TRANSFORMATION IIByHj Azhari bin TauhidPengetua SEMSAS
TRANSFORMATIONSCHANGE THE POSTIONOF A SHAPECHANGE THE SIZE OF ASHAPETRANSLATION ROTATION REFLECTIONChange inlocationTurn a...
TRANSLATIONWhat does a translation look like?A TRANSLATION IS A CHANGE IN LOCATION.x yTranslate from x to yoriginal image
In this example, the"slide" moves thefigure7 units to the left and 3units down. (or 3 unitsdown and 7 units tothe left.)-7...
ROTATIONWhat does a rotation look like?A ROTATION MEANS TO TURN A FIGUREcentre of rotation
ROTATIONThis is another way rotation looksA ROTATION MEANS TO TURN A FIGUREThe trianglewas rotatedaround thepoint.centre o...
ROTATIONDescribe how the triangle A was transformed tomake triangle BA BDescribe the transformation
90o
ROTATIONDescribe how the triangle A was transformed tomake triangle BA BTriangle A was rotated 90 clockwise at thecentre o...
ROTATIONDescribe how the arrow A was transformed to makearrow BDescribe the transformation.Arrow A was rotated 180 clockwi...
REFLECTIONA REFLECTION IS FLIPPED OVER A LINE.A reflection is a transformation that flipsa figure across a line.
REFLECTIONThe line that a shape is flipped over is called aline of reflection or axis of reflection.A REFLECTION IS FLIPPE...
CONCLUSIONWe just discussed three types of transformations.See if you can match the action with theappropriate transformat...
Translation, Rotation, and Reflection allchange the position of a shape, while thesize remains the same.The fourth transfo...
TRANSFORMATIONSCHANGE THE POSTIONOF A SHAPECHANGE THE SIZE OF ASHAPETRANSLATION ROTATION REFLECTIONChange inlocationTurn a...
Enlargement changes the size of theshape without changing the shape.ENLARGEMENTWhen you enlarge a photograph or use acopy ...
Enlarge means to make a shape bigger.ENLARGEMENTReduce means to make a shape smaller.The scale factor tells you how muchso...
SimilaritySimilar figures have the same shape:-All the corresponding angles are equal or-All the corresponding sides are t...
A scale factor describes how much a figure isenlarged or reduced. A scale factor can beexpressed as a decimal, fraction, o...
Scale factor of enlargement, kA’C’CB’BAk = A’B’AB= 74= 1.75k = length of imagelength of object
A scale factor (k) between 0 and 1 reduces afigure. A scale factor greater than 1 enlarges it.-1<k<1 image is smaller than...
Tell whether each transformation is aenlargement.The transformationis a enlargement.The transformationis not a enlargement...
Every enlargement has a fixed point that isthe centre of enlargement. To find thecentre of enlargement, draw a line thatco...
Enlarge the figure by a scale factor of 1.5 withP as the center of enlargement.Multiply each side by 1.5.Example: Enlargin...
Enlarge the figure by a scale factor of 0.5 withG as the center of enlargement.GF H2 cm 2 cm2 cmMultiply each side by 0.5....
Determine the centre of enlargementP(-2, 3)A’C’CB’BAxy-2 86422640-2Centre ofenlargement, P(-2, 3)
Enlarge the figure by a scale factor of 2 withorigin is the centre of enlargement.242 4 6 8 1006810BCAImage Of Enlargement
242 4 6 8 1006810B’C’A’BCAImage Of EnlargementGiven k = 2,Origin is the centre ofenlargementA’B’ = AB x k= 2 x 2= 4 unit
Enlarge the figure by a scale factor of 0.5 withorigin is the centre of enlargement.242 4 6 8 1006810BCAImage Of Enlargement
242 4 6 8 1006810BCAB’C’A’Image Of EnlargementA’B’ = AB x k= 4 x 0.5= 2 unitGiven k = 0.5,Origin is the centre ofenlargement
Area Of ImageIf k is the scale of an enlargement,Area of ImageArea of Objectk2 =
Skill PracticePoster B is an enlargement of A with scale factor 5. If the area ofposter A is 600cm2,.find the area of post...
