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Islamophobia
Ayman Refaat
Topics
• What is Islamophobia?
• The Reasons Behind Islamophobia.
• The Consequences of Islamophobia.
What is Islamophobia?
• So, although Semites are people of the Middle East
including the Hebrews (Jews) and Arabs, Why the
term “Antisemitism” i...
The Reasons Behind Islamophobia
• Terrorism.
• Racism.
Islamophobia
Racism Terrorism
Terroris
m
Terroris
m
The First Reason: Terrorism
• Some Muslims
groups, such as
Al-Qaeda and
I.S.I.S., Bomb
some targets in
the western
countries.
• These groups consider terrorism as their way to
defend the Muslim land in Palestine, Afghanistan,
and Iraq, from the wes...
• These groups ignore the Islamic moral rules for the wars,
such as the rule: "Do not fight whom did not fight."
• The ter...
The Other Reason: Racism
• There is a remnant of the racism history in
American society against everything that is not
WAS...
• In 2014 there were two hate crimes against non
Christians in Kansas City:
o Two men were killed outside the Jewish
Commu...
• The media feeds this phobia.
• Some politicians use it.
• Stereotype Muslims and Islam.
• Hate crimes against Muslims ri...
1- Media
• The media feeds this phobia.
• For example, …
Why is this crime not terrorism?
Why is this crime not terrorism?
Why is this crime not terrorism?
But this crime is terrorism?
• Are not all these crimes lynching (informal
public executions by a mob in order to punish
an alleged transgressor, or to...
Why is this Mass Shooting not terrorism?
Why is this Mass Shooting not terrorism?
But this Mass Shooting is terrorism?
Why is this Mass Shooting not terrorism?
But this Mass Shooting is terrorism?
• Why do they call every crime that is committed
by Muslims "terrorism", but they do not call same
crime "terrorism" if it...
• Actually, they called some shooters psychopath,
especially, if they are WASP.
• So why cannot some Muslims be psychopath?
• I do not believe in conspiracy theory, but is it not
a conspiracy to link Islam with terrorism? and
charge Muslims as te...
• To save the Republican Party from the clear
disintegration in the current presidential election.
• To implement the far-...
2- Politicians
• Some politicians use this phobia.
• For example, after I.S.I.S. attacked Paris in
November 2015, the pres...
• Also after San Bernardino shooting
in December last year, the same
presidential candidate called “for a
total and comple...
• So, he called for a ban on all Muslims; because
most terrorists now are Muslims.
• So, can we lock down all African Amer...
• Some Americans misunderstand Islam, and their
misunderstanding became like stereotypes that
support the Islamophobia.
• ...
• But the truth is that Jihad is an Arabic word that means struggle, resisting,
or striving.
• There are two different typ...
• Prophet Muhammad explained the greater jihad when he
told his companions after a war: “We came from the
lesser jihad to ...
• Not all Americans have Islamophobia or believe
in its stereotypes.
• For example, President Obama said at National
Praye...
4- Hate crimes against Muslims
Hate Crimes and
Discrimination
Targeting Mosques
Armed Anti-Islam Demonstrations
Targeting Students and Education
Muslim-Free Businesses
Islamophobia
Islamophobia
Islamophobia
Islamophobia
Islamophobia
Islamophobia
Islamophobia
Islamophobia
Islamophobia
Islamophobia
Islamophobia
Islamophobia
Islamophobia
Islamophobia
Islamophobia
Islamophobia
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Islamophobia

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What is Islamophobia?
The Reasons Behind Islamophobia.
The Consequences of Islamophobia.

