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The parables of jesus


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The parables of jesus

  1. 1. The Parables of Jesus Marian Bustamante Pol Caluscusan Zyrane Canete Denise Casocot Marc Coritico
  2. 2. What is a Parable? • It literally means “a throwing alongside” • Its old definition is “an earthly story with a heavenly meaning” • Comes from the Greek word, parabole, which means comparison and analogy
  3. 3. • Word-pictures • Teaching tool • Most effective, as well as the most popular teaching instrument used by Jesus • A story of a familiar experience which is told in order to illustrate a spiritual truth
  4. 4. How to Interpret the Parables: 1) Search the surrounding verses for help in finding the main spiritual truth.
  5. 5. 2) Look for the simplest and clearest explanation rather than for mysterious meanings.
  6. 6. 3) Use a disciplined imagination.
  7. 7. Classifying the Parables
  8. 8. Main Groupings: 1) Parables of the early ministry: the Good News of the Kingdom of God. 2) Parables of the later ministry: the Children of the Kingdom of God. 3) Parables of the Passion Week: the Kingdom of God as a Judgment.
  9. 9. The Parable of the Growing Seed (Mark 4:26-29)
  10. 10. 26 He also said, “This is what the kingdom of God is like. A man scatters seed on the ground. 27 Night and day, whether he sleeps or gets up, the seed sprouts and grows, though he does not know how.
  11. 11. 28 All by itself the soil produces grain— first the stalk, then the head, then the full kernel in the head. 29 As soon as the grain is ripe, he puts the sickle to it, because the harvest has come.”
  12. 12. Message: • The parable teaches us of the vitality of God’s kingdom. It has the spontaneity of a seed. It possesses a divine vitality, the inherent forces of a self-fashioning life. It thrives not primarily by human aid, but by inherent power.
  13. 13. • A man may dissect the roots of a flower, and analyze the soil, but the secret of the growth will still elude him. It is God who causes the seed to take root and to grow. He is the one who gives life to the seed. He is the one who makes it grow.
  14. 14. • The point is that the farmer cannot do anything for the seed to grow. He can make the circumstances as good as possible for the seed to grow, but he cannot cause it to grow. The power to germinate, to break forth and grow is of the seed itself, by its own virtue. Man does not create life.
  15. 15. • He can only discover, rearrange and develop what is already there. Unless God causes the seed to grow, then all the effort of the farmer would be wasted. • It is the same with the kingdom of God, with the growth of believers, both individually and collectively.
  16. 16. • Growth is not of man. Growth is of God. It is the Spirit of God that takes the gospel and changes a man’s heart, causing him to grow in grace.
  17. 17. The Parable of the Good Samaritan (Luke 10:25-37)
  18. 18. 25 On one occasion an expert in the law stood up to test Jesus. “Teacher,” he asked, “what must I do to inherit eternal life?” 26 “What is written in the Law?” he replied. “How do you read it?”
  19. 19. 27 He answered, “‘Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your strength and with all your mind’; and, ‘Love your neighbor as yourself.” 28 “You have answered correctly,” Jesus replied. “Do this and you will live.” 29 But he wanted to justify himself, so he asked Jesus, “And who is my neighbor?”
  20. 20. 30 In reply Jesus said: “A man was going down from Jerusalem to Jericho, when he was attacked by robbers. They stripped him of his clothes, beat him and went away, leaving him half dead.
  21. 21. 31 A priest happened to be going down the same road, and when he saw the man, he passed by on the other side. 32 So too, a Levite, when he came to the place and saw him, passed by on the other side.
  22. 22. 33 But a Samaritan, as he traveled, came where the man was; and when he saw him, he took pity on him. 34 He went to him and bandaged his wounds, pouring on oil and wine.
  23. 23. Then he put the man on his own donkey, brought him to an inn and took care of him.
  24. 24. 35 The next day he took out two denarii and gave them to the innkeeper. ‘Look after him,’ he said, ‘and when I return, I will reimburse you for any extra expense you may have.’ 36 “Which of these three do you think was a neighbor to the man who fell into the hands of robbers?”
  25. 25. 37 The expert in the law replied, “The one who had mercy on him.” Jesus told him, “Go and do likewise.”
