WHAT IS BLACK DEATH?
The Black Death is the term used for the plague (disease)
that devastated the world’s population in the 14th
ORIGIN OF BLACK DEATH
Usually thought to have started in China or Central Asia, it had
reached the trade city of Caffa by 1346 and from there, black
rats carried it onto merchant ships. It then spread throughout
the Mediterranean and ravaged Europe.
The Culprits Of Plague
The bubonic plague was
the most commonly seen
form during the Black Death.
The classic sign of bubonic
plague was the appearance of
buboes in the groin, the neck
and armpits, which oozed
black pus and bled.
Pneumonic plague was
the second most commonly
seen form during the Black
fever, cough, and bloodtinged sputum. As the disease
progressed, sputum became
free flowing and bright red.
Septicemic plague was
the least common of the
Symptoms were high
fevers and purple skin
(Even today, there is no
-A wide-brimmed black hat worn
close to the head. At the
time, this hat would have been
identified a person as a doctor
and may have also been used as
partial shielding from infection.
- A primitive gas mask in the
shape of a bird's beak. The beak
of the mask was often filled with
strongly aromatic herbs and
spices to overpower the miasmas
or "bad air" which was also
thought to carry the plague.
- A long, black overcoat. The
overcoat worn by the plague
doctor was tucked in behind the
beak mask at the neckline to
minimize skin exposure.
A plague doctor's duties were often limited to visiting
victims to verify whether they had been afflicted or not.
Vinegar and Rose water treatment
If a person gets the disease, they must be put to
bed. They should be washed with vinegar and rose
The streets should be cleaned of all human and animal waste. It
should be taken by a cart to a field outside of the village and
burnt. All bodies should be buried in deep pits outside of the
village and their clothes should also be burnt.
Lancing the buboes
The swellings associated with the Black Death should be cut
open to allow the disease to leave the body. A mixture of tree
resin, roots of white lilies and dried human excrement should be
applied to the places where the body has been cut open.
Roast the shells of newly laid eggs. Ground the roasted shells into a
powder. Chop up the leaves and petals of marigold flowers. Put the egg
shells and marigolds into a pot of good ale. And warm it over a fire. The
patient should drink this mixture every morning and night.
Death Rate due to Plague During
1340 A.D -- 1450 A.D
Is the Plague a Health Problem
Worldwide, there are 1,000 to 3,000 cases of plague each year.
Epidemic plague is generally associated with domestic rats. Almost
all of the cases reported during the decade were rural. They
occurred among people living in small towns and villages or in
agricultural areas, rather than in larger, more developed towns