 Why do the students appear to be non-
participative and not learning
effectively?
 What can be done to increase student...
 As a teacher, it is important to…
1. Create a safe and positive classroom
environment
2. Plan lessons with student learn...
 As a teacher, it is important to create a
safe and positive classroom
environment.
Classical
Conditioning
Operant
Condit...
 Why are the students so reluctant,
anxious and fearful to participate in Ms
Rita’s class?
 How does this affect learnin...
Unconditioned
Stimulus
Unconditioned
Response
Neutral Stimulus
Neutral Stimulus
Unconditioned
Stimulus
Unconditioned
Respo...
Initially Neutral Stimulus
becomes a Conditioned
Stimulus
Evokes a Conditioned
Response
Neutral Stimulus Unconditioned
Stimulus
Unconditioned
Response
Initially Neutral Stimulus
becomes a Conditioned
Stimulus
Evokes a Conditioned
Response
Student participation decreases as...
 Removing negative associations and
creating more positive associations will
increase student participation and
therefore...
Increases
frequency of
behaviour
Positive
reinforcement
Negative
reinforcement
Decreases
frequency of
behaviour
Punishment
Punishment
Lack of Positive
and Negative
Reinforcement
Decreased
frequency of
behaviour
 Increasing positive reinforcement and
decreasing punishment will increase
student participation, which will increase
lea...
Azzah's presentation slides
Azzah's presentation slides
Azzah's presentation slides
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Azzah's presentation slides

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Azzah's presentation slides

  1. 1.  Why do the students appear to be non- participative and not learning effectively?  What can be done to increase student participation and effective learning?
  2. 2.  As a teacher, it is important to… 1. Create a safe and positive classroom environment 2. Plan lessons with student learning processes in mind 3. Engage in objective post-lesson reflection
  3. 3.  As a teacher, it is important to create a safe and positive classroom environment. Classical Conditioning Operant Conditioning
  4. 4.  Why are the students so reluctant, anxious and fearful to participate in Ms Rita’s class?  How does this affect learning?  What can be done to remedy this problem?
  5. 5. Unconditioned Stimulus Unconditioned Response Neutral Stimulus Neutral Stimulus Unconditioned Stimulus Unconditioned Response
  6. 6. Initially Neutral Stimulus becomes a Conditioned Stimulus Evokes a Conditioned Response
  7. 7. Neutral Stimulus Unconditioned Stimulus Unconditioned Response
  8. 8. Initially Neutral Stimulus becomes a Conditioned Stimulus Evokes a Conditioned Response Student participation decreases as it is associated with embarrassment and teacher disapproval. Participation is an important part of effective learning.
  9. 9.  Removing negative associations and creating more positive associations will increase student participation and therefore, learning.
  10. 10. Increases frequency of behaviour Positive reinforcement Negative reinforcement Decreases frequency of behaviour Punishment
  11. 11. Punishment Lack of Positive and Negative Reinforcement Decreased frequency of behaviour
  12. 12.  Increasing positive reinforcement and decreasing punishment will increase student participation, which will increase learning. Decreasing punishment Increasing positive reinforcement 1. Do not humiliate or show obvious disapproval in response to student answers. 1. Use cues, prompts and praise. 2. Create a behavioural contract for both students and teachers.

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