Urdu book Usul al fiqh

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Urdu book Usul al fiqh

  1. 1. }ÁßZ }pï^z GL 4‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰p⊠6‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰)l 9‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰}ÁßZ * w Í Z[ ! 12‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰Áq 13‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰Bxõ 15‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰mxõ 18‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰¬ Z »Y âZ Ý 19‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰¬ Z »wdZ Ý À 21‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰¦ êL 7 Ñ 22‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰1ƒ æ 22‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰nÛ  24‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰[zq 25‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰x Zw 25‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰{ z( 26‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰b I Û 30‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰ÜŒ ÛÆ 30‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰í M Œ xi YÔ ÛÆ 35‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰í M Œ xi Y)Ô 2B +G E Û Æ .G 36‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰í M Œ çG 37‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰äƒ æ z 1
  2. 2. }ÁßZ L 37‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰: 38‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰oÑ 41‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰ú â43‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰Š YgzZy û Ô¡45‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰Á gzZu³ g47‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰ç{°‡ * xzŠ[ !50‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰b Š¦ Ñ Ñ50‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰[Žz»b Š¬ wßZ Ñ ~ Û51‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰y M Œ L53‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰< ñ63‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰/ô» ) Z 66‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰kª 70‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰_ ZÑÅA 72‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰x lZ ÅA Û 77‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰t~Õ zZA g ? 80‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰ì 7 ŠŽ { z Ö 80‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰Y f» ) Z& Z » ) Z # M L 83‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰š ÿ3XZ » ) Z ñ 86‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰! ôÁ¸ 87‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰Iâ ù ZÑ 93‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰y IZ 2
  3. 3. }ÁßZ 95‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰Ï î@Ñ % }! xÎ[ !* :XE   99‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰?Š êL 99‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰tž 99‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰x| 100‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰Y PZ ïÅÑŠ GL 101‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰Y ZZzÒ ïÅÑŠ GL á G 101‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰{g  Z ïÅÑŠ L 102‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰}ZñÄ | 104‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰2#Ä | * xgX[ ! 108‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰Š ¿Z 108‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰b ŠÆŠ ¿Z Ñ 110‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰_ ZÑÅŠ ¿Z 110‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰x lZ Å$ 112‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰Ç 112‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰b ŠÆÇ Ñ 114‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰ 7 ZÇ Ý Å - - 114‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰Ç $„qZ~ZqZ 115‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰x lZ Ū 117‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰‰°â 3
