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Content of Presentation :- Introduction Pesticide (2) Overview of pesticide sector(3) Production of pesticide (4) Export and Import(5) Global market share of different company India’s production & consumption(9) Segmentwise consumption in India(10) Indian pesticide market size(11) Pesticide Management Bill(12) Government Regulation(13) Spurious Pesticides, Banned Pesticides and Patents(14-20) 2
OVERVIEW OF INDIAN PESTICIDE SECTORMore than 60 technical grade pesticide being manufactured indigenously by 125 producers .large and medium scale enterprises (including about 10 multinational companies) and more than 500 pesticide formulators spread over the country.India is the 4thlargest producer of agrochemicals after USA, Japan and China.The per hectare consumption of pesticide is low in India at 381 grams when compared to the world average of 500 gramsThe production of Indian pesticides industry is 85,000 MT during year 08-09.Size of the Indian pesticide industry was estimated at Rs.98 bn for 2008, including exports of Rs.48 bn. 4
Pesticide production in India (Organised sector) 86000 85218 85000 84701 84701 84000 Production 83000 In MT 82185 81934 82000 81000 80000 2006-2007 2007-2008 2008-2009 2009-2010 2010-2011 Production in MThttp://chemicals.nic.in/chem1.htm 5
Production installed vs actual in 2009-10 (India) Production( MT) 146471 160000 140000 120000 82185 100000 80000 60000 40000 20000 0 Installed capacity to produce (in MT) Actual production (in MT)http://chemicals.nic.in/chem1.htm 6
EXPORT & IMPORT OF PESTICIDE IN INDIA 11579 12000 10000 8611 7357 Rs in crores 8000 5969 6000 2791 2877 4000 754 806 2000 0 2005-2006 2006-2007 2007-2008 2009-2010 Export (in Rs crores) Import (in Rs crores)http://chemicals.nic.in/chem1.htm 7
Market share of different companies globally(%) 32 19 .Bayer (Germany) 2.Syngenta (Switzerland) 19 3.BASF (Germany) 9 4.Dow AgroSciences (USA) 10 11 5.Monsanto (USA) 6.rest of companyhttp://www.gmwatch.org/latest-listing/1-test/10560-the-worlds-top-10-pesticide-firms-who-owns-nature 8
Indian scenario Segment wise consumption of Pesticides (in %) 4 15 Insecticide 16 Herbicide 65 Fungicide OthersSource: Ministry of Chemicals and Petrochemicals 10
Indian pesticide market size (in INR Crore) 7800 7690 7600 7460 7400 7220 7200 7000 7000 6800 6600 2009 2010 2011(e) 2012(e) Pesticide Market Size(INR Crore) Linear (Pesticide Market Size(INR Crore))Source: Ministry of Chemicals and Petrochemicals 11
PESTICIDE MANAGEMENT BILL• Came on 24th April 2008.• To regulate the import , export , manufacture, sell, transport, distribution and quality and use of pesticide to :-1. Control pests2. Ensure availability of quality pesticides3. Allow use after efficacy and safety test4. Awareness regarding safe and judicious use.http://dnb.co.in/ 12
GOVERNMENT REGULATIONS• The Insecticides Act-1968• The Environment (protection) act-1986• Bureau of Indian Standards Act• Air (Prevention & control of pollution)Act-1981• Water (Prevention & control of pollution)Act-1974• Hazardous waste(management & handling) Rules-1989prsindia.org 13
SPURIOUS PESTICIDES• Inferior formulations which fail to kill pest and cause damage to crops.• May not contain any plant protection ingredient.• 40% pesticides used in India are spurious.• Out of the total Rs. 7000 crore market, spurious pesticides account for Rs. 3000 crore.• Mostly used in Bihar, West Bangal and Orissa.• Manufactured mainly in Haryana and Delhi.• Example – Sandhya Organics and Sabero Organics Gujrat Ltd.financialexpress.com 14
ENDOSULFAN:To ban or not to ban• High use due to cheapness and easy availability.• Issues of concern: nerve damage, polluting environment, Residual effect more in living organisms.• Banned in 80 countries including EU,Australia and USA.• Banned in Kerala since 2005: Ill effects of use in cashew plantation in Kasargod,resulted in 500 deaths and health problems. greencleanguide.com 18
• Ill effects have not been reported from other parts of India.• India was the largest user of endosulfan.• On 14th May 2011,countrywide ban on manufacture,sale and use of endosulfan.• On 6th August 2011,Supreme Court refused to lift its 3 month ban on the pesticide. 19
Patent issues• Neem patent controversy: Neem used in India for complicated for ages but no patent issued on products and processes related.• Generic Pesticides are used more in India than patented pesticides.• Patents can be marketed in India but can’t be exported.• 6 patented products marketed in India: Thiomethoxam(Syngenta), Spinosad(Denosil), Imidacloprid(Bayer) Sulfosulphonyl(Monsanto), Clodinatop(Syngenta) Indoxacarb(Dupont), 20