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Why to study medicine


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Why to study medicine

  1. 1. Why to Study Medicine
  2. 2. Medical Education A life long learning continuum Explaining how learner enter the continuum What they experience thereafter How medical practice can be made most useful to society
  3. 3. The whole purpose of study medicine To be able to promote health & relive suffering Come in to focus which is very motivating
  4. 4. Foundation of Medical Education Medical education had as its foundation a combination of didactic instruction in the classroom & integrated, hands-on "Socratic Method" learning in the clinical setting
  5. 5. AIMs Sensitize teachers about new concepts in teaching & assessment methods Develop knowledge & clinical skills required for performing the role of competent & effective Teacher, Administrator, Researcher & Mentor (TARM) Assist Clinicians to acquire competency in communication & behavioural skills Update knowledge using Modern Information & Research Methodology Tools
  6. 6. The ultimate Goal of Medical Education To ensure that students can be transformed into the most effective deliverers of patient care that is possible…
  7. 7. Fellowship in Medical Education (FAIMER®) In 2000, the Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates (ECFMG®) Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States Established Foundation for Advancement of International Medical Education and Research (FAIMER®) With the intention of helping to improve global health by improving health professions education
  8. 8. School Teacher – Medical Teacher There is an effective and compulsory training programme for school teachers to teach & train their students Unfortunately there is no such compulsory course to become a medical teacher
  9. 9. •Teaching •Education •research •Clinical practice •Administration Medical Faculty –Role •Mentor •Faculty
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  11. 11. …Today’s Challenges in Medical Education Too much information Too little time Too many students in crowded rooms Exams that discourage real learning
  12. 12. How we learn/ learnt… When we were medical students… And now…are we still learning or just teaching?
  13. 13. TV will be shut in 10 years, says BILL GATES "An interesting revolution is underway". said Microsoft founder Bill Gates. In the future there will be elimination of text book or books altogether because we will have a very light screen, a tablet- like computer connected to the Internet that you will carry with you at all times.
  15. 15. Teaching Is an art Requires 3 things - - - Expertise at the subject Grasp of the language Skills to communicate
  16. 16. Teaching 4th important thing required is CHOOSING THE APPROPRIATE TEACHING AID
  17. 17. Teaching Previously educationists gave importance to teaching only Teaching Presently Educationist give importance to Teaching‐Learning In present, the attention is more focused on Learning & the Learner
  18. 18. “I never try to teach my students any thing I only try to create an environment where they can learn” Albert Einstein
  20. 20. Learning is the sharing or transfer of information between two parties Learning is…
  21. 21. Learning A process resulting in some change or modification in the learner’s way of thinking, feeling & doing More effective the learning experience, better is the learning New experience is just a beginning step
  22. 22. How is learning initiated? New experience‐registration Analysis‐reflection‐action Analysis another experience or exposure Repetition of the process, till a demonstrable change occur in the learner Learning is thus a cyclical process Can be an uprising spiral motion
  23. 23. Learning – relatively permanent change in behavior Learning 83 % - See 11% - Hear 3% - Smell 2% - Touch 1% - Taste Retention 10% - Read 20% - Hear 30% - See 50% - See/Hear 70% - Discuss 80% - See/Hear/Do
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  25. 25. Learning to e-learning E-learning is also called Web-based learning online learning computer-assisted instruction Internet-based learning
  26. 26. Didactic lectures The problems with traditional didactic lectures is that they often present information that targets one of the many learning style of the students involved. In addition, the time & resources required to deliver the material is high and often does not completely meet the needs of those who are participating
  27. 27. Pros and Cons of Didactic Lectures Traditional didactic lectures address the delivery of factual knowledge; however one can question both the effectiveness as well as efficiency of this mode of education The traditional didactic lecture is more passive in nature & less effective as a teaching tool compared with active learning methods
  28. 28. Knowledge Transfer a Growing Challenge Effective knowledge transfer is of paramount importance for the maintenance & advancement of our health care system
  29. 29. Traditional Education Methods Need Change Traditionally, medical education had as its foundation a combination of didactic instruction in the classroom & integrated, hands-on "Socratic Method" learning in the clinical setting Of late an increase in the use of problem-based learning discussions (PBLD's) In an effort to integrate basic science knowledge & clinical decision making with a goal of teaching critical decision making skills to upcoming physicians & other health care providers
  30. 30. SPICES Model of Medical Education Student-centered ---x Teacher-centered Problem-based---- x Information-oriented Integrated -----x Discipline-based Community-based ----x Hospital-based Elective ----x Uniform Systematic ---x Apprenticeship
  31. 31. Physician of the 21st century • Effective Medical and Health Communication. • Good clinical skills. • EBM based Diagnosis, Management, Therapeutics • Lifelong Learning. • Social & Community Contexts of Health Care. • Ability to effectively use tools of medical informatics
  32. 32. What is MicroTeaching
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  34. 34. Principles of assessment (purpose, types, aligning with objectives)
  35. 35. Interactive Teaching Techniques
  36. 36. Appropriate and effective use of media in teaching learning
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  38. 38. Contact Information Texila American University Critchlow, Woolford Avenue Georgetown, Guyana, South America. Telephone: (+592) 2318118 Fax: (+592) 2318111 E-mail: Website:
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