  4. 4. }ÁßZ Œ p ⊠G $Ñ L $ÔðZ ÅòsZ ïšG » kZž @ì *Ù M Ã#ZЄ ö™G Æ xsZÑ »[  kZ * *™ Ö = E, ¬ G $Ñ L , I*6 Y ÅòsZ ïšG ~ V/}uzŠ Xƒ 쇊 OZ6 kZ ÔuZgŠ Z ï“! Æ q 離gzZ ö Y L O - . * + + * XƒqÑ~4z]Åä™Ç*Ãx ÂòsZ~yZyÆÏ0i{zªz$ÅkZž @Š OZÔ~ kZ n kZ Ô ì *1 Õ » Vâ e ö™G ë ZÆ xsZ ~ #Z Ñ » [  kZèa *@ $ = Ö , H ,~b)X%Z X +Fë Z~}ÁßZŽì Š HY rZ6cÅ] ¬çñyZ ÔB‚Æg "Z !Š Hg ±Z »b Š +F~ ¸ <zy M Œ Ô™ƒ FÑ!Ð ÕZz öÀÓh Ô~yZì s %Z »wßZ ÿ3XZH Ñ , ÆL Û ,* L Ñ Ùb Š LZXCgzZì Š Hm/ Ð tI~Ãsî2 X ˆÅg (ZY Zg M 9 Š ã ÏZgzZì H ,Ì # ¤ , 6CB‚Æ ¬vZ ªz$ Å*g kZÆ ( gŠ q Zz ] c M ) ÞZ öL9z ‰zC ~ ~g ‡ž * gÃèB‚Æ + $ * Ü Ù @ì / Ñ Ñ kZ,i Z {z´ Xì Ýqw~œ%Ãb Š ¦ ~[ Ân ÏZ Xìg¨¸kˆZ »mÕZz z Ökˆ Z » äƒ {0iÆxsZÃ#Zž @ì H o1%Ð VßßZÃb)h]Æ¢q§zŠ ~[  + * ŠH +. r +kZ~V/ uzŠ Xì ‚gqZ Åä™i b)ñƒD½Z6g0Z LZùxsZªnƒ } à I& 4Æ Ã LFÆmZptžì ˆÅÌÒt ÔÃøG ÑÆkZ X ì ˆÅÒ Åä¯ ´Ã[  à X à {Š .Zg7½ÐkZ ÌkÜZx Zú ƒ: n ™ É ÐènÚ¡³³‰¦] èn’³³³í³³³ŽÖ]L L[ ÂwV"Å¢q§zŠ Ô~}ÁßZ êL ‘ ÔgZæzg ZŠ »[ ÂkZ E 0 ò -4É[ÂÅ2 ZY «)´,i Z {z´ X ã é£EZ+−Z i ´ÆTì6ó ó D&Ö^%Ö] ðˆ³r³Ö]E ) , 4
  5. 5. }ÁßZ¸èYgÃè]d°k˜Z~[  Xì ˆàŠæÌ ó ó Ùç‘¢] o֞ Ùç‘ç³Ö] †³nŠni L L ÐX ƒ "U yzç~6U èL¶Å Ö#Z [ Âtžì ¬Š Ð ¬vZ X  ë Z n Æ ƒ qçñ $* *K Å (} M ) Z· | 1428 xø 19 07.02.2007 CE ._ 5
  6. 6. }ÁßZ Œ )l» ] * ZÐ Vâ › Zt 1 Ôì e Š ã ÅxsZ sÜ š 6U èL¶Å0è#Z !k % , 6C *K Ö - *ÅkZ X ,™g (ZÐ wÅ ( ideology)Y ZJª]§‚Ÿå ZÃxsZ {zžì @™ Ÿ» qg»gŠ ( solutions) ]Îç´Ð UCÆÏ0i ÔaÆb)Æ}ÑçÌË ìtzz Ù + ž E , * 6 * ,vß6 T } M ëÐ ( creed)}okZt c Mžì« ] ! kZ q 離ÅyZgzZ  Dƒ OÅb)ÆyZakZ ԐD ÑyZZЬ6}o xsZy› a X 7c ngŠ NZ , Æ è *p # „ $}oòsZ kZŽ Ô,™g (Zà ( systems) VñÂyZ {zZ ì e A“ Z¼9zZ8 g _ Xì ÀÐ )*~ [fiÆ b) LZ y›FÌ ` M Ô¯! Æ K Ã|kZž kZ :Ð ä™Ç*6 }ÑçÆ Vâ ›Ã]Îçz ] c Ã! f  g D » . kZgzZ  D &ðe *, * ž ß + , 4* *! f4Z sÜ6 R c g~{ 9Æ~œ¸*žŠŽz!ÆkZt XÐN Yƒib)}g ø +× ,+ H * ,Xwq¾ X  ‰ Dƒ F$ h]Ñq CÑç}gø 1 Ôì Š HÇ* 6zZ }g ø ÃVñÂgzZ u Ô  ( :  &{z ñƒ WO{Š c iÐ ƒÐ „! fy›~ ( fields) Vâ Zy „ , *  W ÙX Dƒi Z0Z ,Š c iЃ6}ÑçC¸gzZU+Fë ZÆÏ0i CÑç¸ éE X #= + Z{ *  , , + 5SŸ, ,6†f ÅVâ ›»„! fkZ Xì îiEÐ4Z6gîm{^ ]©CÑçžìtzzÅkZ $ Zz ÅXÉ Ô;g: Šzö- ( secularists) Vzg ZŠb äƒ Z]Ð *ŠÆ +Š sÜtž Zƒ WZ Ú Z J Æ . , G C-!yZ Ìä V,Z Ô ( islamic modernists) ó ó+Š åEòsZ L Lª Zg åÌs§ÅxsZ ä VÍß 6
  7. 7. }ÁßZÆ] Ñq {ŠŽñÃxsZž @IÅakZfz@ßt ! Xl h  ÅäJ m {Š ]»xsZÃg °Z * * à u Zƒ qzÑysg »ä™ Za “ _Ð xsZ™ ¯ k‚ ZÄ! f~ V/ uzŠ Xn Y ÑJ e ._ }- $ -qZžìt Ñ » kZ X ì ~g YÐ w‚ 150¸* Ô ~ ðÉZg z e×Åg EZ J[ Zt gzZtèY ñYg 3ggzŠÃVÍßÐ xsZÝZgzZÇgg Z Œ Ê ¢zºÆg EZŽ Ôƒ ì‡ ó xsZ *L L(Z Û , ócƒ cƒ { , Ö*~„ ÔÏ( *~jz { Zp Ôà cÎgz WZÆyZÐ #ZgzZ @™7 JÃj6 Vâ › yZ * w , ÆÆg EZ ! f Ž Ô yZxÆ Vâ ›Ì` M a ÏZ Xì @™c_ » äh 3ZÐ a Ô ~Š OZ ž *  . +. EB+G .EZÔ~ h M Å ( modernism) ó óeh]L LkZ6 gîizZ ìg Î {È » ó óxsZh]L L Ԑ çHE $+ , g 2 +× , X 2~Ò Åä™gzŠhÐxsZÃVÍß Ô)g fÆçZ FÅ[ »( à G * C-! LaÆsz@ßÅxsZä( modernists) ó ó+ Š åE L Žì m [|ZkZJV˜ » -  , ŽgzZ D™ qŽgs§ÅmÀòsZ Ug ¯vßtÂ Ô km yZz6„Ì ~[f åV- {z ÔHwEZ ž IÕS5! Xì ŠŽñ„{zЬ~xsZžD™òútQ Ô D™Ò Åä™"UÃg °Z ! fÐ yZä Š à $* E ÅÃ!)Š Zi MgzZ ó ó æ¾5.Zù z szH! %Z L LÃñZg )Š Zi M Ô ó óògØL L à ( democracy) $g/ 4 * L e - Û * H{zÉ I~Šg:ŠzöJ]¬zBz@ßt X Š Hg (Z~ h M Å h ! ~Š ZÐZ~xsZ ÆJeremy gzZ John Stuart Mill Ù ä V,Z X ñƒ[ x»~ ä;Cit Ì VßßZvß ~ Ã Æ ,„! fkZ X ÅÒ Åä™4ZŠ~xsZÄ ( utilitarianism) 4 æÆBentham 6ëÐ xsZ Ô)g fÆó ó<ÑåLu£L LgzZ ó óÅL LÐZ ÔŠŽz!ÆäƒgzŠ VÎÃЄòsZÆ *z w L L»xsZgzZ Î äY * â ó óyvz {Zà L : e »¿ ž t³»kZ X ˆÅÒ Åä¯ } M * +L Ù C Ã[f X Š{g™0»w~â U{Š c iÐ {Š c i c ÔÎäƒÍ ZÐ VzÃÅVâ › Ô: e» ó óx Zw H ** * * z I$EGgzZ Zƒ qzÑysg » ¶Šg ZŠ™~œ%Ã=ã¨Z Ì ~i ‚yâ ‡ÅxsZ Ô ñƒº6xŠ ø©Æ / K ~ , LŠÅ mÀ H òú JVŒ ä VrZ X ˆÅ4z] Å ä&ðe ~ mÀòsZ Ìi ZŽ » kZ ž Š- . +‰‰ ñ¯ }°‡6 Xce 9 ŠÃ( spirit of the text) ó óbzg L LÅyZÉ 7 gz¢~È0 ~ * 7
  8. 8. }ÁßZ G ó + .OžEgZE xsZ L LgzZ óì xsZ V;zì ÅV˜L L Ô ó ó D Y w$ Ìx © ZÐ çG ykz yâ i L L $ÆH¨ ó Š ¿Z L Lÿ Zz kZgzZ Î äY ÑJ e ._Æ]ÑqÃxsZ V- X {)z ó ì ( flexibel) Ðó „ ó ÐÎ äY c Š rz6 R Ó ÔÃh —Å}ÁßZ êL ‘ª„ö™G ÆxsZ™ƒ WOÐ ! fgzZ X Š * Û,ä $ = , H $ Å Xì Ýqe×å g EZ Ì` MÃ]â ZŠZ, ZgzZ{z}ÁßZèYakZt X Š c ÑO " } (ÐZÉ å: ¹· Zú 6}ÁßZ H * Æ , t, + L Ûª] ÎçÆ b) ( 6 )Æ Ï0iÐ ( mÀòsZ ) <z y M Œ Ô$)g f Æ Tì D $„~k‚ Z ö™G ÅxsZ/Z åE X D™¬Ï0i KZy›._ÆX Ôì @™ûEk! Ôx © Z = ¤ Z <XÅ + * 3E4G 5 ,,  , *X Ç} 7 WZ6 ] × b x ÓŠ lŠp Â Ô ñY c Š™ Za h — ~ kZ Ô™{wßZ } M ëÐ ! f . i * /ì _Ə! fÐÌ Æb)Â Ô ñYc Š 5~}ÁßZÃg °Z! f¤ Z~V/ uzŠ }{Ò M~ËÆkZž * akZ2 X ÇñYƒy‚ M * z{Š ]»xsZÃyâ ‡z„ ¬CV- gzZÐ @Ì * t Ù6Š C VßßZ òsZ)4Z Xì ;gƒ¸~´ ˜}g ø` M X Vƒ Za ņf ! få,ã Å h *Æg EZ ! f)g fÆVz:gzZ Vwz@ß ÅxsZ ÔЊæ ÅVâ Zx}g ø Ô Y xz Y fF` MÔƒ~ h M Å ( war on terror) ó ók s ÜÆ ~Š¤ ïIŠ L L{z { Zp X  ìg™x »aÆŠ ¢ B /Gi™ó óäJ m yZz6 ÃuÅo L Q c Ôƒ~ ^Åä™7i ZŽÆŠ ŽZÐgñs ÜÆVâ ›  , L * Û,~g EZ)g fÆ T Ôƒ ~ ^Å ¶Šg Z Œ^ Yà ( Free Trade ) ]g ˆŠ Zi M kZ ~ h M Å * Š ¢ ò ¸Æ oQ c 8{Æ ~I •Z Ԑ C™wzNÄ (gzZ uÅ ´ ˜}g ø z¸ ÖòsZ Z ÃgñZ òsZ) yZèa X ~ ^Å ~g Z¼Ð #Z ~ h M Å ( national interest) IakZ Ô {)zó óÕ L Lc ó óÅL L ÕS5! Ôì CY Åg (Z Œ0 Å䙨 ]q ˜ZgzZ VßßZ * ä * Ð ,$ , K X D M F Z6e×ÅyZ Ô™0: ¶»kZy›‰ðZÃtہÎâ Æ VßßZt¬gzZ VßßZ òsZ {z Z ${g pô Vß e yZ ° Z #Ë Ð Ö # 8
