Prostitution law: How research should (or should not) affect our principles http://t0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcTUtLPiSE2Fu_aluD3QURVspGxzOn9 JMyvZdTd9nTAYBeSatPyGleYdTAVa6APresentation by Raquel Avila, Jelisa Adair, Roxie Mays, Ryan Doherty, Lisa Walsh and Julia Berquist
ProstitutionSummary:•Defining Prostitution•Attitudes?? https://encrypted-tbn2.google.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcR4JJ_GbqaczhoXj8E0iTKiKmzjNRAZHQvKA- Hollywood vs. Reality 5D-V3IhAjoFZX8••In Todays News•Irelands Stance•Principle Arguments•Research Findings•Final Recommendation
Defining Related Attitudes: Prostitution: Prohibitionism • Abolitionism •- the act of providing sexual • Tolerateservices to another person in • Regulation • Decriminalizationreturn for payment. https://encrypted-tbn1.google.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcR93l3G4TLGpSiYAQ8J-3RpkCQFoWWoBlcWhYm9FonA_WJzFBC9
What Does Prostitution Look like?How it is portrayed in Julia RobertsHollywood: in Pretty WomanIn reality, prostitutionhas many faces: https://encrypted- tbn0.google.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcTFHfvN_m xdKcuP_VC4ZrMwnxYlcchu6z52CVL_rLQuj65DeB TwAA
Principled Arguments for Regulation• "What will be will be"• More hassle than its worth?• Safer environment• Adding to our economy https://encrypted- tbn1.google.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQr_a_8Ab4tU6avz_WyP3tjsh_mSu0skeszZNJLLsRNYzH8l53 nProstitution exists. Ignoring it will not fix theproblem, so legalisation is the way forward tocreating a regulated and licensed environment.
Principled Arguments Against Regulation• Moral argument: prostitution as a sin http://images.sodahead.com/polls/002186341/1332478341_no20prostitutio n20prostitutes20sign_answer_2_xlarge.jpeg• Legalisation will serve to legitimize prostitution which, as a practice is harmful to women• Legalisation may allow for the expansion and extension of the sex industry.
Research Findings in Support of RegulationRegulation as a form of:• Protection from disease• Protection from violence• Protection from economic exploitation http://change-production.s3.amazonaws.com/photos/wordpress_copies/criminaljustice/2008/10/sex-workers1.jpg
Research Findings in Supportof Regulation• http://static.thesocietypages.org/socimages/files/blogger2wp/12111098765432Anticrimin alizationofprostitution.jpg Cost and inefficiency of incarceration• Criminalisation is not shown to decrease demand for prostitution
Strengths and Weaknesses of Research in Support of Regulation• The research often takes into account the feelings and opinions of actual prostitutes• Research often looks at regulation as opposed to criminalization without considering the benefits of abolitionist policies
Research Findings AgainstRegulation• Prosecutions of johns in the US have been successful in reducing recidivism when combined with educational programs.• In European countries like the Netherlands and Germany where prostitution has been legalised sex trafficking immigrants has remained a substantial problem.• Since legalisation the Netherlands sex industry has grown by roughly 25%.
Research FindingsAgainst Regulation• tp:ht//images.ctv.ca/archives/CTVNews/img2/20100908/470_erotic_services_100908.jpg Decriminalisation increases advertising and the commercial aspects of the industry thus increasing its size. This has been shown in Victoria, Australia where brothels tripled in size.• Research has proved wrong notions of reductions in child sex trafficking that decriminalisation would bring. Since legalisation in the Netherlands child prostitution has quadrupled.
Strengths and Weaknesses ofResearch in Opposition• Research against does provide statistical evidence that legalisation increases prostitution.• Much of the research against regulating prostitution fails to acknowledge its effect in decreasing crime.• Research against tends to focus more on the moral aspect of prostitution and ignores the practical implications of legislation, such as a reduction in sexually transmitted diseases.
Final Recommendation• Legalisation with regulation has several public health benefits but does not eliminate prostitution and can promote human trafficking.• The dearth of the drawbacks of legalisation prompts us to recommend for abolitionist policies that decriminalise the selling of sex, but criminalise the buying of sex. http://www.prostitutescollective.net/ecplh.jpg