Chair of Computer Aided Design and Geo-InformaticsCOTM2043 - Year Group II - Semester ILecture on: Introduction to compute...
Objective of the course:Course Objectives/Course Contents:>Introduction to computer hardware, software, operating systems ...
Introduction to computers
History of computers:•Nearly 5,000 years ago the abacus emergedin Asia Minor. Ancient Counting Machines.   The Abacus (bas...
History of computers:                                              Pascali•The Pascaline is a mechanical calculating devic...
History of computers:•The real beginnings of computers began with anEnglish mathematics professor, CharlesBabbage. Charles...
History of computers:•Initially discovered by Thomas Edison, thevacuum tube formed the building block for theentire electr...
History of computers:•The US census of the 1880 took 9 years to compile and led to inaccuratefigures. To solve the problem...
History of computers:•A partial working model of Babbage’sAnalytical Engine was completed in 1910 byhis son… used punched ...
History of computers:•MARK I was built by a team from IBM andHarvard University. Mark I used mechanicaltelephone switches ...
History of computers:•The ENIAC was the first US-built all-electronic computer built toperform ballistics calculations. (A...
History of computers:•World war II…•the German Navy developed a cipher machine named Enigma. TheEnigma machine could autom...
History of computers:•Secretly the British developed a computer named Colossus that could decipher as many as 2,000message...
History of computers: (invention of Transistor and Integrated circuit)   The Transistor•The most significant single invent...
History of computers: What is computer ? Uses of computers: How do computers work ? Types of computers: >Analog >Digital C...
History of computers:The (IC) Integrated Circuit•The IC revolutionized the entire electronictechnology. Ex: The Pentium Pr...
Introduction to computers
History of computers: Prepare a five to ten page pages research on excel software? >History >use >technology Submit your m...
Start > All Programs > Microsoft Office > Microsoft ExcelExcel (beginning of class II)
History of Excel: Microsoft Excel is an application software that features: calculation, graphing tools, pivot tables, and...
History of Excel: Microsoft Excel is an application software that features: calculation, graphing tools, pivot tables, and...
History of Excel:•Microsoft originally marketed a spreadsheet program calledMultiplan in 1982, which was very popular on C...
History of Excel:•Multiplan was an early spreadsheet program developed by Microsoft. Known initially by the codename "EP" ...
History of Excel:•The first version of Excel was released for the Mac in 1985and the first Windows version was released in...
History of Excel:•The first version of Excel was released for the Mac in 1985 and the first Windows version wasreleased in...
History of Excel:•It features calculation, graphing tools, pivot tables, and a macro programming language calledVisual Bas...
History of Excel:•The first version of Excel was released for the Mac in 1985and the first Windows version was released in...
History of Excel: Excel 1.0, 1.5, 2.x•Excel became the first spreadsheet to allow the user to define the appearance of spr...
History of Excel: Excel 5.0•With version 5.0, Excel has included Visual Basic for Applications (VBA), a programming langua...
History of Excel: Excel 5.0•The automation functionality provided by VBA made Excel a target for macro viruses. Thiscaused...
History of Excel: Excel 95•Internal rewrite to 32 bits. Almost no external changes, but faster and more stable.  Excel: th...
History of Excel: Excel 97•Major upgrade. Introduced the paper clip office assistant. Standard VBA used instead of interna...
History of Excel: Excel 2000•Minor upgrade. Clipboard can hold multiple objects at once. The Office Assistant, whose frequ...
History of Excel: Excel XP•Released about 2001. Very minor enhancements. Excel: the big picture Excel Interface > the ribb...
History of Excel: Excel 2003Minor enhancements, most significant being the new Tables.  Excel: the big picture Excel Inter...
History of Excel: Excel 2007•This release was a major upgrade from the previous version. Similar to other updated Officepr...
History of Excel: Excel 2007•Specifically, many of the size limitations of previous versions were greatly increased. To il...
History of Excel: Excel 2010•Minor enhancements Excel: the big picture Excel Interface > the ribbon >ribbon / data tab rig...
History of Excel: Excel 2013•To be released late 2012. Minor enhancements. As with all of Microsoft Office, smoothness of ...
History of Excel: Microsoft Windows•1987 Excel 2.0 for Windows, 1990 Excel 3.0, 1992 Excel 4.0, 1993 Excel 5.0 (Office 4.2...
History of Excel: Microsoft Windows•1999 Excel 2000 (version 9.0) included in Office 2000 ,2001 Excel 2002 (version 10) in...
History of Excel: Apple Macintosh•1985 Excel 1.0, 1988 Excel 1.5, 1989 Excel 2.2, 1990 Excel 3.0, 1992 Excel 4.0, 1993 Exc...
History of Excel: OS/2•1989 Excel 2.2, 1990 Excel 2.3, 1991 Excel 3.0  Excel: the big picture Excel Interface > the sheet ...
History of Excel:•The first version of Excel was released for the Mac in 1985 and the first Windows version wasreleased in...
Facts Excel:•Excel automatically changes all the digests that come after the fiftieth digit in to zeros ifone inserts a nu...
Facts Excel:•Excel by default aligns text entries on left side of a cell•Excel default aligns number entries on the right ...
Excel exercises:Exercise 1. Using Excel’s AND, OR, and NOT Functions :A. Write an AND formula to determine if A2>A3 and A2...
Excel exercise: Excel exercises:Exercise 2. Using Excel’s IF FunctionA. Write an IF statement so that if the number in Cel...
Excel exercise:Exercise 3. Exercise 3. More Practice with IF FunctionsA. Write an IF statement to assign a letter grade to...
Excel exercise:Exercise 4. IF Function Practice (from the Proficiency Exercises)Olive oil can be purchased according to th...
Excel exercise:Exercise 5. Building & Using a Nested IF StatementWe’ve modified the olive oil price schedule to give an ad...
Excel exercise:Answer for the exercises:exercise1: A. =AND(A2>A3, A2<A4) B. =OR(A2>A3, A2<A4) C. =NOT(A2+A3=24 Excel: work...
Excel exercise:Answer for the exercises:exercise2: A. =IF(A2<=100,"Within budget", "Over budget")           B. =IF(A2=100,...
Excel exercise:Answer for the exercises:Exercise3: A. =IF(A2>89,"A",IF(A2>79,"B", IF(A2>69,"C",IF(A2>59,"D","F"))))       ...
Excel:Answer for the exercises:Exercise4: A. =IF(A5<=500,B1* A5, 500*B1+(A5-500)*B2)B.           B. =IF(A6<=500,B1* A6, 50...
Excel: Answer for the exercises:Exercise5: A.=IF(A6<=500,A6*$B$1,IF(A6<=1000,(500*$B$1)+(A6500)*$B$2,(500*$B$1)+(500*$B$2)...
Excel:Excel: working with excelCharts:Graphs:>Revise charts and graphs and prepare different kinds of charts and graphs fo...
Excel: Excel: working with excel Printing from excel: >to practice printing from excel open a sample book (sales report 1)...
