Agricultural innovation system


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Agricultural Innovation System in the field of Agricultural Extension

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Agricultural innovation system

  1. 1. ““Agricultural Innovation SystemAgricultural Innovation System”” Name – Bai KoyuName – Bai Koyu CAU/CPGS/AGEXT/M13/01CAU/CPGS/AGEXT/M13/01 Agricultural ExtensionAgricultural Extension 11stst Year, 2Year, 2ndnd SemesterSemester School of Social SciencesSchool of Social Sciences
  2. 2. Introduction... What is an innovation ???... It is an idea, practice or object that is perceived as new by an individual or other. What is an innovation system ???... An innovation system has three elements : - Organization & Individuals - Interactive learning - Institutions
  3. 3. AIS ???... It is a collaborative arrangement bringing together... ....several organizations working toward technological, ....managerial, organizational, and institutional change in agriculture. Such a system may includes : i. The traditional sources of innovations ii. The modern actors iii.Private sectors iv.Agro-industrial firms & entrepreneur v. Civil society organisation
  4. 4. Different ways of stimulating innovation… Linear Systemic Sources of ideas Centralized/ Science research Multiple stakeholders, including research Communication Research-to-“extension”- to-farmer Structured around action Assumptions on how social impact is achieved Diffusion processes organized by extension/ the market Interactive learning give rise to concerted action Knowledge constructs Knowledge is truth and can be transferred Knowledge only has meaning in its domain of existence
  5. 5. Innovation and new agriculture : Sectors:  Livestock and aquiculture,  Flowers, horticulture, medicinal plants,  Agro-processing, biofuels, fibers, forest products etc. Drivers: Opening up of world markets, Changing trade and IPR rules, New technology urbanization, Industrialization of the food chain
  6. 6. Contd... Features: Players outside of the state. Diversity, Small niche sectors but dynamic. Reaches the poor through employment. Knowledge-intensive. Challenges:  Requires continuous knowledge-intensive innovation to compete and  Cope in rapidly-changing conditions,  To strengthen equity and sustain the environment.
  7. 7. Why research-to-innovation???... • Old challenges for agricultural research – Operation and management of large public agencies – Difficulties of matching supply with demand for technology and – Dealing with heterogeneous social and physical contexts. • New challenges for agricultural research – Increasing complexity of mandate: Growth, Poverty and Environment – Emergence of new players beyond the State – The emergence and dynamics of New Agriculture and – The changing relationship of the poor with the sector.
  8. 8. Key insights from the framework : • Focus on innovation – Neither science nor technology nor invention, but the application of knowledge. – Can be acquired through learning, research or experiences. – Often it comprises new combinations of existing knowledge. • Linkages between partnerships and networks – Acquiring knowledge and learning are interactive experiences, – Requires linkages with different knowledge bases. – Not just linking, but linking for learning and acquiring knowledge.
  9. 9. Contd... • New actors, new roles – Broad range of actors outside the State. – Relative importance of different actors changes during innovation process. – As circumstances change roles evolve. – Actors can play multiple roles. – Less compartmentalized. • The role of institutions – The habits and practices of organizations that shape their propensity to interact, – to learn, to access and share knowledge and to take risks. – Determines the way actors respond to triggers to innovate and to policy incentives. – Very context-specific and has to be factored in to efforts to develop innovation capacity.
  10. 10. Contd... • The role of policies – Habits and practices interact with policies and need to be accounted for and counterbalanced. E.g., public-private sector partnerships; participation – Support of innovation, not the outcome of single policy, – but a set that works together to shape innovative behavior. • Dynamic nature of innovation systems – Habits and practices are learnt behaviors emerging through experiences. – Institutional innovations. – New approaches and ways of working often require new partners.
  11. 11. Innovation platforms : It is a physical or virtual forum that creates an environment within which to share and  discuss ideas, listen and learn, think and talk, and  collaborate with a view to innovate. The innovation platform concept has been used in the agricultural sector in SSA so as to :  Facilitate interactions and learning among stakeholders  Ultimately leading to participatory diagnosis of problems; and
  12. 12. Contd...  Joint exploration of opportunities and  investigation of solutions leading to agricultural innovation Some examples of projects with innovation platforms being used in Sub-Saharan Africa : I. The ILRI–led Fodder Innovation Project in Nigeria II. The ILRI–Led Livelihood and Market Project (LILI Markets),in Mozambique, Namibia, and Zimbabwe
  13. 13. Thank YOU…Thank YOU…