Meeting the needs of children with special needs


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Meeting the needs of children with special needs

  1. 1. Meeting the Needs ofChildren with Special NeedsCourse: Inclusion of Children with Special Needs Microsoft PowerPoint Clip Art Student: Nasreen Fatima
  2. 2. Possible Causes of Changein Jeremys behaviourHere are some Never Only child initiatespossible causes of in the convers housechange in ations AgeJeremy’sbehaviour and Causes ofautism is the main Jeremy’s Transition behaviourcause, as other Nevercauses are related Never initiates initiatesto the autism itself conversati convers Never ons Fails to initiates ations respond convers Commu ations nication Microsoft PowerPoint Clip Art
  3. 3. Some Facts about Autism Spectrum Disorder?Microsoft PowerPoint Clip Art They have normal life span It is four times more common in boys 1 in 250 children Third most common developmental disorder There is no physical test for the diagnosis It is different from a child to child Diagnose based on pattern of behaviour Ref:  module-1/
  4. 4. Three common areas of Impairment in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder There are three mostMicrosoft PowerPoint Clip Art common areas of developmental impairment in children with autism  Communication Limited or poor social interactions Their behaviour and interests are not flexible, repetitive Jeremy has difficulties in his communication and social interactions Ref: 
  5. 5. Differences in children with ASD
  6. 6. How to improve the child’s development? Collaboration between Improvement of the child
  7. 7. Setting Learning EnvironmentAs Jeremy has low functioning autism , I will plan for him from the mostsupport in the beginning to cover the social and communication togetherAdaptation PlansPhysical Space Creating an individual quite space to work on learning more wordsMaterials/Toys Age appropriate, Pictures with verbal conversations, Choice cardsLabels Big words with pictures for language sessionsDevices for Computer with beginners language games, choiceindependence board, helping in choosing a picture of the activities out of twoFlexible in Flexible according to the interest of Jeremy, realisticroutines, schedule, expectations, if he is not interested be flexibleand activitiesStability & Modeling and imitating, reminding him consistentlyPredictability Ref: Class notes, week 4
  8. 8. Setting Learning Environment To provide a maximum support, some changes in my plans will necessary, for example involving the other children & collaborationAdaptation PlansSafe risk taking I will have a setup with the soft surfaces for him to come and join his class members for pro-social behaviourInvolvement of I will play some circle activities games with other childrentypical children like reading his favourite book , encouraging helpCollaborative Keeping the collaboration process through out the dayPlans and keep modifying my plans when need to move onTraining Personal development training, confidentiality, respectJeremy’s parents Provide resources, activities, workshops referrals, financial support availability in the communityOutdoor play Play with him his favourite activities Ref: Class notes, week 4
  9. 9. Types of prompts There are five types of promptsMicrosoft PowerPoint Clip Art Physical Positioning Modeling and prompts demonstrations Visual Gestural
  10. 10. Four main strategies according to Jeremys special needsMicrosoft PowerPoint Clip Art • Reading a favourite book • Picture books • Pointing and naming the pictures • Observe • Communicating • Imitate posters • Wait for reaction • Calling the • Use mirror for picture imitation • Memory test
  11. 11. ResourcesABA educational resources. http://www.abaresources.comABA educational resources, contact. Therapy Help for Autism Autism Spectrum Disorder. Retrieved on March 3, 2013 from pt1: What is Autism? pt2: Signs of Autism. pt3: How Can I Help? Beverly , My friends with Autism, enhanced edition. page 23 – 31Case studies, Meeting the Needs of Children with Special Needs Assignment, 2013.Jeremy.Class notes, Lisa Mc Caie. (week 3)Class notes, Lisa Mc Caie. (week 4)Class notes, Lisa Mc Caie. (Week 5)Class notes, Lisa Mc Caie. (Week 7)Class notes, Lisa Mc Caie. (Week 8)Geneva services for autism. centre for autism.
  12. 12. ResourcesLanguage skills. to resources for ASD during an ABA session. (Part 1) Template. of Imitation. Package, Centennial College - Early Childhood Education 2011. Inclusion ofChildren with Special needs. Fact Sheet, ASDReinforcement. Junior K.R.Y. “Promise You.” 2012. SHIKATA, ZETTON, Mats Lie Skare.Japan. Avex Trax. 2013. CD, digital download.Toronto IBI contact. IBI Index. IBI resources.
  13. 13. ResourcesToronto preschool speech and language services. Ministry of Children and youth services.