““Agricultural Innovation SystemAgricultural Innovation System””
Name – Bai KoyuName – Bai Koyu
Agricultural ExtensionAgricultural Extension
Year, 2Year, 2ndnd
School of Social SciencesSchool of Social Sciences
What is an innovation ???...
It is an idea, practice or object that is
perceived as new by an individual or other.
What is an innovation system ???...
An innovation system has three elements :
- Organization & Individuals
- Interactive learning
It is a collaborative arrangement bringing together...
....several organizations working toward
....managerial, organizational, and
institutional change in agriculture.
Such a system may includes :
i. The traditional sources of innovations
ii. The modern actors
iv.Agro-industrial firms & entrepreneur
v. Civil society organisation
Different ways of stimulating
Sources of ideas Centralized/ Science
Structured around action
Assumptions on how
social impact is
organized by extension/
Interactive learning give
rise to concerted action
Knowledge constructs Knowledge is truth and
can be transferred
Knowledge only has
meaning in its domain of
Innovation and new agriculture :
Livestock and aquiculture,
Flowers, horticulture, medicinal plants,
Agro-processing, biofuels, fibers, forest products
Opening up of world markets,
Changing trade and IPR rules,
New technology urbanization,
Industrialization of the food chain
Players outside of the state.
Diversity, Small niche sectors but dynamic.
Reaches the poor through employment.
Requires continuous knowledge-intensive
innovation to compete and
Cope in rapidly-changing conditions,
To strengthen equity and sustain the
• Old challenges for agricultural research
– Operation and management of large public agencies
– Difficulties of matching supply with demand for technology and
– Dealing with heterogeneous social and physical contexts.
• New challenges for agricultural research
– Increasing complexity of mandate: Growth, Poverty and
– Emergence of new players beyond the State
– The emergence and dynamics of New Agriculture and
– The changing relationship of the poor with the sector.
Key insights from the framework :
• Focus on innovation
– Neither science nor technology nor invention, but the application of
– Can be acquired through learning, research or experiences.
– Often it comprises new combinations of existing knowledge.
• Linkages between partnerships and networks
– Acquiring knowledge and learning are interactive experiences,
– Requires linkages with different knowledge bases.
– Not just linking, but linking for learning and acquiring knowledge.
• New actors, new roles
– Broad range of actors outside the State.
– Relative importance of different actors changes during innovation process.
– As circumstances change roles evolve.
– Actors can play multiple roles.
– Less compartmentalized.
• The role of institutions
– The habits and practices of organizations that shape their propensity to
– to learn, to access and share knowledge and to take risks.
– Determines the way actors respond to triggers to innovate and to policy
– Very context-specific and has to be factored in to efforts to develop
• The role of policies
– Habits and practices interact with policies and need to be
accounted for and counterbalanced.
E.g., public-private sector partnerships; participation
– Support of innovation, not the outcome of single policy,
– but a set that works together to shape innovative behavior.
• Dynamic nature of innovation systems
– Habits and practices are learnt behaviors emerging through
– Institutional innovations.
– New approaches and ways of working often require new
Innovation platforms :
It is a physical or virtual forum that creates an
environment within which to share and
discuss ideas, listen and learn, think and talk, and
collaborate with a view to innovate.
The innovation platform concept has been used in
the agricultural sector in SSA so as to :
Facilitate interactions and learning among
Ultimately leading to participatory diagnosis of
Joint exploration of opportunities and
investigation of solutions leading to agricultural
Some examples of projects with innovation
platforms being used in Sub-Saharan Africa :
I. The ILRI–led Fodder Innovation Project in
II. The ILRI–Led Livelihood and Market Project
(LILI Markets),in Mozambique, Namibia, and