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[AWS Media Symposium 2019] Broadcast Television in AWS - Evan Statton, AWS M&E 수석 아키텍트

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이 세션에서는 AWS가 방송국(라이브 방송)에서 보유하고 있는 워크로드를 지원하기 위한 다양한 서비스와 고객 성공 사례들을 소개함으로써 Broadcast 2.0의 시대에 AWS가 도움이 될 수 있는 부분들을 알려드리고자 합니다.

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[AWS Media Symposium 2019] Broadcast Television in AWS - Evan Statton, AWS M&E 수석 아키텍트

  1. 1. Broadcast Television in AWS Evan Statton (stattone@) Principal Architect, M&E AWS Media & Entertainment
  2. 2. 01 / What is Broadcast Television? 02 / A Brief History 03 / How Does it Work Today? 04 / Moving Broadcast to AWS 05 / The Customer Journey So Far 06 / Beyond 2020
  3. 3. 01 /
  4. 4. What is Broadcast? Andotherrelatedterms Broadcast: Distribution of a signal to a wide number of receivers. Sender and receivers don’t know about each other. Examples • Television • Radio Multicast: Distribution of signals between members of a group. Many to Many. Can be bidirectional. Senders and receivers know about others in the group. Applies to machines as well. • Conference Calls • Content Sharing Unicast: One to one communication. • Phone Calls • Emails
  5. 5. Who are Broadcasters? Andotherrelatedentities Broadcasters: Originate linear channels and transmit them to cable and affiliated stations Examples Studios: Create original content to be scheduled for air on broadcast channels, distributed to movie theaters and VOD outlets MSO: Aggregate content from studios and channels from broadcasters for final consumer delivery
  6. 6. What do Broadcasters Do? Sports News Shows Documentary Primary Distribution OTT/TVE Distribution
  7. 7. What do Broadcasters Worry About?
  8. 8. What do Broadcasters Worry About?
  9. 9. 02 /
  10. 10. Georges Seurat 1859 - 1891
  11. 11. Philo T Farnsworth – 1906 - 1971
  12. 12. History of Electronic Television 1927 Philo T. Farnsworth patents electronic television 1939 Television presented at World’s Fair 1947 First US network, NBC is launched 1956 1969 Armstrong’s walk on the moon watched by 600M people 1990 Digital Television Feasible 1996 First public HD broadcast 2006 AWS Founded CPUs fast enough to process HD video in real-time 2008 Live HD Web Streaming AWS Elemental launches native video services in AWS Management Console Broadcasters begin cloud migration 2019 Broadcasters ready to migrate critical live workflows First Korean Network HLKZ-TV DTV Migration
  13. 13. Market Size Today Global television broadcasting market valued at $317.2 billion in 2017. North America was $93.9 billion or 29.6% of the global market. The USA was the largest country accounting for $71.3 billion or 22.5% of the global television broadcasting market. Cord Cutting, Watch Anytime/AnyWhere – Live still the moneymaker and source of all Live is Broadcast This is the most exciting time to be involved in broadcast technology! Broadcasters are more ready than ever before to migrate to the cloud.
  14. 14. 03 /
  15. 15. Broadcaster Television Delivery Pipeline Cable/DTH Subscribers Internet OTA Live TV Production Studio Production $ Advertising
  16. 16. Editors Master Control Playout/ Automation Ads Promos HD-SDI SAT FTA CAB Affiliates MVPDs C3/C7 & VOD Mux RXTX J2KoIP or Satellite Production Truck Event Site PCR Production Switcher Audio Mixer Today’s Channel Workflow
  17. 17. Editors Master Control Playout/ Automation Ads Promos HD-SDI SAT FTA CAB Affiliates MVPDs C3/C7 & VOD Mux RXTX J2KoIP or Satellite Production Truck Event Site PCR Production Switcher Audio Mixer Can it all go to the cloud yet?
  18. 18. Editors Master Control Playout/ Automation Ads Promos HD-SDI SAT FTA CAB Affiliates MVPDs C3/C7 & VOD Mux RXTX J2KoIP or Satellite Production Truck Event Site PCR Production Switcher Audio Mixer So What is Moving to Cloud Then?
  19. 19. A quick Glossary of terms Transport Stream: Standard for compressed video transmission SMPTE 2110: The leading standard for uncompressed video over IP SCTE Markers: In-band metadata in a transport stream that indicates where commercial breaks are for downstream insertion TOC/NOC: Transmission Operation Center / Network Operation Center Encode: Compression of video from uncompressed to compressed (H.264, HEVC) Decode: Decompression of a compressed signal back to baseband (HD-SDI): Mux: Combining several single channel program streams into a multi-program transport stream Bitrates to know: Uncompressed 1080P Full HD is 3 Gbps. 4K is 12Gbps. 1080i and 720p are 1.5Gbps Compressed contribution bitrates are between 20-400Mbps Compressed distribution bitrates are between 500k-10Mbps (for final distribution to viewers)
  20. 20. 04 /
