Psychology, Science, and Pseudoscience: Class #04 (Sci vs. Pseudosci)

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In short: Philosophers of science have established a range of differences between science and pseudoscience, some relating to principles of understanding, others relating to matters of presentation.

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Psychology, Science, and Pseudoscience: Class #04 (Sci vs. Pseudosci)

  1. 1. PS409 Psychology, Science, & Pseudoscience Dr Brian Hughes School of Psychologybrian.hughes@nuigalway.ie @b_m_hughes
  2. 2. Science vs. Pseudoscience Differences of principle Pseudoscience Science Avoids falsifiability Valorises falsifiabilityVagueness in measurement Accuracy in measurementUnproven as false = true Unproven as false = unproven Confirmation bias Emphasis on refutation Lack of parsimony Prioritization of parsimonyReversed burden of proof Burden on claimant, not critic
  3. 3. Unproven as false = unproven Via http://www.flickr.com/photos/morgantj/Russell’s “Celestial Teapot”
  4. 4. Science vs. Pseudoscience Differences of practice Pseudoscience Science Secrecy of data Publication of data Science by press conference Peer review Argument “ad hominem” Argument “ad rem” Anecdotal evidence Empirical evidence Appeals to holism Appeals to reductionismLack of theoretical agreement Acceptance of paradigms Exaggerated importance of Shared endeavour key persons
  5. 5. Science by press conference1989 2002
  6. 6. PS409 Psychology, Science, & Pseudoscience Dr Brian Hughes School of Psychologybrian.hughes@nuigalway.ie @b_m_hughes
  7. 7. PS409 Psychology, Science, & Pseudoscience Dr Brian Hughes School of Psychologybrian.hughes@nuigalway.ie @b_m_hughes

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