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The Pendulum Swings Back: Converged and Hyperconverged Environments

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The Pendulum Swings Back: Converged and Hyperconverged Environments

  1. 1. #ibmedge© 2016 IBM Corporation 1365 The Pendulum Swings Back – Understanding Converged and Hyperconverged Environments Tony Pearson, IBM Master Inventor and Senior Engineer
  2. 2. #ibmedge In the early days of IT, storage was internal to its server, over time, storage outgrew its container, and we started have externally attached storage, and benefits like RAID and clustered servers for high availability. Then, SANs, LANs and WANs took the main stage, allowing for greater connectivity and distance. But now, it seems the pendulum is swinging back with converged and hyperconverged systems. This session will provide the motivations, advantages and disadvantages of these new configurations. Abstract 1
  3. 3. #ibmedge This week with Tony Pearson Day Time Topic Monday 2:30pm All Flash is Not Created Equal: Tony Pearson Contrasts IBM FlashSystem and SSD Grand Garden Arena, Lower Level, MGM Grand - Studio A Wednesday 11:00am All Flash is Not Created Equal: Tony Pearson Contrasts IBM FlashSystem and SSD Grand Garden Arena, Lower Level, MGM Grand - Studio 2 1:15pm Tony Pearson Presents IBM Cloud Object Storage System (Cleversafe) and Its Applications MGM Grand - Room 114 2:30pm The Pendulum Swings Back: Tony Pearson Explains Converged and Hyperconverged Environments MGM Grand - Room 113 Thursday 09:00am Tony Pearson Presents IBM's Cloud Storage Options MGM Grand - Room 116 2
  4. 4. #ibmedge What the Analysts said of Converged Systems 3
  5. 5. #ibmedge The Pendulum Swings on Infrastructure Design Internal Storage • Personal Information Managers (PIM) • Mainframe • AS/400 Advantages Simple, self-contained Disadvantages • Simple, self-contained • Scalability limited to what can fit inside the hardware container • Single Point of Failure (SPOF) (unless you keep 2 or more copies of data across independent systems) • Backups, Security and other Policy enforcement is done on a system- by-system basis individually 4
  6. 6. #ibmedge The Pendulum Swings to External Storage External Storage • Mainframe • AS/400 • Linux, UNIX, Windows Advantages Two or more servers can directly attach to external storage High-availability clusters RAID for data protection and performance Shared Cache More room for storage growth Centralize features, snapshots and tape drives for backups Disadvantages • Scalability limited to number of hosts attached • Limited distance for external cables 5
  7. 7. #ibmedge IBM Entry-Level and Midrange Storage Positioning DCS3700 Performance • Host: FC, SAS, iSCSI • 360 Nearline drives • DCS3700 Expansion DCS3860 • Host: FC, SAS, iSCSI • 360 Nearline drives • DCS3860 Expansion DCS3700 • Host: FC, SAS, iSCSI • 180 Nearline drives • DCS3700 Expansion Storwize V7000 • Host: FC, FCoE, iSCSI • Up to 1,056 SSD, 15K, 10K, Nearline • Storwize Expansion Storwize V5000 • Host: FC, FCoE, SAS, iSCSI • Up to 1,008 SSD, 15K, 10K, Nearline • Storwize Expansion Random workloads Sequential workloads Deep Computing Storage (DCS)Storwize family built with IBM Spectrum Virtualize™ 12 or 24 drives in 2U rack space 60 drives in 4U rack space 6
  8. 8. #ibmedge Inheriting Features from IBM’s Enterprise-Class Systems Inherited RAID functionality already developed for the DS8000 series for 3.5” and 2.5” disk drives RAID 5, 6, 10 RAS services and diagnostics Inherited architecture and software features from SAN Volume Controller (SVC) Innovative ease-of-use GUI influenced from the field-proven interface of IBM XIV Storwize V7000 (block only) V700 0 Unifie d V700 0 Unifie d Storwize V7000 Unified (block and file access) Inherited NAS, ILM and Active File Management from Spectrum Scale Enterprise-Class Systems Midrange Systems Storwize V5000 (block only) 7