  9. 9. }ÁßZ™g Z2ZÃ]5çx ÓÆ Ï0i KZ6 Š ã Å ÞZ öL9z Ø{gzZn $Ð , „! ftž @ŒÐ + ,C WZÆ *ðZ ¸+Fë ZÆkZgzZƒZzÐ}ÁßZªk‚ Z ö™G ÅxsZ#Zžì F»kZ%Zt Xn , $ = Ö *™ - ÖÔ *vs§Å}Ñ çòsZ qZÐ }ÑçòsZ) {ŠŽñÃ#Z 2 X}™ tZgg0Z LZ +~ ä1-u¾ Ôà ÕÆVâ ezg °Z +Fë ZÆxsZ~}g! ÆÏ0ižì« ]! kZ J @ , * + , 6 *Ú ŠÐà òsZØ{Ã]uZzÆÏ0iy› {g !zŠž @akZt Xì CƒÝq! x» è ` + Ð * * × , *K # Ö XƒyÇ6{ZgÅ6U èL¶9 ZgzZÆ#Ztž * ǃ ì‡{ÑçòsZ6 Š ã ÅTì ~gz¢ *7Ãk‚ Z kZa ÏZ Ö @Ô ,C *™CÑç~  c g òsZ {Ò Mž uŠ - JÅ]! kZŽ Ôƒ ( mechanism )g »èi§{z a „* $ *gzZn ƒ uZgŠ Z » ÌZ Å}ÁßZž @Ìn kZt 2 X fƒ ì‡6 ÞZ öL9z Ø{ ªZz ]© * , - . *ì ;g Y H7:%qZ »}ÁßZçO Xƒ Za Ég ÅUßs§Å~ ó$òsZ {g !zŠ~ Vâ › Ù G $Ñ Ö7i»ZC ~ xsZ Ô ykz yâ iÃs Ônƒ uZgŠ Z »Y ÅxsZ ïšG Ã#Zž @ ª ¬ L * $vŠÆ*ŠŽ Ôì „ö™G ( unique)Š»qZ CZ »xsZžce ¢ yYt %Z X qZ Åä™ = - 8 .  Cªì Z]Ð ƒyZ „Š ã ÅkZèYì ¹xðÃÐ yZÐZ „:gzZì ZÇ!Ð V * # # X ä×Ö] Ù牅 ‚ÛvÚ ä×Ö] Ÿž ä֞ Ÿ }ÁßZàÚ èn†ŽÖ] Ý^Óu¢] ½^fßj‰] o֞ ^ãe Ø‘çjm ojÖ] ‚Â]ç³Ï³Ö] èʆ³Ã³Ú :p°Å}ÁßZ 4G 3E ( ñYHûEk!Ðb Š -ÜÑÄ© Z)g fÆXD»°Z ¸yZ ) èn×n’ËjÖ] èց¢] 5 Ñ Ã ÐD-Z {eÐ}êL ‘® V- gzZì 6 °Z ¸c~g ‚~®kZžì ãZzt Ð p°kZ q t , * ,Û :ì ãZzÐp°ÅkZ]!t Xì6qzcÅkZgzZg Zæzg ZŠ »}èYì 9
  10. 10. }ÁßZ<Ñ) èn×n’ËjÖ] ^ãjցœ àÚ è_fßjŠÛÖ] èn×ÛÃÖ] èn†ŽÖ] Øñ^ŠÛÖ^e Ü׳ :p°Å} 4G 3E ( Vƒ‰K ûEk!Ðb Š - yZžŽ D»b)i ZÆ 5 Ñ Æ y РБ}ÁßZ Xì D»qZtakZgzZì³»}ÁßZ êL ‘ÝZgŠ}êL žì YY¹tZ åE Š - <XÅ *r * , G§ - $ 4G 3Ež @ì ‚gÈ0 6 ( methodology)g »îLªG m{qZ Ô܉z D™ûEk!¬»vZÐ mÀÃ$ 5 E +G 5OBèYìggzŠÐ Égz ÿGCZ f {zgzZìg ì‡ ( consistency) ~g Zàz~o ^ZzŠ ¿ZÆkZ]Ñ M yZ}ÁßZ X ( z™#~zcÅéZp ?:) — pç³ãÖ] ]糳ó³fji ¡³³Êü :ì y⠁»¬vZ Ö Û * 3E 4GÃ$n kZ X ì @™ûEk!¬»vZÐ mÀ¦ $)g fÆXž ng wÅ ( tools) 5 Ñ p 4G À7 ,ã k @ u 3E Ñ ,Ô6 Š C Zåž *™ûEk!¦ êL {z6 Њæ ÅX Ô}™g ÖZz ç»VßßZ yZ¬{zžce 5 , Xn Y36Ão ^ZzŠ ¿ZÆkZ À~(¹ qZt n kZ Ôì bŠg Z Œp » ¬vZÃ] ! ËŠ Z%Ð o ^ZÆ ¦ êL 7 a , - Û * Ñ èÔ™| 7 Ãgu * M qZ çO Xì g »gŠ„( ~ ) rzZo ôZ ð•Z~T Ôì ~g ZŠ)f ,$ c $ - e g Ù XÑ (ZC„ { Zp ÔYYŒ ¬»vZÐkZ 7 :w VÙ‚Â ]æƒ á^³ß³$]™ X ( ß™{ ZÍÃVzŠ%g ÇÌ6zŠÐ~LZgzZ ) — ÜÓß³Ú Ù‚³Â pæƒ ]悳`œæü , Û * ,X ( zŠÐ~( Vz» )VzuzŠ c Vƒg ÇÌ6zŠÐ~?{z) — ܳ҆³nÆ à³Ú á]†³ì æœ Ü³³Ó³³ß³³ÚzŠÐ~LZgzZ ) — á^iœ†Ú] æ Øq†Ê àn×q… ^ÞçÓm ÜÖ á¬Ê ÜÓÖ^q… àÚ à³m‚³n` ]悳`Žj‰]æ™ - /ÜÖ Ü$ l^ß’vÛ³Ö] áç³Ú†³m à³m„³Ö]æ™ X ( ÅVÂgúŠgzZŠ%qZ Ânƒ:t¤ ZgzZß™„ZÍÅVzŠ% záçω^ËÖ] Üâ Ôñ¤æœ æ ]‚e] é^㍠ÜãÖ ]ç×fÏi Ÿ æ é‚×q ànÞ^Û$ Üâæ‚×q^Ê ð‚` èÃe…ªe ]çi^³m * , *geQN ÎoÅ *i6VÂgúðZŠ u 0 vߎ ) — ]çvבœ æ ÔÖ]ƒ ‚Ãe àÚ ]çe^³i à³m„³Ö] Ÿž IVÍßyZ ñZÎD vßÉÃt Ôz™: wJ„ZÍÅyZ ÌLgzZ ƒ Î} hÃÏZ 7Z Âà 7: { ZÍ ™ 10
  11. 11. }ÁßZ*™Ñ ) XX ‚u]çÖ] ‚â^ ÄÚ ànÛnÖ^e o–Î " ±³fß³Ö] ᜠZZ X ( B™ b & ZgzZ/ˆÆkZŽÆ #Ô~A çÆ®Ÿg Ô~gu~uzŠqZ² X ( c Šê6( Š ã Å ) { ZÍqZgzZn Z ä~ ) $ - * ,C - q V - Xì "UÌ* JÄ ZÍÅ]gúqZ » ~ ZwÎg $* *™w - Vv ùì ;g Y ¹t L ?ñY Œ ÃyZ[ Z ԐñƒŠg Zz~K „ ZÍmÀx Ót Æ - Û ,y›zŠ~ùqZ Xì ;g Y HwJÌ Ã„ZÍŁ»6(gzZ Ë ì w=„ ZÍÅy›ž ² , H , - Hì ;gƒ™f »VÂgúzŠ6} X ì Š HY rZ6„ ZÍÅŠ%qZ~ ~uzŠ²ì Š Hc_»VzŠ% $* -,ÅwJ„ ZÍÅs f ‡ˆÆä™/ÂÅkZ H X ì "Uq=Å„ZÍÅ]gúqZ6(gzZ ˲q¤Z g g L*Ë-Z/ ?Šgþ zZ ñY Hg (ZÃù¾Âì ;g MÃn ¬~mÀ¤ Z ? Yƒ7 tc ì $Y / *™ / H Û *ªHÅkZ  Ôì e*¦ÃmÀx ÓyZ¤ ZgzZ ?Ðzz¾{zÂì Š c Šg Z Œt* » ~uzŠÃù * X {)z ?5YÅ Zaùr yZªÏƒ ~ * *Š ¿Z LZ {zžì @™ Ÿ» »]! kZÐ$Ž ì g »gŠŠ ¿Z nÆä™i b)yZ Ãi Z+ ÃyZ~]ZŠ ¿Z}uzŠ LZ {z ÂH (Z ä kZZ gzZ Ô}™ ( adopt)g(ZÃVßßZ~ 0Zà #]糳ó³fji ¡³³³Êü èY ǃë!o ^ZzŠ ¿Z »kZ:gzÇ} 7xgÈ0 6VßßZ4ZÐZ X Y™7 * , * , , / ÖÃwßZkZ~ZË Ô6gîÆwV ÔäkZ¤ Z: X ( z™#~zcÅé Zp ?:) — pç³³³ãÖ]/¤ Z b§ÏZ X Y™7 EZugÐZ~ZgzZ Ë Â Ôì 7 ŠË ìG žì Hg (Z w t ? % I" u L , , * *X Ç} 7 xg ì‡6 wßZ kZ~ b)x ÓÐZ  Ôì @ƒ nÆ[Žz%Zžì c CZ wßZt ä kZ6Š C VßßZ6 yZ {Ò Mž @ce * ÖZzyÒ»yZÐZ  Ôì @™spÃVßßZ LZ {z¤ Z2,ã Å * *™g * / * + Xì YYc Î{i Z0Z »]gz¢Å}ÁßZÐyÒ¿ Z Xnƒ õ»kZ k À Xì ïcÅ{)zÇŠ ¿ZgzZ]ÑÑŠzp ÖZ Ô~ ó$zb Š Ôx lZÅkZgzZ¦ êL 7~}ÁßZ á z . Ñ Ñ 11
  12. 12. }ÁßZ * w Í Z[ ! Áq ÏZgzZì qg ᐄzakZ Xì ÝqìvZsÜg (Z » #=ª¶Š¬ xsZ ~ * *gzZ ðÃ~TìÐ~]ÌŬvZ *ƒ ÜÒ^vÖ]çO Xì @ƒ( originate) q Z ºZ¬Ð Š  M Š - -sŠ ZáÆòúÆ• ZÑ~š1gÅkZ Ôòú »äƒqÑ~SqÅkZ X Y 7 Ñ ƒ q Û :y⠁ƬvZ Xì 6:57— ä×Ö Ÿž ÜÓvÖ] ហü # ( ìaÆ„vZsܬ) 7:54— †Ú¢]æ Ð×íÖ] äÖ Ÿœ ü ( *ƒÁqgzZ *ƒÛ{m{ìaÆ( vZ ) ÏZ !ÅgŠ c ) * * * /~! f XìŠ „ÆwßZ {gÃèÆxsZ Ôì } ZŠ¤ È» ~i ‚yâ ‡Ã= ,ãâ ‡! f Ž IÔkz ÕS5! Ôì Zæ ÅKYg {Ë~%ZkZgzZ}™ê»}gzZiZ {zžì Ýqg (Zt„Ã= ä ,xsZ² Xì C‹êÞTZ CZ6]uZz¸gzZì Áq „= V/ uzŠ Xì “ ZŠ ÿE * , ~ }  ,L &‡* - à á= Xì ŠzöJK [ æÆqg  Ô0 wdZÆ}È ÔÐ mÀ¦ g ZŠ™ »= Ð Ñ ~ ,* Ët 6 ]! T: X ì È~ mÀsÜtÉ $} Š 7 g UŠp ðà CZ~eÆK Z ê k *Å t Ë ™ i - á * sz@[ mÀ ª Ô $ 7 zˆÐ kZgzZ 5YJuÏZ= Ô{g  Zs§T c ,™ªÑŠ * ! Ïìgi !Ð Ë êÞ , ž *$* , KÅkZ X $}Š 7 TZ6 yZ= ì @ƒ "Ut Ð% Z eÃ~6 wdZÆy¨Z * Ùs ÏZ 6 6t Ðzz ÅT Ôì @ƒ†ŸZ~ ] â ¥ÅkZ izgCèYì Šzö= tzz « ž 12
