Final gs ch p the new seven wonders of the world

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Final gs ch p the new seven wonders of the world

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  2. 2. INTRODUCTION The new Seven Wonders of the World were announced on July 7, 2007 After tallying more than 100 million worldwide votes 2
  3. 3. The Official Declaration Ceremony in Lisbon, Portugal, revealed the winners to be: 1. Petra 2. Machu Picchu 3. Chichén Itzá 4. The Taj Mahal 5. The Statue of Christ Redeemer 6. The Colosseum 7. The Great Wall of China 3
  4. 4. THE STATUE OF CHRIST REDEEMER 4
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  6. 6. NAME: STATUE OF CHRIST REDEEMER LOCATION: RIO DE JANEIRO, BRAZIL CONSTRUCTED IN YEAR: 1926-1931 6
  7. 7.  It is a statue of Jesus Christ  It is considered the largest Art Deco statue in the world  5th largest statue of Jesus in the world  It is 30 meters (98 ft) tall, not including its 8 meters (26 ft) pedestal  It weighs 635 tones 7
  8. 8.  located at the peak of the 700-meter (2,300 ft) Corcovado mountain in the Tijuca Forest National Park  Catholic priest Pedro Maria Boss requested to build a large religious monument  The statue of Christ the Redeemer with open arms, a symbol of peace 8
  9. 9.  Local engineer Heitor da Silva Costa designed the statue  The statue was sculpted by the French artist Paul Landowski. 9
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  13. 13. MACHU PICCHU 13
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  15. 15. NAME: MACHU PICCHO LOCATION: PERU, SOUTH AMERICA CONSTRUCTED IN YEAR: 1438–1472 15
  16. 16.  Machu Picchu is a 15th-century Inca site  located 2,430 meters (7,970 ft) above sea level  It is situated on a mountain edge above the Urubamba Valley in Peru  Often referred to as the "City of the Incas“  The Incas built the estate around 1450, but abandoned it as an official site for the Inca rulers a century later at the time of the Spanish Conquest 16
  17. 17.  It was unknown to the outside world before being brought to international attention in 1911 by the American historian Hiram Bingham  Since then, Machu Picchu has become an important tourist attraction  Machu Picchu was built in the classical Inca style, with polished dry-stone walls  It is possible that most of its inhabitants died from smallpox introduced by travelers 17
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  21. 21. THE GREAT WALL OF CHINA 21
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  23. 23. NAME: THE GREAT WALL OF CHINA LOCATION: EAST-TO-WEST LINE ACROSS THE NORTHERN BORDERS OF CHINA CONSTRUCTED IN YEAR: 1368-1644 23
  24. 24.  The Great Wall of China is approximately 8,851.8 km (5,500 miles)  It is the world's longest human-built structure  It is a series of fortifications made of stone, brick, tamped earth, wood, and other materials  It was build to protect the Chinese Empire against intrusions by various nomadic groups 24
  25. 25.  Several walls were being built as early as the 7th century BC  later joined together and made bigger, stronger, and unified are now collectively referred to as the Great Wall  It starts from Hushan in the east to Jiayuguan Pass in the west traversing Liaoning, Hebei, Beijing, Tianjin, Shanxi, Inner Mongolia, Ningxia, Shaanxi, Gansu and Qinghai. 25
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  29. 29. PETRA 29
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  31. 31. NAME: PETRA LOCATION: JORDAN CONSTRUCTED IN YEAR: 100 BC 31
  32. 32.  Petra is a Greek word, meaning 'stone’  It is a historical and archaeological city in the Jordanian governorate of Mayan  And is famous for its rock-cut architecture and water conduit system  It lies on the slope of Mount Hor  The site remained unknown to the Western world until 1812 32
  33. 33.  It was introduced by Swiss explorer Johann Ludwig Burckhardt  It was described as "a rose-red city half as old as time”  It is the capital of the Nabataeans and the center of their caravan trade  The Nebataean people conducted business in Petra, making it an important silk and spice trade city 33
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  37. 37. CHICHEN ITZA 37
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  39. 39. NAME: CHICHEN ITZA LOCATION:MEXICAN STATE OF YUCATÁN CONSTRUCTED IN YEAR: 600 A.D. 39
  40. 40.  Chichen Itza was a large preColumbian city built by the Maya civilization  The site exhibits a huge numbers of architectural styles  Chichen Itza was one of the largest Maya cities  The ruins of Chichen Itza are federal property 40
  41. 41.  The site’s stewardship is maintained by Mexico’s Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia(National Institute of Anthropology and History)  Chichen Itza is one of the most visited archaeological sites in Mexico; an estimated 1.2 million tourists visit the ruins every year 41
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  45. 45. COLOSSEUM 45
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  47. 47. NAME: COLOSSEUM LOCATION: ROME, ITALY CONSTRUCTED IN YEAR: 70-80 A.D 47
  48. 48.  The Colosseum is the largest amphitheatre in the world  It is an elliptical amphitheatre and is considered one of the greatest works of Roman architecture and Roman engineering  Capable of seating 50,000 spectators  the Colosseum was used for gladiatorial contests and public spectacles such as, animal hunts, executions, reenactments of famous battles, and dramas based on Classical mythology 48
  49. 49.  The amphitheatre was ringed by eighty entrances at ground level, 76 of which were used by ordinary spectators  The northern main entrance was reserved for the Roman Emperor whilst the other three axial entrances were most likely used by the elite  Spectators were seated in a tiered arrangement 49
  50. 50.  First section is podium for the senatorial class who were allowed to bring their own chairs  The tier above the senators, known as the maenianum primum, was occupied by the non-senatorial noble class or knights  The next level up, the maenianum secundum, was originally reserved for ordinary Roman citizens and was divided into two sections  The lower part was for wealthy citizens, while the upper part was for poor citizens 50
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  54. 54. THE TAJ MAHAL 54
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  56. 56. NAME: TAJ MAHAL LOCATION: AGRA, UTTAR PRADESH, INDIA CONSTRUCTED IN YEAR: 1648 A.D. 56
  57. 57.  The Taj Mahal is a white marble mausoleum  It was built by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his third wife, Mumtaz Mahal  Mumtaz Mahal, died during the birth of their 14th child, Gauhara Begum  Shah Jahan's grief illustrate the love story traditionally held as an inspiration for Taj Mahal 57
  58. 58.  Throughout the complex, passages from the Qur'an are used as decorative elements  The Taj Mahal attracts a large number of tourists. UNESCO documented more than 2 million visitors in 2001, including more than 200,000 from overseas 58
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