Mughals empire


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history of mughals and their empire
how thy influence on sub continent

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Mughals empire

  1. 1. Taj {
  2. 2.       BABUR (1526-30) HUMAYUN (1530-56) AKBAR (1556-1605) JAHANGIR (1605-28) SHAHJAHAN (1628-58) AURANGZEB (1658-1707)
  3. 3.  Founded in 1526.  Dominated India between 17th and 18th centuries.  Empire ended in mid1900s.  Descended from Mongolian ancestors around Pakistan.  Population at height: between 110 and 130 million people.  Sophisticated, mixed IndoPersian culture.
  4. 4. Empire founded in 1526 by Emperor Babur.  Prospered under first 6 emperors, referred to as the Great Mughals.  2nd emperor, Humyun, lost several battles to Sher Shah Suri, losing control of Hindustan.  3rd emperor Akbar (circa 1700) regained control of Hindustan. Greatest Mughal ruler.  5th ruler Shah Jahan built the Taj Mahal in 1653. 
  5. 5. Empire declined under 6th emperor, Aurangzeb. Wars of succession, local revolts  By 1765, the Mughal emperor had become a pensioner of the British East India Company.  Empire had several more mediocre rulers, finally ending in 1857 with expulsion to Burma 
  6. 6. Centralized government system.  Persian art/culture merged with native Indian art/culture  New trade routes with Arabs and Turks.  Muglia cuisine.  New architectural style.  Urdu language developed from the fusion of Indian and Islamic culture  Urdu = Persian + Arabic + Turkish 
  7. 7. Nearly 400 monuments have survived a time-span of 132 years.  White marble and red sandstone was favoured.  Semi-precious gemstones were popular (jade, crystal, etc.)  Used arches sparingly.  Symmetry and balance stressed.  Used octagons a lot. 
  8. 8. Kurta ~ an informal dress worn by Mughal men and women.  Sometimes sewn with gold or silver threads.  Cut in long, flowing panels for comfort; about knee-length.  Traditional wear in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka 
  9. 9. Spicy  Dried fruit  Rich and Creamy  Known for various sauces  Numerous kabobs  Not vegetarian! 
  10. 10. Babur’s victory at Pan pat in 1526 established the Mughal Empire and ended the reign of the Delhi Sultanate. The rise of the great Mughal Dynasty in India began with Babur. Humayun succeeded his father Babur and became emperor. He was defeated and dislodged by insurrections of nobles from the old Lodi regime. In 1540, the Mughal domain came under control of Farid Khan Sur (Shir Shah Sur). Humayun died at the age of 48 when he fell down the steps of his library. Akbar, the most sophisticated Mughal commander and leader, was only 14 years of age when he succeeded his father Humayun. Under Akbar's reign, Muslims and Hindu’s received the same respect.
  11. 11. Jahangir succeeded his father, Akbar. 1628-1658 Prince Khurram was 35 years old when he ascended the throne as Shah Jehan, King of the World. In the summer of 1659, Aurangzeb held a coronation in the Red Fort where he assumed the title of Alamgir (World Conqueror). After a bitter struggle with his two brothers, Aurangzeb was the victor who took the throne Bahadur Shah II, the last Mughal emperor, was deposed in 1858. India was brought under the direct rule of the British Crown. This brought the end of the Mughal Empire.