Learning to Listen

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Digital Storytelling
This is a presentation I prepared for Princeton in Asia Orientation in May. Discussion of Interview Techniques, possible forms of storytelling - vox pop, narrationless, postcard, and Ethics

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  • Add logging and ngos elaborate. Sanctify the individual more on images
  • Uganda piece is an example – many many others. Baggy pants, example.
  • Click the picture for the link.
  • Click on photos for links.
  • Photo: Everin and Maxmiriam. 16, Mukono, small town outside of Uganda, parents died of HIV/AIDs, now living with other relatives. Interviewed eachother.
  • The sound around you. Set the scene. Room Sound.
  • Penrope – in Uganda eyebrows raised = ascent, not apathy. Ojok Tony – displaced by Rebel forces/sister abducted. Can’t ask questions on the first day you get to know someone. Wait until they are ready!
  • You can download on Google.
  • Add Logging
  • More on Film!!
  • Learning to Listen

    1. 1. digital storytelling Learning to listen
    2. 2. Peace Radio Uganda
    3. 4. What is listening? <ul><li>&quot;If we could read the secret history of our enemies, we should find in each person's life sorrow and suffering enough to disarm all hostility.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>– Henry Wadsworth Longfellow </li></ul>
    4. 5. How do we tell stories? <ul><li>Vox Populi </li></ul><ul><li>Narrationless </li></ul><ul><li>Personal Diary </li></ul><ul><li>Radio Feature </li></ul>
    5. 6. Vox populi <ul><li>One question , </li></ul>many people If you had one wish , what would it be? Who is your hero ? what happens after death ? If you had a superpower , what would it be? What do you think about the recent election?
    6. 7. Htar Htar Yu Burma to Middlebury College Only Htar Htar’s voice is heard. The story stands alone, without narration . Narrationless
    7. 8. Personal Diary / Audio Postcard Greetings from Bolivia! Don’t tell me. Show me Off the cuff or written narrative ambient sounds One or many voices
    8. 9. Other Ideas <ul><li>Radio Feature </li></ul><ul><li>Personal Essay: This I Believe </li></ul><ul><li>Sound Essay </li></ul><ul><li>News/Policy Report </li></ul><ul><li>Youth Radio </li></ul><ul><li>Story Corps Form </li></ul><ul><li>Many, Many more!! </li></ul>
    9. 10. Story Development <ul><li>Listen! </li></ul><ul><li>Relevancy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How does this story relate to your location, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>the people around you? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Who is your target audience? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Interest </li></ul><ul><li>Feasibility </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Create a concept map </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Decide on a Scale </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Community Partners </li></ul></ul>
    10. 11. The Interview <ul><li>Background Research </li></ul><ul><li>Pre Interview / Trust </li></ul><ul><li>The Slate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Basics: Name, Age, Hometown </li></ul></ul>
    11. 12. Press Record <ul><li>Setting </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Comfort </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Soundproof </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Listen! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Headphones and Levels </li></ul><ul><li>Mic Placement </li></ul><ul><li>Are you recording?? </li></ul>
    12. 13. the sound of silence <ul><li>Silence = Reflection </li></ul><ul><li>Fidgeting = Rejection </li></ul><ul><li>Body Language </li></ul><ul><li>Stay quiet! </li></ul>
    13. 14. The Question <ul><li>The complete sentence </li></ul><ul><li>Be interested </li></ul><ul><li>Listen Proactively </li></ul><ul><li>Autobiographical </li></ul><ul><li>Multi-Barreled Questions </li></ul><ul><li>Leading Questions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Do you not think that…? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Isn’t that irresponsible? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trigger/Biased Words </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Either/or </li></ul></ul>CAUTION!
    14. 15. Sample Questions <ul><li>Who, What, Why, When, Where, How? </li></ul><ul><li>What did you see? </li></ul><ul><li>What did it smell like? </li></ul><ul><li>How did you deal with that? </li></ul><ul><li>Why do you care about that? </li></ul><ul><li>Who are you? </li></ul><ul><li>What was the moment in which you felt most… </li></ul>
    15. 16. Ambient Sound <ul><li>Listen! </li></ul><ul><li>Music </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mood </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Emotion </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Room Sound </li></ul><ul><li>How do you paint </li></ul><ul><li>a picture with sound? </li></ul>
    16. 17. <ul><li>Language </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Translation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Captions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Written Essays </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cultural norms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cognizant of Social Customs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Remember who you are and who they are </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Trauma, Violence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Trust versus Duty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Openness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Time!!!! </li></ul></ul>Language/Cultural Barriers
    17. 18. Questions?
    18. 19. Editing <ul><ul><li>Audacity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Your sound editor </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Switch </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Converts Files </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sound slides </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Audio-visual slideshows </li></ul></ul></ul>Software
    19. 20. Audacity Files should be in MP3, WAV or AIFF format Use Switch to Convert The basics Files should be in MP3 Use Switch to Convert Import Export
    20. 21. Imagery - Context - Relationships - Pertinence - Layers - Timing - Still/Moving
    21. 22. Outlets <ul><li>Radio </li></ul><ul><li>Blog </li></ul>Exhibition Classroom NGO Eco-Tourism
    22. 23. Ethics <ul><li>Trust </li></ul><ul><li>Release Forms </li></ul><ul><li>Representation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Negative Effects </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Context </li></ul><ul><li>Give Back </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Photos, CDs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Share your story </li></ul>
    23. 24. Resources <ul><li>The Radio. Listen! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NPR, PRI, The Moth </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Compassionate Listening </li></ul><ul><li>PRX.org </li></ul><ul><li>Sound Portraits / Story Corps </li></ul><ul><li>SALT Institute </li></ul><ul><li>Transom.org </li></ul><ul><li>Zone Zero </li></ul><ul><li>Studs Terkel: Working </li></ul><ul><li>The Kitchen Sisters </li></ul>

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