Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Radio journalists and the internet


Published on

Presented at the "Radio Evolution" conference, da European Communication Reasearch and Education Association (ECREA 2011, Braga, 14-16 de Setembro)

Published in: News & Politics, Education
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Radio journalists and the internet

  1. 1. Radio journalists and the Internet : A study on perceptions Helder Bastos Helena Lima Nuno Moutinho Isabel Reis Universidade do Porto 2011
  2. 2. Aim <ul><li>This study investigates how Portuguese radio journalists evaluate the changes that have occurred in the profession since the Internet has been integrated in newsrooms </li></ul><ul><li>The main purpose is to understand how these professional perceive the influence of the Internet on journalism practices, roles and ethics </li></ul>
  3. 3. Sample <ul><li>30 journalists working at the four main Portuguese radio stations newsrooms: </li></ul><ul><li>RDP (public radio station) </li></ul><ul><li>TSF </li></ul><ul><li>Rádio Renascença </li></ul><ul><li>Rádio Clube Português (shortly after the survey, the ending of this radio station was announced ) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Methodology <ul><li>Online questionnaire submitted to participants </li></ul><ul><li>All questions use a Likert scale where 1 indicates a strong negative influence of the internet to that factor and 5 a strong positive impact </li></ul>
  5. 5. Work enhancement <ul><li>RQ1) Is the Internet considered a source of new opportunities in terms of work enhancement, speed, and opportunity to reach and interact with a wider audience? </li></ul><ul><li>On the whole, the Internet is considered as having a positive influence on journalism . However, to radio journalists there's some degree of ambivalence such as speed factor, which seems to be not too relevant </li></ul>
  6. 6. Work enhancement <ul><li>Radio journalists still seem to have in great account traditional journalistic routines , such as face to face or telephone conversation with sources. But they also valorise web search tools to find information </li></ul><ul><li>Therefore: In the process of newsgathering, speed would be the most negative effect , If they stopped using the Internet </li></ul>
  7. 7. Work enhancement <ul><li>Most radio journalist's show their disagreement when asked if citizen journalism and blogging can be considered serious journalism </li></ul><ul><li>Furthermore, journalism “do it yourself” is not perceived as being a possible threat to radio journalism </li></ul>
  8. 8. Changes in professional role <ul><li>RQ2) Do radio journalists rate positively the changes wrought by the Internet on their traditional profile, as gatekeeper, investigative, and disseminative functions? </li></ul><ul><li>Yes: they give great importance to the influence of the Internet, such as getting news as fast as possible , contact with the public , broadcasting credible information </li></ul>
  9. 9. Changes in professional role <ul><li>Still, m ore traditional journalists’ roles , such as watchdogging , providers of in-depth analyses or spokespersons for groups , are seen as less significantly influenced by the Internet </li></ul><ul><li>Nevertheless, radio stations must migrate to the Internet in order to survive </li></ul>
  10. 10. Changes in professional role <ul><li>Radio journalists strongly agree that online journalism provides better tools to deliver contextual information </li></ul><ul><li>On the negative side , Internet is perceived as having some responsibility in transforming journalism in a more sedentary or at the desk job </li></ul>
  11. 11. Professional ethics <ul><li>RQ3) Are journalists developing a new ethical outlook that mingles traditional and new values? </li></ul><ul><li>Journalists have a non-consensual perception on this matter (They always enhance the tool factor) </li></ul>
  12. 12. Professional ethics <ul><li>At the same time, they recognize that the Web increases the volume of information which is hard to confirm </li></ul><ul><li>Respondents do not consider Internet a threat to the quality of journalism but are not clearly convinced that the interactivity can help turn journalism into a more credible profession in the eyes of the public </li></ul>
  13. 13. Conclusions <ul><li>Portuguese radio journalists positively assess the impact of the Internet on major journalistic practices such as: </li></ul><ul><li>getting news as fast as possible </li></ul><ul><li>keeping contact with the public </li></ul><ul><li>broadcasting credible information </li></ul>
  14. 14. Conclusions <ul><li>On a more negative perspective: </li></ul><ul><li>transforming journalism in a more sedentary or at the desk job </li></ul><ul><li>the increase of the volume of information makes it hard to confirm and to access its credibility </li></ul>
  15. 15. Conclusions <ul><li>Portuguese radio journalists tend to perceive the Internet as an optimizer of journalistic routines </li></ul><ul><li>Above all it’s seen as an useful tool that serves practical needs and purposes and not so much as an instrument that enhances journalism traditional roles </li></ul><ul><li>They also tend to emphasize empirical achievements instead of important changes in their professional identity </li></ul>