  9. 9. #ibmedge IBM Spectrum Virtualize™ – Key Features Easy Tier • Automatically moves extents between Flash, Enterprise and Nearline disk Real-time Compression • Inline compression for active primary workloads • Up to 80% Savings - More effective than Data Deduplication • Ideal for Databases, VMs, CAD/CAM, etc. Data-at-Rest Encryption • AES 256 bit encryption implemented in SAS chip of V700 Gen2 Hardware • Storwize software for block, and Spectrum Scale for file modules • Supports internal and external storage • Works with all other features including Real-time Compression and Easy Tier – Data is compressed first, then encrypted • Encryption keys stored on USB memory sticks • No performance impact to applications! 8
  10. 10. #ibmedge Real-time Compression implementation on Spectrum Virtualize IBM Random Access Compression Engine™ Benefits • Hardware-assisted real-time compression • Compressed data in cache to increase hit ratios • More capacity savings than data deduplication for active data • Compress existing data without downtime • Compress before Encryption to optimize benefits of both Upper cache Lower cache • Stretch Cluster forwarding • Metro Mirror, HyperSwap • Compression offloaded to Intel® QuickAssist FPGA • FlashCopy • Global Mirroring • Thin Provisioning 5x effective capacity! • Encryption 9
  11. 11. #ibmedge Storwize V5000 Gen2 models Up to 2 Control Enclosures Add up to 20 Expansion Enclosures per controller Storwize V5030 and V5030F Supports thin provisioning, FlashCopy, Easy Tier, remote mirroring, encryption, compression and external virtualization 1 Control Enclosure Add up to 10 Expansion Enclosures Storwize V5010 Supports thin provisioning, FlashCopy, Easy Tier and remote mirroring Storwize V5020 Supports thin provisioning, FlashCopy, Easy Tier, remote mirroring, and encryption up to 264 internal drivesup to 1,008 internal drives 10
  12. 12. #ibmedge The Pendulum Swings to Networked Storage SAN LAN Advantages Many more hosts can be attached Greater distances enables Disaster Recovery Fewer, larger systems like Tape Libraries easier to manage Disadvantages • SANs and LANs requires different skill sets • OS-specific and device-specific management tools Networked Storage • SAN and NAS attached flash, disk and tape systems • IBM Spectrum Scale • IBM Spectrum Virtualize and SAN Volume Controller 11
  13. 13. #ibmedge The Problem: Islands of Volume, File and Object data Volume-level Storage OS-specific file systems on direct -attach or SAN-based devices Sharing requires file transfers Provides “Context” for Analytics of Social and Mobile transactions File-level Storage NAS encourages sharing across social networks Desire for file sync-and- share across desktops and mobile HDFS requires transfer (ingest) from other sources JFS2 EXT4 NTFS SMB HDFS NFS Object-level Storage New Web and Mobile apps prefer Object-level access Amazon S3 OpenStack Swift 12
  14. 14. #ibmedge IBM Spectrum Scale – Flexible File and Object Storage FS1 FS256. . . Exabyte-Scale, Global Namespace One big file system or divide into as many as 256 smaller file/object systems Each file system can be further divided into fileset containers Network Shared Disk (NSD) refers to: • Flash and Disk LUNs • Servers connected to these LUNs • Protocol between clients and servers Metadata can be separated to its own Pool or intermixed with data Files and objects can be migrated to Tape, Object store, or Cloud* 13
  15. 15. #ibmedge IBM Spectrum Scale™ – Supported Topologies Twin-tailed SAN Internal, Direct-Attach Shared PoolsShare-Nothing Pools NSD Servers Access files on direct, twin-tailed or SAN attached disk Can export files to application nodes File Placement Optimization (FPO) Servers Access files on direct attached disk Exports files to other FPO servers Hyperconverged External Clients Access data via file and object protocols over IP network TCP/IP NSD Clients For Linux, AIX, and Windows Access files via SAN, TCP/IP or RDMA TCP/IP or RDMA network 14
