TarnówThe aim of my presentation is to provide an outline of the history of Tarnów andessential facts one should be familiar with while visiting the city. I attemptedto present Tarnów as a place with charming Galician atmosphere that attractstourists from all over the world. The following presentation also lists some of thebest known figures of Tarnów who contributed greatly to the developmentof the city.I hope that my presentation enables you to discover Tarnów for yourselves.
Tour of Tarnów Trail of Tarnów Renaissance Trail of General Bem – The Hero of Two Nations Trail of the Jews of Tarnów Trail of Jan Szczepanik – Polish Edison Ethnography and folk Sacral tourism Family tour Do you know, that ...
Trail of Tarnów Renaissance Trail of General Bem – The Hero of Two Trail of Tarnów Renaissance Nations Trail of the Jews of Tarnów Trail of Jan Szczepanik – Polish Edison‘Pearl of the Renaissance’ that is how Tarnów’s OldTown is spoken about by art connoisseurs. In the epochof Renaissance Tarnów was one of the most beautifultowns in Poland. Its extraordinary beauty andatmosphere were created by structures such as:majestic parish church, magnificent Town Hall and thetownsmen houses with polychrome finished frontwalls.Today, while walking the streets of Tarnów one canadmire the beauty of the Renaissance houses withinthe Old Town, unique tombstones inside the Cathedraland remains of the once magnificent castle onSt. Martin’s Hill.
Trail of Tarnów Renaissance Trail of General Bem – The Hero of Two Nations Trail of the Jews of Tarnów Trail of Jan Szczepanik – Polish EdisonWe start our tour at the Town Square which is one of the smallest yet one of the most beautiful inPoland. It is surrounded by the Renaissance arcaded buildings. In the middle of the Square twostorey Town Hall topped with an attic with fourteen masks is located. The oldest sections of thestructure are Gothic. It was rebuilt in Renaissance by Giovanni Maria Padovano. Turret clock set inthe Town Hall’s tower (30 meters high) is the oldest in Poland. Right by the Town Hall, on itssouth-eastern side stands pranger – a column the condemned was tied to for public humiliation.
Trail of General Trail of Tarnów Renaissance Trail of General Bem – The Hero of Two Nations Józef Bem Trail of the Jews of Tarnów Trail of Jan Szczepanik – Polish Edison• he was born in Tarnów on March 14 1794• record of his birth and Christening survived in birthregistry of the Cathedral parish in Tarnów•house no. 8 at General Józef Bem’s Squareis considered his birthplace• Town Hall collects pieces documenting Bem’s life andarmy activities in Poland during the NovemberUprising; his emigration to France, life in Hungaryduring the ‘Springtime of Nations’ in 1848, where hecommanded the Transylvanian Army and hisemigration to Turkey, where Bem died on December10, 1848.
Trail of Tarnów Renaissance Trail of General Bem – The Hero of Two Nations Trail of the Jews of Tarnów Trail of Jan Szczepanik – Polish Edison• the ashes of General Józef Bem were brought back toPoland, to his hometown Tarnów in 1929 and rested in animposing mausoleum located in Strzelecki Park• worth seeing is also the monument of General Bem onWałowa Street
Trail of Tarnów Renaissance Trail of General Bem – The Hero of Jewish Heritage Two Nations Trail of the Jews of Tarnów Trail of Jan Szczepanik – Polish Edison• Żydowska and Wekslarska streets outline the originally Jewishquarter of the city. The 17th and 18th centuries buildingspreserved there represent the most common type of densearchitecture with narrow passages between the houses and tinybackyards.• Through the gate of Żydowska Street one can enterthe square, where up until the WWII stood the 17th centurySynagogue, the oldest of city’s prayer houses.It was burnt down by the Nazis. Only the Bimah (elevated areafrom which the Torah is read) survived.
Trail of Tarnów Renaissance Trail of General Bem – The Hero of Two Nations Trail of the Jews of Tarnów Trail of Jan Szczepanik – Polish Edison• Roman Brandstaetter was an award-winning Polish-Jewish writer, poet, playwright, journalistand translator. He was born in Tarnów in 1906. One can see his statue on the corner of WałowaStreet.• Dr Eliasz Goldhammer’s (vice-mayor) contribution to the development of Tarnów was awardedby giving his name to one of the most important Jewish streets in the city. Both sides of the streetoutline houses of the elite of Tarnów Jews. On the facade of the house no. 6 one can see themenus of the restaurant once operating there. The menus are in Yiddish and Polish.
Trail of Tarnów Renaissance Trail of General Bem – The Hero of Two Nations Trail of the Jews of Tarnów Trail of Jan Szczepanik – Polish Edison• Jewish cemetery, founded in 1581, is one of the oldest and most interesting cemeteries in southernPoland. Over four thousand graves can be found there. It was devastated by the Nazis during WWII, andturned into the place of mass slaughter of Jews from Tarnów’s Ghetto committed between June 1942and September 1943.• Jewish ritual bathhouse – Mikvah was erected in 1904 in the Moorish style. It became infamous forbeing the place of gathering of the first prisoners of Auschwitz Concentration Camp.
