HCC DictionaryofManagement and Business---------------------IntroductionThis dictionary is the fruit of collective efforts...
1AAbsorption CostingAcceleratorAcceptance creditAcceptance of Bills ofExchangeAccepting housesAccident insuranceAccount ,"...
2Accountability "inbusiness"AccountsAcid test ratioActivity samplingActuaryAd Valorem dutyAd valorem Stamp DutyAdded value...
3Adjudication orderAdministrationAdministrative lawAdvertiseAdvertising agencyAdvertising standardsAuthorityAdvisory, Conc...
4Against all risksAgentAggregate money DemandAMDAmortizationAnalyse or analyzeAnnual reportAnti trust lawsAppearanceApplia...
5AppointAppraiseApprenticeApprenticeshipArbitration or mediationAssembleAssembly line or productionlineAssessAsset strippi...
6AutomationAutonomyAverage outgoing quality
7BBack orderBackgroundBackhanderBacklog of ordersBackward integrationBalanceBalance of paymentsBalance of trade
8Balance SheetBalanced lineBallotBank CertificateBank RateBankers BankBargainBasic human needs---Basic payBatchBean counte...
9Bearer SecuritiesBeneficial ownerBenefitsBest operation levelBidBillboardBill-LeakBlind testBlitzBlue ChipBlue-collar wor...
10Board of directorsBonusBook KeepingBossBottleneckBottom –up managementBought LedgerBoycottBradford wool exchangeBrand
11Brand awarenessBrand imageBrand loyaltyBrand managementBrand markBrand preferenceBrand recognitionBrand switchersBrandin...
12Breaking bulkBriberyBridging LoanBrochureBrokerBrokerageBrown goodsBudgetBuffer stockBuilt – in obsolescence
13Bulk CargoesBullBundlingBureaucracyBusinessBusiness cycleBusiness hoursBusiness leadersBusiness like –Business planBusin...
14Buyer or purchaserCcabinet
15CandidateCapacityCapacity cushionCapacity utilization rateCapitalCapital accountCapital assetsCapital expenditureCapital...
16Capital gains taxCapital goodsCapital goodsCapital intensiveCapital marketCapital reservesCapital transfer taxCaptains p...
17Cargo linersCarriage forwardCarriage paidCarrierCarry onCarry outCarrying costCartelCartelCashCash
18Cash bookCash discount -–Cash flowCash flowsCash limitsCasting voteCasual workCatalogueCentral bankCentral bank balances
19Central governmentCentralizationCertificate of insuranceCertificate of originCertificate of tradingChain of commandChain...
20Charter partyChartering agentsCheck tradingChequeChief executive officerCivil lawCivil serviceClaimClassifyClientClock i...
21Closed shopCoinCold callingCollaborateCollateral securityColleagueCollective bargainingCommerceCommercialCommercial bill
22Commercial travelerCommissionCommitteeCommodity–Common carrierCommon partsCommon pricingCommunications mixCompanyCompany...
23Comparative – panty strategyCompensationremuneration-CompeteCompetitionCompetitiveCompetitive advantageCompetitive strat...
24ConsignorConsumer goodsConsumer ProtectionConsumptionCoordinateCorporation companyCost accounting-Cost centreCost leader...
25CostsCounter marketingCounter-cyclical advertisingCouponCritical pathCritical path schedulingCurrent revenue prancingCur...
26DDaily listDaily settlementDataDatabase
27Dawn raid.DaybooksDead timeDealDealerDebenturesDebtDecentralizationDecideDecision modelDecision treeDeduct
28DefectDeferred sharesDeflationDelegateDeliverDemandDemand and supply, LawsofDemergeDemographicsDemographyDemoteDemurrage...
29Department storeDepartment storeDeposit accountDeposit-taking institutionsDepreciationDesk researchDeter -DevaluationDif...
30Discount storeDiscriminateDiseconomies of scaleDismissDispatchdisposable incomeDispose ofDisputeDistributionDistribution...
31Division of labourDouble timeDown gradeDown marketDown timeDue dateDumpingDurabilityDurable goodsDuties
32EEarnEarningsEasementsEcologyEconomic rentEconomicsEconomies of scaleEconomy of controlEconomy of typesEfficiencyElastic...
33Electronic officeEligibleEligible liabilitiesEmployEmployeeEmploymentEmployment agencyEmployment contractEmployment legi...