  16. 16. #ibmedge IBM Spectrum Scale™ replaces other POSIX file systems SAN Direct-Attach SAN-level Storage JFS2 EXT4 NTFS • Works like OS-specific file systems • No file transfers required between OS • Linux on x86, POWER and z Systems TCP/IP or RDMA Network Twin-tailed 15
  17. 17. #ibmedge IBM Spectrum Scale™ – More than just a file system! ROBO Other NAS Other Datacenters Scale Active File Management (AFM) caches data to where it is needed, can be used to migrate from other NAS devices Hierarchical Storage Management (HSM) migrates infrequently accessed files to tape, automatically recalls back when accessed Local Read-Only Cache (LROC) and Highly Available Write Cache (HAWC) caches the busiest blocks of files on local flash Disaster Recovery (DR) asynchronously mirrors data to remote locations Migrate/Recall Tape, Object, Cloud NSD Client Information Lifecycle Management (ILM) moves data across tiers of flash and disk Cloud 16
  18. 18. #ibmedge SAN Twin-tailed Protocol Servers NFS v3/v4 SMB2, SMB3 AIX, Linux, Mac OS, Windows, VMware, z/OS, etc. Feature of IBM Spectrum Scale on Linux nodes Share files with clients using NFS, SMB and Object protocols All nodes can share the same data If Protocol Server Node fails, client connections are moved to another server Protocol Server Node(s) need “NSD Server” License External clients need no Spectrum Scale License Files can be accessed as objects, objects can be accessed as files! Clustered Protocol Servers for File and Object access TCP/IP OpenStack Amazon S3 17
  19. 19. #ibmedge The Pendulum Swings to Converged Systems SAN LAN Advantages • Converged Systems can also connect to existing SAN/LAN • Solution Focus • Fewer servers required with virtualization • Portability to Cloud Disadvantages • Lose some of the gains from SAN/LAN • Backup and Disaster Recovery? • Islands of processing and data? Converged Systems • Switches, Servers and Storage equipment packaged into a single rack 18
  20. 20. #ibmedge Converged Systems – Introducing VersaStack vBlock Cisco and EMC Flexpod Cisco and NetApp PureSystems IBM POWER + IBM Storage VersaStack Cisco and IBM • Cisco Nexus and MDS switches • Cisco UCS x86 servers • Cisco UCS Director software • FlashSystem StorwizeV7000, V7000 Unified, V5000 19
  21. 21. #ibmedge Local Area Network Data Center Network Host Bus Adapter (HBA) Network Interface Card (NIC) 10/100/1000 1GbE 10GbE 2 Gbps 4 Gbps 8 Gbps 16 Gbps Storage Area Network Converged Network Adapter (CNA) 10GbE 40GbE 100GbE Data Center Bridging (DCB) • Data, Voice, Video NFS, SMB, iSCSI, FCoE, OpenStack Swift / Amazon S3 Convergence of Networks 20
  22. 22. #ibmedge Cisco UCSD Turn-Key Solution Overview Self Service Portal UCSD Unified Infrastructure Controller Multi-tenant & integrated cloud platform Admin Console Dashboard Cloud Infrastructure Amazon, Rackspace, … VMware vCenter System Center System Integration Admins End Users Operations LDAP, Single Sign On RBAC IT Ticketing Systems CMDB, Metering/Chargeback Server Managers Network Manager Storage APIs UCS UCS Director Integrated Multi-tenant Cloud Platform Infrastructure Nexus Public Clouds Provider API Mobile Devices Hyper-V Custom Connector Open Automation REST API KVM RHE-Virtualization Manager 21
  23. 23. #ibmedge Subject Matter Experts Define Policies Policies Used to Create Service Profile SAN and Storage 2 vSwitch Nexus 1000v VI SME Storage SME Server SME Network SME Server Name UUID, MAC, WWN Boot Information LAN, SAN Config Firmware Policy SAN Zoning Create and MAP LUN Provision Physical and Virtual 3 System is ready for Use 4 Server Name UUID, MAC, WWN Boot Information LAN, SAN Config Firmware Policy Storage Configuration Virtual Infrastructure Configuration Network Configuration Application Profile Virtualization Policy Server Policy Network Policy Storage Policy Service Profile like the SIM card in your phone! Ease & Efficiency with Cisco UCS Director 22