Excel: Excel: working with excel Printing from excel: >to practice printing open a sample book from you computer >file>new...
Excel: Prepare a five to ten page pages research on AutoCAD software? >History >use >technology Submit your material next ...
Start > All Programs > Autodesk > Auto CadAutoCAD
History of AutoCAD• 25 years ago, nearly every drawing produced in the world was done with pencil or inkon paper. CAD has ...
History of AutoCAD:•First Drafting systems started in 1957 by General Motors and 1960 by McDonnellDouglas Automation Compa...
Facts AutoCAD:• In early days AutoCAD was used as a drafting tool In early days AutoCAD was used as a draftingtool• Throug...
Facts AutoCAD:• AutoCAD screen contains two parts: graphical screen and textual (command) line ()•AutoCAD saves files in ....
Facts AutoCAD:There are two main domains within an Autocad,MODEL space and PAPER space.MODEL spaceMODEL space>All drawing ...
Facts AutoCAD:PAPER space                                              `> It is an area used to plot (print) the drawing c...
Facts AutoCAD: layersA layer can be thought of as a large piece of clear plastic on which a part or wholedrawing is madeLa...
Facts AutoCAD:Tool BarGives us the ability to customize our interface according to our needsIt is the collection of icons ...
Facts AutoCAD: Tool Bar cont’dGives us convenient access to the commands we use mostToolbars can be moved where ever the u...
Facts AutoCAD: Command Line:In command line everything must be entered through the keyboardAfter launching a command throu...
Facts AutoCAD:Palettes:A dialog box of featuresThey combine the functionality of a dialog box with the flexibility of a to...
Facts AutoCAD: Enter Commands              :By clicking Menu itemBy clicking Toolbar iconBy typing in Command lineAutoCAD ...
AutoCAD : working with AutoCADHow to open document :>To open a document >application>open >the desiredfile>use the open do...
AutoCAD : working with AutoCAD>The right click : while we are beginner users of auto cad, right click in theworking area i...
AutoCAD : working with AutoCAD>The right click : while we are beginner users of auto cad, right click in theworking area i...
AutoCAD : working with AutoCAD>the key board short cuts: since one needs to become efficient users of thesoft ware you are...
AutoCAD
AutoCAD
AutoCAD
AutoCAD : working with AutoCAD>now it is time to revise the tabs on the ribbon( if your setting is drafting andannotation)...
AutoCAD : working with AutoCAD>UCS ( User Coordinate System )This tool will show the orientation of the object on drawing ...
AutoCAD : working with AutoCADEg. To draw line:To make the command line ready to use press the esc key on your key board>T...
AutoCAD : working with AutoCADHatch scale, hatch boundary, etc.Modify: move, copy, rotate…*the objects you created on the ...
AutoCAD : working with AutoCADIt is time to work on an exercise:>By making use of all the information you acquired up unti...
AutoCAD : working with AutoCADBlocks: insert, create, edit …Objects we use in our projects are not always simply lines, ci...
AutoCAD : working with AutoCAD>Since now you know your way around AutoCAD . It is time for you to learn how toprepare your...
AutoCAD : working with AutoCADCustom template :>these are the different steps require to prepare a customtemplate:>file>ne...
AutoCAD : working with AutoCADCustom template (cont’d)> Go to lay out>Right click on layout>modify> page set upmanager>cha...
AutoCAD : working with AutoCADCustom template (cont’d)>You can go back and make some final changes that you want to add to...
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  • Autocad and computer introduction for beginers

    1. 1. Chair of Computer Aided Design and Geo-InformaticsCOTM2043 - Year Group II - Semester ILecture on: Introduction to computers, Microsoft Excel and AutoCADDecember 18, 2012
    2. 2. Objective of the course:Course Objectives/Course Contents:>Introduction to computer hardware, software, operating systems and application software.Advanced Data Analysis with Ms-Excel: using built-in functions and user-defined formulae,creating and using databases, Solver options, creating professional looking charts.Introduction to graphics software.>The AutoCAD window elements; Using coordinate entry methods; Controlling Views: thezoomcommands, pan; Drawing Objects: the line family, polygons, arc, circle etc; Drawing Aids: theOrtho command, Object snap and tracking, grids; Editing Objects: selection methods,modifying tools; Layers: Controlling layers: Locking unlocking, On /Off, Freeze; Modifying:Changing and matching object Properties; Hatching, Dimensioning, Adding texts to drawings;Plotting: Units and scales, selecting paper sizes, plotting; (beginning class 1)
    3. 3. Introduction to computers
    4. 4. History of computers:•Nearly 5,000 years ago the abacus emergedin Asia Minor. Ancient Counting Machines. The Abacus (base 5) (in ancient Babylon, China, Europe)•The Roman Numerals I II III IV V VI VII VIIIIX X•The Arabic Numerals (base 10) 0 1 2 3 4 56 7 9 What is computer ?Introduction to computers (beginning of class I)
    5. 5. History of computers: Pascali•The Pascaline is a mechanical calculating device invented by nethe French philosopher and mathematician Blaise Pascal in1642.•The Leibniz Wheel was invented by the famous mathematicianLeibniz in 1673.•Punched Cards were used by the French weaver JosephJacquard in 1810. The cards carried weaving instructions forthe looms, later this idea offered a great use for storing info. What is computer ? > is a devise that performs tasks that are ordered through set of instructions called programIntroduction to computers
    6. 6. History of computers:•The real beginnings of computers began with anEnglish mathematics professor, CharlesBabbage. Charles Babbage designed a Difference“Difference Engine” in 1820 with a massivecalculator designed to print astronomical tables Engine•This device had mechanical problems similar tothose that plagued Pascal and Leibniz. What is computer ? > Is a devise that performs tasks that are ordered through set of instructions called program Uses of computers (how do computers affect human lives?):Introduction to computers
    7. 7. History of computers:•Initially discovered by Thomas Edison, thevacuum tube formed the building block for theentire electronics industry. 1983•Vacuum tubes were later used as electronvalves in the 20th century to build the firstelectronic computers. (1983) What is computer ? > A computer is an electronic machine that accepts information (Data), processes it according to specific instructions, and provides the results as new information. Uses of computers (how do computers affect human lives?): People use computers almost in every walks of their lives: >management >production >medical practices >communication/ network >entertainment >education, etc.Introduction to computers
    8. 8. History of computers:•The US census of the 1880 took 9 years to compile and led to inaccuratefigures. To solve the problem, Herman Hollerith invented a calculating machinethat used electricity•along with punched cards instead of mechanical gears.•Hollerith’s machine was immensely successful. The general count of thepopulation, then 63 million, took only 6 weeks to calculate!•Based on the success of his invention, Herman Hollerith and some friendsformed a company that sold his invention all over the world. The companyeventually became known as: International Business Machines IBM. (1888)Introduction to computers