  21. 21. Editors Master Control Playout/ Automation Ads Promos HD-SDI SAT FTA CAB Affiliates MVPDs C3/C7 & VOD Mux RXTX J2KoIP or Satellite Production Truck Event Site PCR Production Switcher Audio Mixer Today’s Channel Workflow
  22. 22. How does this map to AWS? AWS Cloud DX Downlink AWS Elemental MediaLive AWSE Mux AWS Elemental MediaPackage AWS Elemental MediaTailor Under SCTE-224 Control SPTS MPTS HLS HLS HLS Alarming AWS Elemental MediaConnect AWS Elemental MediaConnect MPTS Monitoring Decode + FS/PROC Playout GFX Automation/ Traffic/ Programming ~250ms <5 seconds Mux to MVPDs via DX and Uplink Direct to Consumer via CDN
  23. 23. Are we ready? AWS Cloud DX Downlink AWS Elemental MediaLive AWSE Mux AWS Elemental MediaPackage AWS Elemental MediaTailor Under SCTE-224 Control SPTS MPTS HLS HLS HLS Alarming AWS Elemental MediaConnect AWS Elemental MediaConnect MPTS Monitoring Decode + FS/PROC Playout GFX Automation/ Traffic/ Programming ~250ms <5 seconds 1 Mux to MVPDs via DX and Uplink Direct to Consumer via CDN 2 3 3 3 3 4
  24. 24. 05 /
  25. 25. AWS Cloud DX Downlink AWS Elemental MediaLive AWSE Mux AWS Elemental MediaPackage AWS Elemental MediaTailor Distribution SPTS MPTS HLS HLS HLS Alarming AWS Elemental MediaConnect AWS Elemental MediaConnect MPTS Monitoring Decode + FS/PROC Playout GFX Automation ~250ms <5 seconds Mux to MVPDs via DX and Uplink Direct to Consumer via CDN Broadcast Playout on AWS
  26. 26. Six Advantages and Benefits of Cloud Computing Trade capital expense for variable expense Benefit from massive economies of scale Stop guessing capacity Increase speed and agility Stop spending money on running & maintaining data centers Go global in minutes
  27. 27. Building Media Workloads/ Workflows on AWS Build your Own Custom APIs Marketplace AMIs Interface(s)/ 3rd party AWS Services S3/ Glacier/ EFS EC2 Cloud Front RDS, Arora, Dynamo Lambda SWF Kinesis, Redshift ML/AI: Rekognition Polly/ Lex Deadline Render Workloads (e.g., Hybrid, Cloud) On-Premises VM Appliance Interface(s)/ 3rd party Elemental APIs (e.g. Live, Delta) Interface(s) Partner Platform / App (e.g. SDVI, Dalet)
  28. 28. Building for Failure Stack replication Infrastructure Scale-out Infrastructure as code Multi-AZ Multi-Region Redundant Direct Connect Availability Zone Availability Zone Auto Scaling group Availability Zone Availability Zone Auto Scaling group AWS CloudFormation
  29. 29. System Architecture
  30. 30. System Architecture – Multi Region
  31. 31. 35 Amagi Confidential and Proprietary Customer testimonial “Moving to Amagi has provided us an opportunity to scale up faster, and more effectively.” Tim Bertioli, VICELAND TV
  32. 32. 36 Amagi Confidential and Proprietary Cloud Migration: Effects Launched new geos quickly • Netherlands • Africa • New Zealand • Israel • Belgium • Wallonia Multi-party collaboration Light-touch workflow Reduced CapEx and OpEx Seamless collaboration between Multiple 3rd party partners & VICE offices Minimum manual intervention Significant Cost savings Disaster recovery System-wide redundancy for business continuity Value added by cloud Flexibility Create sub-feeds or divergent feeds using the same content and playlist 01 02
  33. 33. Discovery - Why Playout in Public Cloud? • Motivation to go fast….. • At several facilities around the world…. • Real Estate issues • Obsolete technology • Core platform EOL and EOSS • How do we support the fast changing world of Discovery? • Stand up 6 feeds for 2.5 weeks every other year in support of the Olympics • Support for new Digital Products. Discovery AWS re:Invent Presentation
  34. 34. 06 /
  35. 35. Beyond 2020 • With the pieces described above in place, we can transform media together: • Transition from Satellite to IP • Full Live Production in the AWS Cloud • Video Routing in the AWS Cloud • Completely “Dematerialized Facility”
  36. 36. Editors Master Control Playout/ Automation Ads Promos HD-SDI SAT FTA CAB Affiliates MVPDs C3/C7 & VOD Mux RXTX J2KoIP or Satellite Production Truck Event Site PCR Production Switcher Audio Mixer Today’s Live Event Workflow
  37. 37. Editors Master Control Playout/ Automation Ads Promos HD-SDI SAT FTA CAB Affiliates MVPDs C3/C7 & VOD Mux RXTX J2KoIP or Satellite Production Truck Event Site PCR Production Switcher Audio Mixer Can it all go to the cloud eventually?
  38. 38. SMPTE 2110 J2K/TR-01 JPEG-XS Event Site Network Switch Diverse and Redundant Paths DX DX AWS Cloud – “PCR on Demand” Production Switcher Future PCR – Control Surfaces Only Audio Mixer AI Aided Event ClippingPCR Crew To Master Control and Distribution FSx • Entire Production Control Room spun up on demand – unused resources never sit idle again – spin down at end of show • Never fly crew again • Backhaul all raw camera feeds • Use ML/AI for Clip Generation and Publishing <100 msec Tomorrow’s Live Event Workflow
  39. 39. 감사합니다

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