Skill PracticeIn the figure, the bigger circle is the Imageof the smaller circle under an enlargementcentre O and scale fa...
Look at the pictures belowENLARGEMENTEnlarge the image with a scalefactor of 75%Enlarge the image with a scalefactor of 150%
See if you can identify the transformation thatcreated the new shapesTRANSLATION
See if you can identify the transformation thatcreated the new shapesREFLECTIONWhere is the lineof reflection?
See if you can identify the transformation thatcreated the new shapesROTATION
See if you can identify the transformation thatcreated the new shapesENLARGEMENT
The End
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Enlargment tg3

  1. 1. TRANSFORMATION IIByHj Azhari bin TauhidPengetua SEMSAS
  2. 2. TRANSFORMATIONSCHANGE THE POSTIONOF A SHAPECHANGE THE SIZE OF ASHAPETRANSLATION ROTATION REFLECTIONChange inlocationTurn around apointFlip over alineENLARGEMENTChange size ofa shape
  3. 3. TRANSLATIONWhat does a translation look like?A TRANSLATION IS A CHANGE IN LOCATION.x yTranslate from x to yoriginal image
  4. 4. In this example, the"slide" moves thefigure7 units to the left and 3units down. (or 3 unitsdown and 7 units tothe left.)-7-3OrTranslation-7-3ExampleTranslation (-7, -3)
  5. 5. ROTATIONWhat does a rotation look like?A ROTATION MEANS TO TURN A FIGUREcentre of rotation
  6. 6. ROTATIONThis is another way rotation looksA ROTATION MEANS TO TURN A FIGUREThe trianglewas rotatedaround thepoint.centre of rotation
  7. 7. ROTATIONDescribe how the triangle A was transformed tomake triangle BA BDescribe the transformation
  8. 8. 90o
  9. 9. ROTATIONDescribe how the triangle A was transformed tomake triangle BA BTriangle A was rotated 90 clockwise at thecentre of rotation P(x, y)P(x, y)
  10. 10. ROTATIONDescribe how the arrow A was transformed to makearrow BDescribe the transformation.Arrow A was rotated 180 clockwise/anticlockwise at the centre of rotation P(x, y)ABP (x, y)
  11. 11. REFLECTIONA REFLECTION IS FLIPPED OVER A LINE.A reflection is a transformation that flipsa figure across a line.
  12. 12. REFLECTIONThe line that a shape is flipped over is called aline of reflection or axis of reflection.A REFLECTION IS FLIPPED OVER A LINE.Line/ axis ofreflectionNotice, the shapes are exactly the samedistance from the line of reflection on bothsides.The line of reflection can be on the shapeor it can be outside the shape.
  13. 13. CONCLUSIONWe just discussed three types of transformations.See if you can match the action with theappropriate transformation.FLIPSLIDETURNREFLECTIONTRANSLATIONROTATION
  14. 14. Translation, Rotation, and Reflection allchange the position of a shape, while thesize remains the same.The fourth transformation that we aregoing to discuss is calledENLARGEMENT (dilation).
  15. 15. TRANSFORMATIONSCHANGE THE POSTIONOF A SHAPECHANGE THE SIZE OF ASHAPETRANSLATION ROTATION REFLECTIONChange inlocationTurn around apointFlip over alineENLARGEMENTChange size ofa shapeTranslation ( )- distance- directionxy- centre P(x, y)- direction- angle spins- Line/axis ofreflection- distance- backward- centre P(x, y)- scale factor, k
  16. 16. Enlargement changes the size of theshape without changing the shape.ENLARGEMENTWhen you enlarge a photograph or use acopy machine to reduce a map, you aremaking enlargement with -1< k <1.
  17. 17. Enlarge means to make a shape bigger.ENLARGEMENTReduce means to make a shape smaller.The scale factor tells you how muchsomething is enlarged or reduced.