  26. 26. Setting: • road from Jerusalem to Jericho, Inn Audience: • expert of the law
  27. 27. Characters: 1) Jewish man 2) Robbers 3) Priest 4) Levite 5) Samaritan 6) innkeeper
  28. 28. Terms: 1) Levite - a member of the priestly Hebrew tribe of Levi; specifically: a Levite of non-Aaronic descent assigned to lesser ceremonial offices under the Levitical priests of the family of Aaron 2) Samaritan - a native or inhabitant of Samaria
  29. 29. 3) Donkey - is a domesticated member of the Equidae or horse family. 4) Inn - a house usually in the country where people can eat and rent a room to sleep in 5) Denarius (plural: denarii) - a small silver coin of ancient Rome 6) Reimburse - to pay back to someone
  30. 30. Message: • Love your neighbor as you love yourself. The message of the parable is simple, we should love our neighbors and help anyone in need. It does not matter whether both of you are different, it does not even matter that he may be your enemy, you should help him in times of need.
  31. 31. • It is not right to turn a blind eye to people who are in need. God accepts everyone with open arms. We should do the same. Do not discriminate, you should be a good neighbor to everyone. You should not be selfish. When you see someone who is in need, the right thing to do is to help him.
  32. 32. • How would you feel if you were the dying man on the ground, and people only passed you by? You would have probably died if the Good Samaritan didn’t stop and help you. The parable shows us the Good Samaritan, the perfect role model in being a neighbor.
  33. 33. • The parable shows us the Good Samaritan, the perfect role model in being a neighbor. We should all be like him. Someone who cares for others. Someone who does not turn a blind eye to those in need. That is was being neighbors is all about, helping each other.
  35. 35. 20 “For the kingdom of heaven is like a landowner who went out early in the morning to hire workers for his vineyard. 2 He agreed to pay them a denarius for the day and sent them into his vineyard.
  36. 36. 3 “About nine in the morning he went out and saw others standing in the marketplace doing nothing. 4 He told them, ‘You also go and work in my vineyard, and I will pay you whatever is right.’ 5 So they went.
  37. 37. “He went out again about noon and about three in the afternoon and did the same thing. 6 About five in the afternoon he went out and found still others standing around. He asked them, ‘Why have you been standing here all day long doing nothing?’
  38. 38. 7‘Because no one has hired us,’ they answered. “He said to them, ‘You also go and work in my vineyard.’ 8 “When evening came, the owner of the vineyard said to his foreman, ‘Call the workers and pay them their wages, beginning with the last ones hired and going on to the first.’
  39. 39. 9 “The workers who were hired about five in the afternoon came and each received a denarius. 10 So when those came who were hired first, they expected to receive more. But each one of them also received a denarius. 11 When they received it, they began to grumble against the landowner.
  40. 40. 12 ‘These who were hired last worked only one hour,’ they said, ‘and you have made them equal to us who have borne the burden of the work and the heat of the day.’
  41. 41. 13 “But he answered one of them, ‘I am not being unfair to you, friend. Didn’t you agree to work for a denarius? 14 Take your pay and go. I want to give the one who was hired last the same as I gave you. 15 Don’t I have the right to do what I want with my own money? Or are you envious because I am generous?’
  42. 42. 16 “So the last will be first, and the first will be last.”
  43. 43. SETTING: • The marketplace , the landowner’s vineyard AUDIENCE: • The disciples of Jesus
  44. 44. CHARACTERS: 1) Landowner 2) Workers - employed at 6 AM, 9 AM, 12 NN, 3 PM, 5 PM 3) Foreman
  45. 45. TERMS: 1) Denarius - most common Roman coin during the human lifetime of Jesus Christ; amounting to a day's pay for workers 2) Vineyard- A plantation of grapevines, typically producing grapes used in winemaking.
  46. 46. Message: • Jesus is comparing the owner with God, whose grace cannot be measured by one whole, one-half, one-fourth, and so on. God’s grace is a free gift to all whether we come early or late. No one has the right to measure out what he deserves in exchange for work done for God.
  47. 47. • Jesus understands that men are different individuals and each has a capacity for responding to God’s call and challenge in a different way. So, by implication, the disciples and the Pharisees alike stand before God in the Kingdom that is to come. Gentiles and Jews receive the same treatment, although the Gentiles came on the scene much later.
  48. 48. Other Parables
  49. 49. The Parable of the Sower (Luke 8:4-15)
  50. 50. 4 While a large crowd was gathering and people were coming to Jesus from town after town, he told this parable:
  51. 51. 5 “A farmer went out to sow his seed. As he was scattering the seed, some fell along the path; it was trampled on, and the birds ate it up.
  52. 52. 6 Some fell on rocky ground, and when it came up, the plants withered because they had no moisture. 7 Other seed fell among thorns, which grew up with it and choked the plants.
  53. 53. 8 Still other seed fell on good soil. It came up and yielded a crop, a hundred times more than was sown.” When he said this, he called out, “Whoever has ears to hear, let them hear.”
  54. 54. 9 His disciples asked him what this parable meant. 10 He said, “The knowledge of the secrets of the kingdom of God has been given to you, but to others I speak in parables, so that, “though seeing, they may not see; though hearing, they may not understand.’