Published in: News & Politics

Islamophobia

  1. 1. Islamophobia Ayman Refaat
  2. 2. Topics • What is Islamophobia? • The Reasons Behind Islamophobia. • The Consequences of Islamophobia.
  3. 3. What is Islamophobia?
  4. 4. • So, although Semites are people of the Middle East including the Hebrews (Jews) and Arabs, Why the term “Antisemitism” is used in the United States to refer to prejudice against Jews only? • Should the term be “Anti Jews” or “Anti Hebrews”? • Why does the term “Antisemitism” not include prejudice against Arab? • Is that because the American society does not realize yet the prejudice against Arab? • So do we need a new term such as “Anti Arab” or “Anti Islam”? • Is Islamophobia not Anti Islam?
  5. 5. The Reasons Behind Islamophobia • Terrorism. • Racism.
  6. 6. Islamophobia Racism Terrorism Terroris m Terroris m
  7. 7. The First Reason: Terrorism
  8. 8. • Some Muslims groups, such as Al-Qaeda and I.S.I.S., Bomb some targets in the western countries.
  9. 9. • These groups consider terrorism as their way to defend the Muslim land in Palestine, Afghanistan, and Iraq, from the western attacks. • They believe that their attacks on western targets are the revenge and reaction to two centuries of European colonization, and the western absolute support for Israel against Arab interests. • Plus, a number of I.S.I.S. leaders were inmates in the U.S. military prison in Iraq “Abu Ghraib”, and they got abused there, before they were released.
  10. 10. • These groups ignore the Islamic moral rules for the wars, such as the rule: "Do not fight whom did not fight." • The terrorist attacks are a betrayal of those who give you their trust, and Islam does not allow that. • When the Muslims were defeated in the battle of Uhud the prophet Muhammad accepted the defeat as a lesson to teach Muslims for next battle, but he did not send them to Mecca to sneak its people or burn their houses. • The killing of civilians is a crime that is unrelated to any other crime committed by others, even if the killer himself was a victim of these other crimes. Murder is a crime in both cases. • Even Qur'an said "No bearer of burdens will bear another's burden.” 35:18
  11. 11. The Other Reason: Racism • There is a remnant of the racism history in American society against everything that is not WASP (white Anglo-Saxon Protestant), not only against Muslims. • Some Americans see the rise of non-Christian religions in the United States as a posed threat to the social fabric of the nation, although only 21.5% of Americans are non-Christian. • Beside the fact is that the United States has never been religiously homogeneous.
  12. 12. • In 2014 there were two hate crimes against non Christians in Kansas City: o Two men were killed outside the Jewish Community Center. o A student was killed outside the Somali Islamic center. • FBI were classified both crimes as hate crimes against Jews and Muslims. The killers were arrested and charged.
  13. 13. • The media feeds this phobia. • Some politicians use it. • Stereotype Muslims and Islam. • Hate crimes against Muslims rise sharply. The Consequences of Islamophobia
  14. 14. 1- Media • The media feeds this phobia. • For example, …
  15. 15. Why is this crime not terrorism?
  16. 16. Why is this crime not terrorism?
  17. 17. Why is this crime not terrorism?
  18. 18. But this crime is terrorism?
  19. 19. • Are not all these crimes lynching (informal public executions by a mob in order to punish an alleged transgressor, or to intimidate a minority group)?
  20. 20. Why is this Mass Shooting not terrorism?
  21. 21. Why is this Mass Shooting not terrorism?
  22. 22. But this Mass Shooting is terrorism?
  23. 23. Why is this Mass Shooting not terrorism?
  24. 24. But this Mass Shooting is terrorism?
  25. 25. • Why do they call every crime that is committed by Muslims "terrorism", but they do not call same crime "terrorism" if it is committed by non Muslim? • I do not deny every crime committed by Muslims. I just deny that all of Muslims crimes are terrorism. • Mass shootings have long history in the United States. Its news tends to be normal news now, and nobody talks about the religion of the shooters, or call them terrorists, unless they are Muslims.
  26. 26. • Actually, they called some shooters psychopath, especially, if they are WASP.
  27. 27. • So why cannot some Muslims be psychopath?
  28. 28. • I do not believe in conspiracy theory, but is it not a conspiracy to link Islam with terrorism? and charge Muslims as terrorists? • But why? What are the goals of this conspiracy ?
  29. 29. • To save the Republican Party from the clear disintegration in the current presidential election. • To implement the far-right agenda in: - Banning Muslims and registering them in a database, exactly, like the registration of Jews in Nazi Germany. - Stand up to the liberals’ plan in guns control. - Prevent refugees. - Liquidating the Palestinian case. • To justify Western military presence in the Arab region, where the resources of oil.
  30. 30. 2- Politicians • Some politicians use this phobia. • For example, after I.S.I.S. attacked Paris in November 2015, the presidential candidate Donald Trump called “for registering all American Muslims in a database”, exactly, like the registration of Jews in Nazi Germany. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gbZt8B3S4is
  31. 31. • Also after San Bernardino shooting in December last year, the same presidential candidate called “for a total and complete shutdown of Muslims entering the United States until our country's representatives can figure out what the hell is going on!” https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LRxozK6Bpvk
  32. 32. • So, he called for a ban on all Muslims; because most terrorists now are Muslims. • So, can we lock down all African Americans because most criminal gangs are African Americans? • Or can we lock down all Caucasian Americans because serial killers are Caucasian Americans?
  33. 33. • Some Americans misunderstand Islam, and their misunderstanding became like stereotypes that support the Islamophobia. • One of these famous stereotypes is that Jihad is the fight or Islamic holy war against Christians. • Trump expressed this stereotype when he said: “our country cannot be the victims of horrendous attacks by people that believe only in Jihad, and have no sense of reason or respect for human life." 3- Stereotypes
  34. 34. • But the truth is that Jihad is an Arabic word that means struggle, resisting, or striving. • There are two different types of jihad: 1. the greater jihad is an inner spiritual struggle, 2. and the lesser jihad is an outer physical struggle against the enemies of Islam, which may take: o a violent (war) o or non-violent form (advice). Jihad Greater Lesser Inner spiritual struggle Outer physical struggle against the enemies of Islam Violent Non-violent War Advice
  35. 35. • Prophet Muhammad explained the greater jihad when he told his companions after a war: “We came from the lesser jihad to the greater jihad.” They asked him: “What is the greater jihad?” He said: “The struggle against oneself.” Also, he explained the non-violent jihad when he said: “The best Jihad is the word of justice in front of the oppressive ruler.” • Qur'an stipulates one condition for violent jihad when it said: “Fight in the way of God those who fight you but do not assault. Indeed. God does not like the assaulters” (2:190). It is to defend, not to attack.
  36. 36. • Not all Americans have Islamophobia or believe in its stereotypes. • For example, President Obama said at National Prayer Breakfast in February 05, 2015: • “And lest we get on our high horse and think this is unique to some other place, remember that during the Crusades and the Inquisition, people committed terrible deeds in the name of Christ. In our home country, slavery and Jim Crow all too often was justified in the name of Christ. Michelle and I returned from India -- an incredible, beautiful country, full of magnificent diversity -- but a place where, in past years, religious faiths of all types have, on occasion, been targeted by other peoples of faith, simply due to their heritage and their beliefs -- acts of intolerance that would have shocked Gandhi, the person who helped to liberate that nation. So this is not unique to one group or one religion.” https://www.youtube.com/wat ch?v=XU7RuilNq4w
  37. 37. 4- Hate crimes against Muslims
  38. 38. Hate Crimes and Discrimination
  39. 39. Targeting Mosques
  40. 40. Armed Anti-Islam Demonstrations
  41. 41. Targeting Students and Education
  42. 42. Muslim-Free Businesses

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