34EntrepreneurEnvironmentalismEqual opportunitiesEqual OpportunitiesCommissionEqual payEquilibriumEquipEquityEuropean Comm...
35Executive directorExperienceExperimentExportExport Intelligence ServiceExport licenceExport, risk ofExtensive growth
36FFacilitiesFacilityFacsimileFactorFactors of productionFad
37FailFair average qualityFamily lawFamily protection policyFeasibility studyFeaturesFeedbackField researchFIFO first in, ...
38FinanceFinancial accountingFine rateFinished goodsFireFire drillFire hazardFire insuranceFirmFirst aidFixed costsFixed i...
39FixingsFlat yieldFlexibilityFlextimeFloating currenciesFlopFocus groupForemanForward integrationFoundersFranked incomeFr...
40Freight insuranceFreight marketFriendly societiesFriendly takeover
41GGatherGeneral averageGeneral ledgerGeneric productsGiffen goodsGilt-edged marketGive noticeGlobal productGoalGold reser...
42GoodwillGo-slowGovernment aid forexportersGovernment aid forindustryGovernment bondsGovernment borrowingGovernment broke...
43GrievanceGrossGross domestic productGross profitGross profit percentageGroup life insuranceGrowthGrowth stageGuaranteeGu...
44HabitHammeringHandleHansardHarassHardwareHattom GardenHawkersHealth and Safty at workact 1975HedgingHierarchyHigh street...
45HireHire – retailingHive offHolding CompaniesHolidayHome – tradeHome OfficeHorizontal integrationHot moneyHouse of Commo...
46Household protectioninsuranceHull insuranceHuman relationsHuman resourcesHunchHyperboleHypermarketIImport documents
47Import licencesImport merchantImport tradeImprestIncentive schemesIncome and expenditureaccountIncome taxIncome velocity...
48IndentIndex – linked stockIndex numbersIndex of Retail PricesIndicator systemIndirect costsover headsIndirect production...
49Industrial relationsIndustrial TribunalsIndustrialistIndustryInelasticInelasticity of demandInflationInflation accountin...
50Initial depositInitiativeInjuryInland bill.Inland RevenueInnovateInnovatorsInsolvencyInspectInstitutional investor
51Insurable interestInsurable riskInsuranceInsurance brokersInsurance claimInsurance MarketInsurance policyInsurance premi...
52IntegrationInterbank marketInterest FinanceInterim dividendInternational companyIntra viresInvestment trustsInvestment t...
53JJobJob analysisJob applicationJob costing
54Job descriptionJob enrichmentJob evaluationJob lotJob rotationJob satisfactionJob securityJob sharingJobberJoblessJoint ...
55JournalJudicial functionJunk mailKKangaroo closure
56KeenKeen CompetitionKeen demandKeen priceKeep books of recordsKeep the mintuesKeep the orderKeeperKerb dealingKey curren...
57LLabourLabour intensiveLabour turnoverLabourGB or laborUSLabourlaborunionLabourerLading, bill ofLaggards
58LandLarge-scale productionLast In , First outLaunchLaw , classification ofLaw of demand and supplyLaw of diminishing ret...
59LedgerLegal aidLegal rightsLegal tenderLegislative functionLegislative processLegislatureLender of last resortLetter of ...
60Liability reserveLiableLicensed dealerLicensingLife assuranceLifestyleLimited companyLimited liabilityLimited partnerLin...
61Line managementLine managementLine managerLine or chain of commandLine-filllingLiner cargoLiquidationLiquidityLiquidity ...
62LoanLoan capitalMMachineryMacroeconomicsMail orderMail orderMaintenanceMaintenance marketingMaking – up day
63ManageManagementManagement by objectivesManagerManaging directorManning agreementManpower servicescommissionManual worke...
64Manufacturing processManufacturing sectorMarginMarginal costingMarginal revenueMarine insuranceMarkMarketMarket demandMa...
65Market forcesMarket priceMarket researchMarketingMarketing boardsMark-upMass productionMeasureMediaMedia planMediums Med...
66strategyMeetingsMerchandisingMerchantMerchant banksMergeMergersMerit raiseMerit ratingMessageMethods of paymentMicroecon...
