Passive Voice.


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Passive Voice.

  1. 1. Understanding active and passive voice Done by : Alya Mehrezi
  2. 2. Outlines: <ul><li>Voice. </li></ul><ul><li>Definitions. </li></ul><ul><li>Using the passive. </li></ul><ul><li>Forming the passive. </li></ul><ul><li>Practice . </li></ul>
  3. 3. Voice… <ul><li>“ Voice” is a characteristic of verbs which indicates the relation of the verb’s action to its subject i.e indicate whether the subject of the verb performs or receives the action. </li></ul><ul><li>There are two types of voice: active voice and passive voice . </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Active Voice – When a verb’s </li></ul><ul><li>subject performs the action expressed by </li></ul><ul><li>the verb. </li></ul>Definitions: A group of 16 countries constructed the International Space Station. PERFORMER OF ACTION VERB group of 16 countries constructed
  5. 5. <ul><li>Passive Voice – When a verb’s subject receives the action expressed by a verb. </li></ul>passive voice The International Space Station was constructed by a group of 16 countries. RECEIVER OF ACTION VERB The International Space Station was constructed
  6. 6. <ul><li>Passive Voice.. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Use… <ul><li>We use the Passive Voice when the doer is understood or not important. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><li>People speak English </li></ul><ul><li>English is spoken all over the world. </li></ul><ul><li>They sell cars in that shop </li></ul><ul><li>Cars are sold in that shop. </li></ul><ul><li>They built a house </li></ul><ul><li>A house was built. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>We can use thr active and the passive to keep the staring point of two clauses the same, even when the doer changes. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>She opened the door and (she) shouted to a friend. </li></ul><ul><li>The staring point stays the same. Both clauses are active because ‘she’ is the doer in both clauses. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>She opened the door and (she) was seen by one of her neighbours. </li></ul><ul><li>The staring point stays the same, but the second clause is passive because ‘she’ is not the doer. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Form… (be + past participle) All his credit cards were stolen last week. Was/were +pp Past simple The exam had been distributed by our teacher. had been + pp Past perfect The door has been opened by Tom Has/have been + pp Present perfect The boy is helped by Mary Am/is/ are + pp Present simple <ul><li>The house is being redecorated . </li></ul><ul><li>The car was being washed by my brother </li></ul><ul><li>am/are/is being + pp </li></ul><ul><li>Was/ were being +pp </li></ul>present/ past continuous Example Form passive
  11. 11. The floers can be infected by insects Modal+ be+ pp Modals e.g can, may, must Do you know who is going to be invited ? (to) be + pp Infinitive The problem could have been solved . Modal+ have been+ pp Modals e.g could, had to, etc There’s no point in hurrying. It will all have been eaten by now. will have been + pp Future perfect They are going to be sold by the manager Is/are going to be +pp Going to future The boy will be invited to the party by his friend will be + pp Will future Example Form passive
  12. 12. Practice… <ul><li>Directions : Change the sentences below to the passive voice . </li></ul><ul><li>they decided to take the trip in the morning. </li></ul><ul><li>Teena will  present her report at the meeting. </li></ul><ul><li>The cat scratched the girl. </li></ul><ul><li>I have improved the presentation </li></ul><ul><li>We will give you a discount if you buy 100. </li></ul>