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Lecture IUG Engineers Without Borders Denmark Wash & Food groups

Lecturing about a metabolic shift rethinking and linking sustainable ecological sanitation & agroecology in Engineers Without Border projects in developing countries

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Lecture IUG Engineers Without Borders Denmark Wash & Food groups

  1. 1. IUG WASH & FOOD 27.01.2020
  2. 2. One of our Separett Villa 9000 in the family house in Sweden We are pleased to show and demonstrate the toilet for you here today
  3. 3. https://vimeo.com/21930832 0
  4. 4. Backlund ApS has considerable experience with large water and wastewater projects. In the beginning of the 1990s BACKLUND represented KRÜGER - now VEOLIA in the eastern part of Germany and succeeded getting very big orders establishing and running water and wastewater treatment systems including water pipes and sewers organized in a “Kooperationsmodell” or a “Betreibermodell”. Unfortunately often “Mercedes Solutions” with to large and to central systems.
  5. 5. Experienced Problems From Rural Area Work In Eastern Germany 1989 - 1993 High Subsidies Building CWWTP Very High Subsidies Establishing Sewers - Up To 95 % Costs - Up to Euro 50000 to Connect one House ”HOAI” 10 % of Total Cost Mastering the Art of Tendering PPP ”Betreibermodelle” & ”Kooperationsmodelle” Not Supporting Innovation & Visions about Ecological & Economical Sustainable Sanitation
  6. 6. My Way - Innovative Production and Waste Reducing Handling Systems in Garnment Industri
  7. 7. In ”The Action Plan to promote Sustainable Urban Renewal and Wastewater Treatment” from 1998 and forward BACKLUND worked with two themes: Ecological Handling of Wastewater in the Country Nutrients from the City to the Country BACKLUND participated in 12 - 15 projects and contributed working out reports and articles.
  8. 8. Backlund, A., Eilersen, A. M., Larsen, I., Hagelskjær, M., Jensen, I. 2003: Ecological Handling of Urine and Feces in Allotment Gardens using Waterless Diverting Toilets. The Danish Environmental Protection Agency. Sustainable Urban Renewal and Wastewater Treatment no. 34/2003. Report in Danish with an English summary Holtze, A. & Backlund, A. 2002: Collection, Storage and Fertilizing with Urine from Møn Homestead, Denmark. The Danish Environmental Protection Agency. Sustainable Urban Renewal and Wastewater Treatment no. 23/2002. Report in Danish with an English summary. Backlund, A. 2003: Improved Knowledge Regarding Diverting Sanitary Technology. The Danish Environmental Protection Agency. Sustainable Urban Renewal and Wastewater Treatment no. 35/2003.Report in Danish with an English summary Holtze, A. & Backlund, A. 2003: Composting and Maturing of Human Residual Contained in Drained Blackwater. The Danish Environmental Protection Agency. Sustainable Urban Renewal and Wastewater Treatment no.39/2003. Report in Danish with an English summary. Møller, J., Backlund, A., Jørgensen, L.T., Forslund, A. og Dalsgaard, A. 2005: Survival of Indicator Organisms in Composting Toilets and by Simulized Central Composting of Human Feces. The Danish Environmental Protection Agency. Sustainable Urban Renewal and Wastewater Treatment no.56/2005. Report in Danish with an English summary. Holtze, A. & Backlund, A. 2003 : Vacuum Toilets and Treatment of the Collected Material at Biogas Works or by Wet Composting. The Danish Environmental Protection Agency. Sustainable Urban Renewal and Wastewater Treatment no. 36/2003. Report in Danish with an English summary. Holtze, A. & Backlund, A. 2001: Investigation and Experience from a Willow Evapotranspiration System Without Outlet in Tappernøje, Denmark. The Danish Environmental Protection Agency. Sustainable Urban Renewal and Wastewater no.17/2001. Report in Danish with an English summary. Projektgroup FAIR 2003: Short-rotation Willow Biomass Plantations Irrigated and Fertilised with Wastewaters - Results from a 4-year multidisciplinary field project in Sweden, France, Northern Ireland and Greece supported by the EU-FAIR Programme. The Danish Environmental Protection Agency. Sustainable Urban Renewal and Wastewater Treatment no. 37/2003. Report in English.
  9. 9. Success with Diverting Waterless Toilets in Allotment Gardens New Knowledge from Danish Environmental Protection Agency Theme New toilets ● Success with Diverting Waterless Toilets in Allotment Gardens ● Good Perspectives for Composting Toilets in Countryside ● New Vacuum Toilets providing Energy and Nu