67Microsystems centresMiddle priceMiddlemanMinimum lending rate MLRMinimum reserve ratioMinority shareholdersMinutesMixed ...
68Monetary demandMonetary policyMonetary targetMoneyMoney incomeMoney marketMoney spinnerMonopolyMonthly statementMotion
69NNaked DebenturesNational debtNational expenditureNational incomeNational InsuranceNational launchNational outputNationa...
70NegligenceNegotiable instrumentNegotiateNet capital formationNet national productNet profitNet worthNetworkNew entrantsN...
71Non-executive directorNumber cruncher
72OObjectiveObjectiveObsolete -–Occupational pensionsboardOccupiers liability Act 1957Odd pricingOfficial receiverOfficial...
73OligopolyOpen accountsOpen chequeOpen coverOpen marketOpen outcryOpening price stockexchangeOperating expensesOperating ...
74Opportunity costOpportunity costOptimalOptimum firmOptimum populationOptions dealingOrderOrder chequeOrdinary sharesOrga...
75Organization chartOrganized labourOriginal entry books ofOutlet–OutputOutsourcing or contractingOver demandOver -The -Co...
76OverworkOwn account transportOwn label or own brandOwnership of organizations
77PPackagingPart time jobsPartsPass the buckPatentPayPay back periodPay differentials
78Pay risePay scalesPayment periodPaymentsPayrollPenetration strategyPensionPerceptionPerformancePerformance reviewPersona...
79Personnel departmentPersonnel managementPicketPicket linePiece workPlacePlanPlantPoint of salePositionPresidentPricePric...
80Price effectPrice elasticityPrice leadershipPrimagePrimary ProductionPrimary ResearchPrime CostPrivate sectorPrivatizati...
81ProducerProducer GoodsProductProduct Data StoreBOTBProduct differentiationProduct life cycleProduction UnitProductivityP...
82Pro-forma invoiceProgressing ProgresschasingProjectProjectionPromotionPromotional toolsPrototypeProvincial stock exchang...
83Public EnterprisesPurchasingPure CompetitionPut optionPut Through
84QQuadriennal planQualificationQualifications requiredQualifiedQualified employeeQualified voteQualitative guidanceQualit...
85QuorumQuotaQuota licensesQuota systemQuotationQuotation of pricesQuoted company
86RRaidRaiderRandom sampleRate of return on capitalRate of turnoverRates
87RationalizationRaw materialReal accountsReal incomes wagesReal Value–Receipts and paymentsaccountReceiving orderRecessio...
88ReinstateReinsuranceReintermediationRejectRe-launchReliabilityRelocateRemarketingRemunerationReserves, capitalResignReso...
89RetailerRetailingRetireRiskSSackSafety precautionsSafety stockSalarySale of Goods Act, 1893Sales analysisSales figuresSa...
90Sales promotionSales prospectsSales representative salespersonSales resistanceSales response functionSales revenueSales ...
91Seasonable employmentSeasonable unemploymentSecondary dataSecondary sector of theeconomySecuritySecuritySegment market s...
92Set-up timeSeverance payShake - outShareholdersShelf spaceShiftShippingShop stewardShopping goodsShortageShortlistShorts...
93Span of ControlSpreadState PensionStatute LawStatutory MeetingSterling-Sterling AreaStockStock controlStockjobberStreet ...
94TTarget pricingTendering or competitivebiddingTertiary sector of theeconomyTestimonialThreshold effectThroughputTime and...
95Time –and-a-halfTotal costs of productionTotal quality Control TQCTotal quality managementTQMTourismTradeTrade and indus...
96Trade description actTrade descriptions act 1968Trade discountVATTrade fairs overseasTrade gapTrade markTrade marketingT...
97Trade union and labourrelations act 1974Trade unionsTraded optionsTrades union congressTUCTrading accountTrading bloc kE...
98departmentTrainingTraining for adultsTraining services agencyTrampTransactionTransfer paymentsTransportTransshipment
99TreasuryTreasury billsTreaty of romeTrial balanceTribunalsTrustsTurnTurnover of business
100UUltra viresUncompetitiveUndersell or undercutUndertakeUnderwritersUnderwriting of share issueUndifferentiated marketin...
101UnemployedUnemploymentUnemployment InsuranceUnfair contract termsUnique selling propositionUnique selling propositionUn...