  55. 55. 11 “This is the meaning of the parable: The seed is the word of God. 12 Those along the path are the ones who hear, and then the devil comes and takes away the word from their hearts, so that they may not believe and be saved. 13 Those on the rocky ground are the ones who receive the word with joy when they hear it, but they have no root.
  56. 56. They believe for a while, but in the time of testing they fall away. 14 The seed that fell among thorns stands for those who hear, but as they go on their way they are choked by life’s worries, riches and pleasures, and they do not mature.
  57. 57. 15 But the seed on good soil stands for those with a noble and good heart, who hear the word, retain it, and by persevering produce a crop.
  58. 58. Setting: • Farm Audience: • Large crowd, disciples Character: • Sower
  59. 59. Message: • In the parable, you can classify the different types of people who hear God’s word. There are those who hear it, but do not give it worth and succumb to temptation. There are those who accept it in the beginning but not wholeheartedly, thus in the end, they fail.
  60. 60. • And there are those who hear it, and accept it wholeheartedly and abide by it. We should be the good soil and accept the seed and let it grow within us. It is not enough to simply hear the word of God, but we must accept it and abide by it. We must not simply do hearing, but rather responsible hearing. Do not take the word of God for granted.
  61. 61. The Parable of the Lost Sheep (Luke 15:1-7)
  62. 62. 15 Now the tax collectors and sinners were all gathering around to hear Jesus. 2 But the Pharisees and the teachers of the law muttered, “This man welcomes sinners and eats with them.” 3 Then Jesus told them this parable:
  63. 63. 4 “Suppose one of you has a hundred sheep and loses one of them. Doesn’t he leave the ninety-nine in the open country and go after the lost sheep until he finds it?
  64. 64. And when he finds it, he joyfully puts it on his shoulders 6 and goes home. Then he calls his friends and neighbors together and says, ‘Rejoice with me; I have found my lost sheep.’
  65. 65. 7I tell you that in the same way there will be more rejoicing in heaven over one sinner who repents than over ninetynine righteous persons who do not need to repent.
  66. 66. Audience: • Tax collectors • Sinners • Pharisees • Teachers of law
  67. 67. Message: • In this parable, the shepherd represents God and the sheep are His people. God is happier when someone returns to him after losing their faith. Not because he loves that person more but because it is joyous to find something that was once lost. God cares for each and every one of us.
  68. 68. The Parable of the Weeds (Matt. 13:24-30)
  69. 69. 24 Jesus told them another parable: “The kingdom of heaven is like a man who sowed good seed in his field. 25 But while everyone was sleeping, his enemy came and sowed weeds among the wheat, and went away. 26 When the wheat sprouted and formed heads, then the weeds also appeared.
  70. 70. 27 “The owner’s servants came to him and said, ‘Sir, didn’t you sow good seed in your field? Where then did the weeds come from?’ 28 “‘An enemy did this,’ he replied.“The servants asked him, ‘Do you want us to go and pull them up?’
  71. 71. 29 “No,’ he answered, ‘because while you are pulling the weeds, you may uproot the wheat with them. 30 Let both grow together until the harvest. At that time I will tell the harvesters: First collect the weeds and tie them in bundles to be burned; then gather the wheat and bring it into my barn.”
  72. 72. Audience: • Crowd, disciples
  73. 73. • The man who sowed good seeds = God • Field = world • Good seeds = people who belong to the kingdom of God • Weeds = people who belong to the evil one • Enemy who sowed the weeds = Devil • Harvest = End of Age • Workers = angels
  74. 74. Message: • Just as the weeds are gathered up and burned in the fire, so the same thing will happen at the end of the age: God will send out his angels to gather those people who do evil things and throw them into hell. And the people of God will shine in His Kingdom.
  75. 75. • God is patient with us. He waits until the right time comes before He sends His angels to separate the weeds and the wheat.
  76. 76. The Parable of the 10 Virgins (Matt. 25:1-13)
  77. 77. 25 “At that time the kingdom of heaven will be like ten virgins who took their lamps and went out to meet the bridegroom.2 Five of them were foolish and five were wise. 3 The foolish ones took their lamps but did not take any oil with them. 4 The wise ones, however, took oil in jars along with their lamps.
  78. 78. 5 The bridegroom was a long time in coming, and they all became drowsy and fell asleep. 6 “At midnight the cry rang out: ‘Here’s the bridegroom! Come out to meet him!’
  79. 79. 7 “Then all the virgins woke up and trimmed their lamps. 8 The foolish ones said to the wise, ‘Give us some of your oil; our lamps are going out.’ 9 “‘No,’ they replied, ‘there may not be enough for both us and you. Instead, go to those who sell oil and buy some for yourselves.’
