Summer safety guide


Published on We hope you all have a safe summer, and we have some tips to help you enjoy this season. Symptoms, prevention and treatment tips are given for sunburn, sunstroke, prickly heat rash, sea swimming rash, jellyfish stings, and bee and wasp stings. Prevention is better than the cure. If severe reactions to any of these hazards happen, remember to call an ambulance for emergencies, especially in the case of allergic reactions and box jellyfish stings.

Published in: Education
1 Like
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Summer safety guide

  1. 1. Summer Safety Guide
  2. 2. Summer officially begins on the 1st of December but most of us have probably been feeling the heat a bit already, especially here on the Gold Coast.
  3. 3. But the start of December really doesstart a new season off – the big focus on The Season To Be Jolly seems to emphasis this.
  4. 4. School and preschool holidays are just around the corner, along with Christmas and New Year celebrations(and yes, contrary to what your children might secretly believe, the teachers here at Friday’s Child Montessori don’t spend the time when preschool isn’t open in the cupboards waiting for the next session!).
  5. 5. We hope everyone has a great summerand we hope so see all our friends back again next year, if they’re not headingoff to the next stage at primary school.
  6. 6. To help make sure that everyone has agreat summer, we’ve compiled a list of safety tips to make sure everyone makes it through the hot holiday season in one piece.
  7. 7. Hazard: SunburnSymptoms: Hot reddish-pink skins,especially on skins that were paler tostart with (people with darker skins cantake on a redder tone but don’t burnquite as readily as those with Scottishand Irish ancestors). The skin feelshot and tender and probably a bitpainful and swollen.
  8. 8. Prevention: Slip, slop, slap, wrap. Inother words, cover up with long, lightloose clothing; use sunscreen with ahigh SPF (30+ is recommended); wear ahat that protects the back of the neckas well as the face and usepolarised sunglasses.
  9. 9. Treatment: Cool the skin with coldwater – a cold bath or shower oftengoes a long way to help.
  10. 10. Aloe vera is a magnificent herbalremedy for soothing burns of all sortsas well as sunburn, so either use acream based on aloe vera or, if youhave an aloe vera plant, snap off a leafand scrape up the clear gel to apply tothe burnt site.
  11. 11. You can also try the remedy from the Southern USA, where you make up avery strong brew of black tea and add itto a cool or cold bath, teabags and all.
  12. 12. The tannins in the tea seem to dosomething helpful. If your child (or you) experiences blistering, chills or fever after a bad sunburn, see the doctor immediately.
  13. 13. Hazard: Heat stroke (aka sunstroke)Symptoms: Hot, flushed and dry skin,headaches, blurry vision, higher thannormal body temperature, sometimesseizures and unconsciousness.
  14. 14. Prevention: Avoid long periods in areaswith high temperatures – this can beindoors if the windows are shut and theair-conditioning doesn’t work or isn’tprovided.
  15. 15. Treatment: Call an ambulance even ifyou only suspect heat stroke, as it cankill. The human body has moredefences for dealing with extreme coldthan it does extreme heat.
  16. 16. Put the sufferer in the shade and keepthem as cool as possible with ice packs and (gently!) spraying them with cold water.
  17. 17. Hazard: Prickly heat (aka heat rash)Symptoms: It doesn’t happen to everychild, but some children have a sort ofrash where their sweat glands formlittle red bumps, usually in folds of theskin (e.g. armpits, inside of the elbow,back of the knee, in the butt crack).Your child feels really itchy.
  18. 18. Prevention: Make sure that your childwears cool, loose clothing and stayscool if he/she is prone to heat rash.
  19. 19. Be careful that your attempts atcovering up your child with longsleeves and long pants doesn’t producethis problem – look to the traditionalgarb of the Middle East and similar forguidelines. Think cotton, loose andflowing.
  20. 20. Treatment: Change into light clothing.Apply a cold compress and maybesome calamine lotion.
  21. 21. Severe cases may need topical steroidcream and/or medical attention. Therash should go away in a few days. If itdoesn’t, see your doctor.
  22. 22. Hazard: Sea swimming rashSymptoms: Tingling and itching on thebits of skin underneath a swimmingcossie after swimming in the sea. It canshow up a couple of hours afterswimming in the sea and can last forweeks.
  23. 23. Prevention: This is difficult, as the itch iscaused by the stings of the juvenileforms of certain sea anemones and tinyjellyfish.
  24. 24. The only way to be certain to avoid it isto stay out of the sea – and who wantsto do that when you live on the GoldCoast?
  25. 25. Treatment: Get the cossie off and take ashower. Wash the cossie verythoroughly after soaking it in vinegar oralcohol. Soothe the pain with icepacksand/or calamine lotion.
  26. 26. If the reaction is severe, with symptoms like headaches, chills, fever,pain/burning on urination, itchy eyes or vomiting, see the doctor.
  27. 27. Hazard: Jellyfish stingsSymptoms: Pain and stinging in mildcases; nausea, vomiting, chills,drowsiness and breathing difficulties.
  28. 28. Prevention: Never touch a jellyfish oreven part of a jellyfish. Avoid swimmingin the sea if jellyfish are common orhave been sighted. Learn to identifybox jellyfish so you can avoid them.
  29. 29. Treatment: If you even suspect a boxjellyfish, wash the area thoroughly invinegar to neutralise the toxins. Keepthe vinegar on the skin for half an hourbefore trying to scrape the stingers offwith a blunt edge (side of a credit card,blunt knife from the picnic set, theedge of a ruler, a stout piece ofcardboard such as the cover of a newpaperback).
  30. 30. Reapply vinegar. Call an ambulance ifthe reaction is severe and/or yoususpect box jellyfish. Also call theambulance if the sting is extensive. Onecommon folk first-aid treatment forjellyfish stings is to urinate on it, butthis has been “mythbusted”.
  31. 31. Warm water and/or vinegar is just asgood, especially the vinegar, andthere’s nothing in pee that helps eastthe sting. Use icepacks to soothe thepain and take paracetamol.
  32. 32. Hazard: Bee and wasp stingsSymptoms: You can see a bee sting inthe site; wasps don’t leave their stingsbehind and can be hanging aroundtrying to sting. In both cases, pain andswelling are clear symptoms.
  33. 33. Prevention: Wear shoes when outdoors,especially around areas with lots offlowers (clover attracts bees, sodiscourage these pretty flowers fromgrowing in your lawn). Stay away frombee hives and wasp nests.
  34. 34. Treatment: Scrape out the bee stingwithout squeezing it, which injectsmore venom. Use the side of a creditcard, the edge of a piece of paper, ablunt knife, etc.
  35. 35. Swat the wasp if it’s still hanging about.Apply a paste of Baking soda for Bees(B and B) and apply Vinegar for “Vasps”.
  36. 36. Soothe pain with an ice pack. If theperson stung has an allergy, call anambulance. Also call an ambulance forextensive stinging (if someone’sjumped onto a wasp nest, for example)or if your child is stung on the face,throat or private parts.
  37. 37. This is brought to you by: Fridays Child