102User friendlyUtilitiesVVacancyVacationValuation of assetsValuation of stock accountValue addedValue analysis
103Value-based managementValuesVariable costsVariable proportions, law ofVelocity of circulationVending machineVertical in...
104Visible tradeVocational trainingVolumeVoluntary liquidationVoteVoyage chartersWWageWaiting line theoryWaiver
105WantWantsWarehouseWarehousingWarrantyWealthWelfareWholesalerWoolsackWork study
106X-Y-ZX -Xeno-currencyXeroxXmasYearYear of countYear of graceYear of manufactureYearbookYearly consumptionYearly incomeY...
107Yield interestYield on sharexYield profitYield-capacityZero baseZero defectsZero dutyZero growthZero sum gameZero tarif...
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Hcc dictionary-of-management-and-business-english-arabic

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Hcc dictionary-of-management-and-business-english-arabic

  1. 1. HCC DictionaryofManagement and Business---------------------IntroductionThis dictionary is the fruit of collective efforts and cooperation amongthe students of the fourth level of the qualifying stage at the BusinessAdministration Department in Huraimla Community College. The studentshave exerted vigorous efforts to get their work into being. The goal of thedictionary was not just the compiling of terms and providing translation forthem. The main goal was to make a dictionary of benefit to English languagestudents in general and those of the business administration in particular.Every student was examined in the terms he complied and translated tomake sure that he has full understanding of the contentThe fourth-level students of Huraimla Community College are creditedfor being the first to initiate this work which would not be the last asbusiness administration students next year and the years to come would-Allah Willing- work on updating this work with the aim of having a biggerprofessional dictionary.This work might be difficult at the beginning but it turned- ThanksAllah- into a tangible achievement. It was a great pleasure for me to ask mystudents in the very terms and translation they made and make sure that theyhave comprehended them well.
  2. 2. 1AAbsorption CostingAcceleratorAcceptance creditAcceptance of Bills ofExchangeAccepting housesAccident insuranceAccount ," stock Exchange"Account dayAccount Sales–
  3. 3. 2Accountability "inbusiness"AccountsAcid test ratioActivity samplingActuaryAd Valorem dutyAd valorem Stamp DutyAdded value or value added
  4. 4. 3Adjudication orderAdministrationAdministrative lawAdvertiseAdvertising agencyAdvertising standardsAuthorityAdvisory, Conciliation andArbitration Service ACASAfter – sales service
  5. 5. 4Against all risksAgentAggregate money DemandAMDAmortizationAnalyse or analyzeAnnual reportAnti trust lawsAppearanceApplianceapplicantApplication formApply
  6. 6. 5AppointAppraiseApprenticeApprenticeshipArbitration or mediationAssembleAssembly line or productionlineAssessAsset strippingAttainAttributes
  7. 7. 6AutomationAutonomyAverage outgoing quality
  8. 8. 7BBack orderBackgroundBackhanderBacklog of ordersBackward integrationBalanceBalance of paymentsBalance of trade
  9. 9. 8Balance SheetBalanced lineBallotBank CertificateBank RateBankers BankBargainBasic human needs---Basic payBatchBean counterBear
  10. 10. 9Bearer SecuritiesBeneficial ownerBenefitsBest operation levelBidBillboardBill-LeakBlind testBlitzBlue ChipBlue-collar worker
  11. 11. 10Board of directorsBonusBook KeepingBossBottleneckBottom –up managementBought LedgerBoycottBradford wool exchangeBrand
  12. 12. 11Brand awarenessBrand imageBrand loyaltyBrand managementBrand markBrand preferenceBrand recognitionBrand switchersBrandingBreakdownBreak-even analysisBreak-even point
  13. 13. 12Breaking bulkBriberyBridging LoanBrochureBrokerBrokerageBrown goodsBudgetBuffer stockBuilt – in obsolescence
  14. 14. 13Bulk CargoesBullBundlingBureaucracyBusinessBusiness cycleBusiness hoursBusiness leadersBusiness like –Business planBusiness trip