  80. 80. 10 “But while they were on their way to buy the oil, the bridegroom arrived. The virgins who were ready went in with him to the wedding banquet. And the door was shut. 11 “Later the others also came. ‘Lord, Lord,’ they said, ‘open the door for us!’
  81. 81. 12 “But he replied, ‘Truly I tell you, I don’t know you.’ 13 “Therefore keep watch, because you do not know the day or the hour.
  82. 82. Setting: • The groom’s house Audience: • disciples
  83. 83. Terms: • Lamp - a large, flat bowl with a rag or rope-like wick which could be attached to a pole and used as an outdoor torch to illuminate one’s steps in the darkness. - When you “trim” your Lamp you blow out the fire and cut off (trim) the burnt part of the wick and add fuel.
  84. 84. Message: • The five virgins who have the extra oil represent the truly born again who, with saving faith, are looking with eagerness to the coming of Christ. The five virgins without the oil represent false believers who enjoy the benefits of the Christian community without true love for Christ.
  85. 85. • The parable warns us that Christ will return at an unknown hour and that His people must be prepared. Being ready means keeping our eyes fixed on Jesus at all times while we eagerly await His coming. If we would be ready for Christ’s second coming, we must be born again through the saving faith in Jesus Christ – his death, burial and resurrection.
  86. 86. The Parable of the Prodigal Son (Luke 15:11-32)
  87. 87. 11 Jesus continued: “There was a man who had two sons.12 The younger one said to his father, ‘Father, give me my share of the estate.’ So he divided his property between them. 13 “Not long after that, the younger son got together all he had, set off for a distant country and there squandered his wealth in wild living.
  88. 88. 14 After he had spent everything, there was a severe famine in that whole country, and he began to be in need. 15 So he went and hired himself out to a citizen of that country, who sent him to his fields to feed pigs.
  89. 89. 16 He longed to fill his stomach with the pods that the pigs were eating, but no one gave him anything.
  90. 90. 17 “When he came to his senses, he said, ‘How many of my father’s hired servants have food to spare, and here I am starving to death!
  91. 91. 18 I will set out and go back to my father and say to him: Father, I have sinned against heaven and against you. 19 I am no longer worthy to be called your son; make me like one of your hired servants.’ 20 So he got up and went to his father.
  92. 92. “But while he was still a long way off, his father saw him and was filled with compassion for him; he ran to his son, threw his arms around him and kissed him.
  93. 93. 21 “The son said to him, ‘Father, I have sinned against heaven and against you. I am no longer worthy to be called your son.’ 22 “But the father said to his servants, ‘Quick! Bring the best robe and put it on him. Put a ring on his finger and sandals on his feet.
  94. 94. 23 Bring the fattened calf and kill it. Let’s have a feast and celebrate. 24 For this son of mine was dead and is alive again; he was lost and is found.’ So they began to celebrate. 25 “Meanwhile, the older son was in the field. When he came near the house, he heard music and dancing. 26 So he called one of the servants and asked him what was going on.
  95. 95. 27 ‘Your brother has come,’ he replied, ‘and your father has killed the fattened calf because he has him back safe and sound.’ 28 “The older brother became angry and refused to go in. So his father went out and pleaded with him.
  96. 96. 29 But he answered his father, ‘Look! All these years I’ve been slaving for you and never disobeyed your orders. Yet you never gave me even a young goat so I could celebrate with my friends. 30 But when this son of yours who has squandered your property with prostitutes comes home, you kill the fattened calf for him!’
  97. 97. 31 “‘My son,’ the father said, ‘you are always with me, and everything I have is yours. 32 But we had to celebrate and be glad, because this brother of yours was dead and is alive again; he was lost and is found.’”
  98. 98. Audience: • Tax collectors • Sinners • Pharisees • Teachers of law
  99. 99. Characters: 1) Father 2) Prodigal son 3) Elder brother
  100. 100. Terms: 1) Prodigal - spending money or resources freely and recklessly; wastefully extravagant.
  101. 101. Message: • God is like the father and the son is like the sinner who has separated from Him. The father forgives, although the son needed to recognize his wrong and return to accept that forgiveness. This parable shows the central trait of God’s character – forgiving love. In the story, the father recognized the wrong his son has done, yet he chose to accept him.
  102. 102. • Forgiveness does not mean the casual overlooking of sin, but the painful acceptance of the sinner in spite of his sin. Our Father never gives up searching for us when were lost in sin, and He always forgives when we repent. He wants to run to meet us when we are still a long way off, and He wants to celebrate when were at home in His kingdom where we belong.
  103. 103. ze end