  13. 13. }ÁßZh׬Z ~„ÅkZ Z : Xì @ƒ6 Š ã Å]â ¥4Z {z  Ôì îŠ iðÃZ Q Xì C™+ # *,C # * ß *Ü , +~V/ uzŠ Xì @ Mà i* Z6‰zkZgzZì C‹ê*ðÙw$êCZt Ôì CƒW } z%$] ÑqgzZì *è ¬å {z  Ôì @™Ò Åä™gŠ ™ê6 wdZÐ =KZZ y¨Z + @ƒ g * à , # KXì Cƒ & ¤Å%Z kZÐ% Z eÃqZ6 ~i ‚yâ ‡~ [f Xì *w$ Ì » kZÐ -, @Y + ê Þ ,ä‹êTZt6wdZyKª X D MÃw‰gzZßi ‚²s$2Z ¸yŠ ñ M V;z ¨Z — + , K ÷KãZz qZ Ñ~ ~i ‚yâ ‡Å= ÏZ X Z gzZ ß÷¨ÃgzZì YZ z 9 ¨Ãžì ܇РРXì CYƒkZ]Ñq‹gß Â Ôì C™¨ äƒ}c iZÃ÷Ë=Åy¨Z # ,i Z {z´ Ð ,* KZ IYZÃO Ô~]gßÅhx ÙZÐ ¿ c ~ªqÅk ÕS5! X Dƒi Z0Z WZ6bÑÅ = e Ë*  B ä +,, ,* , Z t, , ² Ë ™ðZc ðYZ ÅkZ Ô6gîCZ f ÔÐ÷ çO Xì Š ÃO 6 Zñ}uzŠ F Ôì $ Ë G~i ‚yâ ‡ãKÿ¨“ Zƒ"UÐ D X fƒi Z0Z WZÜÁYg {å6kZÉ Ô $Y ª ¨Z L ž $* +, , Ë 7~] â ¥KZgzZ}™ q Z »] ZŠŽñx ӎ Ôìg»gŠaÆx »kZ +ZqZgzZì b¬aÆ © -  ¨Z r ž ÙÅyKä ÏZèY Ôì ‚g/‡ÅkZ „ .vZ Ô [g » Vâ ˜ x ÓsÜ ìCª !ƒï»Y‹êTZ6 wdZ „z çO Xì ZHgzZ YZ HaÆkZžì Y C „t sÜgzZ Åð Þ , , *Û á ágzZ ì YZ n Æ yK÷{z Ôì c Š g Z Œ YZ ä qg & : X ì qg  „z n ÏZgzZ ì ¨Z , K { *Û , á ! ZnÆy¨Z÷ z Ôì c Šg Z ŒZäqg & Bxõ ¦ Xì *t :Z » óBxõL L Ôì 0 æ» qg ÐT Ô6÷ ZÆ}È Ñ @ƒ ó [ á ,k sfzqÅäƒ9( legal responsibility of the act)1Å÷ Y Z`ZÆb Š Ð Ñ , :C M6x ¬§s_ ZÑ 13
  14. 14. }ÁßZ ä á X ǃ7 ˆ»kZ:gz ÔƒHyÒÃ÷ qg ( 1 [ 17:15—Ÿç‰… &ÃfÞ oju àne„ÃÚ ^ßÒ ^Ú æü ä L ( ™[Z±„¬Ð−wÎgž7 ~g øgzZ ) < H. t ( 7 ðìÐ䃊g ZzÆqÑ) ņŽÖ] æ…æ ØfÎ ÜÓu Ÿ :ì Š H~ Z {°‡ ÐD ¬ , XƒgŠ ‡6¶Šx ZuÃ÷ Z {È ( 2 k # 2:286—^ãÃ‰æ Ÿž ^ŠËÞ ä×Ö] Ì×Óm Ÿ ™ 1 * Ü ( êŠ7 {Š c iЉ¤ÅkZÃyYˬvZ ) X ¨YH7 J :gz ÔƒŠ H~z ~ ÎgÆkZgzZvZ÷ ( 3 w t H ÅV w t 4:65— Üãßne †r ^ÛnÊ ÕçÛÓvm oju áçßÚ©m Ÿ Ôe…æ ¡Ê™ ž-# h , : Mx Ó JZ Mƒ7 ñ ! Åg ÇŠgz6}¾ì n) ðt ( Byâ: ÑZzä™êà M~s %ZÆ}È ÔÃt £yZ  Ԋzu‰CƒA%N Zw6yZgzZD M~K vZt £ wdZ {z ( 4 $ , Å Ž X YYH7 ‚ ÔаçÅ Ž # # ᜠçÖ ä×Ö] Üm] æóóóóó[ ä×Ö] æ‚u àÚ ‚u oÊ Äˎiœ L L Dän× ÐËjÚE XX^a‚m kÃ_ÏÖ kΆ‰ ‚ÛvÚ kße èÛ›^Ê ‰‰‰‰?ƒñ M™álg t ‚}÷~A çÆVƒ Zw{Š™gHÅvZ ?H ) * / å ( ÇñYc Š^ »B;»kZ Â}™~gaÌ ÃeÅ· Zž ¹™ 3n vZä MQ Ò ¤ Å 14
  15. 15. }ÁßZÔÃ}È ~ yZ Â Ô eŠ c mŸ‰N Y ÅA%N Zw6 yZgzZ VƒÐ ~Š mZ t £Ž wdZ {z $* $ , Xì Ýqg (Z »ä™s ç Ô ._Æ=ÑÄ©Z o%Þ¢]æ ‚fÃÖ^e ‚fÃÖ]æ †vÖ^e †vÖ] o×jÏÖ] ±Ê ”^’ÏÖ] ÜÓn× gjÒ ]çßڝ àm„Ö] ^ãmœ ^m™ 2:178— á^Šu¬e än֞ ð]œ æ Íæ†ÃÛÖ^e Å^fi^Ê ð ± änìœ àÚ äÖ ±Ë àÛÊ o%Þ¢^e + + H Û ¢m Ôá$ÆxÝxÝÔŠ Zi Má$ÆŠ Zi M Ôì Š Hn8 Ÿ»Vß >6? !ß ZzyZZ} Z ) , + ð>ÐZ ñY~Š} Š °ç¼Ðs§Åð>ÅkZÃËTV;Ôá$Æ]gú]gú ( ceã™ ZŠ ZeŠB‚Æã‚ MgzZceã™q nZÅ $ m xõÆb Š ¦ Xì @ƒt :Z » ómxõL 6kZ Ôì ¥#Ð}ÈT[æ» qg  Ñ Ñ * ó , L á Ù :CƒCª_ ZÑsfzq0 }È ÔÐY Z`Z Ð * K  á * yZgzZg ñ c Vƒy›{z{ Zp Ôì ¥#ÐVâ ¨Zƒ Ô[ æ» qg ~}g !ÆxsZ ( 1 , *  ¿ ÜÑÄ© ZgzZäÑyZZ ÔÌ ñª X ǃ[ ˆ Ô~}g !Æx © ZgzZ}o Ô»ƒ 6 g X ÆVâzŠ Ôä™ 7:158—^ÃnÛq ÜÓn֞ ä×Ö] Ù牅 ±Þ] Œ^ßÖ] ^ãmœ ^m ØÎü #  ( VƒZƒ5»¬vZs§Åƒ ?~!Íß} Zž £ŠÈ M )ñY ¹7 VŒ X  ïVâzŠ »gzZ y›~ kZ Z åE Ôì x ¬ nÆ Vâ ¨Zx Ó[æt t á Û <XÅ K 6 å» äÑ yZZ, M ÔÐ g ñ Ô e Mt n kZ Ôì [ æ~}g ! Æ ª‚g ~ kZèaž $ * Û  Û¦zgzZ äÑ yZZŽ Ôì x ¬ ª‚gèY n kZt X » 1 Åx ©Z ¦zž: Ôì „g™c_ ² H á ,ÅH ì Š Hm{B‚ÆyZZÃ[ ækZ~]gß~uzŠ Xì ïÃVâzŠ Ô¿ x © Z 6 ÛgzZ¥#»x © Z ¦z»gñ ÔÐ [æ ôÜƬvZ 2 Xì ßuZutgzZ 7Žñ?Š ðà Š 15
  16. 16. }ÁßZ $* * :ì "U *ƒ 2:21— ÜÓe… ]æ‚fÂ] Œ^ßÖ] ^ãmœ ^m ü ( z™]Š „Å[g LZ !Íß} Z ) 3:97— knfÖ] su Œ^ßÖ] o× ä×Ö æü # * Û h* , ( ì c Š™ne » ykZVƒM0 { Zgs§ÅkZŽ6VÍßyZä¬vZ ) $* Û , 6 , Û :ì "UÐy M Œ[ ˆ »yZ ÔÐ[ Z±zÏzJ uFÆx ©Z¦zyZ 41:6-7— é^ÒˆÖ] áçi©m Ÿ àm„Ö] I ànÒ†ŽÛ×Ö Ømææ ü ( ïŠ7> 2iŽì ! Z„ ~() nÆVÃæyZgzZ ) y( , 74:42-44— ànÓŠÛÖ] ÜÃ_Þ ÔÞ ÜÖæ ™ äÖçÎ o֞ — ]çÖ^Î I†Ï‰ oÊ ÜÓÓ׉ ^Ú ü * + ( ¸D î * 3ÃV»ë:gzZ‰‰‰‰‰Ð,$ZŽ {zÔÑZ e äq¾~c izŠ») Û¾ £ Ô]ZŠ „} Ôì oÑxsZ nÆ¡Å5ZŠ Z ÅX¨Y H7 JÃwdZyZƁ» ( 2 w Ö , Û *Û ‰Ôì 7 ¹ÑxsZ nÆwdZX%Z X {)z#Ó6V⠛Ł» c nŒ „ ZÍ~] 1â ¡ , *w B *™ Û ‰ X „ZÍ6¤z~^c * y™ï ‚ÆVâ ›»»Ë ¨YHwJ7Z  ]æƒ á^ß$] än‘çÖ] ànu lçÛÖ] ÜÒ‚uœ †–u ]ƒž ÜÓßne é^㍠]çßڝ àm„Ö] ^ãmœ ^mü5:106—lçÛÖ] èfn’Ú ÜÓje^‘ªÊ š…¢] oÊ Üje†• ÜjÞœ ហÜÒ†nÆ àÚ á]†ì æœ ÜÓßÚ Ù‚Â ²  * gzZÑ ä M ]ñÃËÐ~? ì ƒ o*ƒ{ ZÍ »¿Š~: M}g v!ß ZzyZZ} Z ) z * Ü Vƒ¿ŠÐ~VÍß)c Vƒg ZgŠžVƒ,ZÐ~?¿Š {zÔƒ‰z»ä™¤z z z g / ( ñY M ]ñ»zZƒ‰ ~^}? Z ¤ 16
  17. 17. }ÁßZ X uŠx Zu._ÆÜÑÄ© ZÃwdZx ÓLZy› ( 3 ÜÓßÚ †Ú¢] ±Öæœæ Ù牆Ö] ]çÃn›œæ ä×Ö] ]çÃn›œ ]çßڝ àm„Ö] ^ãmœ ^mü # # 4:59—Ù牆Ö]æ ä×Ö] o֞ åæ†Ê ð ± ±Ê Üj‡^ßi á¬Ê Ö # è ) ) Å#Ór™Ð~? zZÅwÎgz™®¤ZgzZÅvZz™®¤Z !ß ZzyZZ} Z ) g $ * / ( + YÅwÎggzZvZ ƒ NßÐZ Âz™s %Z~qˤ ZQ * )* G , * X fƒÇ*ÜÑÄ© Z Ô¯!Æ)f åL¨“ Ô6g ñ~„ c gòsZ 9:29—áæ†Æ^‘ Üâæ ‚m à èmˆrÖ] ]ç_Ãm ojuü  - ( ,™ ZŠ ZtbÐB;LZ™ƒg Zpz?f {zJVŒ)}oòsZpÇñYHg66¿ x ©ZòsZ7Z Z åE X g ‚Æx ©ZòsZvßtª ,Æ <XÅ t , , : èY7 äÑyZZ6 6 2:256— àm‚Ö] ±Ê å]†Òž Ÿ ü 4, * ( 7 Ši ðÃ~}g !Æ( xsZÁJª) +Š ) + WÔñƒTgg0ZŠzuÆ<Ñ Ô7Z~b)ÆÅä3zk]gzZt :zb ï Ô]ZŠ „b§ÏZ $* L Ñ * , X "UÐ<b ŠÆkZ X ¨Yc Š hg6` ZzgzÌ LZ g Xì 7 ^Z åE Ô *ƒÚ! ( 4  <XÅ * * Xì 7 y7 Z åE Ô*ƒ¬ ( 5  <XÅ * Xì 7 ÑZzäÎZ åE Ô *ƒ ( 6  <XÅ * ƒ D‚m‡EXX ÐnËm oju áçßrÛÖ] æ ÀÏnjŠm oju Üñ^ßÖ] æ È×fm oju of’Ö] V¡$ Ü×ÏÖ] ÄÊ… L L 17
