITS Resistant to dampness. Possesses high durability. Provides a smooth, hard and even surface. Can be easily cleaned and is economical. Fire resistant. DEMERITS Defects, once developed, cannot be easily rectified. Does not provide sound and heat insulation. PowerPoint Presentation: HOME TERRAZZO FLOORING: TERRAZZO FLOORING It is laid in thin layer over concrete topping. Very decorative and has good wearing properties. Used in residential buildings, hospitals, offices, schools and other public buildings. It is expensive. PowerPoint Presentation: HOME MOSAIC FLOORING: MOSAIC FLOORING Made of small pieces of broken tiles of china glazed/cement/marble arranged in different pattern. Tiles used are available in a variety of patterns and colours. Commonly used in operation theatres, temples, bathrooms and superior type of building floors.
  4. 4. PowerPoint Presentation: HOME TILED FLOORING: TILED FLOORING Constructed from square or any other shape made of clay, cement or terrazzo. Available in different sizes and thicknesses. Used in residential houses, offices, schools and other public buildings. An alternative to terrazzo flooring. MERITS Non absorbent, decorative and durable. Quick laying of floors. Easily repaired. DEMERITS Initial and maintenance cost is high. On becoming wet, provides a slippery surface. PowerPoint Presentation: HOME MARBLE FLOORING: MARBLE FLOORING Superior type of flooring. Used in residential buildings, temples, hospitals etc where cleanliness is required. Marble slabs may be square or rectangular. PowerPoint Presentation: HOME TIMBER FLOORING: TIMBER FLOORING Not used much for residential buildings in India because it is costly. Used for carpentry halls, dancing halls, auditoriums etc. Common in hilly areas where timber is cheap and available. Entire area below the floor is covered with an impervious material(cement concrete or asphalt) to prevent dampness. Elastic in nature. Resistant to wear and tear. PowerPoint Presentation: HOME RUBBER FLOORING:
  5. 5. RUBBER FLOORING Consists of sheets or tiles of rubber in a variety of patterns and colours with thickness varying from 3 to 10 mm. Sheet or tile is manufactured by mixing pure rubber with fillers such as cotton fibre, granulated cork or asbestos fibre. Sheets/tiles are fixed to concrete base by appropriate adhesives. Resilient and noise proof. They are costly. Used in office or public buildings. PowerPoint Presentation: HOME LINOLEUM FLOORING: LINOLEUM FLOORING A covering available in rolls which is spread directly on concrete or wooden flooring. Linoleum sheets may be plain or printed. It may be 2 to 6 mm thick and 2 to 4 m wide. Linoleum tiles are also available. Linoleum coverings are attractive, resilient, durable, cheap and can be cleaned easily. It rots when gets wet. Hence it cannot be used for bathrooms and kitchens. PowerPoint Presentation: HOME CORK FLOORING: CORK FLOORING Cork is the outer bark of cork oak tree. This flooring is perfectly noiseless and is used in libraries, theatres, art galleries etc. It may be in the form of either carpet or tiles. It is fixed to a concrete base. Its size varies from 10 cm X 10 cm to 30 cm X 90 cm and thickness varies from 5 mm to 15 mm. PowerPoint Presentation: HOME GLASS FLOORING: GLASS FLOORING It is used where light is to be transmitted from upper floor to lower floor. Structural glass is available in the form of tiles or slabs. Its thickness varies from 12 to 30 mm. These slabs or tiles are fixed in closely spaced frames. It is very costly and therefore not commonly used.
  6. 6. PowerPoint Presentation: HOME PLASTIC OR P.V.C. FLOORING: PLASTIC OR P.V.C. FLOORING It is made of plastic material fabricated in the form of tiles of different sizes and colour shades. Widely used in all types of buildings. The tiles are laid on concrete base. The floor is washed with warm soap water before use. It is resilient, smooth, good looking and can be cleaned easily. It is costly and slippery and is damaged when comes in contact with burning objects.