Junnior pepar


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Junnior pepar

  1. 1. Lucas 1 Jose Lucas A. Puskar English III: 4TH block 19 March 2013 Common Soccer Injuries Have you ever wonder how soccer injuries are caused? Soccer players have common injuries their soccer game or after a sprained ankle, tendonitis, even muscle cramps. There are many symptoms, preventions and treatments of the most common soccer injuries. There are many types of injuries in soccer. One of the most common one is tendonitis, which is the inflammation of tendons (Burger). In sports, tendons can easily become inflamed from the stress of repeated movements. An acute injury such as a missed step or impacts from a fall or Collins can also inflame tendons. The biggest cause of tendonitis in athletes is an injury that forces a tendon to stretch beyond its normal range of motion and also cause pain, swelling and inflammation in the tendon. Another kind of injury that soccer players can suffer is muscle cramps. It can involve part of a muscle or all the muscle in a group. The mostly commonly affected muscle groups are the back of the lower leg/calf (gastrocnemius), the back of tight hamstrings, front of thigh (quadriceps), feet’s, hands, arms, and abdomens (Cluett, Jonathan). Muscle cramps are a painful contraction to the skeletal muscle. These occur often when the athletes are in a game. The cause of muscle cramps are not yet determined, but they think is excessive
  2. 2. Lucas 2 heat and loss of fluids and minerals. The fluid and minerals athletes often lose are calcium, sodium, and potassium. Tight muscles tend to cramp more easily. The muscle cramps occur and they give no warnings they are coming. A muscle cramp happens at the end of an activity, after the body has stressed during the activity. Dehydration can also cause muscle cramps. Common muscle cramps take place in certain type of sports and activities. They are most likely to occur in the same body part that everyone gets them in. In sports like soccer, track, rugby, and American football muscle cramps are commonly to happen in the calf, hamstring, and quadriceps (thigh) muscles (Muscle Cramps). When players go down during a game from muscle cramps, they need to stretch their legs straight to loosen it. Some symptoms of muscle cramps could be muscle spasms, knotting of muscles, muscle pain, and excessive saltiness of sweat or visible dried salt on the skin. The pressure that soccer players get is the sensitively of tightness throbbing or the pain that affects the head, including the face, scalp, skull, and brain. Pressure in the head can also be known as a headache. It can affect a part or the whole head. Headaches can be caused by inflammation in sinuses, a cold, or allergies. They are also very uncomfortable because they may cause athletes severe pain. Pressure in the head can also be referred to a serious condition, in which there is an increase in intracranial pressure inside the skull (McDonough). Players soccer at a high altitude can make athletes lose their appetite and cause them nausea. To prevent pressure in the brain they need to rest in a cool area and avoid heat exhaustion. They shouldn’t drink caffeinated and alcoholic beverages before soccer. Instead they need to drink water and sponge with cool water to replace lost fluids. If they ever have nausea after soccer don’t brush off the symptoms. Even if it’s normal to feel a lot of hunger after playing soccer nausea isn’t a good sign. A knock to the head by
  3. 3. Lucas 3 a ball kicked at full force, or a blow from another player head or elbow can cause nausea, so they need to avoid those types of heats. Nausea can also result from heavy sweating causing pale skin color, dizziness, slow pulse or fatigue. Nausea is a symptom of concussions (Parrish, Rogue). If you ever see an athlete have a concussion immediately have someone call 911. Another injury that shouldn’t be ignored is a strong muscle pulls at the tendon-bone junction because it could lead to complete separation of the tendon from the bone. This can happen because athletes over use your tendon bone when it’s injured. Overuse of an injury can cause inflammation (Levengood, Gary A). When this occurs an athlete’s injury begins to have redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as you move it. The worst case of overusing injuries is the stress factor. This is because their injured bones are unable to keep up with the increasing demand of movement you place on it. They should always use ice to decrease inflammation to not cause the injury to get worse. How can injuries be prevented and treated? Well the answer simply is to wear the correct gear for soccer, warm up, and get treated after you have injuries. Since there are different types of positions in soccer there are also different requirements in the gear each position to use. There are positions like goalie, defense, forward, etc. Goalies should wear a different colored jersey than their team and the other team. This will help other Players know those players are the goalies and not need to kick or jump at them, preventing injuries. They also need to wear goalie groves that keep their hands firm, to catch the ball without bending their fingers or hurting their hands. All soccer players that play outside in the grass need to wear cleats (Atanda M.D, Alfred J). Cleats have built-in studs that help you plant your foot when kicking or changing direction. There can also wear oval
  4. 4. Lucas 4 shaped shin guards that fit on the front of their legs. There protect their tender bones of the lower legs from kicks or a hard hit ball hitting them so hard that may cause them pain. Shin guards protect players from that pain. There are also very inexpensive and can easily be slipper into their socks to keep them in place. The socks must be knee height or higher to fully cover the skin guards. Indoor leagues don’t require shin guards, cleats, or socks (Atanda M.D, Alfred J). There do require indoor shoes with smooth rubber that features a tread pattern though. Warming up will also help them prevent many injuries. Before every game player must always warm up and stretch. They should hold each stretch for at least 30 seconds before moving on to another one. When they stretch it is always better for them to do it gently and slowly to give their blood time to flow and you bones time to get active. Do jumping jacks, run in placeget with a partner and help do different types of stretches. Consuming healthy food and liquids when needed can prevent injuries too. If they already have an injury then they need to prevent it from getting worse or getting another one. Some injuries may need doctors and even surgery. When a doctor confirms a problem player’s need to always do what he tells them to do (Reuters Health). They may also even be able to take medications, such as ibuprofen, Motrin, naprosti calibers, and many others. Some doctors may recommend them to have physical therapy. These therapies will help soccer players to have better skills, and help you to know how to nutrient, condition, and train yourself. Surgery is also a treatment to repair torn knee ligaments. Athletes can still play after they get surgery but it’s better for them to avoid it. There are also very simple treatments. Some of those are to rest for a short period of time, place ice on injury, elevation, sports medicine, and don’t push through pain.
  5. 5. Lucas 5 Soccer players can have any injuries but they can also prevent them and treat them. All they have to do is maintain their proper fitness, and treat injuries instead of overusing them. Soccer players may always live injuries, but its best for them to get them as less as possible. This graph indicates the percent of the athletes that do warm-up during a game. The time they spend doing warm-up is about 10-20 minutes. 100 percent of them do warm up before the match begins. It is necessary to warm up before practicing any sports because if you do not do it, cramps will take place quickly. 60 percent of the players usually have a warm up during the half time of the match. Only some of the players do a stretch when the match finishes, which is 20 percent. 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% 120% Before Match Half Time After Match Percentage of athletes who warms-up Percentage of athletes who warms-up