  18. 18. }ÁßZ *-# H ÑZzäÎ ÔñYƒ: Ú!{zJZ^:ì Š 1VZ¯ VÍß&) Ð ƒ -# * -# ( ñY M:~l {zJZ É0 gzZñYƒ:g ZË{zJZ ** Xì * Yc Š VZ »1Š Z%Ð Ü×ÏÖ] ÄÊ…VŒ {. , :ǃ7~ Zñ»6]Zg±sfzgq k * X ñ M~¬ ZŽ {zc ƒ{ç»yY~T~g6 ( 1 *- X ñY MŠ c žJVŒwÈ ( 2 X ñYƒZ åS)’ ÔÆg(Z% Ԏ÷ zª Ôæ ( 3 ) { # Däq^Ú àe]EXX än× ]çâ†Ój‰] ^Úæ á^nŠßÖ] æ ª_íÖ] ±jÚœ à ĕæ ä×Ö] ážL L ( ì ˆà VZƒgzZwÈgzZt Ö#Z ~÷) Ð H . * Xì Š c Š VZ { ~ ZñЁª ¬ Z »Y âZ Ý Û :ì y⠁»¬vZ 2:29—^ÃnÛq š…¢] ±Ê ^Ú ÜÓÖ Ð×ì p„Ö] çâü ¼ ( ì H Za n}g v ƒäTì „zvZ ):ì H ~ Z {°‡sfzq »Y âZÐ DgzZì c Š™ b IÃVzq x Ón }g ø ä ¬vZVŒ Š H. * Æ -#äƒx Zw yZJZ b I,qx Ó) Üm†vjÖ] Ønց †m ÜÖ ^Ú èu^e¦] ð^n¢] ±³Ê س‘¢] #*ðÃnÆ( exception) Y ]ZÐ kZQ Ôì x ¬ ¬» s!Z ÅY âZ ª X ( ƒ: ?Š ðÃÅ Xìg »gŠ?Š 18
  19. 19. }ÁßZ :w V 16:115—èjnÛÖ] ÜÓn× ݆u ^Ûޞü H * , ( ì Š c Š™x Zwg ZŠ%6? ) * *Ô{)z Š c * 3ÐZ }fƒ x ZwwdZ x Ó´Ð q x ZwkZQ X ZI Zwg ZŠ%n }g ø : x , # Xƒ?Š Åäƒ^Y÷ðÃZ ZÎâ Û* *¬ äƒnc {z( Ô[zqž: Ôì HsßñÐ x Zwc wÃY âZ ä ¬vZ Æ XÐ 16:116—Ý]†u ]„âæ Ù¡u ]„â h„ÓÖ] ÜÓjߊÖ] Ì’i ^ÛÖ ]çÖçÏi Ÿæü * * ( ì x Zw gzZì wtžz™ c ŠÈ:^ñ^ÑÐy!iKZÃqË ) t 10:59—Ÿ¡uæ ^Ú]†u äßÚ Üj×ÃrÊ Ñ‡… àÚ ÜÓÖ ä×Ö] ÙˆÞœ ^Ú Üjmœ…œ ØÎü #( c Šg Z Œw¼gzZx Zw ¼ »kZä? å5tig¼Ž n}g vävZž ƒ C žv M ) *Û z Q t ¬ Z »wdZ Ý , ÙC t/ ,Ô îYƒ ^YŠ lŠpwdZx Ó´Ð kZžì 7 ¦ È » äƒ ^ YÆq Ë À[æ{z » qg 0 wdZÆVzÈ Ô¦ êL 7 ìtzz ÅkZ Xìg »gŠ ?Š nÆ÷ É á Ð Ñ ž Ù CÆwdZ Âx » »Y âZ X nÆY âZž: Ôì ZƒŠg ZznÆ( i b))] ÎçÆyZŽì Æ[æt{ Zp Ԑ,* wdZÆVzÈY âZ² ԐwdZÝZ »[æZ åE Ôì *ƒwEZyZgzŠ @Æ <XÅ * *Ô÷»]g ˆÅkZÐ ] ! kZ1 Ôì b I._Ƭ ¬ÆY âZ Z À } X 7 VƒgÃè ~ x t Æ , :¨YHx¥¬»÷ ]g ˆ¬É Ô¨Yƒ7 YŠ lŠp ^ 19
  20. 20. }ÁßZ 2:275—ÄnfÖ] ä×Ö] Øuœ æü # *Û , ( ì c Šg Z Œ^YÃ]g ˆä¬vZ )Å} Àn kZ Ôì "UÌs!Z Å} ÀèaZ åE Ôì MÐ e M kZ…i ZŽ »÷ ]g ˆ $* # * <XÅ $ Æ #Û +  Xì ¬»÷ Zt X ~Ib I|zzhy k ,Ö - Xì 7Žñ?Š ðÃ6#wÅkZèYì qb IqZ ( pistol)w^}b§ÏZ Š Xì x Zw÷»ä™O kZÃy›Ë1 Ð 4:93— Üßãq 娝ˆrÊ ]‚ÛÃjÚ ^ßÚ©Ú ØjÏm àÚæü ( ì c izŠ ZwÅkZ ÂáZ e™OUpÃð ËðÎgzZ ) ñ À X ( 5YÅ~È*¦ êL 7~wdZ ) ±Â†ŽÖ] ÜÓvÖ^e ‚nÏjÖ] Ù^ÃÊ¢] ±Ê Ø‘¢] :{°‡»wdZ 0Å ÑЄŠx Z Å÷ É Ôx Zw„:gzZ^ Y6gî~Š C dZx ÓÂ: ÔnÆy¨Z Z åE Ù C ,, ã w K <XÅ F, Ù *Æ}°‡kZ Xì F ?Š ( ¦ ) KZ¬ X σxi Ñ ~È0 ÅkZgzZ ¨Y Hlˆ¬» kZ¬ 6 Ñ C Ñ :sfzqb Š 15:92-93—áçÛ×Ãm ]çÞ^Ò ^Û ànÃÛqœ ÜãßÖªŠßÖ Ôe…çÊü kÙ ,*  ( ¸D™{zŽ Å¿ ZCÔ8™k6i !gz¢ÐƒyZë ! Å[g}¾ì n) d X `[ ˆ»wdZx Ó}g ø¬vZª äÖçÎ o֞ —Ù牆Ö] ]çÃn›œæ ä×Ö] ]çÃn›œ ]çßڝ àm„Ö] ^ãmœ ^mü # # 4:59—Ù牆Ö]æ ä×Ö] o֞ åæ†Ê ð ± ±Ê Üj‡^ßi á¬Ê ™ 20
  21. 21. }ÁßZ ) ) ‰‰‰‰ÅwÎgz™®¤ZgzZÅvZz™®¤Z !ß ZzyZZ} Z ) ( ƒ * §ÅwÎggzZvZÐZ Âz™s %Z~qˤ ZQ Nßs / DÜ׊ÚEXX … çãÊ ^Þ†Ú] än× ‹nÖ ¡Û ØÛ àÚ L L ( 슚¿zÂ7 Zg ø, H¿(Z ðÃäT) { ¬ 6T À:gz Ôì kZñÅkZgzZ®¤Z Ŧ êL 7 7( s!Z ) ~Š Zi M ÝZ Å÷ žì "UÐVŒ ) Ñ É #* Ù C $* Ð á *Û ,ÔˆÆ ä™x¥¬ [æÆ qg É ¨0 g Z Œ7^YŠ lŠp¿ ðà !ì Šš„ ¿z Ì {Freedom of acts unless clear )}°‡Æ ÷)Š Zi M Ð D X 5Y Å ~È0 ÅkZ* G ™$ ñ / $* , +‚nÏjÖ] Ù^ÃÊ¢] ±Ê Ø‘¢]Ìÿ) »x Z™ ô2 Xì "UhŠ FÅ ( prohibitions are stated À~y M Œ?Š Å]!kZ X åF }°‡Æ( 5YÅ~È0 Ŧ êL 7~wdZ ) ±Â†ŽÖ] ÜÓvÖ^e Û * F , 6 *ÑCƒ~Š Zi M ÝZÅwdZ¤ Z X ( y7Ð M {z) — ÔÞç×ò³Šm üìgÃè~p ÖZyZ6(F / å , X @ƒ: Þ 7w©»x Z™ ô * ñ / À ¦ êL 7 Ñ ÀÄ•çÖ^e 朆nníjÖ^e æœ ð^–jΦ^e ^fÃÖ] Ù^Ãʪe Ð×ÃjÛÖ] Å…^ŽÖ] h^_ì:p°Å¦ êL 7 Ñ H z* * á ( ì Š HB‚Æä c ¶Šg (Z c Ԏ [ æ{z» qg 0 wdZÆVzÈ) Ð ž H á á /t} ì Š ¹ÐzzkZ qgƒæñOÆvZ[æVŒ1 ¬vZ qgp¤ Z ì á á L ÛgzZì ï~ qg ƒæÌ{z n kZì kzèa Ì< Xì y M ŒŠ Z%Ð kZžƒ: ëzŠ¹ L ñH Ðzz kZ {È ñOÆ  Xì s ÏZ »?Š ËÐ <Š Z%Ð kZèY Ì ô» )Z / 21
  22. 22. }ÁßZ ,* # á *Ô> 2i6 É0 gzZ a ZžñY ¹:t VŒ X  ïÌx © Z´Ð É0 gzZ a ~ kZèYÆ É*Z a ] ‚ZztèY n kZt X}I Æ x © Z ‰Ì{z  Ԑ Z Zz {)zp 0 gz  #$gu,i Z {z´ Xì ( object)û 1wâ »yZª X ÐwâÆyZÉ 7 ÐwdZ » 0 *# - H:~l ) ÐnËm ojugzZ ( ñYƒ: Ú!JZ ) È×fm oju:ì ˆà VZ1ÐyZž Š ¹Ž~ ƒ % " +yZà Z kZgzZ Ôì AÅù[ gzZ‚ª Ԑìg}Š {Zû& Z ¸ZVâzŠt Ô ( ñY M w X ZƒÙCª*ú âgzZ ìY»p° yÒkZ X 7I kZtgzZ7 Š ðÃ~wâÆ *ƒ Ð Ð 4 * * áÐZ Ôì ~ }g ! Æ ¶Š g (Z c Ԏ [ æ {z » qg  0 wdZÆ VzÈ Ð~}g !ÆäŽ [ æ{z » qg 0 wdZÆVzÈ gzZì *HxÎñÐ ó ó1è[ æL L * z á Ð @Y Xì *¹ ó óä[ æL ÐZ Ôì @Y zè L è 1[æ E¹G 3Ò $ À * FÃ÷ * Ë * §Qc ÔÅä™u, Ëc σÔÅä™Ã÷ Âc ~( öG êL 7)1 [ æ è6x ¬§sx lZ $*ÅÜÑÄ©Z~ËÆkZ X ÇñYc Šg (Z »ähg c ä™Ã÷ ~kZ, 0t * * Ë + Ût,ÅkZ X Šzö~4ZwdZx ÓÆÏ0i X x ZwgzZ {z( Ô b I Ô[zq Ôn :C M :ì Û nZ Zz *ہt  ԃB‚Æxi Y ïÒƒt gzZƒ 0 ä™Æ÷ˤ Z [æ » qg # cn EL Ð / á tÛ - # Û9It X sŠ ZáÂzŠtèY7 ðÃ~yZgzZp„qZÆZ ZzgzZ n X ÇñB( kªgzZuZz¸ )?Š ~ gzZì n{zì "UÐ ( { F Záè<gzZ y M Œ) ?Š ¬ Žž7 Ž Û $* , L Û q - # *Û * # $*žt {zgzZì |„qZ Å ( Z Zz c n) Vñ* VâzŠèY n kZt Xì Z Zz {zì "UÐ 22
