Human psychology management


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Human psychology management

  1. 1. HUMAN PSYCHOLOGY MANAGEMENT A shift from what it was, to what is could be By:- Ayan Bandyopadhyay
  2. 2. PSYCHOLOGY IS DEFINED AS • Psychology is a word deriving from ancient Greek roots: • Psyche – “soul” or “mind,” • ology – “study” • Psychology is the study of the mind.
  3. 3. INDUSTRIAL/ ORGANIZATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY • Psychology is the science of human behavior • I/O psychology is the science of human behavior at work • Dual focus • Efficiency/productivity of organizations • Health/well-being of employees • Dual nature • Application of the science of psychology to the workplace • Development/discovery of scientific psychological principles at work
  4. 4. AREAS OF CONCERN FOR A PSYCHOLOGIST • Recruiting and selecting employees for jobs • Training employees • Assessing performance • Defining and analyzing jobs • Determining people feel about work • Determining why people act as they do at work • Effects work has on people • Effects people have on one another • How organizations are structured and function • Designing work • Designing tools and equipment • Employee Health and Safety
  5. 5. RECENT APPLICATIONS OF PSYCHOLOGISTS IN INDIA Setting 2011 1960 Consulting firms 32% 28% Government 7% 11% Private companies 15% 35% Universities 38% 26% Other 8%
  6. 6. OLD TRADITIONS IN PSYCHOLOGY • The first psychological laboratory was established by William Wundt, Leipzig, Germany in 1879. • Edward Titchener was a student of Wundt who immigrated to the United States in 1892. He developed the approach he called structuralism. • William James wrote The Principles of Psychology (1890). He was keenly interested in what the mind does, rather than the elements of mind. He rejected the methods of Wundt and Titchener. He wanted to learn how the mind produces behaviors. He called his approach functionalism. • Alfred Binet devised the first useful intelligence test in 1905. He gave the concept of behaviourism. • In presenting psychoanalytic theory, Sigmund Freud revolutionized psychology by proposing the existence of an “unconscious mind” rooted in our animal origins. Although much of psychoanalytic theory has been rejected as unscientific, psychology is still heavily influenced by Freud’s ideas about treatment of psychological distress
  7. 7. RECENT TRENDS IN PSYCHOLOGY • Modern clinical psychology • The trauma experienced by so many soldiers in World War II provided ample opportunity for the further development of psychoanalysis and innovation in new methods of psychotherapy. • Behaviorists used rewards and other principles of learning in treating psychological distress. • Other fields of psychology that eventually made contributions to therapy as the 20th Century progressed include humanistic and cognitive psychology.
  8. 8. • Academic and applied psychology • Although many researchers have abandoned the study of consciousness of self, there is still abundant research being done on cognition. • Applied fields of psychology are booming. These include:  Health psychology (addiction, stress, nutrition.)  Forensic psychology (dealing with issues of mental competence for trial, and accuracy of eyewitness testimony.)  School psychology (Dealing with problems arising in schools, as a counsellor.) RECENT TRENDS IN PSYCHOLOGY
  9. 9. • Cross-cultural psychology and human diversity • In examining a variety of issues related to psychology, scientists have become more conscious of cultural context over the past three decades. • Psychologists now recognize, for example that mental illness is at least partly culturally and socially defined. • What is considered psychologically adaptive is defined by the culture in which one is raised. RECENT TRENDS IN PSYCHOLOGY
  10. 10. RECENT TRENDS IN PSYCHOLOGY • Cross-cultural psychology and human diversity • An observation that supports these ideas is that homosexuality once was considered a psychological disorder. It is no longer considered a legitimate mental illness in our culture, whatever controversy continues about issues of sexual orientation. • Psychoanalytic theories of child development seem irrelevant in world cultures where children are fathered by one man but raised by his brother.
  11. 11. RECENT TRENDS IN PSYCHOLOGY • An evolving science: • We have changed radically as a species, and we have changed our world over the past century. This fact is having major consequences for our day-to-day functioning and long-term survival. • Psychology cannot always provide simple answers and solutions. But psychologists are working to help us understand ourselves better, find the best solutions and change ourselves when it is in our best interest to do so.
  12. 12. LATEST INVESTIGATIONS IN PSYCHOLOGY • Psychometric Test • Behavioural Survey • Ergonomics Study • Handwriting Analysis • Behavioural Event Interviews • Picture Perception Test • Situation Analysis Test • Psychological Tools Test
  13. 13. Thanak You…!!!