    9. 9. History of computers:•A partial working model of Babbage’sAnalytical Engine was completed in 1910 byhis son… used punched cards to storenumbers. The design was no more successfulthan its predecessors. 1910•Over the last three years, people realizedthat they didn’t need big computers: a device assmall as a mobile phone could do the jobeffectively. What is computer ? Uses of computers: How do computers work ? Hardware: CPU, input devices, out put devices, buses Software: programs that run the computer(system software and application software) Input >processing > out put> storage Input devices: keyboard, mouse, light pen, scanner, remote source Do you know any other input devices?Introduction to computers
    10. 10. History of computers:•MARK I was built by a team from IBM andHarvard University. Mark I used mechanicaltelephone switches to store information. Itaccepted data on punched cards, processed itand then output the new data. (1943) What is computer ? Uses of computers: How do computers work ? Input >processing > out put> storage Processing: central processing unit (CPU)/ micro-processorIntroduction to computers
    11. 11. History of computers:•The ENIAC was the first US-built all-electronic computer built toperform ballistics calculations. (Away from IBM)(1943)•It was 1000X faster than Mark I, but it drew a lot of power thatdimmed the lights of Philadelphia when it was switched on due to theuse of Vacuum Tubes.• Mark I: 5 Additions / sec.•ENIAC: 5,000 Additions / sec.•ENIAC was made of 18,000 vacuum tubes. (1946) What is computer ? Uses of computers: How do computers work ? Input >processing > output> storage Out put devices: monitor, speaker, printers(2d and 3d), lesser cutter Do you know any other output devices?Introduction to computers
    12. 12. History of computers:•World war II…•the German Navy developed a cipher machine named Enigma. TheEnigma machine could automatically encode a message in such a waythat only another Enigma machine could read decode it.•In 1938 the Polish Secret Service managed to steal an Enigma machinethat was smuggled to England. (1938) What is computer ? Uses of computers: How do computers work ? Input >processing > out put> storage Storage devices: hard drive, internet storage, removable drives, rom Do you know any other storage devices?Introduction to computers
    13. 13. History of computers:•Secretly the British developed a computer named Colossus that could decipher as many as 2,000messages per day. That computer used Vacuum tubes and was the world’s first entirely digitalcomputer. Surprisingly, though Colossus presented a similar technology to that of ENIAC, it hadonly 2,400 compared to 18,000 in ENIAC. (1938)•In1990, Microsoft introduced Windows 3.0.•In 1992, Microsoft introduces Windows for Workgroup.•In 1993, Microsoft unveils Windows NT.•In 1995, Intel introduced the Pentium Pro chip•From 1995 to 2006, the world saw the rise of the Internet era.•Between 1996 and 2006 software (and data) moved away from people’s computers, and endedup in the “cloud” What is computer ? Uses of computers: How do computers work ? Types of computers: >Analog • An analog computer does not store information digitally. • Values are stored as voltage levels. • Analog computers are particularly useful solving nonlinear simultaneous differential equations. • An electric circuit can be defined by an equation. An analog computer is programmed by creating a circuit that follows a desired equation.Introduction to computers
    14. 14. History of computers: (invention of Transistor and Integrated circuit) The Transistor•The most significant single invention of the modern era. It was invented by three scientists atAt&T’s Bell Labs.•One of the first overseas companies was a Japanese company called Tokyo TelecommunicationsLaboratory. The company had troubles paying the license fee ($25,000), that company became in1956 what’s called now Sony, it replaced the Vacuum tube.•Transistors are smaller (sometimes microscopic)•Fast and don’t need to warm up (1946) What is computer ? Uses of computers: How do computers work ? Types of computers: >Analog >Digital Computers Almost all computers to day are digital Digital computers are computers are…… Types of digital computers: Mainframes, Personal computers, Tablet PCs, Media Centers, Personal digital assistants(PDAs) Do you know any other digital computers? >Hybrid computers These are machines that can work as both analog and digital computersIntroduction to computers
    15. 15. History of computers: What is computer ? Uses of computers: How do computers work ? Types of computers: >Analog >Digital Computers >Hybrid computers Main Frame Personal Computer PDAs Tablet PCsIntroduction to computers
    16. 16. History of computers:The (IC) Integrated Circuit•The IC revolutionized the entire electronictechnology. Ex: The Pentium Processorcontains 3.1 Million Transistors in 1.5 inchsquare (1961)Introduction to computers
    17. 17. Introduction to computers
    18. 18. History of computers: Prepare a five to ten page pages research on excel software? >History >use >technology Submit your material on next week classIntroduction to computers(end of class I)
    19. 19. Start > All Programs > Microsoft Office > Microsoft ExcelExcel (beginning of class II)
    20. 20. History of Excel: Microsoft Excel is an application software that features: calculation, graphing tools, pivot tables, and a macro programming language called Visual Basic for Applications Excel created business for different people : >as excel is easy to use, run simulations , Etc. people were empowered to start business .Excel
    21. 21. History of Excel: Microsoft Excel is an application software that features: calculation, graphing tools, pivot tables, and a macro programming language called Visual Basic for Applications Excel created business for different people : Excel collaboration and social net work : >group of people on different part of the planet can work on a single spreadsheet. .Excel
    22. 22. History of Excel:•Microsoft originally marketed a spreadsheet program calledMultiplan in 1982, which was very popular on CP/Msystems, but on MS-DOS systems it lost popularity to Lotus1-2-3•This promoted development of a new spreadsheet calledExcel which started with the intention to do everything 1-2-3does and do it better. Microsoft Excel is an application software that features: calculation, graphing tools, pivot tables, and a macro programming language called Visual Basic for Applications Excel created business for different people : Excel collaboration and social net work : Excel as part of a package: >currently excel is presented to the market by Microsoft both individually and as part of a package called Microsoft office .Excel
    23. 23. History of Excel:•Multiplan was an early spreadsheet program developed by Microsoft. Known initially by the codename "EP" (for "Electronic Paper"), it was introduced in 1982 as a competitor for VisiCalc.•Multiplan was released first for computers running CP/M; it was developed using a Microsoftproprietary p-code C compiler as part of a portability strategy that facilitated ports to system.•Despite the release of Microsoft Chart, graphics companion software, Multiplan continued to beoutsold by Lotus 1-2-3. It was replaced by Microsoft Excel which followed some years later on boththe Apple Macintosh (1985) and Microsoft Windows (1987). Microsoft Excel is an application software that features: calculation, graphing tools, pivot tables, and a macro programming language called Visual Basic for Applications Excel created business for different people : Excel collaboration and social net work : Excel as a part of a package : Excel is used to: >make spreadsheets, tables, lists and charts >manage financial information >perform mathematical calculations >track data base informationExcel