  23. 23. }ÁßZ tÛ g Ð EL áèYì 7 ðÃ~?Š ~zZ?Š ¬ g±Z kZ X ì Åxi Y ïÒƒÅä™÷ ä qg  Ë ÛÅp°Åá Zz ä™ÆTì {z n XÐ ]oÆkZž:ì 0 wßæÆ[ æXt Ð * Ö Xƒ ZwÑZzähgÃkZ c ñYÅ#èÅá Zzä™:gzZñY » Û Û ÛÆ[ŽzÆyZ Xtñ¸gzZи :9Š ÅkZ ÔÐ wÅä™ì‡Ãn z EL tÛyZÐ wÅä™ì‡ÃyZ%Z X B‚Æxi Y ïÒƒVâzŠèY7 ðÃ~yZ ÔÐg ±ZòÀ tñ¸ Ôì Š Hc_» ¶Šx Zu÷ gîCZ fЊC~Ðnہ ì tہt~ ~ Û² H , 6 ÛÙ žÐZuZz›ÛCžt:ì „Šx Z Å÷ Ñ»[ æª Ôì Š Hc_»÷ Vâ ›6 gî Ù ¥ H Ð ,Ð V¶!Â( _ƒ ì‡5ZŠ Z Å÷ ) c Š}Šx Zuä Vâ ›‰Ã÷ Z¤ Z Z åE X}Šx Z * ª * k / <XÅ /ä ËÃ÷kZ¤ ZgzZ X HÃ÷kZ ä VMfƒ „z  [ Z N%Z X ¨YƒŽ‚)f » kZ Æw~ 5ZŠ Z ÅkZŽ vß{z ZÎ â ÔАgg Õƒ Ô *ƒ7 ‡{z-Z Â Ô c Š 7 Z  @Y ì J# * x X * Eì‡ÆpkZ¼Ž c σB‚Æ( س³Ã³³Ê])%ZîLœGÔÅä™Ã÷ Ðs§Å qg  3r Ë á "Û E)i YîLEŒ zZÔîLœGkZ  Ô}Š {Zûäƒxi Y ïÒƒÃ÷ ñYc 0 ÜÛŒ(Z ðä ZQ Xƒx £ + 0Gg 3r E Ž * L * / *Û # )* X ¨0 g Z ŒZ Zz÷ Ô¯!Æ :wV w 24:56— é¡’Ö] ]çÛnÎœæü ( z™ì‡i úgzZ ) 4:103—^içÎçÚ ^e^jÒ ànßÚ©ÛÖ] o× kÞ^Ò é¡’Ö] ážü G Û, z , ( ì n6V! {gH6Vëñi ú éEG 5G$ ) S4¨ 23
  24. 24. }ÁßZ E 3r EtèYì x £ì‡»%Z îLœG —^içÎçÚ ^³e^³jÒü~~uzŠgzZì ~%Z îLœG —]çÛnÎœü~$ M « 3r e *Û Û $* *t {z c Šg Z Œxi YÃÔkZ äÜŒT1ì "UÔÅi úÐ ] c M VâzŠ yZ Xì ~ p %Z Æ $ :ì e M 74:42-43—àn×’ÛÖ] àÚ ÔÞ ÜÖ ]çÖ^Î I†Ï‰ ±Ê ÜÓÓ׉ ^Úü ( ¸: ~i úëžÐ,Š[ ZŽ {z ?ÑZ e äq¾~c izŠ») †Û Xì ˆª Åi úÐxi Y ïÒƒkZV- EL [zq * / á[zqt  ԃ:B‚Æ xi Y ïÒƒpƒ~}g! Æ ä™Ã÷ˤ Z [ æ » qg  EL * zL - g L² Ôì @Y ¹Ò <~ ] ZŠ „ÐZ%Z Ԑ p„ qZÆ ÒzZ < Ô[zq X ÇñBgzZ ñY Åp°Åá Zz ä™ÆTì {z[zq Xì @ƒt :Z » ó ó[zq L 6 ]5ç}uzŠ * , L Ö Xƒ: » ZwÑZzähggzZƒ [ Z NÑZz䙪 Ô ñYÅ: #èÅáZzähg » * Û 0Ü * Ë áԎ ñYc * Œ(Z ðÃ~kZQ Ô ñYð0 ÔÅä™Ã÷ ~[ æÆqg  *Û ) ¯* + X ¨0 g Z Œ[zq÷ !ÆkZ  Ô} Š {Zûäƒxi Y)à :wV w Dän× ÐËjÚEXX èq… àm†ŽÂæ ÄfŠe †ËÖ] é¡‘ o× ؖËi èÂ^ÛrÖ] é¡‘L L , , ) ( ì 4 %K*Ð"7! Z Ô −7i ú~®)) Û ) Æ E VvŠŽñ Œ(ZqZ~ZkZ1 Ô ð⠁ÔÅ®) ¯ ú~ p %Z îLœG ä ~ Z wÎgVŒ ÜÛ - 3r å , ,, +?Š Å]jÆ M Ô6 "7 i ú6 gî~Š ZÐZ {z Ôì ; g}Š {Zà » äƒxi Y) ïÒƒÐZŽì EL 24
  25. 25. }ÁßZ X ð0 gZ Œ( <)[zq®)¯ úZ åE Ôw”»$Œ vZ~÷ ZgzZì *Û L ) <XÅ "Û Ð k x Zw EL * FÃ÷ / ác x Zw  ԃB‚Æxi Y ïÒƒtgzZƒ~}g !Æä™u, ˤ Z[ æ » qg *t Ö -ähggzZ ñYÅ#èÅá Zzä™ÆTì {zx Zw Xì p„qZ »VâzŠyZ X ÇñBg# * Xƒ» ZwÑZzä™ c ñYÅp°ÅáZz * E 3r FÃ÷ á쇻pkZ¼Ž c σ~( ØÃËi Ÿ) 4îLœGÔÅä™u, Ë~[ æÆqg  + E , Ž * Û * /ÆkZ  Ô}Š {Zà » äƒxi Y ïÒƒÃuFÆ÷ ñY c 0 ÜŒ(Z ðÃ~ kZ¤ ZQ Xƒx £ L *Û t) * X ¨0 g Z Œx Zw÷ ¯! :w V 17:32—¡nf‰ ð^‰æ äŽu^Ê á^Ò äޞ ^ÞˆÖ] ]çe†Ïi Ÿæü , , x dÛ Æ* $ ( ì { Zg ~„¹gzZì ð§"~({zžVY k: Ì Œ *ig ZŠ¸) $* ,L EÆkZ —¡nf‰ ð^‰æ äŽu^Ê á^³Ò ä³Þž ü² Ôì "UuF ï҃Р— ]çe†Ïi Ÿæü 4îLœGVŒ 3r E $* * * Û X Zƒ"U *ƒx Zw» *iV- XìÜŒ»äƒxi Y ïÒƒ EL {z( EL !Æ á{z(t  ԃ:B‚Æ xi Y ïÒƒ1ƒ~}g * ä™uFÃ÷ˤ Z [ æ » qg  , /* Öc Ô ñY Å: #è ÅáZz ä™gzZ ñY Åp°Åá Zz ähgÆTì {z {z( X ÇñB * Xƒ4Ðä™ * hg »T 25
  26. 26. }ÁßZ * Û 0Ü * , Ë áŽ ñYc * Œ(Z ðÃ~kZQ Ô ñYð0 ÔÅä™uFÃ÷ ~[ æÆqg  *Û t) * + X ¨0 g Z Œ{z(÷ ¯!ÆkZ  Ô}Š {Zûäƒxi Y) ïÒƒÃkZ EL :w V D±ÏãnfÖ]EXX ^ßÚ ‹n×Ê xÓßm ÜÖæ ]†‰çÚ á^Ò àÚL L ( 7 ~ë{zÂ}™: b ïgzZƒg Z−⎠{z) Ð å ~ Æ E: b ïÆ Vzg Z−â ‰ä M %Z Ôì H I b ïx°ä V vZ wÎg~ p 4îLœG VŒ à 3r{z(b ïx°nÆVzg Z−â Z åE XìÜŒ» äƒxi Y)ÆÔkZŽ Ô Hg (Z]j6 ä™ <XÅ Û , *Û* X c 0 gZŒ bI * , * Ë#X ÇñBb I{z Ô}Šg (Z~}g !Æä™uF c ä™Ã÷ Z [ æ» qg  á À6 s!Z êL 7 Ôt ª Ôì Ð ~ÜÑÄ© Z b IèY n kZt Xƒ?Š ¦ ðà Z6 g(Z kZ ª, * # Ñ , +è *$* áÆqÑ) ņŽÖ] æ…æ ØfÎ ÜÓu Ÿì {Z‡ Y Ôì @ƒ"UÐ?ŠåŽì [ æ» qg äqÑ:&ª Ôì lñ{qÑ6T÷ zCž YY¹7 Z åE X ( 7 ðìÐ䃊gZz , {Ù t <XÅ ¬ »$ - :ì m gukZJV˜ Xì b I{z Ôw:gzZƒc Šg Z Œx Zw*Û # # ä×Ö] ݆u ^Ú Ý]†vÖ]æ äe^jÒ ±Ê ä×Ö] Øuœ ^Ú Ù¡vÖ] L L D°„Ú†jÖ]E XX äß ^Ë ^ÛÚ çãÊ äß kÓ‰ ^Úæ äe^jÒ ±Ê *Û ì {zx ZwgzZì c Šg Z Œw~[ ÂKZä¬vZ&ì {zw) , *Û ( ì s ç{zì lñ{{z6TgzZì c Šg Z Œx Zw~[ ÂKZä¬vZ&gu b§Åy M ÛŒ Y Ôì b I{z Âì lñ{y M Œ6q Tžì 7 Š Å]!kZ~ kZ Â$ è Û, ? * 26
  27. 27. }ÁßZ Û å * :ì y⠁» Mž 6D Yñ0 x © ZÆwzx ZwÌ~ D‚ÛuœEXX äÃÚ ä×%Ú æ ᝆÏÖ] kniæœ ±Þ] Ÿœ L L H B L Å Û ( VƒŠ 5 ‚Æ( <)é kZgzZy M Œ~—" ) Û å ,* t $:yâ Æ MèY n kZt X ì b I{z Âì lñ{kz6 ]! Tžì 7 p»gu«: Û á Ùƒ Ô {z(gzZ b I Ô[zq Ôn~kZçO Ôƒ:x ZwŽì ïq{zC~ ä×Ö] Øuœ ^Ú Ù¡vÖ] # » g - *Û x Z  ám {}uzŠÆ$uJV˜ X c Šg Z Œ7 Zw¹äkzª ԐwƒtèYï ,tgzZw{z Ôì ]j6VzqX ìtÈ»kZ  äß ^Ë ^ÛÚ çãÊ äß kÓ‰ ^³Úæ :ì ž , KwÉ 7 Zw7Z nÆyZ Ôä kZžì Øg ÅkZ6 Vâ ¨ZtgzZ  s çÐ s§ÅvZ x $ *Û :ì gut?Š ÅkZ X c Šg Z Œ ðo à ٪‰ àÚ ^Ú†q ànÛ׊ÛÖ] ±Ê ànÛ׊ÛÖ] Ü¿Âœ ážL L DÜ׊ÚEXX äjÖªŠÚ Øqœ àÚ Üãn× ݆vÊ ànÛ׊ÛÖ] o× ݆vm ÜÖ ,   ì Z(Ѓ~x`LZs ÜÆVâ › {zÐ~Vâ ›) Ž 7 Ž * ¶ x ZwnÆVâ › ~}g !Æq+Z ËäTì ¿z { , ( ˆ~Š™x Zw6yZ {zÐzzÅä™wZÎÆkZ1Åq ËŠ Z%Ð ]j~ gŠ q Z yZ Z åE Xì lñ{kz6 *’ Tb 7 ~}g ! Æq +Z ª $ <XÅ , Å *äqg á&7 ì qc ÷ðà (ZèY n kZtX ]j6yÒƦ ¬ : Ôì ]j6*’ „ * , Ñ ž , Û Ù :ì y⠁»¬vZèYì i»Z ~kzÉ ÔƒH: yÒ C 16:89—𱍠ØÓÖ ^Þ^nfi h^jÓÖ] Ôn× ^ßÖˆÞæü ( ì C™yÒ™wÅwÅÃqÙCŽì Åwi *[ Â+Zäë ) * 27