  15. 15. 14Buyer or purchaserCcabinet
  16. 16. 15CandidateCapacityCapacity cushionCapacity utilization rateCapitalCapital accountCapital assetsCapital expenditureCapital gains tax
  17. 17. 16Capital gains taxCapital goodsCapital goodsCapital intensiveCapital marketCapital reservesCapital transfer taxCaptains protestCareerCargo insurance
  18. 18. 17Cargo linersCarriage forwardCarriage paidCarrierCarry onCarry outCarrying costCartelCartelCashCash
  19. 19. 18Cash bookCash discount -–Cash flowCash flowsCash limitsCasting voteCasual workCatalogueCentral bankCentral bank balances
  20. 20. 19Central governmentCentralizationCertificate of insuranceCertificate of originCertificate of tradingChain of commandChain storeChain store or retail chain.ChairmanChairmanchairpersonchairChambers of commerce
  21. 21. 20Charter partyChartering agentsCheck tradingChequeChief executive officerCivil lawCivil serviceClaimClassifyClientClock in and out--
  22. 22. 21Closed shopCoinCold callingCollaborateCollateral securityColleagueCollective bargainingCommerceCommercialCommercial bill
  23. 23. 22Commercial travelerCommissionCommitteeCommodity–Common carrierCommon partsCommon pricingCommunications mixCompanyCompany lawCompanys risk
  24. 24. 23Comparative – panty strategyCompensationremuneration-CompeteCompetitionCompetitiveCompetitive advantageCompetitive strategyCompetitivenessCompetitorComputer TechnologyConditions of sale
  25. 25. 24ConsignorConsumer goodsConsumer ProtectionConsumptionCoordinateCorporation companyCost accounting-Cost centreCost leadershipCost per thousandCost –plus
  26. 26. 25CostsCounter marketingCounter-cyclical advertisingCouponCritical pathCritical path schedulingCurrent revenue prancingCurriculum vitaeCustomerCustomer ServiceCustomize
  27. 27. 26DDaily listDaily settlementDataDatabase
  28. 28. 27Dawn raid.DaybooksDead timeDealDealerDebenturesDebtDecentralizationDecideDecision modelDecision treeDeduct
  29. 29. 28DefectDeferred sharesDeflationDelegateDeliverDemandDemand and supply, LawsofDemergeDemographicsDemographyDemoteDemurrageDepartmentDepartment
  30. 30. 29Department storeDepartment storeDeposit accountDeposit-taking institutionsDepreciationDesk researchDeter -DevaluationDifferential cost analysisDifferentiationDirect controlsDirect mailDirect servicesDirectorDiscount
  31. 31. 30Discount storeDiscriminateDiseconomies of scaleDismissDispatchdisposable incomeDispose ofDisputeDistributionDistribution channelDistributorDiversificationDivestDividend mandateDivision
  32. 32. 31Division of labourDouble timeDown gradeDown marketDown timeDue dateDumpingDurabilityDurable goodsDuties
  33. 33. 32EEarnEarningsEasementsEcologyEconomic rentEconomicsEconomies of scaleEconomy of controlEconomy of typesEfficiencyElasticElasticityElectronic founds transfer
  34. 34. 33Electronic officeEligibleEligible liabilitiesEmployEmployeeEmploymentEmployment agencyEmployment contractEmployment legislationEndowment assuranceEngageEnterpriseEntrepreneur
  35. 35. 34EntrepreneurEnvironmentalismEqual opportunitiesEqual OpportunitiesCommissionEqual payEquilibriumEquipEquityEuropean Community LawEuropean EconomicCommunityEuropean Free TradeAssociations EFTAEuropean Monetary SystemEuropean ParliamentEvaluateExecutive
  36. 36. 35Executive directorExperienceExperimentExportExport Intelligence ServiceExport licenceExport, risk ofExtensive growth
  37. 37. 36FFacilitiesFacilityFacsimileFactorFactors of productionFad
  38. 38. 37FailFair average qualityFamily lawFamily protection policyFeasibility studyFeaturesFeedbackField researchFIFO first in, first outFinal dividendFinance
  39. 39. 38FinanceFinancial accountingFine rateFinished goodsFireFire drillFire hazardFire insuranceFirmFirst aidFixed costsFixed interestFixed position layout
  40. 40. 39FixingsFlat yieldFlexibilityFlextimeFloating currenciesFlopFocus groupForemanForward integrationFoundersFranked incomeFree tradeFreelanceFreight forwarding agent