    24. 24. History of Excel:•The first version of Excel was released for the Mac in 1985and the first Windows version was released in November1987.•Lotus was slow to bring 1-2-3 to Windows and by 1988 Excelhad started to outsell 1-2-3 and helped Microsoft achieve theposition of leading PC software developer.•This accomplishment, dethroning the king of the softwareworld, solidified Microsoft as a valid competitor and showed itsfuture of developing graphical software. Microsoft Excel is an application software that features: calculation, graphing tools, pivot tables, and a macro programming language called Visual Basic for Applications Excel created business for different people : Excel collaboration and social net work : Excel as a part of a package : Excel is used to: >discuss and compare spreadsheets, tables, lists and chartsExcel
    25. 25. History of Excel:•The first version of Excel was released for the Mac in 1985 and the first Windows version wasreleased in November 1987.•Microsoft Excel is a non-Microsoft Excel is a non-free commercial spreadsheet applicationwritten and distributed by Microsoft for Microsoft Windows and Mac OS X. It features calculation,graphing tools, pivot tables, and a macro programming language called Visual Basic forApplications. It has been a very widely applied spreadsheet for these platforms, especially sinceversion 5 in 1993, and it has almost completely replaced Lotus 1-2-3 as the industry standard forspreadsheets. Excel forms part of Microsoft Office. The current versions are 2010 for MicrosoftWindows and 2011 for Mac OS X free commercial spreadsheet application written and distributedby Microsoft for Microsoft Windows and Mac OS X. Microsoft Excel is an application software that features: calculation, graphing tools, pivot tables, and a macro programming language called Visual Basic for Applications Excel created business for different people : Excel collaboration and social net work : Excel as a part of a package : Excel is used to: Excel: the big picture Excel Interface Discuss the fallowing parts of the excel interface >work book (column headings, row headings, cell), work sheet, formula bar, the name box, ribbon, menu bar, slide bar, sheet tabExcel
    26. 26. History of Excel:•It features calculation, graphing tools, pivot tables, and a macro programming language calledVisual Basic for Applications. It has been a very widely applied spreadsheet for these platforms,especially since version 5 in 1993, and it has almost completely replaced Lotus 1-2-3 as theindustry standard for spreadsheets. Excel forms part of Microsoft Office. Office Button Office Button Column Name Box Formula Bar Ribbon Letter Cell Row Number Scroll Bars Sheet TabExcel
    27. 27. History of Excel:•The first version of Excel was released for the Mac in 1985and the first Windows version was released in November1987.•Microsoft pushed its advantage with regular new releases,every two years or so. Excel: the big picture Excel Interface > opening a file >file>open>name of file or folder >open>Excel
    28. 28. History of Excel: Excel 1.0, 1.5, 2.x•Excel became the first spreadsheet to allow the user to define the appearance of spreadsheets(fonts, character attributes and cell appearance). It also introduced intelligent cell recompilation,where only cells dependent on the cell being modified are updated (previous spreadsheet programsrecomputed everything all the time or waited for a specific user command). Excel has extensivegraphing capabilities, and enables users to perform mail merge.•From its first version on Excel supported end user programming of macros (automation ofrepetitive tasks) and user defined functions (extension of Excels built-in function library). In earlyversions of Excel these programs were written in a macro language whose statements had formulasyntax and resided in the cells of special purpose macro sheets (stored with file extension .XLM inWindows.) Excel: the big picture Excel Interface > saving a file >file>save>name of file or folder >default location of saving is ‘documents’ >save/save as >Excel
    29. 29. History of Excel: Excel 5.0•With version 5.0, Excel has included Visual Basic for Applications (VBA), a programming languagebased on Visual Basic which adds the ability to automate tasks in Excel and to provide user-definedfunctions (UDF) for use in worksheets. VBA is a powerful addition to the application and includes afully featured integrated development environment (IDE). Macro recording can produce VBA codereplicating user actions, thus allowing simple automation of regular tasks. VBA allows the creationof forms and in‑worksheet controls to communicate with the user. The language supports use (butnot creation) of ActiveX (COM) DLLs; later versions add support for class modules allowing the useof basic object-oriented programming techniques. Excel: the big picture Excel Interface > the ribbon >ribbon/ home tab leftExcel
    30. 30. History of Excel: Excel 5.0•The automation functionality provided by VBA made Excel a target for macro viruses. Thiscaused serious problems until antivirus products began to detect these viruses. Microsoftbelatedly took steps to prevent the misuse by adding the ability to disable macros completely, toenable macros when opening a workbook or to trust all macros signed using a trusted certificate. Excel: the big picture Excel Interface > the ribbon >ribbon / home tab right >open a template spread sheet and study the ribbon/home tab with your teacherExcel
    31. 31. History of Excel: Excel 95•Internal rewrite to 32 bits. Almost no external changes, but faster and more stable. Excel: the big picture Excel Interface > the ribbon >ribbon/ insert tab leftExcel
    32. 32. History of Excel: Excel 97•Major upgrade. Introduced the paper clip office assistant. Standard VBA used instead of internalExcel Basic. Includes now removed Natural Language labels. Excel: the big picture Excel Interface > the ribbon >ribbon / insert tab right >open a template spread sheet and study the ribbon/insert tab with your teacherExcel
    33. 33. History of Excel: Excel 2000•Minor upgrade. Clipboard can hold multiple objects at once. The Office Assistant, whose frequentunsolicited appearance in Excel 97 had annoyed many users, became less intrusive. Excel: the big picture Excel Interface > the ribbon >ribbon/ page layout tab leftExcel
    34. 34. History of Excel: Excel XP•Released about 2001. Very minor enhancements. Excel: the big picture Excel Interface > the ribbon >ribbon / page layout tab right >open a template spread sheet and study the ribbon/layout tab with your teacherExcel
    35. 35. History of Excel: Excel 2003Minor enhancements, most significant being the new Tables. Excel: the big picture Excel Interface > the ribbon >ribbon/ formulas tab leftExcel
    36. 36. History of Excel: Excel 2007•This release was a major upgrade from the previous version. Similar to other updated Officeproducts, Excel in 2007 used the new Ribbon menu system. This is different from what users areused to, but the number of mouse-clicks needed to reach a given functionality is generally less(e.g., removing gridlines only required two mouse-clicks instead of five). However, most businessusers agree that the replacement of the straightforward menu system with the more convolutedribbon dramatically reduces productivity.•Also like other office products, the Office Open XML file formats were introduced, including .xlsmfor a workbook with macros and .xlsx for a workbook without macros. Excel: the big picture Excel Interface > the ribbon >ribbon / formulas tab right >open a template spread sheet and study the ribbon/formulas tab with your teacherExcel
