Skimming refers to the process of reading only main ideas within a passage to get an overall impression of the content of a reading
Read the title. Read the introduction or the first paragraph. Read the first sentence of every other paragraph. Read any headings an sub-headings. Notice any picture, charts, or graphs. Notice any italicized or boldface words or phrases. Read the summary or last paragraph.
State the specific information you are looking for. Try to anticipate how the answer will appear and what clues you might use to help you locate the answer. Use headings and any other aids that will help you identify which sections might contain the information you are looking for. Selectively read and skip through sections of the passage.
From the comfort of our modern lives we tend to look backat the turn of the twentieth century as a dangerous time forsea travelers. With limited communication facilities, andshipping technology still in its infancy in the early nineteenhundreds, we consider ocean travel to have been a riskybusiness. But to the people of the time it was one of thesafest forms of transport. At the time of the titanic’s maidenvoyage in 1912, there had only been four lives lost in theprevious forty years on passenger ships on the NorthAtlantic crossing. And the titanic was confidentlyproclaimed to be unsinkable. She represented the pinnacleof technological advance at the time. Her builders, crewand passengers had no doubt that she was the finest shipever built. But still she did sink on April 14, 1912, taking1.517 of her passengers and crew with her.