  24. 24. #ibmedge Each can have up to 20 Expansion Enclosures Storwize V7000 Upgrade Options Start with 1 Control Enclosure Add up to 20 Expansion Enclosures Cluster up to 4 Control Enclosures together into a single system Block-only FCP, FCoE and iSCSI, up to 1,056 drives Drive choices 2.5-inch (SFF) 24-bay • 200/400/800/1600 GB SSD 2TB/4TB Read-Intensive • 300/600 GB 15K RPM SAS • 3600/900/1200/1800 GB 10K RPM SAS • 1and 2 TB 7,200 RPM NL-SAS Drive choices 3.5-inch (LFF) 12-bay • 2/3/4/6/8 TB 7,200 RPM NL-SAS Mix and Match! Mix 12-bay and 24-bay behind the same controller Mix any drive types within shelf 23
  25. 25. #ibmedge V70 00 Unif ied V70 00 Unif ied Block-and-File Add Spectrum Scale v4.1.1 file modules to add support for FTP, HTTPS, SCP, NFS, SMB As well as block-level FCP, FCoE and iSCSI, up to 1,056 drives IBM Spectrum Scale for Storwize V7000 Unified R1.6 Start with 1 Control Enclosure Add up to 20 Expansion Enclosures Cluster up to 4 Control Enclosures together into a single system Each can have up to 20 Expansion Enclosures Attachment options Direct attach or SAN attach to Storwize V7000 24
  26. 26. #ibmedge IBM FlashSystem V9000 IBM introduces a fully integrated, flexible, feature rich all-flash storage system Introducing IBM’s choice for open system tier 1 storage • Scalable all-flash architecture accelerates applications and entire infrastructures • Performs at up to 2.5M IOPS with IBM MicroLatency • Up to 57TB usable (285TB effective capacity) in only 6U and scales to 456TB usable (2.28PB effective capacity) in only 34U • New licensing structure to simplify ordering and planning for External Data Virtualization, FlashCopy, Metro Mirror, and Real-time Compression • FlashSystem Tier 1 Guarantee Scalable Performance Agile IntegrationEnduring Economics Powered by IBM FlashCore™ Technology 25
  27. 27. #ibmedge Why Cisco and IBM? 26
  28. 28. #ibmedge The Pendulum Swings to Hyperconverged Systems Advantages Commodity off-the-shelf (COTS) server and storage hardware Servers can now hold sufficient Flash and Disk capacity Easy to re-purpose servers as needed Disadvantages • SPOF requires 2 or more copies across independent servers • High-speed Ethernet or InfiniBand network for connectivity • Distance and Scalability issues on some deployments Hyperconverged Systems • Storage-rich servers with software to connect across other servers 27
  29. 29. #ibmedge VMware Virtual SAN (VSAN) • VSAN cluster consists of 2-64 VMware ESXi hosts • At least 2 must have disk groups • Each host has 0 to 5 disk groups • Disk Group is 1 SSD plus 1-7 HDD • 70% SSD as Read cache • 30% SSD as Write cache • IP Network used to make three copies (replication) of data • L2 Multicast required • 1GbE can be used • Jumbo Frames and 10GbE recommended • Only members in the cluster can access the data 28
  30. 30. #ibmedge VMware EVO:RAIL 4-16 nodes 29
  31. 31. #ibmedge Virtual Storage Control Virtual Storage Control Virtual Machine/Virtual Disk Flash HDD Enterprise Storage Snapshots, clones, replication, compression, thin provisioning , deduplication Data Management Data locality, tiering, balancing, tunable resilience Hyperviso r Agnostic vSphere, KVM, Hyper-V 3-64 nodes Nutanix Distributed File System (NDFS) 30
  32. 32. #ibmedge Servers + VMware Storage Switch HA Shared Storage SSD Array Backup Appliance WAN Optimization Cloud Gateway Storage Caching Backup Apps Legacy Stack Pre-integrated storage and server resources Converged storage and server resources Converge entire stack into single resource pool Simplivity Best of Both Worlds Cloud Economics Web-Scale Enterprise Capabilitie s HyperconvergedConverged 1-8 nodes per datacenter, 32 max federated 31