    37. 37. History of Excel: Excel 2007•Specifically, many of the size limitations of previous versions were greatly increased. To illustrate,the number of rows was now 1,048,576 (220) and columns was 16,384 (214; the far-right column isXFD). This changes what is a valid A1 reference versus a named range. Other features included animproved management of named variables through the Name Manager, and much improvedflexibility in formatting graphs, which now allow (x, y) coordinate labeling and lines of arbitraryweight. Several improvements to pivot tables were introduced. This version made more extensiveuse of multiple cores for the calculation of spreadsheets; however, VBA macros are not handled inparallel and XLL add‑ins were only executed in parallel if they were thread-safe and this wasindicated at registration Excel: the big picture Excel Interface > the ribbon >ribbon/ data tab leftExcel
    38. 38. History of Excel: Excel 2010•Minor enhancements Excel: the big picture Excel Interface > the ribbon >ribbon / data tab right >open a template spread sheet and study the ribbon/data tab with your teacherExcel
    39. 39. History of Excel: Excel 2013•To be released late 2012. Minor enhancements. As with all of Microsoft Office, smoothness of theuser interface in selecting, typing, and the display of graphics is a refinement in appearance ofExcel 2013. Excel: the big picture Excel Interface > the ribbon >ribbon/ review tab leftExcel
    40. 40. History of Excel: Microsoft Windows•1987 Excel 2.0 for Windows, 1990 Excel 3.0, 1992 Excel 4.0, 1993 Excel 5.0 (Office 4.2 & 4.3,also a 32-bit version for Windows NT only on the x86, PowerPC, Alpha, and MIPS architectures)This version of Excel includes a DOOM-like game as an Easter Egg.•1995 Excel for Windows 95 (version 7.0) included in Office 95, 1997 Excel 97 (version 8.0)included in Office 97 (for x86 and Alpha). This version of Excel includes a flight simulator as anEaster Egg. Excel: the big picture Excel Interface > the ribbon >ribbon / review tab right >open a template spread sheet and study the ribbon/review tab with your teacherExcel
    41. 41. History of Excel: Microsoft Windows•1999 Excel 2000 (version 9.0) included in Office 2000 ,2001 Excel 2002 (version 10) included inOffice XP, 2003 Office Excel 2003 (version 11) included in Office 2003 , 2007 Office Excel 2007(version 12) included in Office 2007 , 2010 Excel 2010 (version 14) included in Office 2010•Note: No MS-DOS version of Excel 1.0 for Windows ever existed: the Windows version originatedat the time the Mac version was up to 2.0.•Note: There is no Excel 6.0, because the Windows 95 version was launched with Word 7. All theOffice 95 & Office 4.X products have OLE 2 capacity — moving data automatically from variousprograms — and Excel 7 would show that it was contemporary with Word 7. Excel: the big picture Excel Interface > the ribbon >ribbon/ view tab leftExcel
    42. 42. History of Excel: Apple Macintosh•1985 Excel 1.0, 1988 Excel 1.5, 1989 Excel 2.2, 1990 Excel 3.0, 1992 Excel 4.0, 1993 Excel 5.0(part of Office 4.X—Motorola 68000 version and first PowerPC version) ,1998 Excel 8.0 (part ofOffice 98), 2000 Excel 9.0 (part of Office 2001), 2001 Excel 10.0 (part of Office v. X), 2004 Excel11.0 (part of Office 2004), 2008 Excel 12.0 (part of Office 2008), 2011 Excel 14.0 (part of Office2011) Excel: the big picture Excel Interface > the ribbon >ribbon / view tab right >open a template spread sheet and study the ribbon/view tab with your teacherExcel
    43. 43. History of Excel: OS/2•1989 Excel 2.2, 1990 Excel 2.3, 1991 Excel 3.0 Excel: the big picture Excel Interface > the sheet tab >excel file can contain several sheets and we can switch between these sheets by making use of the sheet tab Right click here to rename, insert new sheet, Right click here to rename, insert new sheet, delete, color tab etc.. delete, color tab etcExcel Sheet scroll tabs Sheet scroll tabs
    44. 44. History of Excel:•The first version of Excel was released for the Mac in 1985 and the first Windows version wasreleased in November 1987.•Microsoft pushed its advantage with regular new releases, every two years or so. Excel: working with excel Selection: Do the following activities (since you have an excel introduction background in high school, this would help you to revise how selections are done in excel work book) >a selected cell or range of cells appear shaded >select cell A1 and type the letter ‘A’ See the change in the name book and formula bar. The button on the formula bar becomes active (selection of a single cell) >click the column letter ‘A’ Discuss the change (selection of an entire column) >click the row number ‘1’ Discuss the change (selection of an entire row) >click cell A1 and while pressing shift click on cell B3 Discuss the change (selection of cell range)Excel
    45. 45. Facts Excel:•Excel automatically changes all the digests that come after the fiftieth digit in to zeros ifone inserts a number that has digits bigger that fifteen digits•To avoid the above occurrence one needs to format the cell one is using. To do so: Right click on the cell>activate number tag>select text Excel: working with excel Selection: (cont’d) >click the select all button at top left corner of the work book. That is at the top of row heading 1 or to the left of column heading A. (selection of all cells) Discuss the change. Other ways of Selection: >Home> Find and select> (go to or find special or ...) Do you know other selection methods? discuss them:Excel
    46. 46. Facts Excel:•Excel by default aligns text entries on left side of a cell•Excel default aligns number entries on the right side of a cell•All formulas and functions in excel begin with ‘=‘ sign Excel: working with excel Selection: Other ways of Selection: Entering Data: >type text and number data directly to the cells. Enter data by making use of the formula bar ( click on a cell and type enter a data in to the formula bar) >enter data by making use of the auto complete and auto fill (discuss)Excel
    47. 47. Excel exercises:Exercise 1. Using Excel’s AND, OR, and NOT Functions :A. Write an AND formula to determine if A2>A3 and A2<A4 is a true or false statement.B. Write an OR formula to determine if A2>A3 or A2<A4 is a true or false statement.C. Write a formula that expresses that A2+A3=24 is a false statement Excel: working with excel Selection: Other ways of Selection: Entering Data: Editing Data :(discuss)(delete, move, copy, redo, undo, find and replace,etc.) Create a work book by making use of templates: (one can get templates from storage on ones computer or from the Microsoft web site) >File>New>Templates Create a work book from scratch: >File>New>blank workbook (CRL >N)Excel
    48. 48. Excel exercise: Excel exercises:Exercise 2. Using Excel’s IF FunctionA. Write an IF statement so that if the number in Cell A2 is less than 100 the formuladisplays the text “Within budget”, otherwise the formula displays the text “Over budget”.B. Write an IF statement so that if the number in Cell A2 is 100 then the formula sumsthe range B5:B15. Otherwise, the formula returns a blank (empty text). Excel: working with excel Selection: Other ways of Selection: Entering Data: Editing Data : Create a work book by making use of templates: Create a work book from scratch: Special data in excel? Dates: (discuss) >data entered for dates in excel are interpreted in a different way that normal numbers: enter ‘12-13’ in a cell will displayed as ‘13-dec’ in formula bar will be displayed ‘12/13/2012’ Do you know any other special data? (discuss)Excel
    49. 49. Excel exercise:Exercise 3. Exercise 3. More Practice with IF FunctionsA. Write an IF statement to assign a letter grade to the score in Cell A2.B. Write an IF statement to assign a letter grade to the score in Cell A3.C. Write an IF statement to assign a letter grade to the score in Cell A4 Excel: working with excel Exercise: Open a new Excel worksheet and prepare a table that has columns showing items, rate, quantity, price for the following information ( make the table more visually interesting by making use of different techniques): A restaurant purchaser bought 5kg Cabbage, 25kg Potato, 9kg Carrot, 15kg Tomato , 45kg Meat, 5kg Garlic, 10kg Butter and 2kg Ham, with a market price 10 birr, 5 birr,18 birr,15 birr,90 birr,60 birr,145 birr and 250 birr respectively Conditional formatting, cell stylesExcel
