Chapter 3: Building Vocabulary:  Using Context Clues Essential Reading Skills Third Edition Kathleen McWhorter
What is Context? <ul><li>Example:   Tony noticed that the  wallabies  at the zoo   looked like kangaroos .  </li></ul><ul>...
Types of Context Clues   <ul><li>Definition Clues </li></ul><ul><li>Synonym Clues </li></ul><ul><li>Example Clues </li></u...
Definition Clues   <ul><li>Writers define a word right after they use it.  </li></ul><ul><li>They use words and phrases su...
Example of Definition Clues <ul><li>Corona  refers to the outermost part of the sun’s atmosphere.  </li></ul>Corona   refe...
Synonym Clues   <ul><li>Writers provide a synonym or brief phrase to define the word or that is  similar  to the new word....
Example #2 of Synonym Clues <ul><li>Betsy took a break from teaching to serve in the Peace Core. Despite the  hiatus , Bet...
Example Clues <ul><li>Writers often include examples to help explain a word. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples can be introduced ...
Example of Example Clues <ul><li>In the past month, we have had almost every type of  precipitation , including  rain ,  s...
Contrast Clues <ul><li>You can determine the meaning of an unknown word from an  antonym  — a word or phrase that has the ...
Example of Contrast Clues <ul><li>Although Liz felt sad and depressed, most of the graduates were  elated . </li></ul>What...
Inference Clues It's like asking yourself,  &quot;What is the author trying to say?&quot;. <ul><li>Inference  is used to f...
Example of Inference Clues <ul><li>On hot, humid summer afternoons, I often feel  languid . </li></ul>What is languid? On ...
Try this one! <ul><li>The quarterback  sustained  numerous injuries: a fractured wrist, two broken ribs, and a hip injury....
Try this one! <ul><li>The quarterback  sustained  numerous injuries: a fractured wrist, two broken ribs, and a hip injury....
So, remember…the first thing you should do when you don’t know a word is to look at the words around it for clues to unloc...
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Building Vocabulary Using Context Clues

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Building Vocabulary Using Context Clues

  1. 1. Chapter 3: Building Vocabulary: Using Context Clues Essential Reading Skills Third Edition Kathleen McWhorter
  2. 2. What is Context? <ul><li>Example: Tony noticed that the wallabies at the zoo looked like kangaroos . </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Many people have phobias, such as fear of heights, a fear of water, or a fear of confined spaces. </li></ul>What are wallabies? What is a phobia?
  3. 3. Types of Context Clues <ul><li>Definition Clues </li></ul><ul><li>Synonym Clues </li></ul><ul><li>Example Clues </li></ul><ul><li>Contrast Clues </li></ul><ul><li>Inference Clues </li></ul>
  4. 4. Definition Clues <ul><li>Writers define a word right after they use it. </li></ul><ul><li>They use words and phrases such as: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>means </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>is </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>refers to </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>are called </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Example of Definition Clues <ul><li>Corona refers to the outermost part of the sun’s atmosphere. </li></ul>Corona refers to the outermost part of the sun’s atmosphere . definition signal word new word What a corona?
  6. 6. Synonym Clues <ul><li>Writers provide a synonym or brief phrase to define the word or that is similar to the new word. </li></ul><ul><li>The synonym can appear in the same sentence, in an earlier sentence, or later sentence. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Example #2 of Synonym Clues <ul><li>Betsy took a break from teaching to serve in the Peace Core. Despite the hiatus , Betsy’s school was delighted to rehire her when she returned. </li></ul>Betsy took a break from teaching to serve in the Peace Core. Despite the hiatus , Betsy’s school was delighted to rehire her when she returned. What is a hiatus? new word synonym
  8. 8. Example Clues <ul><li>Writers often include examples to help explain a word. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples can be introduced with words such as: like, such as, for example, or including. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Example of Example Clues <ul><li>In the past month, we have had almost every type of precipitation , including rain , snow , sleet , and hail . </li></ul>In the past month, we have had almost every type of precipitation , including rain , snow , sleet , and hail . What is precipitation? example(s) new word signal word
  10. 10. Contrast Clues <ul><li>You can determine the meaning of an unknown word from an antonym — a word or phrase that has the opposite meaning. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples can be introduced with words such as but, though , and whereas . </li></ul>
  11. 11. Example of Contrast Clues <ul><li>Although Liz felt sad and depressed, most of the graduates were elated . </li></ul>What is elated? Although Liz felt sad and depressed , most of the graduates were elated . new word signal word contrast/antonym
  12. 12. Inference Clues It's like asking yourself, &quot;What is the author trying to say?&quot;. <ul><li>Inference is used to figure out the meaning of an unknown word by using logic and reasoning skills . </li></ul>
  13. 13. Example of Inference Clues <ul><li>On hot, humid summer afternoons, I often feel languid . </li></ul>What is languid? On hot, humid summer afternoons , I often feel languid . new word clue words
  14. 14. Try this one! <ul><li>The quarterback sustained numerous injuries: a fractured wrist, two broken ribs, and a hip injury. </li></ul>What type of context clue is this? <ul><li>Definition Clue? </li></ul><ul><li>Synonym Clue? </li></ul><ul><li>Example Clue? </li></ul><ul><li>Contrast Clue? </li></ul><ul><li>Inference Clue? </li></ul>
  15. 15. Try this one! <ul><li>The quarterback sustained numerous injuries: a fractured wrist, two broken ribs, and a hip injury. </li></ul>Inference!! Why? We can tell that the football player had many injuries since the author lists them . Another way to say this is “experienced” numerous injuries.
  16. 16. So, remember…the first thing you should do when you don’t know a word is to look at the words around it for clues to unlock the meaning!!

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