  41. 41. 40Freight insuranceFreight marketFriendly societiesFriendly takeover
  42. 42. 41GGatherGeneral averageGeneral ledgerGeneric productsGiffen goodsGilt-edged marketGive noticeGlobal productGoalGold reservesGolden handcuffsGoods
  43. 43. 42GoodwillGo-slowGovernment aid forexportersGovernment aid forindustryGovernment bondsGovernment borrowingGovernment brokerGovernment departmentsGovernment expenditureGovernment incomeGovernment monetarypolicyGovernment monopoliesGovernment, functions ofGraduateGrain futures marketGreen paper
  44. 44. 43GrievanceGrossGross domestic productGross profitGross profit percentageGroup life insuranceGrowthGrowth stageGuaranteeGuarantee, companieslimited byGuarantorH
  45. 45. 44HabitHammeringHandleHansardHarassHardwareHattom GardenHawkersHealth and Safty at workact 1975HedgingHierarchyHigh street banksHighly – organized market
  46. 46. 45HireHire – retailingHive offHolding CompaniesHolidayHome – tradeHome OfficeHorizontal integrationHot moneyHouse of CommonsHouse of Lords
  47. 47. 46Household protectioninsuranceHull insuranceHuman relationsHuman resourcesHunchHyperboleHypermarketIImport documents
  48. 48. 47Import licencesImport merchantImport tradeImprestIncentive schemesIncome and expenditureaccountIncome taxIncome velocity ofcirculation of moneyIncomes policyIndemnity
  49. 49. 48IndentIndex – linked stockIndex numbersIndex of Retail PricesIndicator systemIndirect costsover headsIndirect productionIndirect taxationIndustrial life officesIndustrial relations
  50. 50. 49Industrial relationsIndustrial TribunalsIndustrialistIndustryInelasticInelasticity of demandInflationInflation accountingInformal organizationInformation TechnologyInfrastructure
  51. 51. 50Initial depositInitiativeInjuryInland bill.Inland RevenueInnovateInnovatorsInsolvencyInspectInstitutional investor
  52. 52. 51Insurable interestInsurable riskInsuranceInsurance brokersInsurance claimInsurance MarketInsurance policyInsurance premiumInsurance, partiesIntegrate
  53. 53. 52IntegrationInterbank marketInterest FinanceInterim dividendInternational companyIntra viresInvestment trustsInvestment trustsInvisible trade-Invoice
  54. 54. 53JJobJob analysisJob applicationJob costing
  55. 55. 54Job descriptionJob enrichmentJob evaluationJob lotJob rotationJob satisfactionJob securityJob sharingJobberJoblessJoint venture
  56. 56. 55JournalJudicial functionJunk mailKKangaroo closure
  57. 57. 56KeenKeen CompetitionKeen demandKeen priceKeep books of recordsKeep the mintuesKeep the orderKeeperKerb dealingKey currencyKey personnelKey-industryKey-positionKey-productKey-staffKill a projectKill inflationKindKnockdown priceKnocking copyKnockout competitionKnockout priceKondratieff curve
  58. 58. 57LLabourLabour intensiveLabour turnoverLabourGB or laborUSLabourlaborunionLabourerLading, bill ofLaggards
  59. 59. 58LandLarge-scale productionLast In , First outLaunchLaw , classification ofLaw of demand and supplyLaw of diminishing returnsLay offLead timeLease-or boy decisionLeasingLeave
  60. 60. 59LedgerLegal aidLegal rightsLegal tenderLegislative functionLegislative processLegislatureLender of last resortLetter of creditLetter of indemnityLetter of renunciationLiabilities currentLiability
  61. 61. 60Liability reserveLiableLicensed dealerLicensingLife assuranceLifestyleLimited companyLimited liabilityLimited partnerLine - stretchingLine and staff organisationLine authority
  62. 62. 61Line managementLine managementLine managerLine or chain of commandLine-filllingLiner cargoLiquidationLiquidityLiquidity ratioListing agreementLitigationLloyds brokersLloyds list
  63. 63. 62LoanLoan capitalMMachineryMacroeconomicsMail orderMail orderMaintenanceMaintenance marketingMaking – up day
  64. 64. 63ManageManagementManagement by objectivesManagerManaging directorManning agreementManpower servicescommissionManual workerManufactureManufacturingengineering or productionengineeringManufacturing industry