    50. 50. Excel exercise:Exercise 4. IF Function Practice (from the Proficiency Exercises)Olive oil can be purchased according to this price schedule:Write IF statements to calculate the cost of the quantities of olive oil listed in Cells A5,A6, and A7 .A.Write a formula to find the cost of 483 gallons.B. Write a formula to find the cost of 500 gallons.C.Write a formula to find the cost of 1,600 gallons Excel: working with excel Exercise: does your table look like this? Conditional formatting, cell stylesExcel
    51. 51. Excel exercise:Exercise 5. Building & Using a Nested IF StatementWe’ve modified the olive oil price schedule to give an additional price break forquantities over 1,000 gallons. The new pricing schedule is Write a formula to find the cost of 483gallons. Write two formulas using nested IF statements to calculate the cost of the quantities ofolive oil listed in Cell A6 (483 gallons) and Cell A7 (2,001 gallons) Excel: working with excel Exercise: home reading >formulas and functions >charts, graphsExcel (end of class II)
    52. 52. Excel exercise:Answer for the exercises:exercise1: A. =AND(A2>A3, A2<A4) B. =OR(A2>A3, A2<A4) C. =NOT(A2+A3=24 Excel: working with excel Formulas and functions: >+ add, - subtract * multiply, / divide, < less than, > greater that, etc. >Formulas V function ( = A1+A2+A3+A4 V =sum(A1:A4) ) >revise what you have discussed while studying the ribbon under the tab formulas >using functions is more efficient that using formulas in case of calculating data in a very large sheet >insert function tool helps to implement functions and formulas very easily. >formulas tab>inset function tool> . . . Using the insert function tool:Excel (beginning of class III)
    53. 53. Excel exercise:Answer for the exercises:exercise2: A. =IF(A2<=100,"Within budget", "Over budget") B. =IF(A2=100,SUM(B5:B15),"") Excel: working with excel Using the insert function tool: Relative references: >when copying a formula from one cell to the other excel uses the former cell to come up with references for the new cell Absolute references: >when copying a function from one cell to the other excel retains the former cell referenceExcel
    54. 54. Excel exercise:Answer for the exercises:Exercise3: A. =IF(A2>89,"A",IF(A2>79,"B", IF(A2>69,"C",IF(A2>59,"D","F")))) B. =IF(A3>89,"A",IF(A3>79,"B", IF(A3>69,"C",IF(A3>59,"D","F")))) C. =IF(A4>89,"A",IF(A4>79,"B", IF(A4>69,"C",IF(A4>59,"D","F")))) Excel: working with excel Exercise: >Use the excel sheet you prepared for the last exercise: •Calculate the total sum of money spent for the whole purchase. •What is the average value of the rate price? •How many items cost bellow average, use formula? •Level items that cost below 350birr cheap and above 350 birr expensive, use formula. •Sort the items by quantity bought. •Rank the items, in their total price ascending manner.Excel
    55. 55. Excel:Answer for the exercises:Exercise4: A. =IF(A5<=500,B1* A5, 500*B1+(A5-500)*B2)B. B. =IF(A6<=500,B1* A6, 500*B1+(A6-500)*B2) C. =IF(A7<=500,B1* A7, 500*B1+(A7-500)*B2) Excel: working with excel Charts: Graphs: >Revise charts and graphs and prepare different kinds of charts and graphs for the last exercise >select the sheet> insert tab> select any style of chart is appropriate Bar chartExcel
    56. 56. Excel: Answer for the exercises:Exercise5: A.=IF(A6<=500,A6*$B$1,IF(A6<=1000,(500*$B$1)+(A6500)*$B$2,(500*$B$1)+(500*$B$2)+(A6-1000)*$B$3)) B.=IF(A7<=500,A7*$B$1,IF(A7<=1000,(500*$B$1)+(A7-500)*$B$2,(500*$B$1)+(500*$B$2)+(A7-1000)*$B$3)) Excel: working with excel Charts: Graphs: >Revise charts and graphs and prepare different kinds of charts and graphs for the last exercise >select the sheet> insert tab> select any style of chart is appropriateExcel Pie chart
    57. 57. Excel:Excel: working with excelCharts:Graphs:>Revise charts and graphs and prepare different kinds of charts and graphs for the lastexercise>select the sheet> insert tab> select any style of chart is appropriateExcel Graph chart
    58. 58. Excel: Excel: working with excel Printing from excel: >to practice printing from excel open a sample book (sales report 1) from you computer >file>new>sample templates>sales report 1Excel
    59. 59. Excel: Excel: working with excel Printing from excel: >to practice printing open a sample book from you computer >file>new>sample templates>sales report 1 >the sample book you opened has four sheets. Look at the sheet tab and practice switching between the sheets >try to print the book to pdf. Follow the following instruction >file>print>change the printer to nitro pdf creator > change the setting to print the entire work sheet >order the print>when a window pops up select an appropriate place to save your pdf print out and a name for the file.Excel
    60. 60. Excel: Prepare a five to ten page pages research on AutoCAD software? >History >use >technology Submit your material next week You will be revising excel when you are studying relation ship between AutoCAD and ExcelExcel(end of class III)
    61. 61. Start > All Programs > Autodesk > Auto CadAutoCAD
    62. 62. History of AutoCAD• 25 years ago, nearly every drawing produced in the world was done with pencil or inkon paper. CAD has fundamentally changed the way design is done. AutoCAD : the big picture (Inter face)-AutoCAD in drafting and annotation setting Information center Application button Ribbon/ Panel View cube Menu bar Navigation bar Model and layout tabs Command line Application bar Slide barAutoCAD Snap tools (beginning of class IV) Annotation tools
    63. 63. History of AutoCAD:•First Drafting systems started in 1957 by General Motors and 1960 by McDonnellDouglas Automation Company• Autodesk started their first CAD system AutoCAD in 1982 Autodesk started their firstCAD system – AutoCAD in 1982• AutoCAD : the big picture (Inter face)-AutoCAD classic setting (from the work space control you can shift between the different AutoCAD settings) Application button Priorities panel Information center Menu bar View cube Tool bar Tool pallets Tool bar Model and Slide bar layout tabs Command line Application barAutoCAD Snap tools Annotation tools
    64. 64. Facts AutoCAD:• In early days AutoCAD was used as a drafting tool In early days AutoCAD was used as a draftingtool• Through the years and many releases it become a design tool•design tool‘Icon’ based environment - icons grouped in toolbars AutoCAD : the big picture (Inter face) Classic menu bar : > Most of the tabs on this bar are common to most software you already know. Exercise on them and discuss. Information center: > Should you need any information about your AutoCAD software either from your directory or from the internet , information center is the right place to seek for it.AutoCAD
    65. 65. Facts AutoCAD:• AutoCAD screen contains two parts: graphical screen and textual (command) line ()•AutoCAD saves files in .DWG format but can import and export different formats (DXF,IGES)andexport different formats (DXF, IGES)•Model (2D) is made in a ‘MODEL SPACE’ drawings are generated in ‘DRAWING SPACE’ AutoCAD : the big picture (Inter face) The ribbon: > The ribbon is displayed automatically when you create or open a file, providing a compact palette of all of the tools necessary to create your file. >Shift around the tabs of the ribbon and learn the different panels. >under the home tab we have: draw, modify, layers, annotation, block, properties, groups utilities and clip board panels >under the insert tab we have: block, block definition, reference point cloud, import, data, linking and extraction, content panels >under the annotate tab we have: test, dimension, leaders, tables, markup, annotation scaling and drawing viewAutoCAD
