Cognitive load…The term cognitive load is used in cognitive psychology to illustrate the load related to the executive control of working memory (WM). Theories contend that during complex learning activities the amount of information and interactions that must be processed simultaneously can either under-load, or overload the finite amount of working memory one possesses. All elements must be processed before meaningful learning can continue.Why does this matter in design?
((pgs. 174-175)Font is very important…serif easier in print (12 point) and sans serif in larger fonts and websites…ok that is the current research – although it is always being studied especially in web design services…try to stay on top…I don’t know what to say about comic sans Color’s for example bright yellow on black for example…wow…White SpaceWhat do you think of powerpoint?
No more than six words on a slide. EVER. There is no presentation so complex that this rule needs to be broken.No cheesy images. Use professional stock photo images.No dissolves, spins or other transitions.Sound effects can be used a few times per presentation, but never use the sound effects that are built in to the program. Instead, rip sounds and music from CDs and leverage the Proustian effect this can have. If people start bouncing up and down to the Grateful Dead, you’ve kept them from falling asleep, and you’ve reminded them that this isn’t a typical meeting you’re running.Don’t hand out print-outs of your slides. They don’t work without you there.
Does this remind you of anything?The five phases of ADDIE are as follows: AnalysisDuring analysis, the designer identifies the learning problem, the goals and objectives, the audience’s needs, existing knowledge, and any other relevant characteristics. Analysis also considers the learning environment, any constraints, the delivery options, and the timeline for the project.DesignA systematic process of specifying learning objectives. Detailed storyboards and prototypes are often made, and the look and feel, graphic design, user-interface and content is determined here.DevelopmentThe actual creation (production) of the content and learning materials based on the Design phase.ImplementationDuring implementation, the plan is put into action and a procedure for training the learner and teacher is developed. Materials are delivered or distributed to the student group. After delivery, the effectiveness of the training materials is evaluated.EvaluationThis phase consists of (1) formative and (2) summative evaluation. Formative evaluation is present in each stage of the ADDIE process. Summative evaluation consists of tests designed for criterion-related referenced items and providing opportunities for feedback from the users. Revisions are made as necessary.Librarians have been taking big strides in understanding learning objectivesand outcomes in terms of information literacy. Refocusing libraryservices around information literacy has been challenging, and clearly,many institutions have significant ground to cover. Tying library servicesto student success will be at the heart of the emerging library in theinformation age. The ADDIE model is an instructional design model that approachesthe creation of learning modules in a systematic way that analyzeslearners, recognizes resources, applies resources to create learning opportunities,and then assesses the learning that occurred. In this way, theADDIE model in an ongoing process that instructors can use to developquality learning experiences. The ADDIE model has five pieces:• Analysis: Often a needs analysis of learners is employed to understandthe learners and recognize their needs.• Design: This step involves creating learning objectives, settingmeasurable goals, selecting strategies, creating learning activities,and specifying useful media.• Develop: This includes creating resources and activities that willbe used.• Implement: Here the actual resources and strategies are used withlearners.• Evaluate: The final step is to gather data about the success of thelearning. The information gathered from the evaluation is then analyzedand used in the design.19While the ADDIE model is primarily an instructional design model andnot a business model, it can be applied to the overall mission of the libraryand used as a lens to set priority service within the library. The importanceof this model is that it is learner centered, where many businessmodels are organization centered.What about this in comparison to program planning models? I know we spoke about some of them being similar to ADDIE…how does this work in reference to instructional design?
So we are going to go through some items and you tell me what you think…