  33. 33. #ibmedge 3-15 Modules What’s Different about Spectrum Accelerate? 12 SED 1, 2, 3, 4, 6 TB Optional SSD 500, 800 GB 6-12 cores 24-96 GB RAM FCP Ethernet IB FCP Ethernet IB 6/9-15 Modules Host FCP Host iSCSI + Management GUI/CLI Inter- node 4-20 cores 32-128 GB RAM 6-12 drives, JBOD 600 GB to 6 TB Optional SSD 500-800 GB VMware ESXi 5.5 Ethernet Ethernet Host iSCSI + Inter-node + Management Pre-built System Software-only 32
  34. 34. #ibmedge VM 2 Spectrum Accelerate for Block-Level Hyperconvergence Enables the IT administrator to single- handedly manage the entire data center stack Allows hardware standardization of network, compute, storage, power and environmentals Leverages existing Data Center services and maintenance contracts Simplifies the architecture when lacking specialized, domain-specific skill sets Available as Software-only and Supermicro® Hyperconverged Appliance pre-built system Ethernet Interconnect Hypervisor Spectrum Accelerate Spectrum Accelerate Spectrum Accelerate Hypervisor iSCSI Hypervisor VM 1 VM 4 VM 6 iSCS I iSC SI VM 3 VM 5 iSCSI 33
  35. 35. #ibmedge Extend Access beyond the IBM Spectrum Accelerate cluster Spectrum Accelerate iSCSI volumes available to other hypervisor and bare metal hosts (AIX, Windows, Linux, VMware, Hyper-V, KVM..) AIX and PowerVM Linux and KVM Windows and Hyper-V VMware 34
  36. 36. #ibmedge App 2 Spectrum Scale File Placement Optimization (FPO) for clustered file and object storage Enables the IT administrator to single-handedly manage the entire data center stack Allows hardware standardization of network, compute, storage, power and environmentals Bare metal deployments for AIX, Windows and Linux Supports Hyper-V and Linux KVM hypervisors, Docker and LXC Containers Ethernet Or Infiniband Interconnect Server Spectrum Scale Spectrum Scale Spectrum Scale Server POSIX Server App 1 App 4 App 6 POSIX POSIX App 3 App 5 35
  37. 37. #ibmedge The Pendulum Swings to meet Client Requirements SAN LAN Internal Storage Networked Storage • IBM Flash, Disk and Tape storage systems • IBM Spectrum Storage • IBM Cloud Object Storage System External Storage • Storwize family • DCS3700/DCS3860 Converged Systems • VersaStack by Cisco and IBM • IBM PureSystems Hyperconverged Systems • IBM Spectrum Accelerate • IBM Spectrum Scale • Supermicro® Hyperconverged Appliance 36
  38. 38. © 2016 IBM Corporation #ibmedge Thank You
  39. 39. #ibmedge IBM Redbooks on VersaStack 38 IBM FlashSystem V9000 in a VersaStack Environment VersaStack with Oracle RAC, IBM FlashSystem V9000 and IBM Spectrum Protect IBM PureApplication Software on VersaStack VersaStack with SQL, IBM Spectrum Control and IBM Spectrum Protect VersaStack with IBM DB2, IBM Spectrum Control and IBM Spectrum Protect www.redbooks.ibm.com
  40. 40. #ibmedge IBM Redbooks on IBM XIV and Spectrum Accelerate 39 IBM XIV Storage System Architecture and Implementation IBM Spectrum Accelerate Reference Architecture IBM Spectrum Accelerate Deployment, Usage and Maintenance Deploying IBM Spectrum Accelerate in the Cloud www.redbooks.ibm.com
  41. 41. #ibmedge IBM Redbooks on IBM Spectrum Scale 40 IBM Spectrum Scale (formerly GPFS) Implementing IBM Spectrum Scale IBM Spectrum Scale in an OpenStack Environment IBM Spectrum Scale – Big Data and Analytics Solution IBM Spectrum Scale and ECM FileNet Content Manager www.redbooks.ibm.com
  42. 42. #ibmedge IBM Redbooks on IBM FlashSystem 41 Implementing IBM FlashSystem 900 Introducing and Implementing IBM FlashSystem V9000 IBM FlashSystem A9000 Product Guide IBM FlashSystem A9000R Product Guide www.redbooks.ibm.com
  43. 43. #ibmedge IBM Redbooks on IBM Spectrum Virtualize 42 IBM Storwize V7000, Spectrum Virtualize, HyperSwap and VMware Implementation Introducing and Implementing IBM FlashSystem V9000 Implementing the IBM Storwize V7000 Gen2 Implementing the IBM Storwize V5000 Gen2 (V5010, V5020 and V5030) www.redbooks.ibm.com