    66. 66. Facts AutoCAD:There are two main domains within an Autocad,MODEL space and PAPER space.MODEL spaceMODEL space>All drawing or modelling is done in here>It is the main ‘modelling’ area in Autocad AutoCAD : the big picture (Inter face) The ribbon: > The ribbon is displayed automatically when you create or open a file, providing a compact palette of all of the tools necessary to create your file. >Shift around the tabs of the ribbon and learn the different panels. >under the parametric tab we have: geometric, dimensional and manage >under the view tab we have: navigate 2d, views, visual style, view port, pallets and windows >under the manage tab we have: action recorder, customization, applications, cad standards >under the out put tab manage we have: Plot, export to DWF/PDF, Auto desk seekAutoCAD
    67. 67. Facts AutoCAD:PAPER space `> It is an area used to plot (print) the drawing created in the model space>It is actually a blank sheet in which a real object drawn in model space can berepresented as a printable drawing . Model space 1:1; Paper space ,any standard scale AutoCAD : the big picture (Inter face) The ribbon: > The ribbon is displayed automatically when you create or open a file, providing a compact palette of all of the tools necessary to create your file. >Shift around the tabs of the ribbon and learn the different panels. >under the plug-ins tab we have: explore and edit in fusion panels >under the on line tab we have: up load, content and share panels >under the express tools tab we have: blocks, text, modify, layout, draw, dimension, tools and web panelsAutoCAD
    68. 68. Facts AutoCAD: layersA layer can be thought of as a large piece of clear plastic on which a part or wholedrawing is madeLayers are controlled by the layer properties manager button located on the objectproperties toolbar AutoCAD : the big picture (Inter face) Quick access tool bar: >Display frequently used tools with the Quick Access toolbar. >The Quick Access toolbar displays options to undo and redo changes to your file. To undo or redo a less recent change, click the drop-down button to the right of the Undo and Redo buttons.AutoCAD
    69. 69. Facts AutoCAD:Tool BarGives us the ability to customize our interface according to our needsIt is the collection of icons where each of the icons represent a specific AutoCADcommand AutoCAD : the big picture (Inter face) Application status bar: > The application status bar displays the coordinate values of your cursor, drawing tools, navigation tools, and tools for Quick View and annotation scaling. You can view the drawing tool buttons as icons or text. You also can easily change the settings of snap, polar, osnap, and otrack from the shortcut menus of these drawing toolsAutoCAD
    70. 70. Facts AutoCAD: Tool Bar cont’dGives us convenient access to the commands we use mostToolbars can be moved where ever the user wants it to be, so that to assist usin drawingsToolbars can be turned on or off AutoCAD : Interface Know your way arrowed AutoCAD : >Hide and redisplay the command line by doing one of the following: 1>Click Tools menu Command Line. 2>Press Ctrl+9 >right click on the ribbon>from the drop down list use show tabs and panels to turn on and off components of the interface (this is only one of the several ways you can do so) >in AutoCAD classic setting By default, the command window is docked. The docked command window is the same width as the AutoCAD window. If text that is entered becomes longer than the width of the command line, the window pops up in front of the command line to show the full text of the line. Undock, or float, the command window by dragging it away from the docking region. The docking region is an edge of the AutoCAD application window that allows you to dock a toolbar, palette, or the command window. You can move the floating command window anywhere on the screen and resize its width and height with the pointing device. Dock a floating command window again by dragging it to the docking region of the AutoCAD window.AutoCAD
    71. 71. Facts AutoCAD: Command Line:In command line everything must be entered through the keyboardAfter launching a command through any means command line will prompt youwhat next step should be taken to complete the command AutoCAD : Inter face Customize interface : Provides an interface for customizing workspaces, toolbars, menus, ribbon panels, shortcut menus, and other user interface elements. *When the Customize User Interface Editor is displayed using the Customize Commands option from the Tool Palettes window or the Customize option from the Quick Access toolbar or a toolbar, the Customizations In pane is collapsed and the Command List pane is expanded.AutoCAD
    72. 72. Facts AutoCAD:Palettes:A dialog box of featuresThey combine the functionality of a dialog box with the flexibility of a toolbar AutoCAD : Inter face Customize interface : >Displays a tree structure of user interface elements that can be customized, such as workspaces, toolbars, menus, ribbon panels, partial CUIx files, and so on. >To open the customize user interface: Go to the ribbon under the manage tab>go to the customize panel>click on user interface >List box Displays a list of CUIx files that are loaded and an Open option. >Available Customizations In toolbar Contains Load Partial Customization File and Save All Current >Customization Files buttons. Load Partial Customization File Loads a CUIx file that you can add to the acad.cuix file. >Save All Current Customization Files Saves changes to all loaded CUIx files. >Tree View Displays the current customization file in a structured view so you can add and modify the user interface elements.AutoCAD
    73. 73. Facts AutoCAD: Enter Commands :By clicking Menu itemBy clicking Toolbar iconBy typing in Command lineAutoCAD : InterfaceCustomize interface :Class exercise: practice on changing/customizing some of the components of theinterface and discussAutoCAD (end of class IV)
    74. 74. AutoCAD : working with AutoCADHow to open document :>To open a document >application>open >the desiredfile>use the open document list to view the currentlyopen documents>To create a new document >application>new>select atemplate from the window that pops>discuss the open documents and recent documentscommandAutoCAD (beginning od class V)
    75. 75. AutoCAD : working with AutoCAD>The right click : while we are beginner users of auto cad, right click in theworking area is usually our important helper>You can display different shortcut menus when you right-click different areas of thescreen.>Shortcut menus typically include options to•Repeat the last command entered•Cancel the current command•Display a list of recent user input•Cut, copy, and paste from the Clipboard•Select a different command option•Display a dialog box, such as Options or Customize•Undo the last command entered•You can customize right-click behavior to be time-sensitive, so that a quick right-clickacts the same as pressing Enter, and a longer right-click displays a shortcut menu.AutoCAD
    76. 76. AutoCAD : working with AutoCAD>The right click : while we are beginner users of auto cad, right click in theworking area is usually our important helper>the key board short cuts: but since we need to become efficient users of thesoft ware you are always recommended to study the keyboard shortcuts>as almost all keyboard short cut in AutoCAD are words that start with an initial of thecommand we want to commit, it is easy to remember the keyboard short cuts. Forexample if you want to initiate a command for drawing line you type ‘L’ in thecommand line.>see the list of the keyboard short cut on the next page.AutoCAD
    77. 77. AutoCAD : working with AutoCAD>the key board short cuts: since one needs to become efficient users of thesoft ware you are always recommended to study the keyboard shortcutsAutoCAD
