Continual presence since exile in 70 CE A People Returning
The Ottoman Empire 16th Through 20th Centuries CE 1517-1917 CE
What about Palestine? <ul><li>" Palestine" derives from a Roman renaming of Judaea In the 2 nd Century C.E </li></ul>
The British – Balance between Jew and Arab <ul><li>Balfour 1917 </li></ul><ul><li>Henry McMahon had exchanged letters with Hussein ibn Ali, Sheriff of Mecca in 1915, in which he had promised the Arabs control of the Arab lands, exclusive of the Mediterranean coast. </li></ul><ul><li>His Majesty's Government views with favor the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, and will use their best endeavors to facilitate the achievement of this object, it being clearly understood that nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine or the rights and political status enjoyed by Jews in any other country. </li></ul>
The original British Mandate of 1920, included both the East and West Banks of the Jordan River.
First Partition of Mandated Palestine In 1922, Britain turned the East Bank of the Palestine Mandate into an exclusively Arab country called “Transjordan” 1946 TJ gets independence 76% of Palestine was given to the Arabs, leaving 24% for the Jewish National Home
Partition 1947 In Nov. 1947, the UN passed Resolution 181, the Partition Plan. The plan was accepted by Israel, rejected by the Arabs, who launched a war on May 15, 1948 to destroy Israel .
1967 Six Days War " Our basic objective will be the destruction of Israel. The Arab people want to fight. We will not accept any... coexistence with Israel...Today the issue is not the establishment of peace between the Arab states and Israel....The war with Israel is in effect since 1948.“ President Nasser of Egypt, May 27, 1967
Peace Process 1977 – 1978 Camp David Peace Accords In return for peace, Israel gave back to Egypt the entire Sinai Peninsula.