Pulmonary Fibrosis Presentation

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Pulmonary Fibrosis ppt to accompany research paper by Brooke Wingfield

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  • Pulmonary Fibrosis Presentation

    1. 1. BY BROOKE WINGFIELD Pulmonary Fibrosis
    2. 2. Pulmonary Fibrosis <ul><li>Pulmonary Fibrosis is a chronic lung disease that causes inflammation, scarring, thickening and stiffening of the lung’s tissues. </li></ul><ul><li>Affects 5,000,000 people worldwide </li></ul><ul><li>Usually occurs most often in people between the ages of 50 – 70 </li></ul><ul><li>Commonly referred to as “Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis” (idiopathic meaning no cause can be found) </li></ul>
    3. 3. Diagnosing Pulmonary Fibrosis <ul><li>A series of tests will be performed to confirm diagnosis: </li></ul><ul><li>Bronchoscopy </li></ul><ul><li>Tests for connective tissue diseases such as Rheumatoid Arthritis and Scleroderma </li></ul><ul><li>Bronchoalveolar Lavage </li></ul><ul><li>Pulmonary Function Tests </li></ul>
    4. 4. Diagnosing Pulmonary Fibrosis <ul><li>Chest X-Ray </li></ul>
    5. 5. Diagnosing Pulmonary Fibrosis <ul><li>Lung Biopsy </li></ul>
    6. 6. What is the cause? <ul><li>Workplace </li></ul><ul><li>Medications </li></ul><ul><li>Genetic </li></ul><ul><li>Cigarette Smoking </li></ul><ul><li>Drug Use </li></ul>
    7. 7. Symptoms <ul><li>Occasional Chest Pain </li></ul><ul><li>Rapid Weight Loss </li></ul><ul><li>Fatigue and Weakness </li></ul><ul><li>Chest Discomfort </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of Appetite </li></ul><ul><li>Cough (usually dry) </li></ul><ul><li>Shortness of Breath </li></ul><ul><li>Dyspnea on Exertion </li></ul><ul><li>Decreased tolerance for activity </li></ul>
    8. 8. Patient Assessment <ul><li>Abnormal breath sounds on auscultation – Crackles (especially in the lower lung fields) </li></ul><ul><li>Cyanosis around the mouth or fingernails (in advanced stages) </li></ul><ul><li>Digital Clubbing </li></ul>
    9. 9. Possible Complications <ul><li>Chronic Hypoxemia </li></ul><ul><li>Cor Pulmonale </li></ul><ul><li>Polycythemia </li></ul><ul><li>Pulmonary Hypertension </li></ul><ul><li>Respiratory Failure </li></ul>
    10. 10. Treatment <ul><li>No known cure exists for Pulmonary Fibrosis </li></ul><ul><li>Medications such as corticosteroids reduce swelling and inflammation </li></ul><ul><li>OXYGEN </li></ul><ul><li>Lung Transplant in advanced stages </li></ul><ul><li>Rehabilitation and Education programs </li></ul>
    11. 11. Research <ul><li>Research on medications is currently being performed: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Acetylcysteine – may prevent further damage to the lungs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Interferon gamma-1b - manmade version of a substance that your body normally produces to help fight infections </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pirfenidone – may reduce scarring </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Colchicine – may slow scarring process </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Penicillamine – may improve lung function </li></ul></ul></ul>
    12. 12. References <ul><li>American Association of Respiratory Care www.aarc.org </li></ul><ul><li>Net Wellness www.netwellness.org </li></ul><ul><li>American Lung Association www.lungusa.org </li></ul><ul><li>Mayo Clinic www.mayoclinic.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.answers.com </li></ul><ul><li>National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute www.nhbi.gov </li></ul><ul><li>www.Pulmonaryfibrosis.org </li></ul><ul><li>www.emedicine.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.american-depot.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.kentslungtransplant.com </li></ul>

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