    78. 78. AutoCAD
    79. 79. AutoCAD
    80. 80. AutoCAD
    81. 81. AutoCAD : working with AutoCAD>now it is time to revise the tabs on the ribbon( if your setting is drafting andannotation) or the tool bars (if your setting is AutoCAD classical). This timeyou should work on them with exercises>study the view tab (navigate 2d, views, visual style, view port, pallets and windows) itwill help to navigate around the working area.>under the home tab we have: draw, modify, layers, annotation, block, properties,groups utilities and clip board panelsLayer: isolate, freeze, turn on and off, name and rename …This tab is very important to create an organized drawing. If a drawing is implementedwith out layers, it is very hard to control the drawing while making it and editing it forfuture use.>create layers>how to name and rename layers appropriately>how to isolate, freeze… layersPractice and discussAutoCAD
    82. 82. AutoCAD : working with AutoCAD>UCS ( User Coordinate System )This tool will show the orientation of the object on drawing window. The coordinatesystem in 3D is base on X,Y,Z axis. Simple in words, if you draw in 2D you only needX,Y axis and if you draw in 3D you need X,Y and Z axis. Z is for object depth. UCS isshow on the left bottom of drawing windowDRAW: Line, poly line, circle, ellipse, hatch, etc.In order to draw this elements you have to press the buttons that bear their symbolsor know how to use the command line and keyboard shortcut. But always you have toread the information on the command line.Most importantly it is good to know that usage of the command line is similar foralmost all command we want to commit*study the snap commands on the application bar while you study the draw panel.AutoCAD
    83. 83. AutoCAD : working with AutoCADEg. To draw line:To make the command line ready to use press the esc key on your key board>Type ‘L’ in the command line and press the enter key on your keyboard.>you will be asked to specify the first point.>type x,y ( x can be any number representing the x and y any number representingthe y coordinate of the first point respectively). After you typed the x and y value toyour convenience, press the enter key on your keyboard.>you will be asked to specify the second point of the line and you enter the x and yvalue of the point.>or after you specify the first point you can point your curser on the direction you wantto draw your line and just type the amount of length you want to draw the line for andpress enter.practice on making different hatches properties:solid, pattern, gradient, etc.AutoCAD
    84. 84. AutoCAD : working with AutoCADHatch scale, hatch boundary, etc.Modify: move, copy, rotate…*the objects you created on the working area by making use of the draw tab or anyother can be modified by the commands in the modify tab. Practice and discuss.It is time for exercises: draw a gear or any other drawing provided by the teacherAnnotation (panel) :Text, leader, dimension etc.Annotate(tab) : text, dimensions, leaders, tables etc.Under this tab we will get a chance to describeour project by labeling them with texts. Measuringthem with dimensions etc.Discuss and practice.AutoCAD
    85. 85. AutoCAD : working with AutoCADIt is time to work on an exercise:>By making use of all the information you acquired up until know, implement thesmall house drawing that you will be provided with and show it to your teacher forevaluation>For this exercise it is assumed that you havetaken a drafting class. You can intemperate thedrawing in to a professional plan drawing.>space A (bed room), B (shower), C (lobby) D( living dining) and E( verandah).Here you are expected to draw walls, doors,windows, hatches, texts and dimensionsproperly. ( use layers, line weights, colors etc.)>for next week finalize and bring elevation andsection drawings for this small house.AutoCAD (end of class V)
    86. 86. AutoCAD : working with AutoCADBlocks: insert, create, edit …Objects we use in our projects are not always simply lines, circles or rectangles. Wealso insert blocks that are pre made and saved on our computer or other directories.Blocks are complex objects made of combination of lines, circles, texts, attributes, etcthat are blocked to make one object. Sometimes blocks are made out of combinationsof other blocks.Properties: color, line weight, line type etc.This information can also be implemented while layers are prepared.This is where we can give our project elements different properties like line type, lineweight, color etc. in order to distinguish our project in to a specific standard duringpresentation..AutoCAD
    87. 87. AutoCAD : working with AutoCAD>Since now you know your way around AutoCAD . It is time for you to learn how toprepare your own template. And start to prepare lay out for plotting.>you are going to be learning more about professional drafting in the comingsemesters. For this class we are only going to introduce how to prepare customtemplates.A drafting project:•A drawing contains different texts for different purposes, such as title, room name,floor finish, etc. all this texts are going to have different text size.•Texts and dimensions in different scaled drawings have different size.•other properties like line weight, hatch thickness (scale), etc. have different values fordifferent scales.>a drafting project needs to be controlled and organized other wise one will face avery devastating conscience>Preparation of a template is one way of controlling your work. The idea is to preparea file that will guide your work flow or principle in order to prevent the problemsmentioned above.AutoCAD ( beginning of class VI)
    88. 88. AutoCAD : working with AutoCADCustom template :>these are the different steps require to prepare a customtemplate:>file>new>(from the pop up window)acad>format(fromthe menu bar)>units(from the drop down list)>the windowon the right side is the resulting pop up:>change the precision to a decimal point that isappropriate for you. And change the unit of measurementto your convenience and click ok.>view(menu bar)> display(dropdown list)> UCS Icon >atthis point the UCS Icon will be turned off from the modelspace. We did this in order to limit or model space to ourrequirement>type limits>type x1,y1 (left side corner)> and x2,y2 forthe right side corner (this step will let you limit yourworking space to your convenience)AutoCAD
    89. 89. AutoCAD : working with AutoCADCustom template (cont’d)> Go to lay out>Right click on layout>modify> page set upmanager>change values for plotter, paper size, make thescale 1:1, adjust your paper orientation>ok>close>goback to model space> layer properties(from the ribbonhome tab)>here create all the layers you need for yourdrawing that and adjust all the properties of the layers toyour convenience>close>type ‘st’ ( for test style)>on theresulting pop up window adjust the text size and font>apply>go to status bar and select all the snaps that youbelieve are appropriate for your project> go back to layout and draw your title block> type ‘vports’>from the popup window that appears select the type of view port youwant>ok> place the port you selected on title block youprepared>practice activating and deactivating your portsby double clicking inside and outside your port….AutoCAD
    90. 90. AutoCAD : working with AutoCADCustom template (cont’d)>You can go back and make some final changes that you want to add to the templateyou are preparing>file>save as>select the directory you prefer>save it with .dwtextension.The template file you just saved will always be there for you to use and will guide yourwork process.>for your final project use your template.PlottingPrepare a title block in your lay out. File > print> select the appropriate parameters>okPractice and DiscussAutoCAD (end of class VI)

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