  65. 65. 64Manufacturing processManufacturing sectorMarginMarginal costingMarginal revenueMarine insuranceMarkMarketMarket demandMarket challengerMarket development
  66. 66. 65Market forcesMarket priceMarket researchMarketingMarketing boardsMark-upMass productionMeasureMediaMedia planMediums Medium giltsMedium-term financial
  67. 67. 66strategyMeetingsMerchandisingMerchantMerchant banksMergeMergersMerit raiseMerit ratingMessageMethods of paymentMicroeconomicsMicroprocessors
  68. 68. 67Microsystems centresMiddle priceMiddlemanMinimum lending rate MLRMinimum reserve ratioMinority shareholdersMinutesMixed economyMobile shopMonetarismMonetary baseMonetary base control
  69. 69. 68Monetary demandMonetary policyMonetary targetMoneyMoney incomeMoney marketMoney spinnerMonopolyMonthly statementMotion
  70. 70. 69NNaked DebenturesNational debtNational expenditureNational incomeNational InsuranceNational launchNational outputNational savingsNationalisationNatural monopoliesNatural resourcesNatural wastageNeed
  71. 71. 70NegligenceNegotiable instrumentNegotiateNet capital formationNet national productNet profitNet worthNetworkNew entrantsNiche -Niche marketing orconcentrated segmentationNo par valueNon- durable goodsNon-business marketing -
  72. 72. 71Non-executive directorNumber cruncher
  73. 73. 72OObjectiveObjectiveObsolete -–Occupational pensionsboardOccupiers liability Act 1957Odd pricingOfficial receiverOfficial strikeOff-the pegOil tankers
  74. 74. 73OligopolyOpen accountsOpen chequeOpen coverOpen marketOpen outcryOpening price stockexchangeOperating expensesOperating statementOperating targetsOperational research ormanagementOperationsOperations management
  75. 75. 74Opportunity costOpportunity costOptimalOptimum firmOptimum populationOptions dealingOrderOrder chequeOrdinary sharesOrganisation and method O& M
  76. 76. 75Organization chartOrganized labourOriginal entry books ofOutlet–OutputOutsourcing or contractingOver demandOver -The -Counter OTCmarketOverheadsOverproductionOverseas sales baseOverseas seminarsOvertime
  77. 77. 76OverworkOwn account transportOwn label or own brandOwnership of organizations
  78. 78. 77PPackagingPart time jobsPartsPass the buckPatentPayPay back periodPay differentials
  79. 79. 78Pay risePay scalesPayment periodPaymentsPayrollPenetration strategyPensionPerceptionPerformancePerformance reviewPersonalPersonal sellingPersonnel
  80. 80. 79Personnel departmentPersonnel managementPicketPicket linePiece workPlacePlanPlantPoint of salePositionPresidentPricePrice and incomes PolicyPrice cut
  81. 81. 80Price effectPrice elasticityPrice leadershipPrimagePrimary ProductionPrimary ResearchPrime CostPrivate sectorPrivatizationPrizeProbate PriceProduce
  82. 82. 81ProducerProducer GoodsProductProduct Data StoreBOTBProduct differentiationProduct life cycleProduction UnitProductivityProfitabilityProfiteer
  83. 83. 82Pro-forma invoiceProgressing ProgresschasingProjectProjectionPromotionPromotional toolsPrototypeProvincial stock exchanges.ProxyProxy cardPrunePublic Accounts CommitteePublic Bills
  84. 84. 83Public EnterprisesPurchasingPure CompetitionPut optionPut Through
  85. 85. 84QQuadriennal planQualificationQualifications requiredQualifiedQualified employeeQualified voteQualitative guidanceQualityQuality as per samplesQuality controlQuality labelQuality of leadershipQuantityQuantity discountQuarter upQuestionnaireQuick ratioQuiet marketQuit
  86. 86. 85QuorumQuotaQuota licensesQuota systemQuotationQuotation of pricesQuoted company
  87. 87. 86RRaidRaiderRandom sampleRate of return on capitalRate of turnoverRates
  88. 88. 87RationalizationRaw materialReal accountsReal incomes wagesReal Value–Receipts and paymentsaccountReceiving orderRecessionRecognizeRecruitRedemption dateRedundancy PaymentsRedundantRe-export
  89. 89. 88ReinstateReinsuranceReintermediationRejectRe-launchReliabilityRelocateRemarketingRemunerationReserves, capitalResignResourcesResourcesResults
