Outlining an oral presentation

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Outlining an oral presentation

  1. 1. Outlining an Oral Presentation: THE BASICS Formal Outlining - Moving from a general idea to specific support
  2. 2. How does an outline work? <ul><li>Start with a general topic – informative or persuasive </li></ul><ul><li>Slice up that general topic into main points </li></ul><ul><li>Slice up the main point into sub points </li></ul><ul><li>Slice up the sub points into sub sub points </li></ul>
  3. 3. How does an outline work? Let’s have a dinner party Pre-dinner The Dinner The Dessert Beer hors d'œuvre Wine Meat Coffee Cakes Vegetable Guinness Budweiser Shrimp Cheddar Cheese Merlot Chardonnay T-bone Hamburgers Potatoes Peas General  Less general   Specific    More specific
  4. 4. What is the process of creating an outline? <ul><li>Begin with a topic  </li></ul>Discover the focus and goal  Ask a question that the speech will answer  What are the main points  Cutting money from CUNY By the end of my speech I want my audience to KNOW ABOUT the budget cuts at CUNY. What are the new budget cuts at CUNY? <ul><li>Why is there a need for these cuts? </li></ul><ul><li>What is being cut? </li></ul><ul><li>What is being done to stop these cuts? </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Why is there a need for these cuts? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Less taxes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Housing bubble </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Everything costs more </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What is being cut? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Grants to students and professors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fewer instructors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Less for technology </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What is being done to stop these cuts? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>??? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>??? </li></ul></ul>Then – Find at least two sub points for each Main Point Any supporting material here? – examples – statistics - testimony
  6. 6. What is the process of creating an outline? <ul><li>Begin with a topic  Teen Driving </li></ul>Discover the focus and goal  By the end of my speech I want my audience to be PERSUADED that teens should not be allowed to drive at 18 Ask a question that the speech will answer  What should be done about the problems of teen drivers? <ul><li>What are the main points  </li></ul><ul><li>Problem created by teen drivers. </li></ul><ul><li>Why are they such bad drivers? </li></ul><ul><li>What should be done about this problem? </li></ul>
  7. 7. Then – Find at least two sub points for each Main Point <ul><li>Problem created by teen drivers. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Teens involved with a lot of car accidents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The younger drivers are the worst. </li></ul></ul>Then – Find at least two sub sub points for each sub point – supporting material goes here  Examples – Statistics - Testimony <ul><li>Problem created by teen drivers. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Teens involved with a lot of car accidents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration - teens make up 7% of nation’s licensed drivers - represent 14% of all motor vehicle fatalities. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Last year 8,666 people were killed in automobile accidents involving teenage drivers. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The younger drivers are the worst. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Insurance Institute for Highway Safety -16-year-olds have “highest % of crashes involving speeding, of single-vehicle crashes, & of crashes with driver error.” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>USA Today reports that 16-year-olds are three times more likely to be involved in fatal crashes than are other drivers. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. What is wrong with this second main point of the “Teen Driving” outline? <ul><li>There are three major causes of the problem. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>One of the causes is inexperience. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>New drivers haven’t had enough time on the road to develop their driving skills. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Inexperience is not the only cause—always inexperienced drivers. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Findings from the National Institute of Mental Health show that the brain of an average 16-year-old has not developed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>H e or she is not able to judge the risk of a given situation. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A five-year study of traffic records by Steven Lowenstein, a medical professor at the University of Colorado, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Shows “deliberate risk-taking and dangerous and aggressive driving behaviors </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Predominated” among 16-year-old drivers. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Third cause of motor vehicle fatalities among teenage drivers is night driving. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>According to the Washington Post, when 16-year-olds get behind the wheel after dark, the likelihood of having an accident increases several times over. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Nighttime driving is less safe for everyone, but it becomes particularly dangerous when combined with a younger driver’s inexperience and reduced ability to gauge risk. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. What is wrong with this second main point of the “Teen Driving” outline? <ul><li>B . Second cause is revealed by brain research. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Findings from the National Institute of Mental Health show - average 16-year-old brain- not developed - he or she is unable to judge risk of situation. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Five-year study of traffic records by Steven Lowenstein, a medical professor at the University of Colorado, shows that “deliberate risk-taking and dangerous and aggressive driving behaviors predominated” among 16-year-old drivers. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>There are three major causes of the problem. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>One of the causes is inexperience. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>New drivers haven’t had enough time on the road to develop their driving skills. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Inexperience is not the only cause—always inexperienced drivers. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Findings from the National Institute of Mental Health show that the brain of an average 16-year-old has not developed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>H e or she is not able to judge the risk of a given situation. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A five-year study of traffic records by Steven Lowenstein, a medical professor at the University of Colorado, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Shows “deliberate risk-taking and dangerous and aggressive driving behaviors </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Predominated” among 16-year-old drivers. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Third cause of motor vehicle fatalities among teenage drivers is night driving . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>According to the Washington Post, when 16-year-olds get behind the wheel after dark, the likelihood of having an accident increases several times over. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Nighttime driving is less safe – particularly dangerous when combined with a younger driver’s inexperience and reduced ability to gauge risk. </li></ul></ul></ul>

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