Some Evaluative notes achievement of City Resilient campaign by KPRM-SIAGA, cooperation with UPC and the HuairouCommission within six months (January-June 2012) By UPC/Uplink Indonesia
Highlights 1. Commitment and support policy from the local and national government 2. Grassroots womens and youth groups participation to campaign and reduce of social vulnerability 3. Challenges faced in the context of building partnerships 4. Alternative solution project of housing and land problems 5. Lesson learned
IASMO POLICY Makassar city government have prioritize basic services for poor people through IASMO policy. It is subsidy program for health care, costs of education, costs of identity cards and birth certificates, ambulance services, and legal aid. Poor accessibility of the program is relatively better then three years ago. Problems of poor people who complained by KPRM get a quick response and resolved by public service officials. Nevertheless, the quality of services still low, if compared to other big cities in Indonesia
Institutionalization of DRR Program The Mayor has support DRR campaign which initiated by KPRM-SIAGA after Shanghai DRR Forum 2010. Then, in mid of 2011, the Mayor establish and alocating budget for the City Disaster Management Agency (BPBD). This institution proactively disseminate to various civil society organizations. This institution is responsive tackling thypoon cases and landslides in the past year. But, BPBD still not have a grand strategy to adaptation of climate change and urban disaster risk reduction. Programs to be partial and not oriented towards capacity building and community involvement in managing the settlement of the risk of disaster.
Community Resilience Concept The City Planning Official (Bappeda) facilitate workshop on integrated community upgrading in 2011. This activity is a manifestation of commitment of the Mayor to formulating concept of alternative solutions of slums. As a pilot, KPRM filed Kampung Pisang with 33 families inhabitant as a model for structuring the settlement in an integrated manner. However, the program was hampered. The private company who claims the land are not willing to aprove people demands. The Mayor who acts as mediator failed to reach a solution.
Participation of Grass-root Women Grass root womens participation in the problems- solving of poverty and social vulnerability increased compared to last year. KPRM as peoples organizations has important roles to mobilizing the poor to reduce their vulnerability. An interesting example is poor peolple effort who stay in the ex- kodam settlement sub-district of Manggala. Infrastructure is very bad, muddy and flooded in the rainy season. By community mapping, people colected the money and worked together to improve the roads and ditches. In early 2012, the road has repaired (paving) by municipal public works agencies, making it easier to reach highway and public transportation. In addition, KPRM develop a savings group and informal school for children. These groups are a media communication and learning process.
Youth Empowerment Makassar youth involvement in responding to climate change increases last year. SIAGA, which is an organization formed by KPRM in 2010, has held a congress early 2012. This is a progress in DRR campaigners. Main acitivities of SIAGA network is mapping, campaigns and solidarity actions for DRR. With KPRM, the SIAGA network conduct the following activities: Mapping the lanscap of Sanggerang natural resource, which involved 24 women and 9 men the victims of flash floods. Mediation of house owner demand to get certificate for their land Mobilizing and organizing fund/aid for victims of thypoon in the district of Sidrap, cooperation with Community Architect (Arkom) to social preparation and designing of community centre, septic tank and crops Mapping of natural resource and potential disasters of Lompobattang hill in Gowa regency Campaigning the right of informal workers in May Day 2012 City conservation to refuse felling trees in the road in the Earth Day 2012
Challenges in the Partnership Developing infrastructure and public facilities not always improving socio- economic of the poor. In the city of Makassar, about 70% of urban land has been occupy by private sector. It has been increased conflict. It makes Makassar city goverment complicated to resolving land dispute. But, different things happening in the Kendari city. The municipality still has land ready to use as for alternative arrangement of the poor settlement. The most crucial issue is lack of government protection against the poor who inhabit the slums. About 70% of the 123 slums area claimed by the landlord / private. Conflicts of land ownership would hurt the poor. Examples of cases that occurred beginning in May 2012. A total of 300 household of Buloa sub-district Tallo were forced to receive compensation by the landlord in cooperation with private sector. In this case, city government and police officials to nullifying the terror and intimidation by hired men. Urban spatial planning is very far from the participation of the poor. Consideration of draft City Planning Policy (Ranperda) is only consultative between the executive and the legislature. Disaster management agencies more oriented to natural disaster, but ignore the risks of social disaster caused by lack of access to land for housing the poor
Mainstreaming DRRKPRM – SIAGA Alliance Mainstreaming disaster risk reduction requires alliances and broad public support. In this case, the role of KPRM to promote an agenda of community and the city resilience supported by various communities. One of the community become allies of KPRM is youth and student groups who joint in to SIAGA. This alliance is an association of environmental activists, humanitarian, youth, street singers, informal workers, and students. Action program implemented independently by public funds and selling creative products such as frames of newsprint, T-shirts and stickers. The strategy relies on a direct action campaign to disaster, down to the streets, and dissemination of information through social media (facebook siagamakassar).
Integrated Village Planning Cities Resilient (KOTAKU SIAGA) campaign has reach a few districts/ municipalities, including district of Pangkep, Pare-pare, and Kendari in Southeast Sulawesi. Departing from tgood-practices of SIAGA-KPRM, UPC launched a City Wide Upgrading project in Kendari, cooperation with the Ministry of Social Affairs and the city government by the end of 2011. In this event, the representatives of the municipal government of Makassar (Bappeda, BPBD) be a panelist along Bappeda Kendari.
Lessons Learned Mapping technique is an effective media organizing to raise awareness about potential of poor communities, and in turn increase participation of grassroots women to solve everyday and long term problems. Multi-stakeholder partnership strategy which based on community organizations proved to be very effective to expand the circumference of influence, which in turn have support of public and government. Development of urban infrastructure should be offset by the mechanism of problem-solving of housing and land. It can be reduce the social vulnerability of the poor, in turn, strengthen community resiliencies.