Trail of Tarnów Renaissance Trail of General Bem – The Hero of Jan Szczepanik Two Nations Trail of the Jews of Tarnów Trail of Jan Szczepanik – Polish Edison• the pioneer of color photography, television broadcasting, color films, precursor of modern textileindustry and inventor of bulletproof jacket• born in 1872 near Przemyśl but spent most of his adult life in Tarnów• Jan Szczepanik was a friend to Mark Twain who wrote two tales dedicated to him• the great inventor died in 1926 and was buried in Tarnów• his only monument stands at Szczepanika Square next to the school named after the great inventor
Ethnography and folk Sacral tourismTarnów Ethnographic Museum Family tour Do you know, that ...• The Tarnów Ethnographic Museum, located in a former suburban inn, which is now the very center of the city,displays the only permanent exhibition of Gypsy history and culture in Europe.• A collection of original Gypsy caravans is located in a backyard of the museum. Enthusiasts can make anappointment for a camp-fire and Gypsy dances.• Each year in July ‘Caravan of remembrance’ takes place. It starts at the gates of the museum. Several days longjourney attracts spectators from all over the world. Everyone is welcome to take part in this event.
Ethnography and folk Cathedral of the Nativity Sacral tourism Family tour of the Virgin Mary Do you know, that ...Cathedral is the most representativehistorical monument in Tarnów. It was builtin the 14th century in the Gothic style.Today’s neoGothic outline is a remnant ofa renovation and partial reconstruction inthe years 1889-1900. Of note is the 16thcentury portal, the impressive several-metre-long monuments to the Tarnowski andOstrogski families, a number of extraordinarypaintings and the impressive, 72 metretower, a handy point of reference whengetting lost in one of Tarnów’s manyrambling back streets. Some nice recentadditions are also evident, including thefabulously ornate sculpted metal doors onthe southern side of the building.
Ethnography and folk Sacral tourism John Paul II Family tour Do you know, that ...The statue of John Paul II was unveiled on June 29th, 1981 ina ceremony that gathered over 10,000 observers toPl. Katedralny. The work of popular sculptor BronisławChromy, the 3.5m high sculpture was supposedly completedat the same time as an assassination attempt on the pontiffin Rome. The metal entrance doors on the southern side of the Cathedral.
Ethnography and folk Sacral tourismSacral wooden architecture Family tour Do you know, that ...• In Tarnów, there are two churches which are madeentirely of wood from the 15th and 16th centuries.Beautifully decorated interiors contain original furnishings.Blessed Virgin Mary church is home to a painting of theBlessed Virgin with the Child, known for many miracles.• In Zawada, a village situated 3km from Tarnów, one cansee the church of St. Martin. It was built in the 15th centuryand then reconstructed a few times during the late Gothicperiod, which is evident in the structure’s design.
Ethnography and folk Sacral tourism St. Martin’s Hill Family tour Do you know, that ...An extraordinary panorama of the whole Tarnówand part of the Carpathian Foothills awardsstruggle of climbing on St. Martin’s Hill –the northernmost hill of the CarpathianMountains with preserved remnants of a oncemagnificent castle of the Tarnowski family.
Ethnography and folk Sacral tourism Family tour Do you know, that ...Parents with their young children shall enjoywanders around Tarnów. They will definitely likethe monument of an elephant that was paintedby kids or the unique water fountain modeled onthe Solar System.
Ethnography and folk Sacral tourismDo you know, that … Family tour Do you know, that ...• Tarnów is known as a ‘Polish Hot – Spot’?The long-term mean annual temperature equals 8,8 °Cand is the highest in Poland. Growing season lastsfrom 210 up to 230 days. The warmest place inTarnów is the south part of the Sanguszków Park inGumniska district.• Tarnów is Polish Capital of Comedy?For over ten years the Solski Theatre in Tarnów haslaunched the TALIA Comedy Festival. Every Octoberbest Polish theatre troupes compete for top honorsand the statue of Talia.• Tarnów is second, after Cracow, largest complex ofancient monuments in Southern Poland?There are dozens of historical structures spreadaround the city. The oldest were erected in the Gothicand Renaissance period. The urban layout of the OldTown remained unchanged since 1330.
Ethnography and folk Sacral tourismDo you know, that … Family tour Do you know, that ...• Tarnów seems to be strongly influenced by numbers?Especially number 72. It refers to some of the most symbolic city structures, such as: the total area ofTown Square is 72 ares; total area of the city of Tarnów equals 72 km2; and the Cathedral’s tower is 72meters high.• Tarnów was the first liberated city in Poland?After 123 years of geopolitical non-existence Poland regained its independence in 1918,and Tarnów was the first free city, liberated at 7.30 a.m. on October 31st.• the Carpathian Mountains start right by the Tarnów borders?The northernmost hill of the Carpathian Mountains is St. Martin’s Hill, located within city’s borders.• Tarnów was the home for people of varying ethnicities?In the past people of varying ethnicities like Jews, Germans, Ukrainians, Scots, Gypsiesand Austrians have lived here for centuries. Each nationality has left an enduring mark on Tarnówthrough their unique culture and history that has gracefully intertwined with that of Poland.
QUIZ1. Why is Tarnów called the ‘Pearl of the Renaissance’?2. What is the height of the Town Hall’s tower?3. Where are the ashes of General Józef Bem located?4. Can you name two figures of Jewish ancestry that are associated with Tarnów?5. What is the event organized each year in July by the Tarnów Ethnographic Museum called?6. Why does Tarnów seem to be strongly influenced by numbers?7. Why is Tarnów known as a ‘Polish Hot – Spot’?