  28. 28. }ÁßZ + + ž Å *$gzZwdZx ÓÆÏ0i~kZÉ Ô7 ñ{~ZËÆÏ0i qÑ ì ?Š ¬ ]!kZe Mt l ,* ,Ìb Ib§Åx lZ ÅÜÑÄ©Z ~uzŠ : Xì Ÿ» »yZZŠ NZ6 ] !kZgzZì ŠŽñ¬ Y âZ 6 *$* Xì @ƒ"UÐ?Š KZ :w V 5:2—]æ^_‘^Ê Üj××u ]ƒžæü * # ( Šg DÂß Z eg @Zx ZwZ ?Z )Ô7 zq c n og DÐzz ÅÜÛŒ}uzŠ qZ1ì ;g Y c Š ¬»g DˆÆ%Åx ZwZ VŒ [ *Û - * Û :ìtÜŒ{z Xì b IÉ 5:1—݆u ÜjÞœ æ ‚n’Ö] ±×vÚ †nÆü C ( à:áZz+ YwÃg D~x ZwZ ïÅq ) GL  *Ūq-Z KZtèY ZIb IgDˆÆ%Åx ZwZ: Ôì c MˆÆ4Åx ZwZÁÜ Ô¬»g D  Xì b Ig D~Tªqà Zz¬Ðx ZwZª ÔÇL ß:Zzs§ * * * Ë/}Ib IŠ lŠp÷ zÂñYc 0 : `wðÃ~}g !Æ÷ ¤ Zž YY¹7 t2 { Ì Ö H Ë/*¡ÅkZÐ#wÅqË YnkZt Xì ]i YZ p»kZ ƒŠ 1VZ `wÐ÷ ¤ Z c X Ç è( 3Z » `w) `žZ «gÉ Xì Cƒ$*’ ¡ÅkZÐ ¬ qË„:gzZ @ƒ7 U¬» , "U * 6 Æ * "* $ :‰ì Y ÝÐnË ƒ Û 2:158—^Ûãe Íç_m ᜠän× |^ßq ¡Êü { H ~e , M ( 7k ðÃÌ h™s ZîÆyZ6á Zzä™{/ze »vZš:) 28
  29. 29. }ÁßZ Û *™`žZ «g b§ÏZ X 7b Iì n*s ZîyZgzŠÆ{/ze ÔŠŽz!Æ`žZ «g Ô~ e M kZ * $ :‰ì Y ÝÌ ‚ÆÁgË ƒ B 4:101—éç×’Ö] àÚ ]憒Ïi ᜠ|^ßq ÜÓn× ‹n×Ê š…¢] ±Ê Üje†• ]ƒžæü F {H , # ( 7k ðÃ~ä™qÆVzi ú6?ƒìg Y~^ ?Z ) G{zb IZ åE Xì ˆ~ŠÁgÅi úçL¸¢~(^)ªqqZÉ Ô7 !ZÈ » `žZ «gVŒ <XÅ  - # s* * * * *Æä™ c ähgÆTì { z b IÉ Ô ñY 1 VZ `wÐ T c ñY c 0 : `w~Tì 7 * , á * X ñYð0 ?Š ðÃ6[ æÆqg ~}g !Æ( ]i YZ )g (Z :wV w 2:223—Üjò oÞœ ÜÓ$†u ]çiªÊ ÜÓÖ †u ÜÒ¨«ŠÞü * ( ƒ Mƒeb§T~VXKZVo~g vVc ç~g v)gzZìg ~g Y Ì ÆƒÅxsZ ]5ç FÆqY§zŠžì ß ÌIt ,i Z {z´ ˆsÜ Ôc ⠁Iä~ ZwÎgÐ VzqX² Ô‰ äâ b I{zgzZ Åg (Z Ù {6yZ ä xsZ *Û Vv ñ ,{z Â Ô îŠg Z Œ7 ZwÐZgzZì lñ{6 ]! ËqÑJZžìt ÝZ Z åE X}I^Y* „z Û x , * -# <XÅ ,*lñ{qÑ ì 7 Ȼ٠{Å ~ ZwÎg6] !Ë Yì ßÐzzkZ It X σ^Y ž t ñ Vv , *è , * ,èY n kZt Xì b I~ ]gßkZŽ Ôì c Š™yÒìÂä qÑ Ô@ ÆkZ ÔÉ Xì <gzZ Ô bqZ »<gzZì ?ŠŠp‹ Z & Ô b§ÅwZ ¸Zz wdZÆ å M Ô Ù { Å ~ Z wÎgL  L - + ñ Vv@™ Zƒ Ì qY§zŠŽ  ïŠx Z÷(Z ðÃëZ ` M Z åE Xì ~ â ¦ qZ b§Åy M Œ* ~ # <XÅ . Ñ- ÛÐwkZ: Ô슎ñ?Š ðÃÅkZgzZì ¦ ¬ žD™g (ZÐwkZÐZë Â Ô å Ñ t * Xìnçc Ì ðÃÅqY§zŠtž g 29
  30. 30. }ÁßZ Û ÜŒ Ö * ÛÆ mÀÃnŦ ¬ Xì #´ àZjZ c ŠàZz 䙳 Z%Å[ æp»ÜŒ Ñ Š Ù Û Û @Y Ð Û@ƒCª*ƒx Zwc {z( Ô b I Ô[zq Ô n»÷ËÐ í M Œ4Z ª Xì *Œ í M Œ* * * Û :x lZ&ÅÜŒ Xì * *Û + Xì @ƒç»äƒx Zwc nÆ÷ kZ X}Š {Zûäƒxi Y ïÒƒŽ {z ( 1 Ð EL Xì *ç»äƒ{z(c [zqÆ÷ kZ X}Š {Zûäƒxi Y) ïÒƒŽ {z ( 2 @ƒ * Ð + EL * + Xì @ƒç»äƒb IÆ÷ kZ X}Š {Zû¶Šg (ZŽ {z ( 3 Ð ÛÆ í M Œ xi Y ïÒƒ EL * X Zw~]y M c *Š ( 1 5:38—ä×Ö] àÚ Ÿ^ÓÞ ^fŠÒ ^Ûe ð]ˆq ^Ûãm‚mœ ]çÃ_Î^Ê èÎ…^ŠÖ] æ Ñ…^ŠÖ]æü # + *( Ðs§ÅvZ[Z±HäVrZŽ »kZì!$tÔz™ c Š^ »B;Æ]gú zZŠ%á Zzä™~ga) g 4:10—]†nÉ áç×’n‰æ ]…^Þ ÜãÞç_e ±Ê áç×Òªm ^Ûޞ ^Û×¾ oÚ^jnÖ] Ù]çÚœ áç×Òªm àm„Ö] ážü h* ùLZ {zԐD Y3wâ »VBÐÕ *vߎ ) $ g ( ÐN Y~c izŠ {zdk zZìg½„v M~ ** , B à Ë# XƒyÒ» °çc ,c Ág ðÃ6g±Ë ‚Æä™Ðö ÷ Z ( 2 áçÏji ÜÓ×ÃÖ ÜÓ×fÎ àÚ àm„Ö] o× gjÒ ^ÛÒ Ý^n’Ö] ÜÓn× gjÒ ]çßڝ àm„Ö] ^ãmœ ^mü 2:183-184—†ìœ Ý^mœ àÚ é‚ÃÊ †Ë‰ o×Â æœ ^–m†Ú ÜÓßÚ á^Ò àÛÊ l]æ‚ÃÚ ^Ú^mœ H Û , ?b§TŠ Hn´g} izg6?!ß ZzyZZ} Z ) ž* Û, ( z™g (Z ò ¾? @¸‰Kn6VÍ߬Р30
  31. 31. }ÁßZ ÐÊ]†ÛÖ] o֞ ÜÓm‚mœæ ÜÓâçqæ ]ç׊Æ^Ê é¡’Ö] o֞ ÜjÛÎ ]ƒž ]çßڝ àm„Ö] ^ãmœ ^mü 5:6—]çÛÛnjÊ ð^Ú ]æ‚ri Ü×Ê™äÖçÎ o֞— ànfÃÓÖ] o֞ ÜÓ×q…œæ ÜӉ樆e ]çvŠÚ]æ 3E² # ÉV ðGX ÃVð;LZgzZà LZ Â^ZnÆi ú?Z !ß ZzyZZ} Z ) 4< ì Ð u* * ‰‰ à * ( ß™³ è 0 ÂA: ã0 »‰‰‰ßðŠÉV Vƒ 0 LZgzZz™C»VzuLZÔßðŠ Dän× ÐËjÚEó ó ^â†Òƒ ]ƒž ^ã×’n×Ê ^ãnŠÞ æœ é¡‘ à Ý^Þ àÚL L , * , * ( á| 7ÐZ „ D MŠ c  S7:i úÐzzÅwÈ c ’äËT) ƒ , X bŠx Zu6gîx ÷ B‚Æúz~gZØŠ ( 3 Ã Ë 2:216—ÜÓÖ å†Ò çâæ Ù^jÏÖ] ÜÓn× gjÒü g * { H Û , ( ƒx¥ ZÍ *»zžÍì Š HnŠ ˜6? )]¾Ð bDg !¤~ T Ô Hì‡Ð j§¥ Z ä ~ Z wÎgÄc g òsZ - q Vv *ÆbDgzZ 3g ~g Yx »t ä å M1‰ bŠ™ÌyAÛ M ~Vñ¤uyZ X åïÌ*Ô å / á *™ Eå * +Æ]¾ ïÒƒ M ÔŠŽz! Æ}çÆ]ñgzZ 1h”ª Ôìg D™7à M LZt ‚ L , à Xìg ïŠx Zu6gîx ¿ Dän× ÐËjÚEXX é¡‘ ØÒ ‚ß Õ]çŠÖ^e Üãi†Ú¢ ±jÚœ o× Ѝœ ᜠŸ çÖ L L Ù Ö / ( ꊬ»ä™uZz ‚Æi ú ÐZ~ÂC Mà ~gZØŠ nÆ#Z ~÷~kZ=¤ Z ) B C :å M VŒžnkZt X σ#´ÅäƒnہÆkZ {z ԃCª~g ZØŠ~5ZŠ ZÅ÷ ¤ Zª Ö Ù Ë/ * / * Öð0 ~g ZØŠ ~x » ˤ ZŠŽz! Æ kZ X ¶ g ZØŠ nÆ #Z~ kZèY H7 i ÑÃuZzä ~ x Û XìÜŒ»[ŽztÂ Ô ˆ 31
  32. 32. }ÁßZ  , * Û * # / X}™ªÑŠ6«™ÅxsZ c ƒnqçñ»kZ c ƒyÒ»Z ZzË÷ðä Z ( 4 DÜ׊ÚEXX ÜÓÓ‰^ßÚ ±ß ]æ„ì L L ( ßÐí‹oÆe KZ ) 3:104— †ÓßÛÖ] à áçãßmæ Íæ†ÃÛÖ^e áæ†Úªmæ †níÖ] oÖ] áç‚m èÚœ ÜÓßÚ àÓjÖæü( }™I ðZgzZ}Š¬» ðYZÔñšs§ÅxsZŽceãƒ+Z®)qZÐ~? ) Ð , ) -Dæ] çeœEXX Äq^–ÛÖ] ±Ê Üãßne ]çΆÊæ †ŽÃÖ ^ãn× Üâçe†•]æ ÄfŠÖ é¡’Ö^e ÜÒ ð^ßeœ ]æ†ÚL L , , kŠgzZN YƒÆk]‚{z²zŠ¬»"7i úÃV”LZ ) , / ( zŠ™{e_ÆyZgzZ ( ³7: {z¤ Z )zg â ¹~/Åw‚ Z * * Ë# X ñYc Šg (Z~yZgzZ ñYc Š™Šzö~VÂgߊ¼Ã~gz M OŬ Z ( 5 4:86—^âæ…æœ ^ãßÚ àŠuªe ]çnvÊ ènvje Üjnnu ]ƒž æü * * # ( zŠ NßÃp ÖZ4Z c zŠ[ ZŽ YZÐkZ ?ÂñYHxs» gzZ ) Z  , * Û Ö + X ,™ªÑŠ6#wc †z[ŽzŠp‹ Z &Ž™f »p ÖZ, Z~ù ( 6 4:11—ä×Ö] àÚ è–m†Ê ™ äÖçÎ oÖ]—ànn%Þ¢] Àu Ø%Ú †Ò„×Ö ÜҁŸæœ ±Ê ä×Ö] ÜÓn‘çmü # # - *~ * z»Æ±qZžì @™¬ }g!ÆŠ ÑzZ ~g v» Z ) v ( ‰bŠ™nÐs§ÅvZ6? t‰‰‰‰‰‰ì, ÆVY±zŠ Û ,{ , Z 2:173— èjnÛÖ] ÜÓn× ݆u ^Ûޞü H * , ( ì Š c Š™x Zwg ZŠ%6? ) 32