  90. 90. 89RetailerRetailingRetireRiskSSackSafety precautionsSafety stockSalarySale of Goods Act, 1893Sales analysisSales figuresSales forceSales forecastSales presentation
  91. 91. 90Sales promotionSales prospectsSales representative salespersonSales resistanceSales response functionSales revenueSales targetSales territorySales volumeSampleSamplingSaturation of a marketSavingsScheduleScientific managementScreen
  92. 92. 91Seasonable employmentSeasonable unemploymentSecondary dataSecondary sector of theeconomySecuritySecuritySegment market segmentSelf actualizationSelf employedSelling conceptSeniorityService IndustriesServiceabilityServicesSetSet upSettle
  93. 93. 92Set-up timeSeverance payShake - outShareholdersShelf spaceShiftShippingShop stewardShopping goodsShortageShortlistShortsSleeping partner SeePartnersSmall Firms ServiceSocial NeedsSocial ServicesSoftware
  94. 94. 93Span of ControlSpreadState PensionStatute LawStatutory MeetingSterling-Sterling AreaStockStock controlStockjobberStreet MarketSupermarkets-SupplySystems AnalysisSystems Approach
  95. 95. 94TTarget pricingTendering or competitivebiddingTertiary sector of theeconomyTestimonialThreshold effectThroughputTime and motion study
  96. 96. 95Time –and-a-halfTotal costs of productionTotal quality Control TQCTotal quality managementTQMTourismTradeTrade and industrydepartment ofDTIDTITrade associationsTrade billsTrade credit
  97. 97. 96Trade description actTrade descriptions act 1968Trade discountVATTrade fairs overseasTrade gapTrade markTrade marketingTrade offTrade promotions guideTrade terms-term of trade-terms of payment
  98. 98. 97Trade union and labourrelations act 1974Trade unionsTraded optionsTrades union congressTUCTrading accountTrading bloc kEECEFTATrading capitalTrading certificateTrading stampsTrading standards officeconsumer protection
  99. 99. 98departmentTrainingTraining for adultsTraining services agencyTrampTransactionTransfer paymentsTransportTransshipment
  100. 100. 99TreasuryTreasury billsTreaty of romeTrial balanceTribunalsTrustsTurnTurnover of business
  101. 101. 100UUltra viresUncompetitiveUndersell or undercutUndertakeUnderwritersUnderwriting of share issueUndifferentiated marketingUndifferentiated product
  102. 102. 101UnemployedUnemploymentUnemployment InsuranceUnfair contract termsUnique selling propositionUnique selling propositionUnit costUnited TrustUnlisted securityUnofficial or wildcat strikeUnsocial hoursUp marketUsage
  103. 103. 102User friendlyUtilitiesVVacancyVacationValuation of assetsValuation of stock accountValue addedValue analysis
  104. 104. 103Value-based managementValuesVariable costsVariable proportions, law ofVelocity of circulationVending machineVertical integrationVertical integrationVice presidentVictimizationViewdata
  105. 105. 104Visible tradeVocational trainingVolumeVoluntary liquidationVoteVoyage chartersWWageWaiting line theoryWaiver
  106. 106. 105WantWantsWarehouseWarehousingWarrantyWealthWelfareWholesalerWoolsackWork study
  107. 107. 106X-Y-ZX -Xeno-currencyXeroxXmasYearYear of countYear of graceYear of manufactureYearbookYearly consumptionYearly incomeYearly lettingYearly planYearly premiumYearly rentalYearly settlementYeas and nays USYield curve
  108. 108. 107Yield interestYield on sharexYield profitYield-capacityZero baseZero defectsZero dutyZero growthZero sum gameZero tariff quotaZero-ratingZone pricingZone timeReferencesAbdeen, Adnan (1981) English-Arabic Dictionary of Accounting & Finance,Librairie du Liban & John Wiley & Sons LTD.Al-Farouqi, Thasin (2005) The Dictionary of Banking, Finance & investment,Librairie du Liban Publishers.El Assiouty, Magdy (1988) El Assiouty Banking and Financial Dictionary, ElAssioutyMackenzie, Ian (2001) Management & Marketing, a Language TeachingPublications Series, Thomson Learning, Inc.Steer, M (1985) Business Studies Dictionary, Pitman PublishingLimited.

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