Instruction manual


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SOlar Dryer

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Instruction manual

  1. 1. How to Build a Solar Powered Space Heater
  2. 2. PIPING: MATERIALS• Aluminum cans• Black paint• Paint brush• 2” PVC piping and elbows• PVC cement• Tools: – Caulk gun – Measuring tape – Drill – Saw – Sandpaper
  3. 3. PIPING: ASSEMBLY1. Clean/rinse out cans2. Use the drill to drill four holes in the bottom of each can 3. Connect the cans using caulk: • Apply a thick layer of caulk to the inside circumference of the can that is receiving the attachment After attaching the cans, let sit for several hours so caulk can dry/solidify NOTE: The amount of cans you use and the number of rows you make depends on the size of the system you wish to create. We made 2 layers of piping with 4 rows of 3 cans each
  4. 4. PIPING: ASSEMBLY 5. Using sandpaper: •Smooth the edges of the piping4. Cut six 1.5”-long pieces of 2” •Sand the inside of each elbow tube about one inch piping using a hack saw •Sand the outside circumference of each 1.5” piece of 2” piping6. Apply layer of PVC cement to the inside circumference of one of the elbow tubes 7. Insert one of the 1.5” pieces of 2” piping and the outside circumference of one of into the inside of the elbow tube and the 1.5”-long 2” piping attach second elbow tube (Be sure to align elbow tubes so as to ensure a 180˚ turn)
  5. 5. PIPING: ASSEMBLY Attach rows of cans to elbow tubes8. Apply a thick layer of caulk to the inside circumference of the piping and to the outside circumference of the can you wish to attach to the elbows9. Repeat until all rows of cans areattached to the elbow tubes,forming a snake-like figure. Let 10. Paint piping blackcaulk dry over night
  6. 6. BOX FRAME: MATERIALS• Wood (for sides and bottom) – Suggested wood for bottom: plywood, chip board, or floorboards• Black paint• Paint brush• Tools: – Measuring tape – Screwdriver & screws – Saw – Sandpaper – Set square
  7. 7. BOX FRAME: ASSEMBLY1. Measure wood plank for siding• Sides should be long enough to fit aroundthe piping (you may leave a little wiggle room)• Sides should be high enough so that box canfit ~1” of insulation, 1” of zinc plating, and thepiping2. Attach sides with screws using screwdriver• Be sure sides meet at a 90˚ angle• Use 2-3 screws per corner to increasesecurity3. Create a base for the frame using wood4. Use sandpaper to smooth surfaces5. Paint interior of box black
  8. 8. INSULATION & REFLECTOR PLATE: MATERIALS• Insulation – Suggested insulation: cardboard, newspaper, packing peanuts, Styrofoam, etc.• Zinc plating• Black paint• Paint brush• Tools: – Metal cutter
  9. 9. INSULATION & REFLECTOR PLATE: ASSEMBLY1. Place insulation in bottom of box so that it is about 1” thick2. Cut zinc plating to fit into inside of box3. Paint zinc black4. Place zinc sheet into box on top of insulation5. Place piping on top of zinc
  10. 10. TOP: MATERIALS• Wood for frame• Support for glass – Suggested support: wood, plastic tubing• Glass – Suggestion: glass should be textured on one side (the inside) so as to prevent light from escaping• Tools: – Measuring tape – Saw – Nails or screws – Hammer or screwdriver – Caulk gun
  11. 11. TOP: ASSEMBLY1. Create a top for the system by creating a wooden frame with dimensions slightly larger than the dimensions of the box2. Nail or screw the support item (wood, plastic tubing, etc.) onto interior of frame so that glass fits into cover3. Cut glass so that it fits onto frame of cover – Glass should be cut professionally4. Secure glass onto frame using caulk
  12. 12. ASSEMBLY OF SYSTEM1. Cut circular holes in box where piping ends2. Attach 2” PVC tubes to ends ofpiping and put these through the holes to create an entrance and exit for the air *If desired, you may create two layers of piping. Make sure sides of box frame are tall enough to fit another layer
  13. 13. ASSEMBLY OF SYSTEM3. At each exit point, connect the tubes to one another using elbow tubes, 2” piping, and a PVC “Y” connector5. Add legs to the system tocreate a tilt 6. Paint the system if desired
  14. 14. FAN: MATERIALS• Two 4” PVC Caps• 4” PVC piping (about 8 inches) 4” PVC• Motor Motor cap• Wires 4” PVC• Switch Piping 4” PVC 2” PVC• Plug cap piping Plug• Tools: – Screwdriver & screws – drill
  15. 15. FAN: ASSEMBLY1. Drill holes into the perimeter of a 4” PVC cap to allow for air flow2. Drill hole in center of cap big enough so motor can fit into cap3. Place motor in the hole you drilled in the cap4. Secure the motor onto cap using screws5. Attach the wires of the fan to a switch to the system so that the fan can be turned on and off. Connect the wires to a plug.6. Place the cap onto about 8 inches of 4” PVC piping7. Drill a hole in the other cap that is big enough so that 2” PVC piping can fit into it
  16. 16. DRYING SPACE: MATERIALS• ½” PVC Piping (about 29 meters)• ½” PVC elbows• ½” PVC ‘T’ connectors• Black plastic• Electrical tape• Connectors – Suggested connectors: tip ties• Tools: – Meter stick – Saw – Measuring tape
  17. 17. DRYING SPACE: ASSEMBLY1. Cut 29 pieces of ½-inch PVC piping of equal length – One meter pieces will make a 2 meter x 1 meter x 1 meter space =elbows =‘T’ connectors2. Attach the piping using ½-inch PVC elbows – 2 squares – 3 rectangles with a center piece for support (2 sides and a top)
  19. 19. DRYING SPACE: ASSEMBLY3. In order to attach a bar for clothes to hang: – Attach a ‘T’ to the center of one of the sides of each square – Attach a few inches of PVC piping to the ‘T’ so that it hangs down – At the base of the ‘T’ attach a PVC elbow facing4. Wrap each side with plastic to create walls5. Connect the sides using connectors to create a house- like structure – Suggested connectors: zip ties
  20. 20. CONNECT HEATER & SPACE1. Cut a hole in one of the sides of the space and tape a 2” PVCconnector in the hole2. Connect the space heater with the space using 2” piping