Early Life -Born in 356 BCE to Philip II and Olympia of Epirus. -Philip II of Macedon -Alexander’s Father, King of Macedonia -Military Innovations -Established Macedonia as a major power in the Greek world (Battle of Chaeronea, 338 BC) -Plans to conquer Persian Empire -Olympia -Mystical Beliefs -Claimed that she had been impregnated by Zeus and that Alexander was divine. -Alexander’s parents wanted only the best for him and hired Aristotle to be his personal tutor.
Battle of Chaeronea (338 BC) Source: wikipedia.org -Phillip’s greatest military achievement. Amassing 32,000 Macedonians, Phillip defeats the smaller Athenian and Theban forces, securing Macedonian hegemony in Greece. -The battle effectively ended the age of the polis in Greece. The Greeks were now united under one king. -Alexander commanded the left wing of Phillip’s army establishing himself as a successful commander.
Alexander’s Rise to Power - <ul><li>Phillip II is assassinated in 336. Although some suspect Alexander of foul play, it is more likely that a former lover of the king, Pausanias, was the culprit. </li></ul><ul><li>Alexander at the age of 22 is crowned King of Macedon. </li></ul><ul><li>Theban Revolt- While Alexander is away on battle, rumor spreads in Thebes that Alexander is dead and a revolt ensues. Upon hearing this, Alexander immediately heads to Thebes putting an end to the rebellion and selling thousands of Thebans into slavery. </li></ul><ul><li>Alexander strongly asserts his claim to the throne and plans for the Greek invasion of Persia. </li></ul>
References (1996-2000). Alexander the Great. Retrieved July 21, 2006, from Macedonia.org Web site: http://faq.macedonia.org/history/alexander.the.great.html