  44. 44. #ibmedge IBM Tucson Executive Briefing Center • Tucson, Arizona is home for storage hardware and software design and development • IBM Tucson Executive Briefing Center offers: • Technology briefings • Product demonstrations • Solution workshops • Take a video tour! • http://youtu.be/CXrpoCZAazg 43
  45. 45. #ibmedge About the Speaker Tony Pearson is a Master Inventor and Senior Software Engineer for the IBM Storage product line. Tony joined IBM Corporation in 1986 in Tucson, Arizona, USA, and has lived there ever since. In his current role, Tony presents briefings on storage topics covering the entire IBM Storage product line, IBM Spectrum Storage software products, and topics related to Cloud Computing, Analytics and Cognitive Solutions. He interacts with clients, speaks at conferences and events, and leads client workshops to help clients with strategic planning for IBM’s integrated set of storage management software, hardware, and virtualization products. Tony writes the “Inside System Storage” blog, which is read by hundreds of clients, IBM sales reps and IBM Business Partners every week. This blog was rated one of the top 10 blogs for the IT storage industry by “Networking World” magazine, and #1 most read IBM blog on IBM’s developerWorks. The blog has been published in series of books, Inside System Storage: Volume I through V. Over the past years, Tony has worked in development, marketing and customer care positions for various storage hardware and software products. Tony has a Bachelor of Science degree in Software Engineering, and a Master of Science degree in Electrical Engineering, both from the University of Arizona. Tony holds 19 patents for inventions on storage hardware and software products. 9000 S. Rita Road Bldg 9032 Floor 1 Tucson, AZ 85744 +1 520-799-4309 (Office) tpearson@us.ibm.com Tony Pearson Master Inventor Senior Software Engineer IBM Storage 44
  46. 46. #ibmedge Email: tpearson@us.ibm.com Twitter: twitter.com/az990tony Blog: ibm.co/Pearson Books: www.lulu.com/spotlight/990_tony IBM Expert Network on Slideshare: www.slideshare.net/az990tony Facebook: www.facebook.com/tony.pearson.16121 Linkedin: https://www.linkedin.com/in/az990tony Additional Resources from Tony Pearson 45
  47. 47. #ibmedge Please Note: Edge 2016 Disclaimers • IBM’s statements regarding its plans, directions, and intent are subject to change or withdrawal without notice and at IBM’s sole discretion. • Information regarding potential future products is intended to outline our general product direction and it should not be relied on in making a purchasing decision. • The information mentioned regarding potential future products is not a commitment, promise, or legal obligation to deliver any material, code or functionality. Information about potential future products may not be incorporated into any contract. • The development, release, and timing of any future features or functionality described for our products remains at our sole discretion. • Performance is based on measurements and projections using standard IBM benchmarks in a controlled environment. The actual throughput or performance that any user will experience will vary depending upon many factors, including considerations such as the amount of multiprogramming in the user’s job stream, the I/O configuration, the storage configuration, and the workload processed. Therefore, no assurance can be given that an individual user will achieve results similar to those stated here. 46
