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Global governance


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Global governance

  1. 1. Yudha Kurniawan, MA FISIP UPDM (B) 2012
  2. 2.  Theterm global governance lacks any accepted definition. As one analyst puts it: “...The word…presents dangers and opportunities to anyone who would reopen the question of global governance, though the term itself lacks in precision what it offers in its novelty. It is quite certain in most people‟s minds that governance is not government…. But beyond that negative stance, the concept of global governance needs to be clarified, amplified and, if thought desirable, made operational...” (Desai 1995, 7)
  3. 3.  OranYoung (1994, 15), in turn, defines governance as: “...the establishment and operation of social institutions (in the sense of rules of the game that serve to define social practices, assign roles, and guide interactions among the occupants of these roles) capable of resolving conflicts, facilitating cooperation, or, moregenerally, alleviating collective action problems in a world of interdependent actors..”
  4. 4.  Young‟s definitions properly direct our attention to the interdependent nature of decision making and the attempt by actors to “manage” or produce more “orderly” responses to common problems But it resulting blur two analytically distinct political processes: bargaining, which divides the available costs and benefits between actors, and contracting, which enforces the bargains reached. It is the enforcement of bargains that we intuitively mean by the term governance
  5. 5.  Frequently noted in the existing literature, governance is not equivalent to government or formal institutions Global governance is not limited to contracts between states Governance is a variable between the relations of anarchy and hierarchy
  6. 6.  Globalization and global governance are intimately connected As globalization occurs, states lose control over their destinies, problems become “bigger” than the capacities of individual governments, and states must delegate and possibly abdicate political authority to supranational entities with powers that more nearly coincide with the scope of the issues and actors to be managed
  7. 7.  Global governance clearly is not world government – indeed, it is better viewed as the sum of governance processes operating in the absence of world government „Global governance,‟ is „any purposeful activity intended to “control” or influence someone else that either occurs in the arena occupied by nations or, occurring at other levels, projects influence into that arena.‟
  8. 8.  It is a process of activity, and to differentiate it from other terms, its descriptive rather than normative nature should be emphasized: „global governance is governing, without sovereign authority, relationships that transcend national frontiers‟
  9. 9.  Creating greater operational capacity and effectiveness Generating more flexibility and efficiency Establishing a cooperative work culture in participating organizations Encouraging interorganizational learning Creating greater opportunities for participation and increasing the legitimacy of governance
  10. 10. Thank You