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The Indian Perspectives on ICT Policy
INDIA: SOME BASIC FACTS
Governance and Demographics <ul><li>Democracy, Secular, Independent Judiciary </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3 tier governance: Cen...
Economy <ul><li>One of the fastest growing economies. Even when the rest of the world was in recession India grew at more ...
 
<ul><ul><li>100 Indian Companies have market cap of US$ 3bn  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1,000 Indian Companies have receiv...
Telecom <ul><li>One of the fastest growing telecom markets in the world </li></ul><ul><ul><li>total telephone subscribersh...
POLICY PERSPECTIVES ON ICT IN INDIA
Telecom Policy Perspective <ul><li>Telecom is deregulated </li></ul><ul><ul><li>TRAI </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Large numb...
<ul><li>Open Source </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Encouragement to open source by government  </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ICT in Govern...
New Areas of Policy Intervention <ul><li>Privacy of Data </li></ul><ul><li>Local Language Applications </li></ul><ul><li>L...
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The Indian Perspectives on ICT Policy

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The Indian Perspectives on ICT Policy - A presentation made at ICT 2010 in Brussels

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The Indian Perspectives on ICT Policy

  1. 1. The Indian Perspectives on ICT Policy
  2. 2. INDIA: SOME BASIC FACTS
  3. 3. Governance and Demographics <ul><li>Democracy, Secular, Independent Judiciary </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3 tier governance: Centre, Provincial and Local </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Population: 1,156,897,766 (July 2010 ) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Young population - Median age of 25.9 years. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Population growth rate: 1.407% (2010 ) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>GDP </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(purchasing power parity): 4 th in the World $3.57 trillion (2009) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(official exchange rate): $1.236 trillion (2009) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reserves of foreign exchange and gold: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>$274.7 billion (31 October 2009), $254 billion (31 December 2008) </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Economy <ul><li>One of the fastest growing economies. Even when the rest of the world was in recession India grew at more than 7% ! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>GDP - real growth rate: 7.4% (2009), 7.4% (2008), 9% (2007) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expected to grow at above 10% from next year </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Exports: $164.3 billion (2009 ), 203.1 billion (2008) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Software, Gems and Jewellery, Commodities, Garments and Textiles, Chemicals, Pharmaceuticals, Vaccines, Petroleum products, Steel etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Industrial production growth rate: 8.2% (2009 ) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Labor force: 467 million (2009) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Services driven, Consumption driven </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><ul><li>100 Indian Companies have market cap of US$ 3bn </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1,000 Indian Companies have received foreign institutional investment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The market capitalization of top 10 Indian Companies is more than 450 billion USD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>125 Fortune 500 companies have R&D bases in India </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>390 Fortune 500 companies have outsourced software development to India </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Only 2% loans are bad in Indian banks </li></ul></ul>
  6. 7. Telecom <ul><li>One of the fastest growing telecom markets in the world </li></ul><ul><ul><li>total telephone subscribership base is approaching 600 million </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>an overall teledensity of 50%, and subscribership is currently growing nearly 20 million per month; urban teledensity has reached 100% and rural teledensity is about 20% and steadily growing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Good infrastructure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>One of the world's largest domestic satellite systems, the Indian National Satellite system (INSAT), with 6 satellites supporting 33,000 very small aperture terminals (VSAT) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some major international submarine cable systems, including Sea-Me-We-3 , Sea-Me-We-4, Fiber-Optic Link Around the Globe (FLAG), South Africa - Far East (SAFE), the i2i cable network , and Tata Indicom link provide bandwidth available for both voice and data traffic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Satellite earth stations - 8 Intelsat (Indian Ocean) and 1 Inmarsat (Indian Ocean region) and 9 gateway exchanges </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Telephones - main lines in use: 36.76 million (2010), Telephones - mobile cellular: 545 million (2010) </li></ul><ul><li>Internet country code: .in, Internet hosts: 3.611 million (2009), Internet users: 81 million (2008) </li></ul>
  7. 8. POLICY PERSPECTIVES ON ICT IN INDIA
  8. 9. Telecom Policy Perspective <ul><li>Telecom is deregulated </li></ul><ul><ul><li>TRAI </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Large number of private operators </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Government owned land based and mobile operator exists but operates under TRAI guidelines </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mobile telephony </li></ul><ul><ul><li>GSM and CDMA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2 G </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>services successfully running for several years </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3 G </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Spectrum auction successfully conducted and released. Operators will start services soon </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>WiMax </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spectrum has been auctioned successfully </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Security </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Blackberry Controversy – considered a security threat – given 2 months to address government concerns </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Government has the right to snoop provided it is authorized by competent authority </li></ul></ul><ul><li>VoIP </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Security concerns </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intra country restrictions </li></ul></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>Open Source </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Encouragement to open source by government </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ICT in Government </li></ul><ul><ul><li>National Electronic Governance Plan – 6 billion USD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mission Mode Projects of both central and provincial governments </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Security </li></ul><ul><ul><li>National infrastructure exists and taken seriously </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IT Act facilitates prosecution efforts </li></ul></ul><ul><li>PC penetration is low at 3% </li></ul><ul><li>Internet </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Penetration is low </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Government is trying to improve the situation by policy interventions especially in broadband. </li></ul></ul>Information Technology
  10. 11. New Areas of Policy Intervention <ul><li>Privacy of Data </li></ul><ul><li>Local Language Applications </li></ul><ul><li>Low Cost Computing Devices </li></ul><ul><li>Convergence </li></ul><ul><li>Faster Internet </li></ul><ul><li>Redundancy of Internet connection </li></ul><ul><li>Computerization of Government in a big way – NeGP </li></ul><ul><li>Leveraging mobile devices for citizen services </li></ul><ul><li>Security </li></ul><ul><li>Anti Piracy Drives </li></ul><ul><li>Linking Industry with Educational Institutes </li></ul><ul><li>Bridging the Digital Divide </li></ul>
  11. 12. Thank You

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