Industry 4.0 and the future management challenges

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Goodarz Mahbobi, managing director of axxessio GmbH, holds a presentation on "Industry 4.0 and the future management challenges" within the context of a guest lecture at FOM University of Applied Sciences in Bonn on November 8th, 2013.

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Industry 4.0 and the future management challenges

  1. 1. Industry 4.0 and the upcoming management challenges Guest Lecture at FOM University of Applied Sciences Bonn November 8, 2013 GOODARZ MAHBOBI
  2. 2. Agenda » Industry 4.0 and the upcoming management challenges » axxessio GmbH » Question and answer session 2
  3. 3. The technical and industrial revolution is in full swing Innovation Push today as of 1950 as of 1750 before 1750 Industry 4.0 IT-based analysis: digital, automized, anticipatory Digital Revolution Computer performance and emergence of distributed networks Industral revolution Machines and factories create economies of scale arising from synergies Start of Industry People and products 3
  4. 4. Components of the industry 4.0 4
  5. 5. Components of the industry 4.0 5
  6. 6. First component of revolution: Mobile » More IP devices than people » More than 1 billion smartphones at the end of 2013 » Mobile affects the daily life 6
  7. 7. Components of the industry 4.0 7
  8. 8. Second component of the revolution: Cloud » 67% of adult internet users in the U.S. use personal cloud services » Die Cloud will replace the PC » NSA affair 8
  9. 9. Components of the industry 4.0 9
  10. 10. Third component of the revolution: Collaboration » Transformation of collaboration » Cyber-physical production systems » Connection between virtual and real world » Processes » Embedded systems » Software components, which are integrated in machines » Robots do not receive the commands from a central computer, but rather from a product 10
  11. 11. Third component of the revolution: Collaboration » How does it work? » via RFID (Radio-Frequency-Identification) » NFC (Near-Field-Communication) » QR (Quick-Response-Code) » Advantages: » Components may be provided by different manufacturers » All components communicate using the same language (semantic technology) » Production starts only when the order is received » Client is constantly informed about the development » Exact number of the product in the production 11
  12. 12. Third component of the revolution: Collaboration » Challenges: » Shift from centralized to decentralized factory control system » Security: » Cannot be controled by all smartphones » Robots should only be able to read certain RFIDs not all of them » How will the revolution arrive? » No big bang 12
  13. 13. Third component of the revolution: Collaboration » Transformation of collaboration, use of networks, buying, selling and learning behavior, knowledge sharing » People Processes Collaboration 13
  14. 14. Components of the industry 4.0 14
  15. 15. Fourth component of the revolution: Big Data » Data is produced everywhere » According to IBM 2.5 – 3 exabytes / day 1 exabyte = 1.000.000.000.000.000.000 bytes » 90% of data produced in the last two years 15
  16. 16. Everyday examples of the industry 4.0 » Parking » Museum visit » Online purchases/ caomparison of prices 16
  17. 17. Examples of the industry 4.0 » Car 2.0 » LAPD/ UCLA 17
  18. 18. Industrie 4.0 – in a few not only in factories Ubiquitous Computing Items will communicate with each other Example: Fridge with notebook/ supplier 18
  19. 19. Missed opportunities 19
  20. 20. Management challenges Global Change and Diversity » Networking of markets and companies » Diversity management Demographic Development and Skill Shortage » Demographical scissor: young - old » Lack of young talent and skilled professionals Dynamics and Complexity » Flow of information – networked thinking and action » Number of employees/ activities/ structure and processes Strategic Repositioning and Continuous Improvement » Structural change of businesses – new (subsidiary) companies/ mergers » Activities/ structures and processes Technological change and half-life of knowledge » Up-to-dateness of knowledge » Innovations/ improved general conditions 20
  21. 21. Consequences for organisations Traditional Organisations Digital Organisations » Inflexible IT-Systems based on application silos » Scalable IT-Systems based on cloud, mobile, big data and collaboration » Business and administrative processes with media disruptions » End-to-End processes based on collaboration and real-time KPIs » Hierarchy Internal and external communication » Social interaction with employees, customers and partner » Limited information » 360° information 21
  22. 22. axxessio – IT- und Management Consultancy November 2006 Establishment Bonn Headquarter axxessio GmbH Darmstadt and Cologne Subsidiaries Berne Headquarter axxessio AG 80 employees 40 of them permanent (October 2013) 22
  23. 23. Management at axxessio » Corporate Culture » Commitment 23
  24. 24. Thank you for your attention! Our Locations Headquarter Bonn Subsidiary Cologne Subsidiary Darmstadt SubsidiariyBerne Kurfürstenallee 5
 53177 Bonn Tel +49 228 – 76 36 31 0 Fax +49 228 –76 36 31 3 Wilhelmstraße 3 51143 Cologne Tel +49 22 03 – 91 22 0 Fax +49 22 03 – 91 22 23 Kasinostraße 60 64293 Darmstadt Tel +49 61 51 – 78 90 0 Fax +49 61 51 – 78 90 23 0 Frohbergweg 7 3012 Bern Tel +41 31 – 534 07 06 Fax +41 31 – 536 69 78
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