  33. 33. }ÁßZ # †Ê^Ši ᜠ†ì¤] ÝçnÖ]æ ä×Ö^e àÚ©i é]†ÚŸ Øvm Ÿ L L Dän× ÐËjÚEXX ݆vÚ ^ãÃÚæ Ÿž è×nÖæ Ýçm é†nŠÚ , , {zž7 YnÆkZ ÂñÑyZZ6]y M Ä- gzZvZ]gú ) ^ Ž ^ * - - ( }™ {Š c iÐ] ZgqZgzZyŠqZ%ÆxøLZ (EÔ …* Zg* ÅvZ } Ô ñY ªi Y öL:XÐ TñY HsßñÐ z, Zÿ Z ( 7 cè * x Ë# X {)zÔ xsZ c yZZ Ô¿ã-c ð§"‰z]ÐÿEðÃc #è Å * * Ö L &‡ * 16:106—ä×Ö] àÚ g–Æ Üãn×ÃÊ ]…‚‘ †ËÓÖ^e |† àÚ àÓÖæü # , ( ì …»vZ6yZ Â, ™¬ÐwŠAvߎ1 ) 4:22— ¡nf‰ ð^‰æ ^jÏÚæ èŽu^Ê á^Ò äޞ ü ( ì {Zg ~~(gzZì :» zZì x » » ð§"t( *b ïÐVƒ â $ÎKZ ) ) ,, L g *™ ànßÚ©ÛÖ] áæ àÚ ð^nÖæœ àm†Ê^ÓÖ] áçßÚ©ÛÖ] „íjm Ÿü # 3:28—𱍠±Ê ä×Ö] àÚ ‹n×Ê ÔÖƒ ØÃËm àÚæ N ¯:„zŠ CZÃVz»™hgÃVß ZzyZZ {zžceÃVëñ)  Û ~$ ( 7 e×ËŬvZ {zÇ}™ (ZŽgzZ * B Xì x £ì‡ÆkZ¼Ž c ƒyzH ‚ÆyZZÔZ ( 8 # 33:21—†ì¤] ÝçnÖ]æ ä×Ö] ]çq†m á^Ò àÛÖ èߊu é牜 ä×Ö] Ù牅 ±Ê ÜÓÖ á^Ò ‚ÏÖü # # G ¿ ZC슎ñ:%+ 4~vZwÎgn}g v éSEG kÙ 5G$ ) 4¨ r Ö ( ì ‚g ÂÅyŠÆ#ª¯ zggzZŬvZŽ nÆ 33
  34. 34. }ÁßZ E! XƒyzH ‚Æb I üL3 ÔZ ( 9 B # èÃÛrÖ] Ýçm àÚ é¡’×Ö °çÞ ]ƒž ]çßڝ àm„Ö] ^ãmœ ^mü # 62:9—áçÛ×Ãi ÜjßÒ áž ÜÓÖ †nì ÜÓÖƒ ÄnfÖ] ]æ…ƒæ ä×Ö]†Òƒ o֞ ]çÉ^Ê , # z7hzŠs§Å™fÆvZ ?ÂñY~ŠyZ f ZÅi úyŠÆ.Z !ß ZzyZZ} Z ) / #Û +  ( ƒ… Y? Zì 4„¹~h g ÓtÔzŠ hg|zzhygzZ ¤ } {Ù áÅ# Zzˎ ¿zCª Xƒï~}°‡Æ gq]æ çãÊ ä³e Ÿž g³q]ç³Ö] ܳjm Ÿ ^³Ú¤ Z ( 10 Z / $ X ñàœ ZgzZ}™eñ Ð ,7~g7 i ú%Æ yZèY Ô( {)z {>ÔqÃg)y»g ZÆ kZ n Æ i ú6 gîÆ wV ïá /Å?Š ~uzŠ Ë{z~ ]gßkZ  Ôì `g {Ð kZÉ 7 ~ ¿ Zq ðä Zp X Cƒ k Xì oÑÅkZÉ 7 »i ú èY Ôçz} Xì ` Z z t *xi ÑÌ{z Ԑg »gŠ wqZ Ì nÆx ªÆ„ c gòsZ ._Æ}°‡kZ b§ÏZ Ž , *) -kZgzZ}g ås§ÅkZ Ôƒ ì‡6( ] §‚Ÿ)Y ZJòsZŽ Ô *ƒ »®)± Z ª X}I q . * + X}™4z]Ï(gzZ ~„nÆä™Ç*~Ï0iÃY ZJÔ6 ñm{qZ ÔŠŽz!ÆkZ ä ~ Z wÎg1 Ôƒ qN gîàßZ÷ðÃ~x » ˤ Z ( 11 , - * Vv , 6 / * Xƒc Šx ZuÐZë! i úÐ kZèYì qN*qÃg {Š c iÐ qZ ~ «g qZ Åi ú6 gîÆ wV * *™ * - - ,÷ ZŽ ñâ ہqÃgzŠ ä Mžì "Ut Ð ÷ ~ Z wÎg~ s•¯ ú1 Xì CYƒ k å $* ÆV v 34
  35. 35. }ÁßZ X ñ0 g Z ŒÁgÆs•¯ úqÃgzŠtZ åE X ZI Œ»äƒZ ZzÆ *Û <XÅ ÜÛ # ÛÆ í M Œ xi Y) ïÒƒ EL * , Ë# X ñYð0 bægzZ ßF~÷ Z ( 1 D°„Ú†jÖ]EXX è΂‘ Ônìœ äqæ ±Ê ÔÛŠfi L L * Ø , ( ì ‘œ* Ñ? Z— }nt ‚Æð¸LZ ) 6 , Ë# X ǃ{z(÷  ԃB‚Æ]j6kZ4Å÷ Z ( 2 t Däq^Ú àe]EXX ð] äßÓÖæ ð^ˎe ‹nÖ ÔÖƒ ហL L ( ì ~g FÉ 7Ë( qx Zw)t) Y Dp…^ífÖ]EXX ^â]çeœæ ^ãÞ^fÖœ àÚ ]çe†ŽnÊ Øe¦] oßÃmIänÂ]†e ]çÏv×m ᜠ"±fßÖ] Üâ†ÚªÊ L L # D c Š¬»½úÆ} zZl LZ7Zä~ ZwÎgQ) *  Vv 4J O 4 ( èG&[ %gzZ|ŠzŠ »yZ {zž @ ÔÆVŠzZª F 5G * $ H Ð , $ÆZzŠÆqx Zw~ gu ~uzŠgzZì Š H I ä™wEZ6gîÆZzŠÃqx Zw~gu« X c Š {Zû> Z™™ïä]jgzZ4 Ôì Š Hg Z ÛŒZ »wEZ, *+ Ø H 6gî *Û$ Ë# X ñYð0 "ŒÅvZ~÷ Z ( 3 Däq^Ú àe]EXX é^fÃÖ] çâ ð^‚Ö] ហL L ( ì ]Š „¬Š—") 35
  36. 36. }ÁßZ EG ÛÆ í M Œ çG2B+ .G Xƒ"U * FL zZ *L»÷ Ð~ ZwÎgZ ( 1 $* u, g *™ *™ Ë Vv #t gzZ H Šg (Z~ kZ Z åE Ô  "UVâzŠ Ô xg ´gzZ * Yƒ Z9 » M ‰z Dg¦{ i » »è * Šc <XÅ $* * å Ü / X ZIb I , Xƒ~Š °ç6gîx ¬äqÑ ÔÆg±Ë% Ô6÷ Z ( 2 , Ë# # # ä×Ö] ݆u ^Ú Ý]†vÖ]æ äe^jÒ ±Ê ä×Ö] Øuœ ^Ú Ù¡vÖ] L L D°„Ú†iE XX äß ^Ë ^ÛÚ çãÊ äß kÓ‰ ^Úæ äe^jÒ ±Ê *Û ì {zx ZwgzZì c Šg Z Œw~[ ÂKZävZ&ì {zw) , *Û ( ì s ç{zì lñ{{z6TgzZì c Šg Z Œx Zw~[ ÂKZävZ& J:uzH XgzZÐ~ð vZ nÆyK zZo1%B‚ÆŸú$Ꭰ<ÁdZ ( 3 Å Å ¨Zg L XƒˆÅ 2:60— ä×Ö] ч… àÚ ]çe†]æ ]ç×Òü # ( kgzZ ƒ 3Ð~tigñƒbŠÆvZ ) 7:185—š…¢]æ l]çÛŠÖ] lçÓ×Ú ±Ê ]憿ßm ÜÖ æœü ( ~Ý ¬Æ}igzZV⠁ M 7¬Š äVÍßyZ HgzZ ) 67:15—^ãfÒ^ßÚ oÊ ]çŽÚ^Êü ( ƒg DQº~VƒZgÅkZ ? @) ž* 36
  37. 37. }ÁßZ , * L L #ˆÆ-¯ ú} X ¨Yƒ ^Y {g !zŠt „ Dƒ »  ԃx ZwÐzzÅ:Ë÷ðÃZ ( 4 : / H L ,x ZwÐzz Å ú â Ë÷ðä Z b§ÏZ Xì ŠƒbZi: »i úÅ.èY 5Yƒ ^ Y Ug ¯]g ˆ# *Û Å* * , {Z : Ôì ú â »ägà ( u 0 È M Œ)Ü 0 * } X ¨Yƒ^Y÷ z„ DƒbZi ú â  ԃ * Û * X ¨Yƒb I*gÃy M ŒÂˆƒÝq ( Å 0 )Ô zè ä [æ ÀêL 7) ä è[ æÃ[ ækZÆqg  ԃs ¸ñ*ƒ Zg7 »kZ c *"U »¬Ë6gñZX z á * * $* , *ƒÆyK èY ( s ™zZ ¥) x © Z~}g ! Æ x © Zt ~ V/}uzŠ Xì *¹ ( s ¨Zt * @Y zè[ æ X  Ð ~ÜÑx ©Zt Ðzz Åm ZgzZ  D™yÒÃ[æÆqg 0 wdZ Ï á Ð * z : x l Z õ 0 Å ä L : (1 oÑ ( 2 úâ (3 Š Yzyûz¡ ( 4 Ágzu³ ( 5 L : LçqçÖ ^ʆÃÚ äÞçÒ o× oÃÛŠÖ] ØnÖ‚Ö] ف ¼f–ßÚ †³a^³¾ Ì‘æ Ø³Ò :p°Å:  , Ù L Ù»ŠŽzƬ Z {zž}™ªÑŠt?Š ðÃ6TECªýrz{zC) ÜÓvÖ] Äm†ŽjÖ Ÿ ÜÓv³Ö] k X ( » #=Ŭ Ôì sc : 17:78— ‹ÛŽÖ] ÕçÖ‚Ö é¡’Ö] ÜÎœü ( ÐÂeÆ[ ë Mz™ì‡Ãi ú) 37
  38. 38. }ÁßZ Ö Ü # H Ö *ÄcÅ#´ kZ ªñY M ‰zt Z ª Ôì Š c C #´ Åi ú›ŽzÃÂeÆ `gÎVŒè[Žz ( [ ë M ÁZzi )t p Xì ]i YZ Åä™ ZŠ Z i ú ÔB‚Æ_ ZÑvŠ KZ Â Ô ñYƒÝq è Ö X ñƒŠg ZzB‚Æxi YԎ b Š}uzŠ LZÆkZ Ôì 7 ´Åi ú Ñ # 2:185— äÛ’n×Ê †ãŽÖ] ÜÓßÚ ‚㍠àÛÊü ( ce´g { izgÐZ ñ0 à kZŽÐ~? ) * · DÜ׊ÚEó ó äjm¨†Ö ]çÚç‘L L , 3 , ( Åg{ izg6ä Mà e ) Ö * * +} izgž: Ôì #´ÅŠŽzÆ} izg~ ypgÓ â Ô* MûkZgzZ *ƒ qƒ»0e VŒ b§ÏZ: $* Ñ ÛL » > 2i›Žz[ »b§ÏZ X "UÐ1ƒæŽ b Š}uzŠÆkZ ÔÅäƒn #* * X [ òZÆs!ZÅs¥ÆkZ c äVZ œ !Š .¦ gzZì Ð Ñ Ñ , # L?Š ¦ ðÃ6 Tì scnÆŠŽzÆkZ{z Ôì 7 ñnƬ : Z : L# *$ k L¬Âǃ:Z ª ÔÃÏŠŽñx°Å¬ÏŠŽñx°ÅkZgzZì @™A%ì ZŠŽz»:2 Xì $ L :/ X ǃ7 ¬ ǃ7 ¤ ZgzZ ÇƒÌ ÌA oÑÔÖƒ ±Ê ÜÓvÖ] å^–jÎ] ^ÛnÊ ä›æ†ŽÛ³Ö ¡³Û³Ó³Ú ^³Ë³‘æ á^³Ò ^³Ú ç³â :p°ÅoÑ è}™ Ÿ»¬»ozækZŽ ﻝz{znÆozæ) äŠËÞ ½æ†ŽÛÖ] å^–jÎ] ^ÛnÊ æœ ½æ†ŽÛÖ] è + * X ( }™ Ÿ»ozæŠp]Z &»Tc 38
  39. 39. }ÁßZ( 1è[ æ)i ú} Xì ¦ s§Å1è[ æoÑÅkZ :Ÿ» »¬ o zæ ( 1 ß Æ è Xìçz( ﻝz)oÑÅkZgzZì o zæ o֞ ÜÓm‚mœæ ÜÓâçqæ ]ç׊Æ^Ê é¡’Ö] o֞ ÜjÛÎ ]ƀ@K

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