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  1. 1. MOTIVATION ‘’ Hope is a good thing- maybe the best thing And good things never die.’’ Andy Duphrene
  2. 2. What is motivation? <ul><li>An inner state (either a need or desire) that energizes & directs us and keeps us moving toward our goals. </li></ul><ul><li>_ Why we do and what we do. </li></ul>
  3. 3. ‘’ Bıg Ideas’’ about Motivation… <ul><li>Idea 1-) Motivation is not a quality that resides solely in the student. Instead, motivation is a result of the interaction between the students and his or her learning environment. </li></ul>
  4. 4. ‘’ Bıg Ideas’’ about Motivation… <ul><li>Idea 2- ) As students become older, their desire to protect and to promote their self-image becomes significiantly more important in determining motivational level. </li></ul>
  5. 5. How to motivate students… <ul><li>Extrinsic Motivation </li></ul><ul><li>comes from outside an individual. </li></ul><ul><li>The motivating factors; </li></ul><ul><li>_awards, money, and praise. </li></ul>
  6. 6. How to motivate students… <ul><li>Intrinsic Motivation </li></ul><ul><li>comes from within the individual. </li></ul><ul><li>the environment of the learning process itself. </li></ul><ul><li>a desire to make themselves feel better. </li></ul>
  7. 7. How the Teachers Motivates the Students… <ul><li>Some students seem naturally enthusiastic about learning, but many need-or expect-their instructors to inspire, challenge, and stimulate them: &quot;Effective learning in the classroom depends on the teacher's ability ... to maintain the interest that brought students to the course in the first place&quot; (Ericksen, 1978, p. 3). Whatever level of motivation your students bring to the classroom will be transformed, for better or worse, by what happens in that classroom. </li></ul>
  8. 8. General Strategies <ul><li>Capitalize on students’ existing needs. </li></ul><ul><li>Make students active participants in learning. </li></ul><ul><li>Ask students to analyze what makes their classes more or less motivating. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Incorparate Motivational Instructional Behaviors <ul><li>Help students set achievable goals for themselves. </li></ul><ul><li>Tell students what they need to do to succed in your course. </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid creating intense competation among students. </li></ul><ul><li>Be enthusiastic about your subject. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Structure the Course to Motivate Students… <ul><li>Work from students’ strengths and interests. </li></ul><ul><li>When possible, let students have some say in choosing what will be studied. </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing the difficulty of the material as the semester progresses. </li></ul><ul><li>Vary your teaching methods. </li></ul>
  11. 11. De-emphasize Grades <ul><li>Emphasize mastery and learning rather than grades. </li></ul><ul><li>Design tests that encourage the kind of learning you want students to achieve. </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid using grades as threats. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Respond the Students’ Work <ul><li>Give students feedback as quickly as possible. </li></ul><ul><li>Reward success. </li></ul><ul><li>Introduce students to the good work done by peers. </li></ul><ul><li>Be specific when giving negative feedback. </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid demeaning comments. </li></ul>
  13. 13. In order to increase motivation teachers use Whiteboard… <ul><li>Advantages of Whiteboards: </li></ul><ul><li>Whiteboards are touch sensitive. </li></ul><ul><li>More student/teacher interaction. </li></ul><ul><li>More hands/on activities. </li></ul><ul><li>More students participation. </li></ul><ul><li>More visual learning for students. </li></ul><ul><li>Students are more engaged. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Enhancement of Learning <ul><li>Students believe they learn better with whiteboard. </li></ul><ul><li>Touching it affects students learning in a positive way. </li></ul><ul><li>Whiteboards can help teachers with organization . </li></ul>
  15. 15. Whiteboard and Participation <ul><li>With Whiteboards; </li></ul><ul><li>Whiteboards allow more visual learning which to more engagement. </li></ul><ul><li>More ‘hands on’ opportunuties. </li></ul><ul><li>Without Whiteboards ; Students are not motivated. </li></ul><ul><li>Ss can become bored and off tasks. </li></ul><ul><li>There is less chances for visual and hands on learning for students. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Student Achievement <ul><li>Research shows that students have increase attention level when whiteboard are used. </li></ul><ul><li>Studies show that whiteboard may help increase standardized test score. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Keep your student motivated!!! <ul><li>‘’ If a child can’t learn the way we teach, maybe we should teach the way they learn.’’ </li></ul>
  18. 18. To Sum Up.. <ul><li>Research has shown that good everyday teaching practices can do more to counter student apathy than special efforts to attack motivation directly (Ericksen, 1978). Most students respond positively to a well-organized course taught by an enthusiastic instructor who has a genuine interest in students and what they learn. Thus activities you undertake to promote learning will also enhance students' motivation. </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>THANK YOU </li></ul><ul><li>FOR YOUR ATTENTION ...  </li></ul>