Impact of globalization on Agrarian Structure in BD
Sm. Abir Hassan ID: 101636Sociology Discipline Khulna University Khulna
Globalization has profound implications for Bangladesh. It creates new opportunities and threats. The increased competition that is driving globalization will always produce both winners and losers.
The term was first employed in a publication entitled Towards New Education in 1930, to denote a holistic view of human experience in education. Globalization, comprehensive term for the emergence of a global society in which economic, political, environmental, and cultural events in one part of the world quickly come to have significance for people in other parts of the world.
Globalization is the result of advances in communication, transportation, and information technologies. It describes the growing economic, political, technological, and cultural linkages that connect individuals, communities, businesses, and governments around the world.
GDP is very much important for any country. In Bangladesh- The performance in the first quarter of the financial year is 5.8% and second quarter is 6.1%.
In Bangladesh agrarian Export and Import in the year 2001-02 was to the extent of 32,572 and 38,362 million respectively. Agriculture exports account for about 13 to 18% of total annual of annual export of the country.
Viewed in terms of pure domestic economy, the input subsidies have often been accused of causing most harmful effect in terms of reduced public investment in agriculture on account of the erosion of investible resources, and wasteful use of scarce resources like water and power.
Three or four key points emerged in the bargaining over the framework: the type of tariff reduction formula that would produce the agreed result of “substantial improvements in market access”; how all countries’ sensitive products might be treated; how developing countries might be given further flexibility for their “special products” and be able to use “special safeguard” actions to deal with surges in imports or falls in prices; how to deal with conflicting interests among developing countries over preferential access to developed countries’ markets; and how to provide market access for tropical products and crops grown as alternatives to illicit narcotics
Small and medium farmers usually follow the lead taken by big farmers in switching over to new technology, new cropping patterns and new production arrangements.
Under contract farming, farmers are commissioned to produce and supply a specific product, in specific quantities and of specific quality at a specified time and at a specified price. confined to a few areas and a few products.
85 percent of the women in Bangladesh found employment in the agrarian sector. , about 2 million jobs had been created in the agricultural industry which are doing by the women.
One of the economic riches Bangladesh is pursuing is the development of an international seafood industry. The export of seafood has become the third highest foreign exchange earner in Bangladesh
Wide spread use of polythene and synthetics seems to have ended the golden age of jute. People now generally carry their food and other necessities in plastic bags and containers. But environmentalists caution that polythene causes health hazards and pollutes the environment.
In Bangladesh, the green revolution strategy focused on producing only higher yielding rice varieties. The strategy resulted in an increasing shift of land use from non-rice to rice crops. The consequence is that Bangladesh is becoming a mono-crop economy.
From the above discussion we found two types of impacts of globalization in the agrarian structure of Bangladesh. They are: 1. Positive Impacts and 2. Negative Impacts