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Sustainable Agriculture Presentation

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A brief introduction to sustainable agriculture.

Sustainable Agriculture Presentation

  1. 1. Working from the Ground Up<br />Sustainable Agriculture<br />Brianna Laderbush<br />The Dietetic Internship Program at Vanderbilt<br />May 3, 2010<br />
  2. 2. Roadmap<br />Agriculture and the Food System<br />Defining Sustainable<br />Exploring Sustainable Agriculture<br />Dietetics and Sustainability<br />
  3. 3. Objectives<br />What is sustainable agriculture?<br />What are the 3 legs of the sustainability stool?<br />Identify one way a dietetic professional can impact sustainable agriculture through practice.<br />Identify one way you can make a personal difference in the sustainability of our food system.<br />
  4. 4. Eat Right<br />Quantity<br />Quality<br />Responsibility<br />Health<br />2<br />
  5. 5. Agriculture and the Food System<br />
  6. 6. A Systems Perspective<br /><ul><li>Ecosystem
  7. 7. Interactions between energy, environment and living organisms
  8. 8. Agro-ecosystem
  9. 9. An ecosystem managed to produce food and fiber
  10. 10. Food system
  11. 11. A system that produces, processes, distributes and consumes food</li></ul>3<br />
  12. 12. Food Systems<br />Natural Resources<br />FOOD SYSTEM<br />Society<br />Technology<br />3<br />
  13. 13. Modern Agricultural Practices<br />Industrial Agriculture<br /><ul><li>Monoculture
  14. 14. Machinery
  15. 15. Biotechnology
  16. 16. Factory Farm
  17. 17. Vertical Integration</li></ul>2<br />
  18. 18. Driving Forces of Agriculture<br />Technology advancements<br />Product development<br />Food retail<br />Benefits<br /><ul><li>Increased production yields
  19. 19. Affordable food
  20. 20. Increased export markets
  21. 21. Strong agricultural industry
  22. 22. Convenience to the consumer</li></ul>6<br />
  23. 23. An Unsustainable Future<br /><ul><li>Conversion of farmland
  24. 24. Farming income
  25. 25. Productivity
  26. 26. Market competition</li></ul>Economics<br /><ul><li>Illegal Workers
  27. 27. Age of farm operators
  28. 28. External costs</li></ul>Social<br /><ul><li>Soil quality
  29. 29. Water
  30. 30. Genetic diversity</li></ul>Environment<br />6<br />
  31. 31. Learning from History<br />The decline of ancient civilizations in Mesopotamia, the Mediterranean region, <br />Pre-Columbian southwest United States, and Central America is believed to have been strongly influenced by natural resource degradation from <br />non-sustainable farming <br />and forestry practices.”<br />1<br />
  32. 32. Defining Sustainability<br />
  33. 33. Definition of Sustainability<br /><ul><li>Sustain:
  34. 34. From the Latin word sustinere
  35. 35. sus-, from below and tenere, to hold
  36. 36. To keep in existence or maintain
  37. 37. Implies long-term support or permanence</li></ul>What makes something sustainable?<br />4<br />
  38. 38. Characteristics of Sustainability<br />Economics<br />Subsidies<br />Income<br />Access<br />Environment<br />Conservation<br />Preservation<br />Animal Welfare<br />Community<br />Social justice<br />Cooperative relationships<br />3,5<br />
  39. 39. Exploring Sustainable Agriculture<br />
  40. 40. 1990 Farm Bill Public Law 101-624, Title XVI, Subtitle A, Section 1683<br />An integrated system of plant and animal production practices having a site-specific application that will over the long term:<br /><ul><li>Satisfy human food needs
  41. 41. Enhance environmental quality
  42. 42. Make the most of non-renewable energy sources
  43. 43. Sustain economic viability of farming operations
  44. 44. Enhance quality of life </li></ul>7<br />
  45. 45. Sustainable Agriculture is Multifunctional<br /><ul><li>Productionof food and fiber
  46. 46. Protectionof the environment
  47. 47. Conservationof land and resources
  48. 48. Developmentof rural communities
  49. 49. Maintenance of agricultural heritage</li></ul>4,6<br />
  50. 50. Types of Sustainable Farming<br /><ul><li>Organic farming
  51. 51. Defined by practices
  52. 52. Biodynamic
  53. 53. Permaculture
  54. 54. Agro-ecological Systems
  55. 55. Low-input</li></ul>Eatons Creek Organics, Inc.<br />4<br />
  56. 56. Sustainable Practices<br /><ul><li>Conserve soil
  57. 57. Cover crops
  58. 58. Minimize tillage
  59. 59. Crop rotation
  60. 60. Recycle nutrients
  61. 61. Compost
  62. 62. Manure
  63. 63. Crop residues</li></ul>3,8<br />
  64. 64. Dietetics and Sustainability<br />
  65. 65. American Dietetic Association<br />POSITION STATEMENT<br />“It is the position of the American Dietetic Association to encourage environmentally responsible practices that conserve natural resources, minimize the quantity of waste generated, and support the ecological sustainability of the food system – the process of food production, transformation, distribution, access and consumption.”<br />9<br />
  66. 66. Actions in Dietetic Practice<br />Registered dietitians can encourage:<br /><ul><li>Dietary variety
  67. 67. Foods produced with fewer inputs
  68. 68. Consumption of locally produced foods
  69. 69. Alternative protein sources
  70. 70. Economic food purchasing</li></ul>9,10<br />
  71. 71. Be Informed & Get Involved<br /><ul><li>Community
  72. 72. Farm-to-School Programs
  73. 73. Local Government
  74. 74. Access to locally produced foods
  75. 75. National Government
  76. 76. USDA Farm Bill</li></ul>10,11,12,13<br />
  77. 77. Subcommittee on Hunger, Nutrition and Family Farms<br />Food assistance and hunger prevention<br />School and child nutrition programs<br />Local and healthy food initiatives<br />Pesticides<br />General legislation<br />14<br />
  78. 78. Summary<br />Current agricultural practices are unsustainable<br />Sustainable agriculture supports local economies, communities and the environment<br />RD’s can promote healthier diets for both the person and the planet<br />Get involved!<br />
  79. 79. Objectives<br />What is sustainable agriculture?<br />What are the 3 legs of the sustainability stool?<br />Identify one way a dietetic professional can impact sustainable agriculture through practice.<br />Identify one way you can make a personal difference in the sustainability of our food system.<br />
  80. 80. QUESTIONS?<br />

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