SURREALISM

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SURREALISM

  1. 1. SURREALISM sur- ( beyond ) + réalisme ( realism )
  2. 2. <ul><li>The Unconscious </li></ul><ul><li>Revolution (personal and social) </li></ul><ul><li>Random Juxtapositions ( Collage, “Corps Exquisite” and Automatic Drawing ) </li></ul><ul><li>Objet Trouve </li></ul>
  3. 3. Andre Breton
  4. 4. “ Surrealism, as I envisage it, proclaims loudly enough our absolute nonconformity, that there may be no question of calling it, in the case against the real world, as a witness for the defense.” Andre Breton, 1924 , Manifeste du Surrealisme
  5. 5. The Rendezvous of Friends Max Ernst, 1922
  6. 6. Fyodor Dostoevsky
  7. 7. Lord Byron (1788-1824) (“ Mad, bad and dangerous to know ”) Lord Byron
  8. 8. Theodor Gericault The Raft of The Medusa 1819
  9. 9. Delacroix The Death of Sardanapolus 1827
  10. 10. Francisco Goya The Sleep of reason Produces Monsters 1799
  11. 11. Eugene Delacroix
  12. 13. “ I accustomed myself to simple hallucination…” -Arthur Rimbaud
  13. 15. Karl Marx Sigmund Freud
  14. 16. <ul><li>“ Radical Juxtapostions” </li></ul><ul><li>Collage </li></ul><ul><li>Objet trouve </li></ul><ul><li>Automatic drawing </li></ul><ul><li>Exquisite Corpse </li></ul>
  15. 17. &quot;manufactured objects raised to the dignity of works of art through the choice of the artist.&quot;
  16. 18. Surrealist Exhibition of Objects, 1936
  17. 19. “ the revolution of objects and the revolution through objects”
  18. 20. Fountain Marcel Duchamp, 1917
  19. 21. Two Children are Menaced by a Nightingale Max Ernst, 1924
  20. 22. Murdering Aeroplane Max Ernst, 1920
  21. 23. “ frottage” drawings by Max Ernst, c. 1920s
  22. 24. Une Semaine de Bonte Max Ernst, 1934
  23. 25. &quot;systematic displacement&quot; “ He who speaks of collage speaks of the irrational.“ Max Ernst
  24. 26. “ Corps Exquisite”
  25. 27. “ automatic drawing” by Andre Masson Psychic automatism in its pure state, by which one proposes to express -- verbally, by means of the written word, or in any other manner -- the actual functioning of thought . Dictated by the thought, in the absence of any control exercised by reason, exempt from any aesthetic or moral concern. -Andre Breton
  26. 28. The Harlequin’s Carnival Joan Miro, 1924
  27. 29. “… the pairing of two apparently unpairable realities on a plane apparently unsuitable to them” -Andre Breton
  28. 32. Walter Benjamin credited Surrealism with having exposed to view &quot;the ruins of the bourgeoisie&quot;.
  29. 33. Luncheon in Fur Meret Oppenheim, 1936
  30. 34. Le Cadeau Man Ray, 1923
  31. 35. “ As beautiful as…
  32. 36. … the chance encounter of an umbrella and a sewing machine on a dissecting table.” -Lautreamont
  33. 37. Le mervailleuse “ Let us not mince words: the marvelous is always beautiful. Anything marvelous is beautiful, in fact only the marvelous is beautiful.” -Andre Breton, 1924
  34. 38. Mystery and Melancholy of a Street Giorgio di Chirico, 1914
  35. 39. Giorgio di Chirico
  36. 40. The Persistence of Memory Salvador Dali, 1934
  37. 41. The Church of the Sagrada Familia Antoni Gaudi, begun 1883
  38. 42. L’ Amour Fou
  39. 43. “ Beauty will be convulsive or will not be at all.” -Andre Breton
  40. 45. Alberto Giacometti
  41. 46. Woman With Her Throat Cut Alberto Giacometti
  42. 47. Seated Bather Pablo Picasso
  43. 48. “ Minotauromachie ” Pablo Picasso 1937
  44. 49. Erotic-Veiled
  45. 50. Erotique Voilee Man Ray, 1933
  46. 51. Hans Bellmer
  47. 54. Surrealist Legacies
  48. 55. New York 1940-1970
  49. 56. The Liver is the Cock’s Comb Arshile Gorky, 1942
  50. 58. Robert Motherwell Elergy for the Spanish Republic 1953-4
  51. 59. Jackson Pollock Lavender Mist, 1950
  52. 60. Joseph Cornell
  53. 61. Jasper Johns
  54. 62. Robert Rauschenberg
  55. 63. Claes Oldenburg
  56. 64. 1960+
  57. 65. Robert Gober
  58. 66. Louise Bourgeois
  59. 67. Mona Hatoum
  60. 68. Marc Quinn
  61. 69. Sarah Lucas
  62. 71. Jake and Dinos Chapman
  63. 72. Paul McCarthy
  64. 73. Chris Burden (Los Angeles, 1970s) The simplest Surrealist act consists of dashing down into the street, pistol in hand, and firing blindly, as fast as you can pull the trigger, into the crowd. -Andre Breton (Paris, 1924)
  65. 74. Ai Weiwei
  66. 75. Performance Art
  67. 76. “ Hyperreal”
  68. 77. Matthew Barney
  69. 78. Maurizio Catellan
  70. 79. Jeff Koons
  71. 80. Surrealism and Popular Culture Cinema Rock music TV
  72. 82. Spellbound Alfred Hitchcock, 1945
  73. 88. Surrealism, Advertisement and Package Design
  74. 92. Surrealism and Product Design
  75. 93. Salvador Dali
  76. 94. Salvador Dali
  77. 95. Salvador Dali
  78. 96. Man Ray
  79. 97. Meret Oppenheim
  80. 98. Julia Lohmann
  81. 116. Surrealism and Fashion
  82. 117. Elsa Schiarapelli Dali-inspired hats, 1936
  83. 120. Guy Bourdin
  84. 121. “ Surrealism does not allow those who devote themselves to it to forsake it whenever they like. There is every reason to believe that it acts on the mind very much as drugs do; like drugs, it creates a certain state of need and can push man to frightful revolts.” -Andre Breton “ Madness is revolution confined to the self.” -John Berger

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