  18. 18. SimilaritySimilar figures have the same shape:-All the corresponding angles are equal or-All the corresponding sides are the same ratioABA’B’D D’CC’BB’A’A=DAD’A’CDC’D’BCB’C’==
  19. 19. A scale factor describes how much a figure isenlarged or reduced. A scale factor can beexpressed as a decimal, fraction, or percent. A 10%increase is a scale factor of 1.1, and a 10%decrease is a scale factor of 0.9.
  20. 20. Scale factor of enlargement, kA’C’CB’BAk = A’B’AB= 74= 1.75k = length of imagelength of object
  21. 21. A scale factor (k) between 0 and 1 reduces afigure. A scale factor greater than 1 enlarges it.-1<k<1 image is smaller than the object-1>k>1 image is larger than the objectk=1 or k=-1 image is equal to the object-k image and object are in opposite directionHelpful Hint
  22. 22. Tell whether each transformation is aenlargement.The transformationis a enlargement.The transformationis not a enlargement.The figure is distorted.A. B.Example: Identifying Enlargement
  23. 23. Every enlargement has a fixed point that isthe centre of enlargement. To find thecentre of enlargement, draw a line thatconnects each pair of correspondingvertices. The lines intersect at one point.This point is the centre of enlargement.
  24. 24. Enlarge the figure by a scale factor of 1.5 withP as the center of enlargement.Multiply each side by 1.5.Example: Enlarging a Figure
  25. 25. Enlarge the figure by a scale factor of 0.5 withG as the center of enlargement.GF H2 cm 2 cm2 cmMultiply each side by 0.5.GF H2 cm2 cm2 cmF’ H’1 cm1 cm1 cmTry This
  26. 26. Determine the centre of enlargementP(-2, 3)A’C’CB’BAxy-2 86422640-2Centre ofenlargement, P(-2, 3)
  27. 27. Enlarge the figure by a scale factor of 2 withorigin is the centre of enlargement.242 4 6 8 1006810BCAImage Of Enlargement
  28. 28. 242 4 6 8 1006810B’C’A’BCAImage Of EnlargementGiven k = 2,Origin is the centre ofenlargementA’B’ = AB x k= 2 x 2= 4 unit
  29. 29. Enlarge the figure by a scale factor of 0.5 withorigin is the centre of enlargement.242 4 6 8 1006810BCAImage Of Enlargement
  30. 30. 242 4 6 8 1006810BCAB’C’A’Image Of EnlargementA’B’ = AB x k= 4 x 0.5= 2 unitGiven k = 0.5,Origin is the centre ofenlargement
  31. 31. Area Of ImageIf k is the scale of an enlargement,Area of ImageArea of Objectk2 =
  32. 32. Skill PracticePoster B is an enlargement of A with scale factor 5. If the area ofposter A is 600cm2,.find the area of poster B.Area of ImageArea of Objectk2 =52 = Area of Poster B600= 600 x 25Area of Poster B= 15,000 cm2
  33. 33. Skill PracticeIn the figure, the bigger circle is the Imageof the smaller circle under an enlargementcentre O and scale factor 2, Given that thearea of the smaller circle is 15 cm2,calculate the area of the shaded regionArea of ImageArea of Objectk2 =22 = Area of Image15= 15 x 4Area of image= 60 cm2oArea of shaded region = 60 - 15= 45 cm2
  34. 34. Look at the pictures belowENLARGEMENTEnlarge the image with a scalefactor of 75%Enlarge the image with a scalefactor of 150%
  35. 35. See if you can identify the transformation thatcreated the new shapesTRANSLATION
  36. 36. See if you can identify the transformation thatcreated the new shapesREFLECTIONWhere is the lineof reflection?
  37. 37. See if you can identify the transformation thatcreated the new shapesROTATION
  38. 38. See if you can identify the transformation thatcreated the new shapesENLARGEMENT
  39. 39. The End

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