  10. 10. https://www.ft.dk/samling/20171/almdel/mof/spm/286/svar/1456530/1841998.pdf Link til Miljø- og Fødevareudvalget 2017-18 MOF Alm.del endeligt svar på spørgsmål 286 Offentligt
  11. 11. ● Human Urine contributes with about 80 % of the load of N* and 50 % of the P* load of conventional domestic wastewater ● Human Urine treated conventional requires large amounts of energy producing large amounts of sludge Flow or Stream Materials *N Nitrogen *P Phosphorus
  12. 12. ● We Excrete most of the Nutrients we Consume ● Human Urine contributes with only 1 % of the Volume of Household Wastewater but contains 80 % of N*, 55 % of P* and 60 % of K* and less than 0.6 % of Cadmium and 0.06 % of Lead Flow or Stream Materials *N Nitrogen *P Phosphorus *K Potassium
  13. 13. •One Person Excrete 1 KG P/year. •0.7 KG in Urine and 0.3 KG in Faeces. •Human Phosphorus Returned to Soil Would Cover 80 % of P* Demand •In Agriculture Short of Phosphorus Human Excreta could be a Golden Opportunity. •In 100 years Phosphorus Could Be Gone. Phosphorus *P Phosphorus
  14. 14. 7 000 000
  15. 15. https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/lower-limit-values- 90-regarding-total-exposure-via-all-arne-backlund/
  16. 16. The result of 10 years work to make Roskilde Festival implement PeeCycling with collection and utilization of urine. Video about "Beercycling" Beercycling at Roskilde Festival anno 2015. Click here to play the video
  17. 17. Beercycling at Roskilde Festival anno 2015. With the result “Pisner” beer in 2017 Click here to play the video
  18. 18. Inspiration working out more educational material (culturally determined and not with malt and beer as in this case but instead growing important crops for the children.
  19. 19. Inspiration for educational material (culturally determined and not with malt and beer, as in this case, but for the cultivation of important crops for the children.
  20. 20. ABC by Knud Romer writing openly about pee and poo.
  21. 21. BACKLUND is collaborating on and delivering willow to regional Emilia educational projects in Halle, Germany in 1992 - 1995
  22. 22. The project was posted in several media
  23. 23. Energi willow planted as willow huts and willow tunnels by Sara and her father in Sara's Kindergarden in 1992. Sara and her daughter Vilma harvesting willow in November 2018
  24. 24. https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/ecovillage-permatopia-denmark-light-tower-community-arne-backlund/
  25. 25. https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/water-saving-technologies-reduce-consumption-arne- backlund/
  26. 26. Visiting Jytte Abildstrøm in Munksoegaard with 100 EcoFlush toilets and beautiful use of the Willow.
  27. 27. https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/green-fair-friday-vidste-du-ved-udle je-gennem-eller-arne-backlund/
  28. 28. Glad to see the great focus on toilet systems that divert for separate collection of urine. https://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/106 65/274939/9789241514705-eng.pdf?ua=1
  29. 29. http://wire.farmradio.fm/en/farmer-stories/2019/08/uganda-farmers-increase-crop-yield-by-using-huma n-urine-as-pesticide-and-fertilizer-18613 18613
  30. 30. The great growth effect using urine as a fertilizer growing maize
  31. 31. Video about urine use in Uganda (can be used as inspiration producing teaching materials) Click here to play the video
  32. 32. Arne visiting again in January 2018 the wonderful eco campus and center for creative ecology. Kibbutz Lotan in Negev, Israel were KKL has supported several projects. Arne highly recommends more projects on this particular place. https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/visiting-wonderful-eco-village-eco-guest house-center-ecology-arne/
  33. 33. Another part of the family has a Wostman EcoFlush toilet since the mid-1990s at their Torp in Sweden. The latest generation of the toilet is seen in the left side of the slide.
  34. 34. Arakan Eco Lodge - Myanmar
  35. 35. https://ww w.linkedin. com/pulse /vi-i-backl und-ecolo gy-g%C3 %B8r-klar -til-den-for ventet-sid ste-arne-b acklund/
  36. 36. ”Miljøstyrelsen har oplyst - - -

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