  48. 48. #ibmedge Trademarks and Other Disclaimers 47 Adobe, the Adobe logo, PostScript, and the PostScript logo are either registered trademarks or trademarks of Adobe Systems Incorporated in the United States, and/or other countries. IT Infrastructure Library is a registered trademark of the Central Computer and Telecommunications Agency which is now part of the Office of Government Commerce. Intel, Intel logo, Intel Inside, Intel Inside logo, Intel Centrino, Intel Centrino logo, Celeron, Intel Xeon, Intel SpeedStep, Itanium, and Pentium are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and other countries. Linux is a registered trademark of Linus Torvalds in the United States, other countries, or both. Microsoft, Windows, Windows NT, and the Windows logo are trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the United States, other countries, or both. ITIL is a registered trademark, and a registered community trademark of the Office of Government Commerce, and is registered in the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. UNIX is a registered trademark of The Open Group in the United States and other countries. Java and all Java-based trademarks and logos are trademarks or registered trademarks of Oracle and/or its affiliates. Cell Broadband Engine is a trademark of Sony Computer Entertainment, Inc. in the United States, other countries, or both and is used under license therefrom. Linear Tape-Open, LTO, the LTO Logo, Ultrium, and the Ultrium logo are trademarks of HP, IBM Corp. and Quantum in the U.S. and other countries. Other product and service names might be trademarks of IBM or other companies. Information is provided "AS IS" without warranty of any kind The customer examples described are presented as illustrations of how those customers have used IBM products and the results they may have achieved. Actual environmental costs and performance characteristics may vary by customer. Information concerning non-IBM products was obtained from a supplier of these products, published announcement material, or other publicly available sources and does not constitute an endorsement of such products by IBM. Sources for non-IBM list prices and performance numbers are taken from publicly available information, including vendor announcements and vendor worldwide homepages. IBM has not tested these products and cannot confirm the accuracy of performance, capability, or any other claims related to non-IBM products. Questions on the capability of non-IBM products should be addressed to the supplier of those products. All statements regarding IBM future direction and intent are subject to change or withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objectives only. Some information addresses anticipated future capabilities. Such information is not intended as a definitive statement of a commitment to specific levels of performance, function or delivery schedules with respect to any future products. Such commitments are only made in IBM product announcements. The information is presented here to communicate IBM's current investment and development activities as a good faith effort to help with our customers' future planning. Performance is based on measurements and projections using standard IBM benchmarks in a controlled environment. The actual throughput or performance that any user will experience will vary depending upon considerations such as the amount of multiprogramming in the user's job stream, the I/O configuration, the storage configuration, and the workload processed. Therefore, no assurance can be given that an individual user will achieve throughput or performance improvements equivalent to the ratios stated here. Prices are suggested U.S. list prices and are subject to change without notice. Starting price may not include a hard drive, operating system or other features. Contact your IBM representative or Business Partner for the most current pricing in your geography. Photographs shown may be engineering prototypes. Changes may be incorporated in production models. © IBM Corporation 2016. All rights reserved. References in this document to IBM products or services do not imply that IBM intends to make them available in every country. Trademarks of International Business Machines Corporation in the United States, other countries, or both can be found on the World Wide Web at http://www.ibm.com/legal/copytrade.shtml. ZSP03490-USEN-00

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