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Cities are the main consumers of resources, despite a small surface geographically speaking, in the Latin American region. While the approach that leading cities have followed has been to reduce activities that generate greenhouse gases and energy consumption, mainly in buildings and transport, in developing countries this trend has not materialized. This presentation will include an analysis of barriers that inhibit the transition to sustainable cities, with low-carbon emissions, particularly around the issue of sustainable transport. Emphasis will be given on transport patterns and the need to make a transition that allows a modal integrated transport system that maximizes the reduction of greenhouse gases and the co-benefits associated with clean transport, as well as its cost - effectiveness, and considering appropriate technologies for developing countries.