The History of Pragmatics

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The History of Pragmatics

  1. 1. 3 stages of development  There are three stages in the development of pragmatics.  The 1st stage occurred in 1930s. The term “Pragmatics” was used at a the 1st time. It was the branch of Semiology/semiotics= the study of signs.
  2. 2. Pragmatics
  3. 3.  In 1938, Carnap said that pragmatics should focus on relationship between users, words and reference relationship.  In 1940, Charles Morris divided semiology into 3 parts: syntactics/syntax, semantics and pragmatics.  Then, the 2nd stage: From 1950 to 1960: 3 philosophers: Austin, Searle and Paul Grice established their theory of Speech act and implicature theory.
  4. 4.  The 3rd Stage: in 1977, Jacob L. Mey published the 1st Journal of Pragmatics in Holland.  In 1983, Levinson wrote his book “Pragmatics” whereas Geoffrey Leech wrote his “Principle of pragmatics”.  In 1988,the set up of International Pragmatics Association (IPrA). This was a year which noted as a year when pragmatics turned into an independent discipline.
  5. 5. Schools of Pragmatics  There are two schools of pragmatics: Br. And Am.school and European School.  British and American school had a focus on sentence structure and grammar: deictic expression, conversational implicature, presupposition, speech and conversational structure. It was called : Micro-pragmatics.
  6. 6.  The European school had a wider focus. It focused on macro-pragmatics scope like conversational analysis, cultural anthropology, social linguistics and psycholinguistics in the process of communication.

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